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Rigor and Relevance 101 Building Blocks for Increased Student Achievement Tammy ODonnell [email protected] Slide 2 2 Slide 3 3 Slide 4 Slide 5 Rigor/Relevance Framework Slide 6 Slide 7 R Slide 8 Assimilation of knowledge Acquisition of knowledge Thinking Continuum Slide 9 Knowledge Taxonomy 1. Recall Knowledge 2. Comprehension 3. Application 4. Analysis 5. Synthesis 6. Evaluation Pick the Higher Fruit Slide 10 Awareness Level: (Knowledge) Recall specific information List, arrange, tell, underline, identify, locate Memorize dates of important events or periods of time. Slide 11 Comprehension Level (Level Two) Understand or interpret information Define, explain, calculate, reword/restate Explain in your own words the process of photosynthesis. Slide 12 Application - Level Three Apply knowledge and understanding to a new situation Solve, operate, use, handle, apply Wash hands before handling food in the schools vending area. Slide 13 Analysis -Level Four Separate a complex idea into its components Categorize, simplify, examine, survey, break into parts Compare the costs and benefits of two cell phone plans. Compare and contrast democracy and socialism. Slide 14 Synthesis Level Five Combine knowledge to form a new idea. Create, build, generate, reorganize Contribute from your intellect! Bring some information that wasnt there before. Role play (unscripted) the first U.S. Constitutional Convention. Write a RAFT describing the movement of water through municipal water systems. Slide 15 Evaluation Level Six Choose an alternative in making a decision. Decide, classify, judge, prioritize, rank Justify which of two cell phone plans best meets your needs and budget. Rank candidates in an election and defend your rankings. Slide 16 Knowledge Levels Roller Skating 1)Identify the equipment 2)Explain safety precautions 3)Roller skate on level ground and then hills 4)Examine skills and weaknesses 5)Develop a plan for improvement 6)Assess someone elses skills Slide 17 Knowledge Levels -- Nutrition 1)Label foods by group 2)Explain nutritional values of foods 3)Eat balanced meals 4)Study success in achieving nutritional goals 5)Generate revised nutritional goals 6)Appraise results of nutritional habits Slide 18 Managing Resources Knowledge Taxonomy 6 Evaluate spending habits of spouse 1 Identify money 2Explain values 5 Set goals based on budget 4Match expenses to budget 3Buy something within budget Slide 19 Rigor (Cognitive Complexity) Stand Up for Analysis (4) Synthesis (5) Evaluation (6) Remain Seated for Knowledge (1) Comprehension (2) Application (3) Slide 20 1) Memorize names and locations of state capitals. 2) Write a creative story about survival in the wilderness. 3) Solve a linear system of equations with three variables. 4) Observe similarities and differences of fish heads and predict food sources. 5) Measure angles with a protractor. 6) On a model, label the layers of Earths atmosphere. 7) Compare the styles of two artists. Slide 21 Slide 22 Slide 23 Sorting by Knowledge Level On the following screen you will see six knowledge statements (tasks). There will be one task for each of the Blooms Cognitive Levels. Slide 24 1. Awareness 2. Comprehension 3. Application 4. Analysis 5. Synthesis 6. Evaluation Blooms Knowledge Taxonomy Slide 25 Compare/contrast two story characters Rank characters in order of good to evil Restate definitions of vocabulary words Use vocabulary words in a written summary Write a new ending for the story Read the story Slide 26 Knowledge Level Solution 1)Read the story 2) Restate definitions of vocabulary words 3) Use vocabulary words in a written summary 4) Compare/contrast two story characters 5) Write a new ending for the story 6) Rank characters in order of good to evil Slide 27 Practice Mark the knowledge level for each of the eight statements on your handout. Gather in groups around someone who has a CPS responder. Enter the choices on the responder (#1 8) Slide 28 Before each of the next 8 slides will be a slide showing the distribution of responses from the audience. These will be pie graphs with percentages of responses for each choice. Slide 29 "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." ~ Socrates I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." ~ Socrates Slide 30 12345 Application Knowledge 1 2 3 4 5 6 Rigor/Relevance Framework Slide 31 KNOWLEDGEKNOWLEDGE A P P L I C A T I O N A B D C AcquisitionApplication AdaptationAssimilation Rigor/Relevance Framework Slide 32 Acquisition of knowledge Application of knowledge Action Continuum Slide 33 Slide 34 Application Model 1. Knowledge in one discipline 2. Application within discipline 3. Application across disciplines 4. Application to real-world predictable situations 5. Application to real-world unpredictable situations Slide 35 Slide 36 Application- Level One Within a strand Knowledge remains in the STRAND where it was learned Literature in literature class Numbers to Calculate Only Slide 37 Apply within a Subject Level Two Use the knowledge, attitude, or skills within the course curriculum (subject) Using knowledge/skills in various courses within a career cluster or department Grammar