Space Chili Seeds

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National project 2012

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<ul><li><p>MICROGRAVITY </p><p>SCIENCE EDUCATION </p><p>PROGRAMME (ASIAN KIBO MISSION: </p><p>MALAYSIA SPACE SEED </p><p>MODULE) </p></li><li><p>3 </p><p>CONTENTS </p><p>1.0 PROJECT BACKGROUND ...................................................................................................... 5 </p><p>1.1 JAXA Programme .............................................................................................................. 5 </p><p>1.2 MALAYSIA SPACE SEED PROGRAMME .......................................................................... 5 </p><p>1.3 WHY CHILLI?.................................................................................................................... 6 </p><p>2.0 ASIAN KIBO MISSION: MALAYSIA SPACE SEED COMPETITION ............................... 7 </p><p>2.1 ABOUT THE COMPETITION ............................................................................................ 7 </p><p>2.2 RULES AND REGULATIONS ............................................................................................. 9 </p><p>2.3 Project Requirements and Costing ............................................................................... 10 </p><p>2.5 CALENDER OF ACTIVITY / TIMELINE ......................................................................... 11 </p><p>3.0 EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE ........................................................................................... 13 </p><p>3.1 RESEARCH PROPOSAL: .................................................................................................. 13 </p><p>3.2 CROP CULTURE &amp; DATA COLLECTION ....................................................................... 15 </p><p>3.2.1 ACTIVITY PRIOR TO SOWING .............................................................................. 15 </p><p>3.2.2 SEED GERMINATION AND SEEDLING SELECTION ............................................ 16 </p><p>DATA RECORDING.............................................................................................................. 21 </p><p>3.2.3 TRANSPLANTING .......................................................................................................... 23 </p><p>DATA RECORDING: ............................................................................................................ 26 </p><p>3.2.4 CROP MAINTENANCE ................................................................................................. 36 </p><p>3.2.5 YIELD COMPONENTS ............................................................................................. 38 </p><p>DATA RECORDING.............................................................................................................. 41 </p><p>3.3 REPORT WRITING .......................................................................................................... 45 </p><p>APPENDIX 1 : INFORMATION ABOUT MICROGRAVITY ....................................................... 46 </p></li><li><p>4 </p><p>MICROGRAVITY SCIENCE EDUCATION PROGRAMME </p><p>(ASIAN KIBO MISSION: MALAYSIA SPACE SEED MODULE) </p><p>i. Introduction to Module </p><p>Dear Teachers &amp; Students, </p><p>Salam 1 Malaysia </p><p>The ANGKASA agency is pleased to present this manual to you and your </p><p>colleagues </p><p>as part of our continuing space science education program to promote the </p><p>interest in space science as a valuable field of science for our Malaysian </p><p>future generation. This manual deals with the field in seed science </p><p>technology, where we think that seed is the starting element for the </p><p>sustainable life in the universe. It is our sincere hope that the manual will </p><p>serve as a useful resource for educators, students, and parents who are </p><p>concerned about their engagement with the space science as one of the </p><p>potential future career. It is also for those who wish to participate in </p><p>school and community efforts to diversify the understanding of the space </p><p>science technology among students. </p></li><li><p>5 </p><p>1.0 PROJECT BACKGROUND </p><p>1.1 JAXA Programme </p><p>The Space Environment Utilization Working