The Geography of Greece  Cycladic Civilization  Minoan Civilization  Mycenaean Civilization

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> The Geography of Greece </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Cycladic Civilization Minoan Civilization Mycenaean Civilization </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Bronze Age Greece 1650 BCE- 700 BCE Bronze Age Greece 1650 BCE- 700 BCE </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Homer: The Heroic Age End of the 11 th c. BCE Source of mythologic al heroes </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Piraeus: Athens Port City </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Persian Wars: 499 BCE 480 BCE Persian Wars: 499 BCE 480 BCE </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Great Athenian Philosophers Socrates Know thyself! question everything only the pursuit of goodness brings happiness. Plato The Academy The world of the FORMS The Republic philosopher-king </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Great Athenian Philosophers Aristotle The Lyceum Golden Mean [everything in moderation]. Logic. Scientific method. </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> The Acropolis Today </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> The Parthenon </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> The Classical Greek Ideal </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> The Ancient Olympics: Athletes &amp; Trainers </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> SPARTA </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> Alexander the Great </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> Alexander the Greats Empire </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> The Economy of the Hellenistic World </li> <li> Slide 20 </li> <li> Hellenistic Philosophers Cynics Diogenes ignore social conventions &amp; avoid luxuries. citizens of the world. live a humble, simple life. Epicurians Epicurus avoid pain &amp; seek pleasure. all excess leads to pain! politics should be avoided. </li> <li> Slide 21 </li> <li> Hellenistic Philosophers Stoics Zeno nature is the expansion of divine will. concept of natural law. get involved in politics, not for personal gain, but to perform virtuous acts for the good of all. true happiness is found in great achievements. </li> <li> Slide 22 </li> <li> Hellenism: The Arts &amp; Sciences Scientists / Mathematicians: Aristarchus heliocentric theory. Euclid geometry Archimedes pulley Hellenistic Art: More realistic; less ideal than Hellenic art. Showed individual emotions, wrinkles, and age! </li> <li> Slide 23 </li> <li> The Breakup of Alexanders Empire </li> <li> Slide 24 </li> <li> Slide 25 </li> <li> The Geography of Rome </li> <li> Slide 26 </li> <li> Slide 27 </li> <li> Italy in 750 BCE </li> <li> Slide 28 </li> <li> Influence of the Etruscans Writing Religion </li> <li> Slide 29 </li> <li> The Mythical Founding of Rome: Romulus &amp; Remus </li> <li> Slide 30 </li> <li> Slide 31 </li> <li> Republican Government 2 Consuls (Rulers of Rome) Senate (Representative body for patricians) Tribal Assembly (Representative body for plebeians) </li> <li> Slide 32 </li> <li> The Twelve Tables, 450 BCE Providing political and social rights for the plebeians. </li> <li> Slide 33 </li> <li> The Roman Forum </li> <li> Slide 34 </li> <li> Romes Early Road System </li> <li> Slide 35 </li> <li> Roman Roads: The Appian Way </li> <li> Slide 36 </li> <li> Roman Aqueducts </li> <li> Slide 37 </li> <li> The Roman Colosseum </li> <li> Slide 38 </li> <li> The Colosseum Interior </li> <li> Slide 39 </li> <li> Reform Leaders Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus the poor should be given grain and small plots of free land. Military Reformer Gaius Marius recruited an army from the poor and homeless. professional standing army. </li> <li> Slide 40 </li> <li> PompeyPompey Civil War &amp; Dictators Julius Caesar </li> <li> Slide 41 </li> <li> Crossing the Rubicon, 49 BC The Die is Cast! </li> <li> Slide 42 </li> <li> The First Triumvirate Julius Caesar Marcus Licinius Crassus Gaius Magnus Pompey </li> <li> Slide 43 </li> <li> Beware the Ides of March! 44 BCE </li> <li> Slide 44 </li> <li> The Second Triumvirate Octavian Augustus Marc Antony Marcus Lepidus </li> <li> Slide 45 </li> <li> Slide 46 </li> <li> Octavian Augustus: Romes First Emperor </li> <li> Slide 47 </li> <li> Pax Romana : 27 BCE 180 CE </li> <li> Slide 48 </li> <li> The Greatest Extent of the Roman Empire 14 CE </li> <li> Slide 49 </li> <li> The Rise of Christianity </li> <li> Slide 50 </li> <li> The Spread of Christianity </li> <li> Slide 51 </li> <li> Imperial Roman Road System </li> <li> Slide 52 </li> <li> The Empire in Crisis: 3c </li> <li> Slide 53 </li> <li> Diocletian Splits the Empire in Two: 294 CE </li> <li> Slide 54 </li> <li> Constantine: 312 - 337 </li> <li> Slide 55 </li> <li> Constantinople: The 2 nd Rome (Founded in 330) </li> <li> Slide 56 </li> <li> Barbarian Invasions: 4c-5c </li> <li> Slide 57 </li> <li> Attila the Hun: The Scourge of God </li> <li> Slide 58 </li> <li> Byzantium: The Eastern Roman Empire </li> <li> Slide 59 </li> <li> The Byzantine Empire During the Reign of Justinian </li> <li> Slide 60 </li> <li> The Byzantine Emperor Justinian </li> <li> Slide 61 </li> <li> The Legacy of Rome Republic Government Roman Law Latin Language Roman Catholic Church City Planning Romanesque Architectural Style Roman Engineering Aqueducts Aqueducts Sewage systems Sewage systems Dams Dams Cement Cement Arch Arch </li> </ul>

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