Sustainable Architecture Building Design

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<ul><li><p>SUSTAINABLE BUILDING DESIGN BOOK</p><p>The 2005 World Sustainable Building Conference in Tokyo, Student Session23-29 September 2005, Tokyo, Japan</p><p>Edited and Published by:</p><p>Printed in Japan2005</p></li><li><p>02</p><p>ii FOREWORDOn behalf of the SB05Tokyo Student Session Organising Committee, I would like to welcome you allto Tokyo and to the first attempt of a student session in the series of Sustainable BuildingConferences. We initiated this event based on the brief that it could create networks between youngarchitects and researchers in the field of Sustainable Building, and that the networks could act as anessential catalyst for forming a better, less unsustainable future. </p><p>Under the slogan of "building a sustainable future", the SB05Tokyo Student Session has attractedmore than 120 participants with no fewer than 34 nationalities. With the help of quite a few expertsand fellow Student Session participants, the SB05 Student Session Organising Committee, a groupof 29 students from 9 Japanese universities and 11 countries, has prepared this event with a rangeof activities such as Plenary Session on SB International Comparison, Design Workshop, Discussion-based Workshops, Activity-based Workshops, Poster Session and Walking Tours. </p><p>Along with the preparation for these activities, the Organisers for the Plenary Session on SBInternational Comparison and the Design Workshop have dreamed up the idea of publishing aDesign Book with works of fellow international participants and some of the best examples ofSustainable Building in Japan. Accordingly, the Committee decided to publish this book to distributeto the participants of the SB05Tokyo Student Session and the SB05Tokyo main conference.</p><p>Lastly I would like to show my sincere appreciation for the architects and students from all over theworld who have kindly provided us such a wonderful work of theirs. I truly hope this book could helpinspire our fellow young architects and researchers, and could contribute to build a sustainable future.</p><p>HIRANO TomokoChair of SB05Tokyo Student Session Organising CommitteePhD Candidate, Department of Architecture, The University of Tokyo</p><p>i CONTENTSCONTENTS / FOREWORD</p><p>PREFACELOCATION OF PROJECTS</p><p>LIST OF THE PROJECTSCREDITS</p><p>JAPAN SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURESGLOBAL SUSTAINABLE DESIGN &amp; RESEARCH</p><p>ACKNOWLEDGMENTS</p><p>Chapter</p><p>i, iiiiiivvviviiviiiix</p><p>Page Number</p><p>234</p><p>5~78</p><p>9~3132~95</p><p>96</p></li><li><p>iii PREFACE</p><p>03</p><p>Shoko HashidaEditorPhD Candidate, Department of Landscape EngineeringMeiji University</p><p>Bio-climatic Design, Environmental Architecture,Urban Regeneration, Ecology, Technology,Building Renovation... concepts that are nowimportant part of the XXI century's lexicon. Globalnew vocabularies can be found from vernacularhouses to large scale urban developments, inlocal communities or even in ecumenopoleis.</p><p>"Sustainability" must be a part of our daily life. Itsmagical attraction forms a part of the homoge -neous elements of the quintessential characteris-tics in any place on earth... crossing acrossimmerse in hidden dimensions... floating aroundtrying to let us discover its undeniable benefits.</p><p>This year, Japan was selected to be the host of"The 2005 World Sustainable BuildingConference". We considered it important to shareJapan's sustainable new architectures but also toshow examples from all over the globe.</p><p>Together with the 22 examples of sustainablebuildings of japanese architects, we decided topublish in this booklet the works and researchesabout sustainability of the Student Session's par-ticipants. Among the works, 32 entries werereceived from 17 different countries of the 5 con-tinents.</p><p>We are proud to present this "SUSTAINABLEBUILDING DESIGN BOOK" and we hope youcan learn from the examples showed on it.</p><p>Jose Martin Gomez Tagle MoralesEditorPhD Candidate, Department of ArchitectureThe University of Tokyo</p><p>The heat island phenomenon in the urbanareas is worsening in a high speed. Tough thereare few possible causes for this, the many artifi-cial materials covering the surface and thereduction of the latent heat flux, which is causedby the increase of the thermal storage and thedecrease of the water-holding capacity, arethought to be the major causes.