Group (SEU WG) is launching its own </p><p>space mission for the first time. The Space Seed for Asian Future (SSAF) 2010-2011 </p><p>mission has been planned and developed by the space agencies participating in the </p><p>SEU WG. The task force aims to joint utilizations of Japanese Experiment Module </p><p>KIBO of the International Space Station by countries in the region. </p><p>Based on Asian KIBO Mission Planning Task Force #3 Meeting held on 1st July </p><p>2010 which consists of the space agencies of Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and </p><p>Vietnam, it was agreed that all members to launch their own seeds with the main </p><p>keyword Space and Asian Seeds under the theme of Space Seeds for Asian </p><p>Future (SSAF2010). The seeds are placed inside KIBO at ambient temperature. The </p><p>Members (Asian task force country) are required to prepare specimens respectively </p><p>for local activity. </p><p>Objective of this international program is to promote space awareness and better </p><p>understanding of science in the country. Overall the SSAF2010-2011 program will </p><p>deepen understanding of the importance of space utilization by people in the Asia-</p><p>Pacific region and will stimulate scientific interest among young students. </p><p>1.2 MALAYSIA SPACE SEED PROGRAMME </p><p>Malaysia through National Space Agency (ANGKASA) has established a local </p><p>committee to conduct this program. The local committee for Malaysian Space SEED </p><p>Programme consist of the Ministry of Education (MOE), Malaysian Agricultural </p><p>Research &amp; Development Institute (MARDI), and Department of Agriculture (DOA). </p><p>Objective of the Malaysian Space SEED Educational Programme is :- </p><p>i. To promote of microgravity science - space awareness; </p></li><li><p>6 </p><p>ii. To develop student interest and skill in scientific space experiments and </p><p>research; </p><p>iii. To compare, analyze and do hypothesis about the growth of microgravity </p><p>environment exposed seed compared to earth grown seed. </p><p>Malaysia sent 100gram of Capsicum annum (chilli) seeds and developed our very </p><p>own local program comprised of 2 components incorporating both education and </p><p>research. The seeds were launched to the International Space Station (ISS) aboard </p><p>"KOUNOTORI2" (HTV2, a cargo transporter to the ISS) by JAXA on 22 January 2011. </p><p>The seeds are then retrieved several months later, hitching a ride onboard the final </p><p>mission of Space Shuttle Endeavour, STS 134 back to Earth. </p><p>1.3 WHY CHILLI? </p><p>Chilli seeds were chosen by the committee because it was readily available, easily </p><p>prepared by Malaysia. In particular, MC11 was selected because it is a variant </p><p>developed by our local scientists at MARDI. The proposed seeds were later approved </p><p>by the technical committee of ISS to be brought up and spend 4 month in space. </p></li><li><p>7 </p><p>2.0 ASIAN KIBO MISSION: MALAYSIA SPACE SEED COMPETITION </p><p> 2012 </p><p>2.1 ABOUT THE COMPETITION </p><p>i) Title: </p><p>Asian KIBO Mission: Malaysia Space Seed </p><p>ii) Organizer: </p><p>This competition is organized by the National Space Agency (ANGKASA), </p><p>Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency with the collaboration of Ministry of </p><p>Education (MOE), Malaysian Agricultural Research &amp; Development </p><p>Institute (MARDI), Department of Agriculture (DOA). </p><p>iii) Nature of competition: </p><p>Participants are required to conduct a research project to evaluate growth </p><p>performance of Capsicum annum seeds. </p><p>iv) Eligibility </p><p> This competition is open to all secondary school students in Malaysia. </p><p> Schools are only allowed to send in one team comprises a maximum of </p><p>20 students supervised by 4 teachers. </p><p>v) Competition Entry </p><p> Submission of the entry competition must be made through online </p><p>application via web page http://astronomi.angkasa.gov.my/spaceseeds </p><p> All entries to the competition must be submitted to and received by the </p><p>Organizer no later than the respective deadline. </p><p> One school can submit only one application. </p><p>vi) Important Datelines </p><p> Advertisement and call for application : 1 November 2011 </p><p> Closing Date for application: 31 January 2012 </p><p> Notification of successful application: March 2012 </p><p>vii) Infrastructural Requirements: </p><p>The school must have: </p><p>- Internet access </p><p>- Area for seed germination and planting at least for 40 plants </p><p>http://www.google.com.my/url?sa=t&amp;source=web&amp;cd=1&amp;ved=0CCYQFjAA&amp;url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.jaxa.jp%2Findex_e.html&amp;ei=18HATYPZH8KIrAewrbncAw&amp;usg=AFQjCNFWpQTUzQPVNKJDPpxsYscMyj0U0g</p></li><li><p>8 </p><p>viii) Expenditure to conduct the experiment: </p><p>All expenses/costs to be borne by the schools. </p><p>ix) Prizes &amp; Reward </p><p>All participants will be given a token and certificate of participation </p><p>jointly issued by JAXA, MOE and ANGKASA. </p><p>x) The Organizer; </p><p> Reserve the right to use all works/materials produced by the </p><p>Participants under the Competition for any purposes without </p><p>prior notice or consent. </p><p> Reserve the right to vary, postpone or reschedule the dates of </p><p>the competition or extend the competition period at their sole </p><p>discretion. </p><p> Shall not be responsible for any damage to and/or personal </p><p>injuries sustained in the course of the Competition. </p><p> Shall not be responsible for any non-compliant of the Pesticide </p><p>Act 1974. </p><p>xi) Disclaimer </p><p>By participating in this Competition, the Participants agree and shall </p><p>ensure that all team members, the teacher-in-charge and the school </p><p>authorities agree to abide by the competition Rules and Regulations </p><p>and all decisions made by the Organizers. </p></li><li><p>9 </p><p>2.2 RULES AND REGULATIONS </p><p>i) Each school can only register one team consisting of a maximum of 4 </p><p>teacher advisors and 20 students. </p><p>ii) Each team will receive 2 packets of seeds (Space Seeds and Control </p><p>Seeds) from the Organizer. </p><p>iii) Only seeds provided by the Organizer are allowed to be used </p><p>in this competition. </p><p>iv) Each team is required to send their data within the timeline given </p><p>supported by photographs using the designated website </p><p>(http://astronomi.angkasa.gov.my/spaceseeds) </p><p>v) Each team is required to send in a final report based on the data </p><p>obtain within the deadline. </p><p>vi) The final report must be written in English. </p><p>vii) The final report must be submitted using the designated website. </p><p>viii) The judges decision is final. </p></li><li><p>10 </p><p>2.3 PROJECT REQUIREMENTS AND COSTING </p><p>This project may involve the use of the following items. An estimate of the </p><p>cost of each item is provided below. </p><p>No Item Unit Price per unit (RM) </p><p>Quantity required </p><p>RM </p><p> Hand throwel / fork 1 pair 8.00 2 16.00 </p><p> Gloves 1 pair 3.00 10 30.00 </p><p> Watering can 1 pc 5.00 2 10.00 </p><p> Spray bottle 1 pc 13.00 2 26.00 </p><p> Polybags, 12 X 18 1 pc 0.80 50 40.00 </p><p> Soil mixture 1 bag 6.00 50 300.00 </p><p> Chord 1 roll 6.00 1 6.00 </p><p> Support stake 1 pc 0.50 50 25.00 </p><p> Plastic tray size 40 X 80 cm </p><p>1 pc 10.00 2 20.00 </p><p> Fertilisers, NPK Blue Special </p><p>1 kg 4.00 3 12.00 </p><p> Foliar Fertiliser (Bayfolan) </p><p>4L 64.00 1 64.00 </p><p> Peat Gro 1 packet </p><p>16.00 1 16.00 </p><p> Tag label 1 roll 50.00 1 50.00 </p><p> Total 615.00 </p><p>Costing of Optional Apparatus </p><p>No Item Unit Price per unit (RM) </p><p>Quantity required </p><p>RM </p><p>1 Fencing and Roofing for 30 plants </p><p>7 X 21 850.00 2 units 1700.00 </p><p>2 Insecticide 1 bottle 100.00 2 200.00 </p><p>3 Mask 1 box 60.00 1 60.00 </p><p> Total 1960.00 </p><p>Note : </p><p>a) Creative use of the recycle materials is encouraged </p><p>b) All expenses/costs to be borne by the schools </p><p>c) Teachers may use this costing list in their project proposal </p></li><li><p>11 </p><p>2.5 CALENDER OF ACTIVITY / TIMELINE </p><p>Tentative dates Timeframe Activities </p><p>06.03.2012 - Notification of successful application </p><p>03.04.2012 - Briefing on the module to the </p><p>teachers. </p><p>Ceremony for seed distributions to </p><p>schools </p><p>03.04.2012 - </p><p>09.04.2012 </p><p>1 week from receiving </p><p>feedback. </p><p>Seed handling keep seeds in </p><p>refrigerator before sowing </p><p>Seedling preparation in trays </p><p>Preparing research proposal. </p><p>09.04.2012 - Submit the research proposal </p><p>09.04.2012 Simultaneous </p><p>sowing </p><p>Start competition : sowing </p><p>16.04.2012 - </p><p>22.04.2012 (Week 1) </p><p>1 week after sowing Send report on germination </p><p>behaviour online </p><p> 20 days before </p><p>transplanting </p><p>Spray foliar fertilizer weekly until </p><p>experiment ends. </p><p>23.04.2012 - </p><p>29.04.2012 (Week 2) </p><p>2 weeks after sowing Send report of germination </p><p>behaviour online </p><p>30.04.2012 Prepare polybags for transplanting </p><p>14.05.2012 Simultaneously 35 </p><p>days after sowing </p><p>Transplanting </p><p>1) 21.05.2012 (Week 1) </p><p>2) 28.05.2012 (Week 2) </p><p>3) 04.06.2012 (Week 3) </p><p>Every week after </p><p>transplanting </p><p>Submission of progressive report on </p><p>Morphological Characteristics , </p><p>Reproductive Characteristics &amp; Yield </p><p>Characteristics online. </p></li><li><p>12 </p><p>4) 11.06.2012 (Week 4) </p><p>5) 18.06.2012 (Week 5) </p><p>6) 25.06.2012 (Week 6) </p><p>7) 02.07.2012 (Week 7) </p><p>8) 09.07.2012 (Week 8) </p><p> 14 days after </p><p>transplanting (DAT) </p><p>Application of fertilizer I </p><p> 17 DAT Application of pesticides I </p><p> 30 DAT Fixing plant support </p><p> 35 DAT Application of fertilizer II </p><p> 40 DAT Pest and disease control II </p><p> 42 DAT Application of fertilizer III </p><p> 45-50 DAT Pest and disease control III </p><p>14.07.2012 - </p><p>30.07.2012 </p><p>60-75 DAT Harvesting </p><p>03.08.2012 - Submit final report online </p><p>September 2012 - Evaluation of top 10 schools </p><p>December 2012 - Announcement of winners </p></li><li><p>13 </p><p>3.0 EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE </p><p>3.1 RESEARCH PROPOSAL: </p><p>The school has to come up with a research proposal. The research proposal should </p><p>consist of the following: </p><p> The proposal should be 2-3 pages only. </p><p>REMINDER: </p><p>The proposal should be sent online to the following address: </p><p>http://astronomi.angkasa.gov.my/spaceseeds </p><p>Helpline for enquiries and consultation:- admin_sis@angkasa.gov.my </p><p>Organization Chart: </p><p>Name of School </p><p>School Address </p><p>Name of Principal </p><p>Teacher Advisors 1. </p><p>2. </p><p>3. </p><p>4. </p><p>Group Leader </p><p>Name of Participants </p><p>(maximum 20) </p><p>Email address </p><p>School Telephone No </p><p>School Fax No. </p></li><li><p>14 </p><p>Format of Proposal: </p><p>Title </p><p>Problem Statement </p><p>Objectives </p><p>Research questions </p><p>Literature review </p><p>Methodology </p><p>Gantt Chart </p></li><li><p>15 </p><p>3.2 CROP CULTURE &amp; DATA COLLECTION </p><p> 3.2.1 ACTIVITY PRIOR TO SOWING </p><p>Seeds should be kept at proper storage conditions. To maintain seed viability, it is best to store seeds with low moisture content and stored in a cool, dry place. For short term storage, low moisture content seeds can be kept at room temperature but if seeds are to be stored longer, they should be kept at low temperatures (1020C). </p><p> Seeds can be packed in pouches, plastic bag or cans to avoid contact to prevent absorption of moisture from the atmosphere. Seed containers should be labeled to indicate species, cultivar, moisture content, germination percentage &amp; date tested, date of production, and sometimes instructions how to grow the plants. </p></li><li><p>16 </p><p>STEP BY STEP ACTIVITY PRIOR TO SOWING </p><p>A) Receiving seed 1. Inspect conditions, labels upon receiving. 2. Seeds should be kept in their sealed envelopes until just prior to planting. 3. Keep in refrigerator prior to use.(Not in freezer) 4. Make sure to avoid extreme conditions (temperature) </p><p>B) Preparation For Sowing </p><p>Refer to 3.2.2 </p><p>3.2.2 SEED GERMINATION AND SEEDLING SELECTION </p><p>The basic requirement for germination is water and air (oxygen). Water is imbibed through the micropyle, an opening in the seed coat. This activates biochemical reaction within the seed, which releases nutrients and other growth factors for the embryo to resume active cell division, organ differentiation and thus growth and development. The first organ that eme...</p></li></ul>