The Courts. Latin Terminology Stare decisis Writ of certiorari Amicus curiae Writ of mandamus Writ of habeas corpus

Download The Courts. Latin Terminology Stare decisis Writ of certiorari Amicus curiae Writ of mandamus Writ of habeas corpus

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<ul><li><p>The Courts</p></li><li><p>Latin TerminologyStare decisis Writ of certiorari Amicus curiae Writ of mandamus Writ of habeas corpus</p></li><li><p>AdjudicationState of natureTribal chief or warlordKings lawCourtsArbitration</p></li><li><p>Types of legal systemsCommon Law Civil Law</p></li><li><p>Constitutional MandateArticle IIIThe judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behavior, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services a Compensation which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office. </p></li><li><p>Sources of American LawFederal and state constitutionsStatutesAdministrative regulationsCase law the rules and principles announced in court decisions</p></li><li><p>Structure of the Courts</p></li><li><p>Inferior CourtsCircuit Court of AppealsDistrict CourtSpecialized Courts of Limited JurisdictionTaxBankruptcyTerritorialMilitary</p></li><li><p>Circuit Courts Map</p></li><li><p>Supreme CourtCreated by the ConstitutionNine justices appointed for lifeOriginal and appellate jurisdictionCan Affirm, Reverse or Remand</p></li><li><p>Judicial ReviewMarbury v. Madison (1803)Martin v. Hunters Lessee (1816)</p></li><li><p>Checks on the CourtPresidentCongress </p></li><li><p>Federal JudgesNominated by the presidentServe for lifeAdvice and Consent of the Senate Senatorial Courtesy ABA Rating</p></li><li><p>Lawyers800,000 or 1 in 35043% women; 17% minoritiesFunctions of lawyersCounsel clientsNegotiate Draft documentsLitigate</p></li><li><p>A Federal Case</p></li></ul>