unit 4 latin america test review. what are the regions that make up latin america? (1)

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NIT 4 LATIN AMERICA TEST REVIEW

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UNIT 4 LATIN AMERICA TEST REVIEW

What are the regions that make up Latin America?(1)Define GPS: Global Positioning System, an accurate worldwide navigational and surveying facility based on the reception of signals from an array of orbiting satellites

Satellite technology has improved communications,Global Positioning Systems, and Geographic Information Systems.(2)Define GIS: Geographic information system, a system for storing and manipulating geographical information on computer

Which of the following statements are a FACT or OPINION:

A. The Columbian exchange had a positive effect on the Americas.B. The Columbian exchange benefited Europe more than it benefited the AmericasC. The Columbian exchange brought new foods and products to Europe and the AmericasThe African influence is still evident today because the Columbian Exchange occurred among the countries of Africa, Latin America, North America, & Europe.

(3)The Columbian Exchange

Squash Avocado Peppers Sweet Potatoes Turkey Pumpkin Tobacco Quinine Cocoa Pineapple Cassava POTATO Peanut TOMATO Vanilla MAIZE Syphilis Olive COFFEE BEAN Banana Rice Onion Turnip Honeybee Barley Grape Peach SUGAR CANE Oats Citrus Fruits Pear Wheat HORSE Cattle Sheep Pigs Smallpox Flu Typhus Measles Malaria Diptheria Whooping Cough Trinkets Liquor GUNSIn Latin America what are some ways people are modifying their environments?

favelasSlash and burn

highways

Panama Canal

cities(4)

What is exchanged in a debt-for-nature swap?

It is a financial transactions in which a portion of a developing nations foreign debt is forgiven in exchange for local investments in environmental conservation measures. The basic physical and organizational structures and facilities (e.g., buildings, roads, city sewers, and power supplies) needed for the operation of a society.

(5)What is Infrastructure? Define infrastructure: The basic physical and organizational structures and facilities.

Roads and bridgesMass-transit systemsAir control towersTelephone lines and cell phone towersDams, reservoirs, and sewersElectrical linesFire stations and equipmentHospitals, clinics, and emergency response systemsSchoolsLaw enforcement and prisonsSanitation and waste removalPost offices and mail delivery

11Favelas: a settlement of poorly built shacks lying on the outskirts of a Brazilian city. Rural populations searching for better opportunities in cities most often find themselves in the favela slums.

(6)ancient technique used to grow crops on hillsides or mountain slopes:

terraced farming an example of modifying the environment(7)The economies of Central America and the Caribbean are primarily based on which of these two factors?

Agriculture and tourism (8)NAFTA is an important trade agreement that promotes the economic prosperity of which countries?

United States, Canada, Mexico

List a direct a result of NAFTA in Mexico:

MaquiladorasManufacturing jobs

Maquiladoras are factories along the U.S. Mexico border that manufacture goods for export. They also provide. (9)a technique used by native peoples of Latin America to clear fields to grow crops?

Deforestation has become an environmental challenge to nations in South America because it is destroying much of the worlds rainforest, and disrupting the ecosystem.(10)Why Slash and Burn?

Deforestation make more land available for agriculture and ranching.

(11)Factors that affect poor farmers in developing nations are:

SoilTopographyclimate(12)What are cattle grazing areas in Latin America known for its gaucho culture?

Pampas , in ArgentinaUnlike any other countries in Latin America, Brazil was colonized by the

Portuguese

What is the feeling of many people in Mexico, regarding the United States interests in Mexico?Many people in Mexico feel that the United States is trying to control Mexico.(13)What are Maquiladoras?

Factories along eh U.S. Mexico border that manufacture goods for export.Which two countries gained control of the land in South America as a result of the Treaty of Tordesillas?

Spain and PortugalMany people of Latin America have preserved and documented their culture by creating paintings and murals on buildings about everything from Mayan heritage to communist sympathies in Chile.

(14)

Brazil, although the largest country in Latin America, has a continuous population growth.(15)

This population pyramid of china, defines continuous growth population patterns.30

Because of the extreme cold climate in the southern tip, and the location of rivers and waterways in the north the population distribution of Argentina is uneven. (16)Explain the population distribution of Argentina.Santa Cruz, with a small population and rich in natural resources, has long had one of Argentina's most prosperous economies. Its 2006 output was estimated at US$3.3 billion. In 2011 Santa Cruz had the highest per capita income of Argentina, US$36,550 .[4]

Cities in Argentina were built in there locations because of the climate , and extreme cold in the south, and the location of rivers and waterways in the north. 31

Socialist country that is anti-America(17)Some Latin American governments justify the destruction of the rain forests, by saying that Cattle raising, farming, and mining in the rain forest will help the economy.

(18)Slash and burn is the most destructive agricultural practice in the rainforest?

What major project of the United States has served as a center of urbanization, transportation, and economic activities in Central America?

The Panama Canal project by the U.S. has served as a center of urbanization, transportation, and economic activities in Central America.(19)Geography

What is an example of Human-environment-Interaction?Building the Panama CanalREVIEW AND STUDY YOUR UNIT REVIEW!

LATIN AMERICA QUIZ REVIEW!The Columbian Exchange

Squash Avocado Peppers Sweet Potatoes Turkey Pumpkin Tobacco Quinine Cocoa Pineapple Cassava POTATO Peanut TOMATO Vanilla MAIZE Syphilis Olive COFFEE BEAN Banana Rice Onion Turnip Honeybee Barley Grape Peach SUGAR CANE Oats Citrus Fruits Pear Wheat HORSE Cattle Sheep Pigs Smallpox Flu Typhus Measles Malaria Diptheria Whooping Cough Trinkets Liquor GUNSGeography

What is an example of Human-environment-Interaction?Building the Panama Canal

What is the largest river in the world?The Amazon River

Brazil, is the largest country in Latin America, and has a continuous population growth.(15)What is one of the most destructive agricultural practices in the Latin Americas?

Some Latin American governments justify the destruction of the rain forests, by saying that Cattle raising, farming, and mining in the rain forest will help the economy.

(18)Slash and burn is the most destructive agricultural practice in the rainforest?

What do the Regions of Latin America have in common?CultureLanguage rootsHistoryWhat are the main indigenous cultural groups in Latin Americas?AztecsMayas Incas Maquiladoras are a direct a result of NAFTA in Mexico:

Are these factories located in a LDC country or MDC country?

Are these factories owned by LDC countries or MDC countries?Maquiladorashttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P_dLdhmBptM&feature=results_main&playnext=1&list=PL0306C573664ECE46

Maquiladoras are a direct a result of NAFTA in Mexico:

What were the affects of the Maquiladora factories along the border?

Increase in population and industryPollutionIncrease in crimeWhat mountain range runs down the west coast of South America?AndesWhat affects did this mountain range have on European settlers? They were a natural barrier that hindered the Europeans from getting to the interior of South America sooner. What is a common resource that people from any region is dependent on?Water