the medieval church © john stevenson, 2008. 1000 150015002000 the medieval church the reformed...

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  • Slide 1
  • The Medieval Church John Stevenson, 2008
  • Slide 2
  • 1000 150015002000 The Medieval Church The Reformed Church The Ancient Church
  • Slide 3
  • Slide 4
  • Visigoths Angles and Saxons Vandals Ostrogoths
  • Slide 5
  • Ulfilas 310-383 Missionary to the Goths Translated the Bible into the language of the Goths
  • Slide 6
  • Patrick 373-493 Grew up in England in a Christian family Captured by Irish raiders and made a slave Escaped to Europe Ordained as a priest and bishop Returned to Ireland as a missionary
  • Slide 7
  • Patrick 373-493 The first to speak out unequivocally against slavery Slave trade in Ireland came to a virtual halt Ireland became a sender of missionaries to England and Scotland
  • Slide 8
  • 672-754
  • Slide 9
  • How should the church respond to other religions?
  • Slide 10
  • Slide 11
  • While stands the Colosseum, Rome shall stand, When falls the Colosseum, Rome shall fall, And when Rome falls the world.
  • Slide 12
  • Slide 13
  • Why did Rome fall?
  • Slide 14
  • Constantinople Comes to throne in 527 Theodora Belisarius & Nike Riots Retakes Italy, North Africa, and parts of Spain
  • Slide 15
  • Constantinople
  • Slide 16
  • Slide 17
  • Constantinople Empire weakened in wars with Persia Plague ravages Europe
  • Slide 18
  • Constantinople Roman centurion who murders emperor Persian Shah takes opportunity to invade Persian Empire
  • Slide 19
  • Constantinople Leaves Constantinople in the hands of the Patriarch Invades Persia Retakes all lands
  • Slide 20
  • Mohammad 570-632 Claimed to have a revelation from God Monotheist Islam (Submission) Quran (Recitation) Moved to Medina in 622 Conquered Mecca in 630
  • Slide 21
  • Mecca
  • Slide 22
  • Muslim Restrictions to Christians and Jews Wear a special mark on their clothing No proselytizing permitted No new churches or synagogues could be built No church bells could be rung Involvement in politics limited
  • Slide 23
  • Mecca
  • Slide 24
  • Charles Martel 732 Tours, France Muslims halted
  • Slide 25
  • 800 A.D. Grandson of Charles Martel Crowned emperor of a united central Europe Promoted schools and learning Kingdom divided at his death
  • Slide 26
  • Rome Constantinople The Bishop of Constantinople shall have the primacy after the Bishop of Rome, because his city is New Rome. Canon 3, Council of Constantinople
  • Slide 27
  • Rome Constantinople
  • Slide 28
  • Western ChurchEastern Church Church is over the stateState is over the church Pope is the final authority Church council is the final authority Theology is for theologians Theology is for everyone Celibacy demanded for nearly all positions Marriage permitted except for bishop Opposition to iconsVeneration of icons
  • Slide 29
  • Slide 30
  • 1033-1109 Philosopher and theologian Ontological argument for the existence of God I do not try to understand in order to believe; I believe in order to understand
  • Slide 31
  • Anselms Reasoning for God God is the greatest thing we can imagine If God only exists in our thoughts, then there is a greater quality we could attribute to Him that of existence Therefore we would be able to conceive of a Being greater than He really is But since that is absurd, then God must really exist
  • Slide 32
  • 1225-1275 Dominican theologian & scholar Brought Aristotelian Logic to Christianity Summa Theologica: A systematic theology
  • Slide 33
  • 1225-1275 Gods Existence Proven by reason Known by faith Gods existence Full knowledge of God
  • Slide 34
  • Slide 35
  • What was the rationale behind the Crusades?
  • Slide 36
  • Muslim invasion of Anatolia Byzantine Emperor Alexios I appeals to Pope Urban II for mercenaries Urban IIs call to arms Kingdoms of Jerusalem, Tripoli, Antioch, & Edessa Began in 1096
  • Slide 37
  • How have the Crusades impacted our world?
  • Slide 38
  • Results of the Crusades Integration of Arabic learningIntegration of Arabic learning Emphasis on the ClassicsEmphasis on the Classics Weakening of the Byzantine EmpireWeakening of the Byzantine Empire Growing power of the Christian ChurchGrowing power of the Christian Church Intolerance of other faiths Increased emphasis on indulgences
  • Slide 39
  • What are the similarities and differences between the Crusades versus todays Conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan?
  • Slide 40
  • Francis of Assisi Served as a soldier Taken prisoner and a year in captivity Devoted himself to a life of poverty Church recognized order of Franciscans & ordained Francis as a deacon 1181-1226
  • Slide 41
  • Francis of Assisi Travel to Egypt Pilgrimage of non-violence Meeting with the Sultan Permitted to preach to the people 1181-1226
  • Slide 42
  • Francis of Assisi Let all brothers preach by their deeds. 1181-1226
  • Slide 43
  • What does Francis teach us about how we ought to live?
  • Slide 44
  • What is the difference between Christendom versus Christianity?
  • Slide 45
  • What do the cathedrals tell us about medieval Christianity?
  • Slide 46

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