Video Editing Primer

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  1. 1. VIDEO EDITING LIKE A ROCK STAR Or VIDEO EDITING 101 IF YOU PREFER Brian Deyo PCVL 2013Peace Corps Swaziland
  2. 2. WHY EDIT? Covering up mistakes Removing unnecessary video Adding music, animations, still images, b-roll Creating subtitles, adding text, film credits Preparation for sharing through different mediums
  3. 3. Before you edit Editing is labor intensive! Estimates are 60-90 minutes of editing to produce 1 minute of quality video Video editing is computationally intensive! Use the beefiest computer you can get your hands on. Some programs can use your Graphics Card to help process! USE THE PEACE CORPS WORKSTATION! Save your work early, and save your work often! It is a good idea to keep your original material on a completely separate drive, and only work from copies. This may save you a lot of grief.
  4. 4. What cant editing do? It is very difficult to compensate for a shaking camera. Most newer editing programs have stabilization tools, make use of them. These are not a magic bullet, so if you are doing serious filming, use a tripod or stand. Lighting can be adjusted a bit in post-production, but too much really reduces the quality of the video. Try an advanced tool if you really need to tweak lighting. Poor audio quality is difficult to work with. If doing serious filming use an external mic if you have one, and don't rely on the one built into the camera.
  5. 5. Common editor features PREVIEW WINDOWS TIMELINE TRANSITIONS OR ANIMATIONS TEXT, FILTERS, AND OTHER EFFECTS TOOLS PUBLISHING, RENDERING, SAVING OPTIONS
  6. 6. Windows Live Movie Maker THE GOOD Useful Basic Editor Available Freely on any Windows PC Some effects are chunky and not smooth Very easy to use Frame by frame editing THE BAD Only allows 1 additional audio track Its very basic Available only on Windows
  7. 7. PiTiVi THE GOOD Freely available on Linux Mid-range editor In constant development, new features added often Multiple Audio tracks Dozens of video effects and filters THE BAD Only available on Linux Second by Second editing
  8. 8. THE BAD Daunting interface, not a usual layout ONLY available on Linux Inactive development community, updates are very uncommon A bit buggy with new video formats. Cinelerra THE GOOD Very Advanced Editor Freely available on Linux Stable product, no new developments Frame-by-frame editing! Combination of Photoshop and a video editor!
  9. 9. Not critical to edit like a Hollywood pro. Nollywood is up and coming afterall. Formal permission not likely required Have fun with it! Part of your permanent record Apply Professionalism liberally Ask for permission from everyone Must Give Credit to everyone involved! Who is your audience? YOUR FRIENDS HERE, AT HOME, HOST FAMILY COUNTERPARTS, SWAZILAND, THE INTERNET (e.g. all of humanity)
  10. 10. navigate a timeline Time can change me, but I cant change time David Bowie
  11. 11. The Timeline (Time IS on your side) TIP: More advanced programs offer more granular control. If you cant get it done in a simple editor, try again in a better application. The timeline is a display of the video that allows you to easily move around the video frame by frame, or segment by segment.
  12. 12. I can change time! SPLITS Take one piece of media and split into two at the current spot. Produces two CLIPS TRIM Removing the leading or trailing edge of a CLIP. Use START and END points ADDING STATIC IMAGES, OTHER VIDEO This is B-Roll! Great for covering up bad video but keeping great audio. Add as spice to boring interviews. Insert additional video as a CLIP ADD MUSIC OR ADDITIONAL SOUND TRACKS Useful for taking only audio when someone reads from a script BASIC TIMELINE EDITING: Every movie editor. If youre editor isnt doing this, use something else.
  13. 13. Time can change me Separate audio and video into distinctly editable timelines Changing scene durations, video or audio speed Layered transitions, stacked animations, multiple effects Multiple audio tracks Graphic Effects. You + CGI Lightsaber = A BIT MORE ADVANCED STUFF: PiTiVi or Cinelerra
  14. 14. Transitions, animations Its not just a spaceship, its a transformer!-- Baarf
  15. 15. Use these as way to move from one distinct clip to another. Consider your subject matter, something serious should have more subtle effects than something that is just for fun. Beware of overuse on transitions and animations. Sometimes less is more. Transitions and Animations
  16. 16. Text and subtitles Sticks and Stones may break my bones small child wtih a cast
  17. 17. Filters allow you to manipulate an entire video clip. All programs have different filters and effects. Advanced programs offer many more effects. Filters and Effects
  18. 18. Keep additional text to a minimum while someone is talking Method 1: Subtitles appear at the same moment the words come out of the speakers mouth. Smooth but more work Method 2: Subtitles display as entire sentences, easier but not doesnt flow as well Text, subtitles DESCRIPTIVE TEXT SUBTITLES Apply transitions and animations to fonts Choose a font that is easy to read Choose a font that is easy to read
  19. 19. Rendering and publishing Im totally famous on Youtube. Everyone
  20. 20. GENERAL TIPS & POLISH Try to render and publish in the same Resolution as the original video. If you recorded at 1080p, leave it there if possible. Dont reduce the frame rate unless absolutely necessary. The human eye can detect jitter at 23 frames-per-second. Always re-watch your video before releasing. Ask a second opinion. Ask a third. A few terrible frames or a typo will really reduce your impact.
  21. 21. Rendering refers to the process of turning your movie project file into a format that can play on a different device. A CODEC is the file on a computer responsible for encoding/decoding a particular type of movie format. Rendering. Fat? Common examples are: .MP4 (H.264 codec ask me about this later if you want to be bored to death) .M4A (high quality) .DIVX (private company) .Xvid (free version of DIVX) .wmv (Microsoft Windows Motion Video) DVD (plays everywhere if you did it right) .3GP (standard low-quality phone video)
  22. 22. Publishing Publishing refers to making your content available to other people. You should think twice before you publish anything that isnt considered a finished product. The Digerati are harsh in criticism. Who your audience determines the majority of publishing details Verify your video is free from copyrighted material that you dont have permission to use! Give credit! Include credits at the end of your video.
  23. 23. Things to know Before you use just any image found on the Internet, verify it is free to use. You should check out http://search.creativecommons.org as a quicker way to find images, video, sound, and animation that is all free to reuse and modify. You should cite your sources in the credits if you make use of other peoples material. The Digerati may harrass you if you dont.