paintings (exterior & interior) and wall papers

Download Paintings (Exterior & Interior) and wall papers

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    Building Construction (CIV 216)

    Group 10's Research

    PAINTINGS (INTERIOR & EXTERIOR)

    & WALLPAPERS

    Supervision

    Dr. Ahmed Mohamed Saleh

    :Prepared by

    Group 10

    Ahmed Atef Mohamed

    Amira Abdullah Yousef

    Esraa Hamed

    Alaa Ahmed

    Aya Mohamed Ahmed

    Samar Mohamed

    Merna Ahmed Hassan

    Hagar Ibrahim Abdullah

    Level 2 Civil Eng. Department

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    Content and Missions

    Interior Paintings .............................................................................................. 1

    General Definition and types (Amira Abdullah Yousef) ............................. 2

    Choosing Paint Color (Ahmed Atef Mohamed) ....................................... 10

    Surface Preparation and Tools (Aya Mohamed Ahmed) ....................... 14

    Exterior Paintings ............................................................................................ 24

    General Definition and Types (Samar Mohamed) ................................... 24

    Properties and Paint ways (Esraa Hamed) ................................................ 28

    Surface Preparation and tools (Alaa Ahmed) ......................................... 34

    Wall Paper ....................................................................................................... 35

    General Definition and Properties of wallpaper( Hagar Ebraheem) .... 35

    Types , Hanging and removing of wallpaper (Merna Ahmad Hassan )

    ........................................................................................................................... 39

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    Paintings

    Painting a room or your whole house, inside or out, is a popular home

    improvement project. New paint can change the mood of a space and

    value of your property. increase the

    A Brief History of House Painting

    One can just imagine the

    caveman agonizing over the

    choice between fire soot grey

    and bison blood burgundy for

    his cave decor. Evidence shows

    that mankind has decorated his

    far back as living space as

    40,000 years ago using what

    could be called paint. The

    rom material would be made f

    natural ingredients too. -all

    Prehistoric paint was made -

    from colored earth, soot, and organic materials mixed with animal

    Recently archeologists discovered a site in South blood and fatty oils.

    brown -Africa that indicated that men (or women) used a yellowish

    clayey soil based coating which may have been used like paint.

    Caveman paints

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    Fast forward to Egypt only about 2,000 years ago. Brightly colored

    walls in Dendera have stood the test of time and still look as vivid today

    as when they were painted! We dont know of any modern day paints

    that offer that kind of guarantee. The Egyptians created six colors by

    mixing oil or fat with lead, earth, animal blood, ground glass or

    semiprecious stones. Their palate included white, red, yellow, green,

    black and blue. Intricate and elaborate paintings that illustrated their

    culture and history were painted along with furnishings and living spaces

    of the pharaohs and the ruling classes. Some of the best painting was

    reserved for the Egyptian tombs as their belief in the afterlife called for.

    House painting became

    something to be avoided if you were

    a part of the early American

    colonies. The Pilgrims considered

    painting your house to be a display

    of immodesty, wealth and vanity.

    The practice was consider immoral

    by many and in 1630 a preacher that

    decorated his Charlestown home

    interior with paint was criminally

    charged with sacrilege.

    The demand for interior painting

    continued despite the puritan objections. Oil and water became the

    base that would be mixed with a wide variety of materials including

    lead, ground shells, iron or copper oxide, coffee, rice, eggs, fruits, berries

    and other vegetation to create many types and colors of paint. Paint

    producers cooked up their product despite the fact that it was illegal.

    Many homes were elaborately decorated with lifelike murals of sky,

    stone and landscape features painted on the walls, paneling, cornices

    and ceilings.

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    The painting tools used during these times are very similar to todays

    brushes employing wooden handles with various types of hair attached.

    Modern brushes use synthetic fibers but the object was the same, to

    apply the paint to the surface with the appropriate thickness and stroke

    in order to ease the process and achieve the best finished result. Many

    of the paints were quite thick and not at all like the easy to apply paint

    that we are accustomed to.

    In 1718 Marshall Smith invented

    a Machine for the Grinding of

    Colors which sparked a race of

    innovation to create the best ways

    to grind pigment materials

    effectively and actually start

    manufacturing paint in a paint mill.

    By the mid 1800s linseed oil began to

    be used as a less expensive binding

    agent that actually protected wood

    that was painted.

    In 1866 the first company to

    produce ready-to-use paint was

    formed, Sherwin-Williams. Harry Sherwin, Alanson Osborn and Edward

    Williams formed Sherwin, Williams, & Co. in Cleveland, Ohio. Henry

    Sherwin later developed a tin can that consumers could reseal. In 1883,

    a competition that continues today started when Benjamin Moore

    began operations. The company put much emphasis on the chemistry

    to improve the color mixing and production throughout the twentieth

    century and were the first to design the computer based color-matching

    system that we all are accustomed to back in 1982.

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    Interior and Exterior Paintings

    Interior paint is the name given to paint used for walls, ceilings and trim

    within a house.

    Exterior paint is the name for paint used outside the house on walls

    whether wood, brick, or vinyl or aluminum sidingand trim.

    Interior and exterior paint are formulated differently because they

    have different conditions and situations. Interior paint is made to be

    easy-to-clean and touch up when necessary. Exterior paint is prepared

    to be fade- and mildew-resistant and flexible when the surface expands

    and contracts due to climate changes. The two types of paint are

    specially formulated for their purposes, and are not interchangeable.

    Difference between Exterior and Interior Painting

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    Interior Painting

    Types of interior paintings

    There are several different types of interior wall paints, and the more

    you know about appropriate paintable surfaces and the effects that

    paint can achieve, the easier it is to make the right choice. Its also

    feasible to mix different types of interior wall paint within a room, but you

    should know what youre doing.

    1. Matte Paint

    Matte color is the most

    common of interior wall paints.

    Theres no shine or sheen to the

    finish, making it ideal for walls and

    ceilings where you don't want any

    visual distractions. Its easy to

    apply, although it can often take

    more than a single coat to create

    a good solid color. Matte paint

    can be applied with a brush or

    roller and works well covering

    imperfections on your walls. This

    makes it ideal for older houses.

    On the downside, matte paint is

    easily marked. Although some marks can be removed with a damp

    cloth, matte paint needs regular retouching.

    2. Matte Enamel

    Matte enamel is very much like

    matte paint, but tends to be far

    more durable. Its much easier to

    clean and rarely needs retouching,

    giving it a great advantage,

    especially if you have young

    children. It is also excellent for the

    kitchen, where youll regularly need

    to wipe the walls. The visual effect is

    very similar to matte paint and it

    can be applied in the same way.

    http://www.doityourself.com/stry/popular-interior-wall-paint-colorshttp://www.doityourself.com/stry/interior-painting-how-to-choose-the-right-white

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    3. Satin

    Satin finish is one of the types

    of interior wall paint that many

    people know of, but few really

    understand. The finish is

    somewhere between matte and

    gloss and produces a low, soft

    sheen. This makes it ideal for areas

    where youll need to clean the

    walls regularly; however, you

    shouldnt use a satin finish where

    you have a wall with

    imperfections because it will

    make them more apparent.

    4. Eggshell

    An eggshell finish has a shine thats

    extremely subtle but without the same

    smoothness as a satin finish. Thus, it

    doesnt highlight imperfections quite

    as much, making it a much more

    suitable interior wall paint. Its easy to

    apply and can often cover well with a

    single coat, making it a better choice

    for many people.

    Tip: Eggshell and semi-gloss paint both usually cover more surface area

    with less paint than matte paint.

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    5. Semi-gloss

    Semi-gloss is another common interior paint

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