Teaching and educational psychology

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The interconnection of teaching nad educational psychology.

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<ul><li> 1. EDUCATION The traditional concept of education emphasizes t he mastery of subject matter and competence in specific study. As now, education is interpreted as the sum of the activities directed at developing the total behavior of human being toward the fulfillment of himself in the society. PSYCHOLOGY is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. In other words, psychology is the science of human and animal behavior, it includes </li></ul> <p> 2. What is Educational Psychology? Educational Psychology is the branch of Psych ology which is concerned with the applications of the principles, techniques and other resources of psychology to the solution of classroom problems. 3. OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES OF TEACHING Opportunity to make a positive difference in the lives of your students. Opportunity to help students negotiate the challenges they face as they experience physical, social, emotional and Teachers are held accountable for the academic success of each student. OPPORTUNITIES CHALLEGES 4. ADDRESSING ASSUMPTIONS ABOUT DIVERSITY 5. Effective teachers are aware of the diversity they are likely to encounter in the classroom. minority group Ethnic group Racial group Sex Gender Socio-economic status Disability 6. Effective teachers attempt to understand the possible causes of differences among groups. 7. Effective teachers address and embrace diversity. Prejudice feelings Confirmation bias Belief perseverance Discrimination 8. EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY : A RESOURCE FOR TEACHERS 9. Educational Psychology links the science of psychology to educational practice and provides teachers with evidence-based knowledge to support their day-to-day decision making in the classroom. 10. EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY: THE SCIENCE 11. The science of Educational Psychology involves formulating theories. Theories are sets of ideas used to explain a phenomenon and make predictions about behavior - and then conducting research on those theories. 12. BASIC GUIDELINES FOR OBTAINING REPUTABLE RESEARCH: 1. Dont use newspaper and magazine articles, because they are not research articles. 2. Dont do Internet searches using search engines, because they may not yield credible sources. 3. Do find peer-reviewed articles in scholarly journals at a local university library. 4. Do visit websites of professional associations to see if they have links to education research 13. THREE ELEMENTS IN EVERY RESEARCH STUDY 1. Samples 2. Measures 3. Design 14. 1. SAMPLES A smaller set of individuals from the population of interest. 15. 2. MEASURES A framework of gathering information. SOME MEASURES COMMONLY USED IN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH: 1. Observations 2. Interviews 3. Tests and Surveys 16. 3. DESIGNS describe the data collection method or research approach that is used in a study. It defines the various ways by which information is gathered for evaluation or assessment. Variables can be a) Events b) Characteristics c) behaviors 17. TYPES OF RESEARCH DESIGNS 1. DESCRIPTIVE DESIGNS is a quantitative research design that describes phenomena as they exist, taking care not to influence subjects or events in any way. 18. TYPES OF RESEARCH DESIGNS 2. CORRELATIONAL DESIGNS refers to a statistical technique that can show whether and how strongly pairs of variables are connected. Generally, a correlation design is used to describe the statistical association between two or more variables. 19. TYPES OF RESEARCH DESIGNS 3. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS An experimental research design is considered the most accurate method of research. Usually applied to the physical sciences, it attempts to prove or disprove a hypothesis numerically, using statistical analysis. 20. TYPES OF RESEARCH DESIGNS 4. QUASI-EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS these experiments can be useful in generating data to indicate general trends. They are effective in obtaining a general overview that can be followed up with a quantitative or case study to focus on the underlying reasons for the results generated. </p>

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