Skin Infections In Wrestling

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Skin Infections In Wrestling. Mr. Staub SGASD Athletic Trainer staubm@sgasd.org 717-225-4731 ext. 7539. Ringworm (Tinea Corporis). Fungal Skin Infection Transmitted primarily through skin to skin contact Prevalence rate is between 20% - 55% in high school wrestling - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Skin Infections In WrestlingMr. StaubSGASD Athletic Trainerstaubm@sgasd.org717-225-4731 ext. 7539

  • Ringworm (Tinea Corporis)Fungal Skin InfectionTransmitted primarily through skin to skin contactPrevalence rate is between 20% - 55% in high school wrestlingPreventative measures can limit the spread

  • Ringworm

  • Ringworm (Tinea Capitis) - Scalp

  • Ringworm (Tinea Pedis) Athletes Foot

  • RingwormMost common locations are:HeadNeckArmsTrunkRarely located on the legs

    Thrives in dark, moist, warm environments

  • RingwormThe distribution of lesions in wrestling supports skin to skin contactIf wrestling mats played a role in the transmission, more lesions would be located on the lower extremityCultures of the wrestling mats have not been supportive in their role in transmission

  • RingwormPreventionShower immediately after practiceLaunder your clothing dailyShampoo your hair daily (Dandruff Shampoo)Do not share towels, clothing, headgear, razors, etc.Wear sandals in the locker room and showerSkin checks before practice/events on a periodic basisInfected wrestlers should not wrestle

  • RingwormTreatmentTopical TherapyAnti-Fungal creams/ointments (Lamisil, Lotramin AF, etc.)Apply to the area 2-3 times a day for 3-4 weeksContinue for the above time period even when the lesion is no longer visibleOral TherapyPills prescribed by your DoctorTake as directed

  • RingwormReturn to wrestle guidelinesMINIMUM of 72 hours of oral or topical treatmentMINIMUM of 14 days if on the scalpSolitary or close clustered lesions must be covered before wrestling

  • MRSA Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus AureusBacterial infection caused by the Staphylococcus bacteriaOften called Staph infectionUsually start out looking like small red bumps resembling pimples, boils, or spider bitesThey can quickly turn into deep painful abscesses that require draining

  • MRSAInfections can stay on the skin ORIt can penetrate into the body causing life-threatening infections in the bones, joints, blood stream, heart valves and lungs

  • MRSAAbout 1/3 of the population is colonized with this bateria on their skin or in their noseThey may not be sick, but can pass the bacteria on to other peopleIt is generally harmless unless it enters the body through a cut or wound

  • MRSAOver time, this bacteria has become resistant to many of the drugs that are on the market

  • MRSA

  • MRSARisk FactorsParticipating in contact sportsSharing towels or other personal itemsWeakened immune systemCrowded and unsanitary conditions

  • MRSATreatmentTissue sample or nasal swab to see if it MRSAWill respond to certain medicationsVancomycin can be used to treat MRSAIt has been becoming less effectiveMany doctors may just drain the abscess

  • MRSAPreventionWash your handsKeep your personal items personalKeep all wounds coveredShower after practice/matchesWash your clothing dailyGet tested if you suspect MRSARemoved from competition if infected

  • MRSAReturn to Wrestle GuidelinesIf it has been diagnosed, there should be a MINIMUM of 10 days of oral antibiotics before returning to competition or until all lesions are scabbed over

  • ImpetigoBacterial skin infection Staphylococcus or Streptococcus bacteriaHighly contagiousSigns and SymptomsRed sores that quickly rupture, ooze for a few days, then form a yellowish-brown crustItchingPainless, fluid-filled blistersMore seriouspainful fluid/pus filled blisters that turn into deep ulcers

  • Impetigo

  • Impetigo

  • ImpetigoRisk FactorsDirect skin to skin contactCrowded conditionsWarm, humid environmentContact with contaminated objects towels, clothing etc.

  • ImpetigoCan lead to MRSA if not treatedTreatmentChange in hygiene habitsTopical AntibioticOral AntibioticPreventionWash hands and clothingShower after practiceDo not share personal items

  • ImpetigoReturn to Wrestle GuidelinesTo be considered Non-ContagiousAll lesions must be scabbed over with no oozing or discharge and no new lesions should have occurred in the preceding 48 hoursOral antibiotics for 3 days is considered a MINIMUM to achieve this statusIf new lesions continue to develop or drain after 72 hours, MRSA should be considered10 days off

  • Herpes Simplex 1 (Cold Sore)Viral infections that usually occurs around the mouth or face, but can occur anywhere over the bodyOnce you have herpes, you always have itIt can reoccur at anytime, usually in the the same general regionVirus lies dormant in your nerve cellsOnce triggered, it travels the nerve path to the skin and causes the cold sore

  • Herpes Simplex 1 (Cold Sore)What causes the cold sore to reappear:Illness, fever, or the fluExposure to sunStressChanges to immune systemTrauma to the skin

  • Herpes Simplex 1 (Cold Sore)

  • Herpes Simplex 1 (Cold Sore)Signs and SymptomsGroup of blisters on a red baseDry up rapidly and leave scabsMay itchSometimes preceded by tingling or burning in the area from a few hours to a couple of days

  • Herpes Simplex 1 (Cold Sore)Return to Wrestle GuidelinesTo be considered non-contagious, all lesions must be scabbed over with no oozing or discharge and no new lesions should have occurred in the preceding 48 hours1st Episodetreated and not allowed to compete for a MINIMUM of 10 daysIf fever and swollen lymph nodes are presenttreatment extended to 14 daysRecurrent outbreaks require a MINIMUM of 5 full days of oral anti-viral treatment

  • Molluscum ContagiosumViral skin infectionFirm bumps that are painlessUsually disappear within a 6-12 months without treatmentIf scratched open, they can spreadSpread through direct skin to skin contact and contact with contaminated objects

  • Molluscum Contagiosum

  • Molluscum ContagiosumTreatmentRemoval by:Scrapping or curettageFreezingLaser therapyMedications to remove wartsAdhesive tapes????

  • Molluscum ContagiosumReturn to Wrestle Guidelines24 hours after curettage

  • EczemaChronic itchy rash that tends to come and goExact cause in unknown, but is likely due to a combination of dry, irritable skin together with a malfunction of the immune system

  • Eczema

  • Take Home MessageDo not share personal itemsShower after practice/matchesWash clothing dailyWash hands frequentlyCover all woundsSeek advice from your athletic trainer

  • Questions?????Mr. Staubstaubm@sgasd.org717-225-4731 ext. 7539

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