</p><p>For building sustainable city, the recovery of thegreen, such as farming land and timberland, anda creation of a comfortable environment is themost important factor. Different from the past agewhen architecture required an environmentalsacrifice, in this century of the environment, anarchitectural design which lessens the burden onthe environment by using natural energy and canalso be sustainable to time is required.</p><p>The idea of this design book is to present thosesustainable buildings such as, zero-emissionrefined building, passively designed energy-sav-ing building and green building that contributesto the protection of the organisms' diversity andthe recovery of the nature, which the Japanesearchitects have been introducing to the world.These buildings exist as, and will remain as theplace of recreation and relaxation. I wish thisbook will serve as a useful reference for manystudents who will learn design from now on. </p></li><li><p>04</p><p>iv LOCATION OF PROJECTS</p><p>26</p><p>25</p><p>60</p><p>38</p><p>8434</p><p>74</p><p>17</p><p>84</p><p>72</p><p>77</p><p>50</p><p>65</p><p>29</p><p>21</p><p>18</p><p>2731 19 20</p><p>2228</p><p>14</p><p>11</p><p>23</p><p>3024101615</p><p>83</p><p>33</p><p>5912</p><p>71</p><p>95</p><p>68</p><p>54</p><p>37</p><p>41</p><p>49</p><p>9113</p><p>87</p><p>56</p><p>53</p><p>62</p><p>45</p><p>46</p><p>42</p><p>80</p><p>78</p><p>88</p><p>66 92</p><p>JAPAN SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURES</p><p>GLOBAL SUSTAINABLE DESIGN &amp; RESEARCH</p><p>27</p></li><li><p>05</p><p>JAPAN SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURES</p><p>Osamu Ishii</p><p>Kazuo Iwamura+Iwamura Atelier Co Ltd.</p><p>Kazuhiro Kojima </p><p>Kazuhiro Kojima + Kojima Lab.(Tokyo University of Science)+</p><p>Magaribuchi Laboratory(IIS, The University of Tokyo)</p><p>Kengo Kuma&amp; Associates</p><p>Kengo Kuma&amp; Associates</p><p>Kiyoshi Seike</p><p>Masamitsu NozawaBuilding Workshop</p><p>Workshop Nihon Sekkei Inc. + Takenaka Corporation +</p><p>Plamtago(landscape)</p><p>Nikken Sekkei</p><p>Yasumitsu Matsunaga +Modern Architecture Institute</p><p>v INDEX 1</p><p>House in MegamiyamaSainomiya City, Hyogo Prefecture</p><p>Pavilion of the 21st Century ConstructionSukagawa City, Fukushima Prefecture</p><p>Bridge, Arts &amp; Science CollegeDoha, Qatar</p><p>Space Block Hanoi ModelHanoi, Vietnam</p><p>Ando Hiroshige MuseumNasu County, Tochigi Prefecture</p><p>Adobe Repository for Buddha StatueShimonoseki City, Yamaguchi Prefecture</p><p>Morihana Memorial HouseKobe City, Hyogo Prefecture</p><p>Iwamura Kazuo Ehon-no-Oka Art MuseumNasu County, Tochigi Prefecture</p><p>Acros FukuokaFukuoka City, Fukuoka Prefecture</p><p>OSAKA Central GymnasiumOsaka City, Osaka</p><p>Nakajima GardenFuji City, Shizuoka Prefecture</p><p>10</p><p>11</p><p>12</p><p>13</p><p>14</p><p>15</p><p>16</p><p>17</p><p>18</p><p>19</p><p>20</p></li><li><p>06</p><p>v INDEX 2</p><p>Riken Yamamoto &amp; Field Shop</p><p>Sakakura Associates architects&amp;engineers + </p><p>Fujiki Takao Atelier</p><p>Taro Ashihara Architects+ Koh Kitayama &amp;</p><p>Architecture WORKSHOP+ Hideto Horiike &amp; Associates</p><p>Koji Fujii</p><p>Koji Fujii</p><p>Shigeru Aoki</p><p>Shigeru Aoki</p><p>Tadao Ando Architect &amp; Associates +Nikken Sekkei</p><p>Tadao Ando Architect &amp; Associates</p><p>Taro Ashihara Architects +Akira Hoyano</p><p>(Tokyo Institute of Technology)</p><p>Yuichiro Kodama +Estec Design Co Ltd.