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Music History. An Abbreviated History of Western Classical Music. The Romantic Period 1820 - 1900. Nationalism Liberalism Emotionalism. The Romantic Period was a time of isms:. The Romantic Period 1820 - 1900. Significant Events: American Civil War - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p>Music HistoryAn Abbreviated History of Western Classical Music</p></li><li><p>The Romantic Period1820 - 1900NationalismLiberalismEmotionalism</p><p>The Romantic Period was a time of isms:</p></li><li><p>The Romantic Period1820 - 1900Significant Events:American Civil WarInvention of the telephone, telegraph, photograph, railway, steamboatRise of capitalism and socialism</p></li><li><p>The Romantic Period1820 - 1900Achievements in science:Louis PasteurPasteurization processSamuel F. B. MorseMorse CodeCharles DarwinTheory of evolutionThomas A. EdisonInvented light bulb, telegraph, phonograph, microphone, etc.)</p></li><li><p>The Romantic Period1820 - 1900Achievements in literature:Leo Tolstoy (War and Peace)Herman Melville (Moby Dick)Mark Twain (Huckleberry Finn, Tom Sawyer)Charles Dickens (Oliver Twist, A Tale of Two Cities, A Christmas Carol)</p></li><li><p>Musical CharacteristicsVery expressive, emotional, tense, moodyMelody, harmony, and rhythm explored to their fullest yetGreater interest (by composers) in wind instrumentsEmphasis on the virtuoso performerNationalismComposers incorporated native folk songs and styles into their musicProgram musicRussia was the leader of this movement</p></li><li><p>Important InstrumentsTrombone and tuba first used in the symphony orchestraValves added to trumpets and French hornsMetal keys added to all woodwindsSaxophone invented in 1840 by Adolfe SaxImprovements made to the pianoSteel frameThicker stringsPedal mechanism improved </p></li><li><p>Instrumental Musical FormsRomantic SymphonyLonger, additional movementsProgram symphonyDepicts scenes in nature or tells a storyTone PoemOne long movementProgrammatic (tells a story through music)Concert OvertureGrew out the popularity of opera overtures</p></li><li><p>Symphony No. 6, op. 68 PastoralByLudwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)</p></li><li><p>Beethovens Pastoral SymphonySonata Form - expanded to five movementsI. Awakening of joyous feelings upon arrival in the country. Allegro ma non troppoII. By the brook. Andante molto mossoIII. Happy gathering of country folk. AllegroIV. Thunderstorm; Storm. AllegroV. Shepherd's song; cheerful and thankful feelings after the storm. Allegretto</p></li><li><p>Symphony No. 9, op. 125 ChoralByLudwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)</p></li><li><p>Beethovens Ninth SymphonyThe symphony is in four movements, marked as follows:</p><p>Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestosoMolto vivace3.Adagio molto e cantabile4.Presto/recitative - Allegro ma non troppo/recitative - Vivace/recitative - Adagio cantabile/recitative - Allegro assai/recitative - Presto/recitative: "O Freunde" - Allegro assai: "Freude, schner Gtterfunken" - Alla marcia - Allegro assai vivace: "Froh, wie seine Sonnen" - Andante maestoso: "Seid umschlungen, Millionen!" - Adagio ma non troppo, ma divoto: "Ihr, strzt nieder" - Allegro energico, sempre ben marcato: "Freude, schner Gtterfunken" / "Seid umschlungen, Millionen!" - Allegro ma non tanto: "Freude, Tochter aus Elysium!" - Prestissimo: "Seid umschlungen, Millionen!"</p></li><li><p>Symphonie FantastiqueByHector Berlioz (1803-1869)</p></li><li><p>Symphony FantastiqueThe symphony is a piece of program music which tells the story of "an artist gifted with a lively imagination" who has "poisoned himself with opium" in the "depths of despair" because of "hopeless love." There are five movements, which was unconventional for a symphony at the time:</p><p>1.Rveries - Passions (Dreams - Passions)2.Un bal (A Ball)3.Scne aux champs (Scene at the Country)4.Marche au supplice (March to the Scaffold)5.Songe d'une nuit de sabbat (Dream of a Witches' Sabbath)</p></li><li><p>Barber of Seville OvertureWilliam tell OvertureBy Gioacchino Antonio Rossini (1782-1868)</p></li><li><p>The NutcrackerByPeter Tchaikovsky (1840-1893)</p></li><li><p>Morning and In the Hall of the Mountain KingFrom Peer GyntByEdvard Grieg (1843-1907)Norways greatest composer</p></li><li><p>German OperaRichard Wagner (ree-card vahgner)1813-1883The Ring of the NibelungenDas Rheingold Die WalkreSiegfriedGtterdmmerung</p></li><li><p>Wagners RingComposed from 1848 to 1874 and produced theatrically for the first time in 1876, The Ring represents major turning points in the history of opera, as well as in orchestral music, the art of singing and the production of operas. Use of the leit motifComparisons to modern films</p></li><li><p>The End</p></li></ul>