strategies for memory improvement
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DESCRIPTIONStrategies for Memory Improvement. LO: Discuss suitable ways to improve memory. How do you remember things/revise??. Verbal Mnemonics. Word or sentence is formed from the initial letters of other words Acronyms (ROYGBI) Acrostic (poem or sentence i.e. Planets) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Strategies for Memory ImprovementLO: Discuss suitable ways to improve memory
How do you remember things/revise??
Verbal MnemonicsWord or sentence is formed from the initial letters of other wordsAcronyms (ROYGBI)
Acrostic (poem or sentence i.e. Planets)
Rhymes group of words with identify and rhythm i.e. How many days has September?
Now try this...TV CIA LTM STM NASA BBC ITV
Is it easier??What is this called?
Chase et al 1981 One mnemonist SF managed to remember more than 80 digits because he could give meaning to groups of digits due to his knowledge of running times though he had to practice lots!
LOCI (visual Mnemonic)Identify a set of places that you can imagine walking through, e.g. rooms in your house.Number of places used depends on what needs to be remembered.Convert each item that needs remembered into a mental image and place it mentally in a location.When you are ready to recall, you imagine walking through the various locations you used.The locations act as retrieval cues because you already know them well.An example: WMM
Keyword method (visual Mnemonic)Atkinson & Raugh (1975)For associating bits of information i.e. picturing the two things togetherA (weird) example...Horse in Spanish is caballo pronounced cab-eye-yoPicture a horse with a giant eye on its back Conjuring up the visual image should help recall the wordCan you think of any examples you have used?
How do these techniques work?OrganisationTo improve your LTM it is helpful to create hierarchies to organise material into meaningful patterns. Putting items in orderOrganisation makes memories more accessableBower (1969) asked participants to learn a list of words. The experimental group saw the words organised in conceptual hierarchies, while the control group saw the words presented randomly.In a total of four trials, participants saw 112 words and the experimental organised group recalled on average 65% correctly whereas the control group recalled only 19% correctly.
Elaborative rehearsalThe information must be made elaborated on making them meaningful e.g. linking it to pre-existing knowledge.
Elaborated memories are easier to recall because several routes can be used to reach items in memory.
The amount of rehearsal is important but the nature (elaboration) is more important!
Narrative ChainingInvolves linking otherwise unrelated items to one another (chaining) to form a story/narrative
Page 405 Bower & ClarkNarrative chaining is useful when you want to remember information in a particular order
Peg WordsInvolves memorising a rhyme that includes mental pegs on which you hang the material to be rememberedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BwBr5URS5qw
Your taskDesign a leaflet for year 11 students giving them advice on successful memory improvement and revision strategies.
WHAT TO DO: Select at least 3 strategies that you think would work and for each:Explain how it worksApply it to a subject (e.g. you could use this when revising your History work by)Why it is a good strategy.
Put your information together in a user-friendly leaflet. The best one will be distributed to my year 11 students.
***Example on p.22 2nd edition psychology AS complete companion (cat on books)*