</p><p>ecoms houseTosu City, Saga Prefecture</p><p>Salesian Boys HomeKodaira City, Tokyo</p><p>Katta HospitalShiroishi City, Miyagi Prefecture</p><p>Chouchikukyo IOoyamazaki-cho, Kyoto Prefecture</p><p>Chouchikukyo IIOoyamazaki-cho, Kyoto Prefecture</p><p>3projects of "Refine Architecture"-Yame City Multi Generation Center Yame City, Fukuoka Prefecture</p><p>-Yame City Fukushima Junior High School GymYame City, Fukuoka Prefecture</p><p>-Sea Museum in KamaeSaeki City, Ooita Prefecture</p><p>The International Library of Children's LiteratureUeno Park, Taitou Ward, Tokyo</p><p>Awaji YumebutaiTsuna County, Hyogo Prefecture</p><p>TONO INAX PavilionSeto City, Aichi Prefecture</p><p>A Riverine House in KochiMotoyama-cho, Kouchi Prefecture</p><p>21</p><p>22</p><p>23</p><p>24</p><p>25</p><p>26</p><p>27</p><p>28</p><p>29</p><p>30</p><p>31</p></li><li><p>07</p><p>v INDEX 3</p><p>GLOBAL SUSTAINABLEDESIGN &amp; RESEARCH</p><p>Pavel A. KazantsevAngel de Diego Rica</p><p>Carlos Garcia Velez y CortazarClaudia Mercedes Suarez</p><p>SCAPJose Martin Gomez Tagle Morales</p><p>Kevin YimCasas GEO</p><p>Kyra Claire WoodJose Wagner Garcia &amp; Siegbert Zanettini</p><p>Julia V. KorkinaMerediz, Godoy, Rabel Rocha,</p><p>Martinez Camarillo, Cano VelazcoKorochkina, Kyalunziga, Kuznetsova,</p><p>Nikitina Tatyana, Alekseenko, TsitsaretsPrarthana M. Rao</p><p>Kevin Yim, Alvaro Bonfiglio, Jin TairaChang Kuei-Feng &amp; Nien-Tsu Chen</p><p>Paulina BohdanowiczPaulina Bohdanowicz</p><p>BH / Broissin y Hernandez de la GarzaAjay Harkishan Shah</p><p>Jin TairaMohammad Afshar &amp; Mohammad Safari</p><p>Lusi MorhayimAngelica Maeireizo TokeshiAngelica Maeireizo Tokeshi</p><p>Wang HaoMarcos Antonio Leite FrandolosoMatthias Haase / the greenroom</p><p>SCAPChen Yu</p><p>Faraz SoleymaniJose Martin Gomez Tagle Morales</p><p>Sustainable Design CourseEcoBOXSierra Ventana ProjectMercedes-Suarez HouseHotel Marquis Los CabosCasas 11 &amp; 12Organic InorganismPlacido Domingo CityNadeshikoEco-efficiency System CENPES IICenter of Ecological TourismMeet D.F. (Downtown)</p><p>Warm Roof Design</p><p>Sustainability in BuildingsEcological Systems in Paper EggBuilding RenovationHotels Green IndustrySustainability in the Hotel IndustryPavillion VK40Innovation, Efficiency, EcologyThe Wind HouseThe Icehouses of IranArchitecture in the Negev DesertRangers facilities in CuscoLocal Community GenesEcological Apartment BuildingEnergy Efficiency in University BuildingsDouble Skin Facades for Hot-Humid ClimateVeramar ProjectBuildings, Climate and PlantsLiving with Nature in HarmonyTowards Urban Sustainability</p><p>333437384142454649505354</p><p>56</p><p>59606265666871727477788083848788919295</p></li><li><p>PHOTOGRAPHERSIWAMURA Atelier Co Ltd.C+A(Kazuhiro Kojima)C+A(Kazuhiro Kojima)Kengo Kuma&amp; AssociatesKengo Kuma&amp; AssociatesTakenaka Corporation(Yukio Yoshimura, Taizou Hurukawa)Shoko HashidaMasamitsu Nozawa Building WorkshopShoko HashidaNIKKEN SEKKEI(Naotoshi Higuchi) + Shoko HashidaOsamu IshiiYoshihiro NabeshimaFujiki Takao Atelier(Kosuke Hanakawa)Katta HospitalShigeru Aoki Architect &amp; Associates Inc. Chie SugaShoko HashidaTONO INAX(Ken Oguri)Matsunaga Laboratory (Kagoshima University)Kodama Laboratory (Kobe Design University)</p><p>-Cover Photograph &amp; Photorendering Illustration: Future Vision of Hong Kong by Jose Martin Gomez Tagle Morales-Back-cover &amp; Page 8 Illustrations: Ecological Tourism Center of Far East Maritime Reserve. Russia Master Plan. Julia V. Korkina. Diploma project 2000-2001-Cover, Back-over, Book Overall Graphic Design and Page 98 Illustrations by Jose Martin Gomez Tagle Morales</p><p>JAPAN SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURES, interior coverNational Museum of Emerging Science and Innovation, Miraikan. Tokyo Academic Park, Odaiba, Tokyo, JapanPhotograph by Jose Martin Gomez Tagle Morales</p><p>GLOBAL SUSTAINABLE DESIGN &amp; RESEARCH, interior coverIllustration of the 2005 Diploma projects of Far Eastern State Technical University, Vladivostok, Russia. Tutor: Pavel A. Kazantsev</p><p>All the images, texts and photograps of the JAPAN SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURES and the GLOBAL SUSTAINABLE DESIGN &amp; RESEARCH were received fromeach participant and are showing in this booklet under the knowledge and permission of the authors of each article.