the cold war. after wwii, there was a new kind of war countries fought this war with words and...

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  • Slide 1
  • The Cold War
  • Slide 2
  • After WWII, there was a new kind of war Countries fought this war with words and ideas, not weapons Even though the Soviet Union and the US worked together in WWII, their beliefs later drove them apart- this was known as the Cold War
  • Slide 3
  • Soviet Union vs. the US The US believed in capitalism which is when ordinary people and businesses control the production of goods and services The US economy is called a market economy where individuals and businesses make decisions
  • Slide 4
  • Communism In the Soviet Union, people lived under communism In communism, the government controls production and owns all the countrys resources The government tells people where to live and work The government also commands what will be produced
  • Slide 5
  • SU vs. US cont. The US has a democracy where people vote for their leaders In the Soviet Union, people had no control of who their leaders were Under communism, citizens had few rights and little freedom The government arrested people who spoke against communism
  • Slide 6
  • The Iron Curtain After WWII, the Allies shared control of Germany (US-western/ SU-eastern) Berlin, Germanys capital was also divided (SU- East Berlin/ US- West Berlin) SU set-up communist governments US set-up democracies It was said that Europe was divided by an iron curtain- the curtain was a symbol of the differences between communism and non- communism
  • Slide 7
  • The Iron Curtain
  • Slide 8
  • NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization Truman decided to help other countries protect themselves against communism Leaders of the United States, Canada, Britain, and most other non-communist countries of Europe formed an alliance called NATO They hoped the treaty would keep the SU from forcing communism on other countries
  • Slide 9
  • The Conflict Continues The SU tried to take over the entire city of Berlin They blocked off all roads that led to West Berlin and hoped it would make the Allies leave the city The Allies refused to leave! To get supplies into the city, they used planes This was called the Berlin Airlift
  • Slide 10
  • The Berlin Airlift
  • Slide 11
  • The Berlin Wall Many people tried to escape from East Berlin to go to the western part of the city Communist leaders tried to stop them! The Soviets closed the entrances to East Berlin and began to build the Berlin Wall This wall divided the communist part of Berlin from the rest of the city
  • Slide 12
  • The Berlin Wall
  • Slide 13
  • Communism Spreads As you know, Americans were very worried about the spread of communism The Soviets gave money and supplies to a communist army in China and they succeeded in taking over the country Now the SU and China were BOTH communist
  • Slide 14
  • Nuclear War The Soviet Union had built their own bomb and the US was scared The US worked to develop bigger and better nuclear weapons We were in an arms race! People feared a nuclear war that could destroy all life on earth People in the US prepared for attack by building bomb shelters
  • Slide 15
  • Bomb Shelters and Drills
  • Slide 16
  • The Anti-communism Movement A movement to stop the spread of communism Senator Joseph McCarthy was a strong anti-communist He made many accusations that secret communists worked in the govt and were spying for the SU Although most of the claims were false, some were actually true!
  • Slide 17
  • Anti-communism Members of Congress began to search for communists Hundreds lost their jobs A few were found guilty, but most were wrongly accused
  • Slide 18
  • Nikita Khrushchev A Russian politician who served as the general secretary to the Communist Party Served as the leader of SU after Stalin Tried to make living better for the people in SU Was leader during the building of the Berlin Wall and the Cuban Missile Crisis which you will learn about next unit
  • Slide 19
  • The UN The United Nations formed after WWII led by the US More than 50 nations joined to try and keep peace in the world One of the UNs first challenges was with Korea Korea was divided into two parts- South Korea was a republic supported by the US; North Korea was communist supported by the SU
  • Slide 20
  • The Korean War In June 1950, North Korean troops invaded South Korea The US thought that the SU was helping them The US convinced the UN to help defend South Korea UN troops succeeded in pushing them out Then communist China sent troops to help
  • Slide 21
  • And the war drags on Thousands of American soldiers died In 1953, both sides agreed to stop fighting Korea remains divided today
  • Slide 22
  • Meanwhile in Cuba Communists had power in Cuba after Fidel Castro led a revolution aided by Nikita Khrushchev The US discovered that the SU was secretly putting sending powerful missiles to Cuba Why would we be worried about that?
  • Slide 23
  • Cuban Missile Crisis These missiles could easily reach us They were large enough to carry a nuclear bomb JFK feared a surprise attack and ordered a blockade on Cuba Our warships surrounded the island and prevented the delivery of more missiles
  • Slide 24
  • Stand-off The Soviets refused to take their missiles out of Cuba Nuclear war seemed very possible Finally, Khrushchev decided to remove the missiles In return, JFK promised not to attack Cuba