in LiteraturePhysics in Biology Economics in US HistoryAlgebra in Geometry Slide 38 Apply Across Disciplines Level Three Use the knowledge, attitude, or skills in other subject areas Use grammar to prepare a history report. Math in Science Slide 39 Apply to Predictable Situations Level Four Use information to analyze and solve real problems with predictable solutions Present an original song to family and friends. Real-world but no consequences! Slide 40 Application Level 4 Create and present to fellow members a Bill of Rights for members of a school organization to which you belong. Real World Predictable Slide 41 Application Level 5 Solve problems by evaluating, taking, and defending your position on an issue such as immigration or public transportation policy. Real World UNpredictable Slide 42 Real World Unpredictable Situations Level 5 Use information to analyze and solve real problems with unknown solutions or outcomes. Sing in a school talent contest. KEY: Consequences! Slide 43 Relevance Look to the Right if the task is: Interdisciplinary (3) Real World Predictable (4) or Unpredictable (5) Look to the Left if task is: Within one strand (1) or Subject (2) Slide 44 Fine Arts - Design a set, develop costumes, or write a song for a scene in a play. SS Research inventions of ancient civilizations. SCI Construct models of molecules using toothpicks, marshmallows and gumdrops. MA Calculate percents of daily requirements met through a typical school lunch. ELA Create a Bill of Rights for your classroom. PE Compare the benefits of various forms of cardiovascular exercise. Slide 45 You Hit the Target! Slide 46 Application Levels Public Speaking 1)List characteristics of a good speech 2)Give a presentation to your class 3)Prepare a speech to defend your project in another subject/department 4)Present a point of view on an issue at a public meeting 5)As a student representative, respond to questions at a school board meeting Slide 47 Measurement of Area Construction Trades 1) Know formula for area 2) Read a ruler 3) Measure area of the hallway outside the classroom (Math) 4) Calculate price to carpet a room with a known price and quality 5) Price and quality would be subject to customers approval Slide 48 Music 1) Read lines and spaces on the staff 2) Apply vocal techniques and training to help play an instrument 3) Count music with math skills 4) Perform for parents. 5) Perform in a public venue. Slide 49 Application Level Sorting Activity On the following slide you will see five application statements. Each statement represents one of the five application levels Place each statement in order on the application scale. Slide 50 Application Sorting Statements Relate an event in the play to a current event. Read and comprehend the story. Write a character sketch. Relate events in the story to the historical events of the time. Debate your position on the future of Kate and Williams marriage. Slide 51 Application Sorting Solution Read and comprehend the story. Write a character sketch. Relate events in the story to the historical events of the time. Relate an event in the play to a current event. Debate your position on the future of Kate and Williams marriage. Slide 52 Practice Mark the application level for each of the eight statements on your handout. Gather in groups around someone who has a CPS responder. Enter the choices on the responder (#1 8) Slide 53 Slide 54 Before each of the next 8 slides will be a slide showing the distribution of responses from the audience. Slide 55 Slide 56 Complete the last column on the practice sheet with the correct quadrant for each of the eight tasks. Slide 57 Using the numbers for Knowledge and Application will be like plotting a point on the coordinate plane! Slide 58 Application Level 1 Knowledge Level 4 Slide 59 Quadrant Answers 1) A5) B 2) C6) A 3) D7) B 4)D8) C Slide 60 1 2 3 4 5 6 2345 A B D C Rigor/Relevance Framework Knowledge ApplicationApplication Slide 61 KNOWLEDGEKNOWLEDGE A P P L I C A T I O N A B D C Rigor/Relevance Framework Activities Projects Problems Slide 62 0 Rigor R x R x 0 = 0 Slide 63 Rigor is Scaffolding thinking Planning for thinking Assessing thinking about content Recognizing the level of thinking students demonstrate Managing the teaching/ learning level for the desired thinking level Rigor is not More or harder worksheets AP or honors courses The higher level book in reading More work More homework Slide 64 1 2 3 4 5 6 12345 A Rigor/Relevance Framework Knowled geKnowled ge Applicatio nApplicatio n D e Plan e! Slide 65 0 Relevance R x 0 x R = 0 Slide 66 I never let schooling get in the way of my education. --Mark Twain Slide 67 Slide 68 Compare/Contrast Quadrant A Measure angles Define words Read History Learn Sports Rules Quadrant D Design a zoo! Invent new words Rewrite History Play by the Rules Slide 69 What do the D tasks have in common? Slide 70 They Are Fun!!! Slide 71 Insert Escalator Video Here Slide 72 Congratulations! You have earned the 60-minute R&R degree! Slide 73 Hear more about how to gauge the Rigor and Relevance in your school by attending my session on Collaborative Instructional Design _____ @ ___ Slide 74 Thanks! Contact me at: [email protected]