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  • Prehistoric Art

  • Paleolithic

    Old Stone Age = Paleolithic period (Greek

    paleo = old and lithos = stone)

    Works from this period vary greatly

    Focus on animal representation with some

    human representation

  • Human with Feline Head

    from Hohlenstein-Stadel, Germany

    ca. 30,000-28,000 B.C.E.

    mammoth ivory

    11 5/8 in. high

  • Venus of Willendorf

    from Willendorf, Austria

    ca. 28,000-25,000 B.C.E.

    limestone

    4 1/4 in. high

  • Venus of Willendorf

    28,000-25,000 BC

    Limestone carved with simple tools

    Found in Austria

    Old Stone Age preoccupation with women and importance of fertility

  • Venus of Hohle Fels

    38,000-33,000 BCE

    Found in

    Wurttemberg,

    Germany

    2.4

    Sculpted from a

    woolly mammoth

    tusk

    What differences do

    you see?

  • Woman of Lespugue

    from cave of Les Rideaux, France

    ca. 20,000 B.C.E.

    mammoth ivory

    5 3/4 in. high

  • Various European Venus figures

  • Bison reliefs

    from a cave at Le Tuc dAudoubert, Arige, France

    ca. 15,000-10,000 B.C.E.

    clay

    each approximately 2 feet long

  • Bison Reliefs cont.

    15,000-10,000 BCE

    Each are about 2 feet long

    Sculptor pressed clay to rock and used

    both hands to form the shape

    Used fingers for shapes and a tool to

    create the smooth body

    Among the largest sculptures of the

    Paleolithic era

  • Mesolithic Period Middle Stone Age (Greek mesos = middle

    and lithos = stone)

    Between Paleolithic and Neolithic

    Remains from this period are few and far between

    Characterized by small tools, fishing tackle, and wooden objects (canoes and bows)

    Domestication of animals and the beginning of agriculture.

  • Neolithic

    New Stone Age (Greek neo=new and

    lithic=stone)

    Human beings began to settle in homes

    and domesticate animals

    Many groups changed from hunters to

    herders to farmers and to townspeople

  • Turkey, atal Hyk

    Most extensively excavated Neolithic sites

    Urban living

    Houses were constructed of mud brick

    with painted floors and walls (decorated

    with mural paintings and relief)

    Living buried the dead beneath the floors

    Area flourished between 7000-5000 BCE

  • atal Hyk

    Turkey

    ca. 6,000-5,900 B.C.E.

  • atal Hyk

    Turkey

    ca. 6,000-5,900 B.C.E.

  • Deer Hunt

    What do you notice about

    this painting in relation to the

    Paleolithic cave paintings?

  • Deer Hunt

    detail of a wall painting from

    Level III

    atal Hyk, Turkey

    ca. 5,750 B.C.E.

  • Deer Hunt

    Human figures

    Movement (variety of poses)

    Humans are dominating animals

    Other paintings show garments, bows, and

    arrows

  • atal Hyk

    Turkey

    ca. 6,000-5,900 B.C.E.

  • Landscape with Volcanic Eruption

    atal Hyk, Turkeyca. 6150

    watercolor copy of a wall painting

  • Megaliths As early at 4000 BCE Neolithic populations

    began to create monumental architecture with massive stones

    Due to the size and mass of the stones, historians call these monuments megaliths.

    Megaliths literally means great stones

    Megalithic the culture that produced these monuments/megaliths

    Henge - arrangement of huge stones in a circle

  • Types of Megalithic Structures

    Dolmenseveral great stones set on end

    with a large covering slab.

    Menhirssingle stones set on end

    Trilithona structure consisting of two large

    vertical stones (posts) supporting a third

    stone set horizontally across the top (lintel)

  • Menhir alignments at Mnec,

    Carnac, France

    ca. 4,250-3,750 B.C.E.

  • various Menhirs

    Ireland, Scotland, England, France

  • Dolmens

    Ireland, Scotland, England, France

  • Stonehenge

    Salisury Plain, Wiltshire, England

    ca. 2,550-1,600 B.C.E.

    sarsen and bluestone

  • Stonehenge

    Salisury Plain, Wiltshire, England

    ca. 2,550-1,600 B.C.E.

    sarsen and bluestone

  • Stonehenge Stones are 24 feet tall and made of sarsen (a

    form of sandstone) and smaller blue stones(various volcanic rocks)

    Some weighed up to 50 tons

    What is it?

    The creation of an ancient race of giants

    Conjured by Merlin the Magician who transplanted it

    from Ireland

    Stonehenge today is regarded by

    archaeologists as an accurate solar calendar

  • Journal #4

    How will improving technology continue

    to influence archeological findings?

    Think positive and negative

    How does all of this research change

    how we view and interact with ancient

    monuments/art?

  • http://www.cbsnews.com/news/stonehe

    nge-mystery-radar-finds-more-stones-

    hidden-landscapes-project/

    http://www.cbsnews.com/news/stonehenge-mystery-radar-finds-more-stones-hidden-landscapes-project/

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