Music History An Abbreviated History of Western Classical Music An Abbreviated History of Western Classical Music.

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Music History An Abbreviated History of Western Classical Music An Abbreviated History of Western Classical Music Slide 2 The Romantic Period 1820 - 1900 Nationalism Liberalism Emotionalism Nationalism Liberalism Emotionalism The Romantic Period was a time of isms: Slide 3 The Romantic Period 1820 - 1900 Significant Events: American Civil War Invention of the telephone, telegraph, photograph, railway, steamboat Rise of capitalism and socialism Significant Events: American Civil War Invention of the telephone, telegraph, photograph, railway, steamboat Rise of capitalism and socialism Slide 4 The Romantic Period 1820 - 1900 Achievements in science: Louis Pasteur Pasteurization process Samuel F. B. Morse Morse Code Charles Darwin Theory of evolution Thomas A. Edison Invented light bulb, telegraph, phonograph, microphone, etc.) Achievements in science: Louis Pasteur Pasteurization process Samuel F. B. Morse Morse Code Charles Darwin Theory of evolution Thomas A. Edison Invented light bulb, telegraph, phonograph, microphone, etc.) Slide 5 The Romantic Period 1820 - 1900 Achievements in literature: Leo Tolstoy (War and Peace) Herman Melville (Moby Dick) Mark Twain (Huckleberry Finn, Tom Sawyer) Charles Dickens (Oliver Twist, A Tale of Two Cities, A Christmas Carol) Achievements in literature: Leo Tolstoy (War and Peace) Herman Melville (Moby Dick) Mark Twain (Huckleberry Finn, Tom Sawyer) Charles Dickens (Oliver Twist, A Tale of Two Cities, A Christmas Carol) Slide 6 Musical Characteristics Very expressive, emotional, tense, moody Melody, harmony, and rhythm explored to their fullest yet Greater interest (by composers) in wind instruments Emphasis on the virtuoso performer Nationalism Composers incorporated native folk songs and styles into their music Program music Russia was the leader of this movement Very expressive, emotional, tense, moody Melody, harmony, and rhythm explored to their fullest yet Greater interest (by composers) in wind instruments Emphasis on the virtuoso performer Nationalism Composers incorporated native folk songs and styles into their music Program music Russia was the leader of this movement Slide 7 Important Instruments Trombone and tuba first used in the symphony orchestra Valves added to trumpets and French horns Metal keys added to all woodwinds Saxophone invented in 1840 by Adolfe Sax Improvements made to the piano Steel frame Thicker strings Pedal mechanism improved Trombone and tuba first used in the symphony orchestra Valves added to trumpets and French horns Metal keys added to all woodwinds Saxophone invented in 1840 by Adolfe Sax Improvements made to the piano Steel frame Thicker strings Pedal mechanism improved Slide 8 Instrumental Musical Forms Romantic Symphony Longer, additional movements Program symphony Depicts scenes in nature or tells a story Tone Poem One long movement Programmatic (tells a story through music) Concert Overture Grew out the popularity of opera overtures Romantic Symphony Longer, additional movements Program symphony Depicts scenes in nature or tells a story Tone Poem One long movement Programmatic (tells a story through music) Concert Overture Grew out the popularity of opera overtures Slide 9 Symphony No. 6, op. 68 Pastoral By Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) Symphony No. 6, op. 68 Pastoral By Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) Slide 10 Beethovens Pastoral Symphony Sonata Form - expanded to five movements I. Awakening of joyous feelings upon arrival in the country. Allegro ma non troppo II. By the brook. Andante molto mosso III. Happy gathering of country folk. Allegro IV. Thunderstorm; Storm. Allegro V. Shepherd's song; cheerful and thankful feelings after the storm. Allegretto Sonata Form - expanded to five movements I. Awakening of joyous feelings upon arrival in the country. Allegro ma non troppo II. By the brook. Andante molto mosso III. Happy gathering of country folk. Allegro IV. Thunderstorm; Storm. Allegro V. Shepherd's song; cheerful and thankful feelings after the storm. Allegretto Slide 11 Symphony No. 9, op. 125 Choral By Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) Symphony No. 9, op. 125 Choral By Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) Slide 12 Beethovens Ninth Symphony The symphony is in four movements, marked as follows: 1.Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso 2.Molto vivace 3.Adagio molto e cantabile 4.Presto/recitative - Allegro ma non troppo/recitative - Vivace/recitative - Adagio cantabile/recitative - Allegro assai/recitative - Presto/recitative: "O Freunde" - Allegro assai: "Freude, sch ner G tterfunken" - Alla marcia - Allegro assai vivace: "Froh, wie seine Sonnen" - Andante maestoso: "Seid umschlungen, Millionen!" - Adagio ma non troppo, ma divoto: "Ihr, st rzt nieder" - Allegro energico, sempre ben marcato: "Freude, sch ner G tterfunken" / "Seid umschlungen, Millionen!" - Allegro ma non tanto: "Freude, Tochter aus Elysium!" - Prestissimo: "Seid umschlungen, Millionen!" The symphony is in four movements, marked as follows: 1.Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso 2.Molto vivace 3.Adagio molto e cantabile 4.Presto/recitative - Allegro ma non troppo/recitative - Vivace/recitative - Adagio cantabile/recitative - Allegro assai/recitative - Presto/recitative: "O Freunde" - Allegro assai: "Freude, sch ner G tterfunken" - Alla marcia - Allegro assai vivace: "Froh, wie seine Sonnen" - Andante maestoso: "Seid umschlungen, Millionen!" - Adagio ma non troppo, ma divoto: "Ihr, st rzt nieder" - Allegro energico, sempre ben marcato: "Freude, sch ner G tterfunken" / "Seid umschlungen, Millionen!" - Allegro ma non tanto: "Freude, Tochter aus Elysium!" - Prestissimo: "Seid umschlungen, Millionen!" Slide 13 Symphonie Fantastique By Hector Berlioz (1803-1869) Symphonie Fantastique By Hector Berlioz (1803-1869) Slide 14 Symphony Fantastique The symphony is a piece of program music which tells the story of "an artist gifted with a lively imagination" who has "poisoned himself with opium" in the "depths of despair" because of "hopeless love." There are five movements, which was unconventional for a symphony at the time: 1.Rveries - Passions (Dreams - Passions) 2.Un bal (A Ball) 3.Scne aux champs (Scene at the Country) 4.Marche au supplice (March to the Scaffold) 5.Songe d'une nuit de sabbat (Dream of a Witches' Sabbath) The symphony is a piece of program music which tells the story of "an artist gifted with a lively imagination" who has "poisoned himself with opium" in the "depths of despair" because of "hopeless love." There are five movements, which was unconventional for a symphony at the time: 1.Rveries - Passions (Dreams - Passions) 2.Un bal (A Ball) 3.Scne aux champs (Scene at the Country) 4.Marche au supplice (March to the Scaffold) 5.Songe d'une nuit de sabbat (Dream of a Witches' Sabbath) Slide 15 Barber of Seville Overture William tell Overture By Gioacchino Antonio Rossini (1782-1868) Barber of Seville Overture William tell Overture By Gioacchino Antonio Rossini (1782-1868) Slide 16 The Nutcracker By Peter Tchaikovsky (1840-1893) The Nutcracker By Peter Tchaikovsky (1840-1893) Slide 17 Morning and In the Hall of the Mountain King From Peer Gynt By Edvard Grieg (1843-1907) Morning and In the Hall of the Mountain King From Peer Gynt By Edvard Grieg (1843-1907) Norways greatest composer Slide 18 German Opera Richard Wagner (ree-card vahgner) 1813-1883 Richard Wagner (ree-card vahgner) 1813-1883 The Ring of the Nibelungen Das Rheingold Die Walk re Siegfried G tterd mmerung Slide 19 Wagners Ring Composed from 1848 to 1874 and produced theatrically for the first time in 1876, The Ring represents major turning points in the history of opera, as well as in orchestral music, the art of singing and the production of operas. Use of the leit motif Comparisons to modern films Composed from 1848 to 1874 and produced theatrically for the first time in 1876, The Ring represents major turning points in the history of opera, as well as in orchestral music, the art of singing and the production of operas. Use of the leit motif Comparisons to modern films Slide 20 The End