</p><p>BOOK BY: EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY:Jose Martin Gomez Tagle Morales. Editor. SB05Tokyo Student Session</p><p>Printed in Japan1st Printing, 2005</p><p>vi CREDITS</p><p>08</p><p>Pavilion of the 21st Century ConstructionBridge, Arts &amp; Science College</p><p>Space Block Hanoi ModelAndo Hiroshige Museum</p><p>Adobe Repository for Buddha StatueChouchikukyo</p><p>Morihana Memorial HouseIwamura Kazuo Ehon-no-Oka Art Museum</p><p>Acros FukuokaOSAKA Central Gymnasium</p><p>House in Megamiyamaecoms house</p><p>Salesian Boys HomeKatta Hospital</p><p>3projects of "Refine Architecture"The International Library of Children's Literature</p><p>Awaji YumebutaiTONO INAX Pavilion</p><p>Nakajima GardenA Riverine House in Kochi</p></li><li><p>vii JAPAN SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURES</p></li><li><p>10</p></li><li><p>11</p></li><li><p>12</p></li><li><p>13</p></li><li><p>14</p></li><li><p>15</p></li><li><p>16</p><p>2005/7/8/14:30</p></li><li><p>17</p></li><li><p>18</p></li><li><p>19</p><p>2005/7/8/12:00</p></li><li><p>20</p></li><li><p>21</p></li><li><p>22</p></li><li><p>23</p></li><li><p>24</p></li><li><p>25</p></li><li><p>26</p></li><li><p>27</p></li><li><p>28</p></li><li><p>29</p></li><li><p>30</p></li><li><p>31</p></li><li><p>viii GLOBAL SUSTAINABLE DESIGN&amp;RESEARCH</p></li><li><p>33</p><p>SUSTAINABLE DESIGN COURSE FOR FUTURE ARCHITECTS Students design passive architectural forms after learning the theoretical course in Architectural insti-tute of FESTU last five years. Theoretical course of ARHITECTURAL CLIMATOLOGY (third year stu-dents, 60-75 people every spring) describe the main principles of Sustainable design (with the excep-tion of natural constructions and plasters). I give more attention in my lections of modification themicroclimatic conditions of open and closed space using previously architectural forms (Interaction ofarchitectural and landscape forms with wind and sun). One group of students (20-25 people) will be learning green design principles in practice during nextthree years.</p><p>GREEN DESIGN STEPS FROM SIMPLE FORMS TO DIPLOMA DROUGHT INCLUDE:1. Direct gain of south facade only. First project with passive solar design - Settlement center (thirdyear student projects, autumn). Passive solar design not compulsory, only for advanced students.2.Simple architectural form with wind-break and solar heating possibility (A). Covers for kindergartenfor 10-12 children (third year student projects, spring). Compulsory practice in framework of theoret-ical course. 3.Direct gain and natural ventilation of atrium space only. School for 250 pupils (four year studentprojects, autumn). Passive solar design not compulsory, only for advanced students.4.Passive heating and cooling, hot water and space heating by solar water collectors; wind-breakdesign of building and site (B). Low store dwelling or Single family house (four year student projects,spring). Compulsory use all methods of passive and active solar design. May be natural construc -tions and plasters. 5.Green design from passive and active solar heating to bionic exterior and interior imagine and"green" graphic style of documents. Public building - urban complex (five year student projects,autumn - spring). Green design not compulsory, only for advanced students.After learning all green stages, advanced students will be ready for "Green diploma projects" (C), andfuture Green practice. The main part of diploma project besides draughts is the essay aboutSustainable design principles.There are three "green" graduate groups for the last five years: 2001, 2003, 2005 (June) - almost 60students. And one group of 20 students will be in future - 2007, June. All projects design for local climatic conditions of south Primorye, Russian Far East Winter: November - March, north-north-west wind 7-12 m/s, up to 15 - 18 m/s; temperature -12 -20C in January ; November and March approximately - 8 +8 C; all season sunny weather. Cold sum-mer: April - June, south-east wind 5-7 m/s, up to 10 - 15 m/s; temperature +10 +16 C in June, up to+20 +22 C some sunny days; humidity 100%, usually cloudy. Summer: July - August, south-east wind5-10 m/s, up to 15 - 20 m/s; temperature +20 +25 C, humidity 100%, usually rainy. Deviation direction of wind by hills (50 -150 m, up to 200 meters) may be 45 degrees.</p><p>SUSTAINABLE DESIGN COURSEPavel A. KazantsevFar East State Technical University, Vladivostok, Russia</p></li><li><p>34</p><p>ECOBOXANGEL DE DIEGO RICAMADRID, SPAIN. 2003</p><p>The Fundacion Metropoli building was conceived as an experimental building which integrates twofundamental criteria:-The creation of a place of, and for the development of, innovation and creativity-A commitment to bioclimatic processes</p><p>BIOCLIMATIC COMPONENTSSun Scoops-In addition...</p></li></ul>