Motivation and Achievement motivation

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<ul><li>1.Motivation &amp; Achievement Motivation</li></ul> <p>2. Define motivation and describe types ofmotivation and give examples in sport List 4 main motives as to why people participatein sport Explain achievement motivation List traits of a Nach and NAF person Explain terms approach behaviour and avoidancebehaviour Explain factors that determine Nach and Nafbehaviour Explains benefits of goal setting linked tomotivation Set a SMART target 3. Write 5 things on the board that motivateyou?Motivationconcerns our innerdrives to achieve a Yes now! goal and externalpressures and Get out of your seat and write! reward 4. Draw backs to extrinsic rewards? AddictiveExtrinsicprincipal extrinsic used to boost intrinsic Tangible or intangible rewards e.g. medalsbadges, prizes orpraise and statusMost successful when linked toperformance improvements e.g.Contigentswimming badges, karate belts rewards 5. Moreimportant asget olderAssertiveaccomplishment More malesthan females i.e. accomplishments of personal challenges 6. A person who has high levels of achievementmotivation would have a tendency to strivefor success, persist in the face of failure andexperience pride a accomplishments.(D.Gill) DO YOU KNOW ANYONE LIKE THIS? 7. Murray (1938) first used the term achievementmotivation and indentified a performers needfor achievement as being linked to theirpersonality. Competition is described as a achievementsituation; in other words a the performer isputting themselves in a situation where theyhave the potential to succeed or fail, but still asituation whereby achievement can bemeasured. Achievement can still take place in non competitive situations. In either situation; there are still people thatare more willing to put themselves into theachievement situations and can be labelled asachievement orientated. 8. Where have we heard the termInteractionist before? What do you expect Atkinsonsapproach to be? 9. You have been playing tennis for four years at your local club.Your next league match is tomorrow YOU vs. Serena Williams 10. Atkinson recognises just as a performerspersonality (made up of trait characteristics)will effect performance; so will the situation theperformer finds themselves in (Interactionist).He claims that a performer will weigh up: The probability of success The incentive value of that successIf you were playing a singles match againstRafael Nadal: What is the probability of success? What is the incentive value of that success? 11. There are two parts to this approach:Personality SituationalNeed to achieve (N.Ach) Probability ofsuccessNeed to avoid failure (n.Af)Incentive valueof success 12. n.Ach n.Af 13. n.Achn.AfSeeks challenges Avoids challenge takes easyStandards are importantoptionPersists for longerDislikes 50 50 situationValues feedbackGives up easilyEnjoys evaluation situation (likes Does not like feedbackto be tested)Dislikes evaluation situationsNot afraid of failurePerforms worse in evaluationTakes responsibility for own situationsactionsAvoids personal responsibilityOptimistic Blames failure on externalConfidentfactors e.g. The rain is effectingTask goal orientated my vision or I dont play well on this surfaceAttributes performance toPessimisticinternal factors e.g. Success =Low confidenceeffort failure = lack of effortTakes a long time over a task Outcome goal orientated 14. n.Ach n.Af accepts challengesAVOID RESPONSIBILITYTask persistentTAKE AN EASY OPTIONQuick and efficientGIVE UP AFTER FAILURETake risks AVOID EVALUATIVEWelcome feedback and SITUATIONSevaluationTake responsibility forown actionsTry harder after failure attribute successinternallyApproach behaviour 15. If a performer displays a high motive to achieve(n.Ach) they will tend to have approachbehaviour Approach behaviour: the performer is motivatedto attempt challenging situations even if theymay fail.If a performer has a low motive to achieve and isconcerned about being evaluated (n.Af) they mayhave avoidance behaviour. Avoidance behaviour: the performer is motivatedto protect their self esteem and will avoidsituations where they may be evaluated. WHY IS IT IMPORTANT FOR A COACH TOENCOURAGE APPROACH BEHAVIOUR? 16. Achievement motivation is a measurement of what drives us to succeed or hang back/play safe.Achievement strives to answer questions such as: Why is it that some performers achieve andsome do not? Why are certain performers driven to be moresuccessful than others? 17. Can you think of a performer who youwould describe as having that n.Achcharacteristics? OR Can you think of a situation in sportwhich would display whether you are arisk taker (n.Ach) or you hangback/take the easy option? (n.Af) 18. GolfYou are teeing off and there is a water between your tee and the green.Do you play the ball short and sacrifice a shot? Play it safeORDo you attempt to drive the ball over the water to the green? 19. Areyou a n.Ach or an.Af? 20. In sport motivation to succeed not alwayspresent. Approach may differ to different sports Therefore Naf or Nach depends on:Past successImportance and possibilityexperienceof task of futuresuccess Motivation ConfidencePersonality Competitive trait anxiety levels 21. Allow early success Raise self-efficacy (sport specific self-confidence) Attribute success internally and failure externally Use rewards and reinforcement Promote intrinsic motivation with personal goals Show successful, attainable role models Redefine failure Control arousal with relaxation techniques 22. http://192.168.0.4:8080 23. Alleviate anxiety and stressIncrease confidenceMotivate! 24. Directing attention learningfocused Regulate effort Sustain effort Motivate Provide feedback 25. S Specific to situation andperformer M Measurable A AGREED between coach &amp;performer/ACHIEVABLE R Realistic (achieveable) T Timed E Evaluated R Recorded 26. Use of SMART. Marks are only to be awarded if the answer is directly linkedto a target within the chosen activity. - Target must be specific - improveshooting X - run for longer X - more accurate passes a. Specific - Directly related to their sport/activity/outcome they want toachieve b. Measurable - Objective aspect that can be measured e.g. KGs, secondsetc. c. Achievable - Within reach/attainable d. Relevant - At the correct level for the performer, challenging e. Time-Phased - Set time to achieve the goal including short and long termobjectives f. Evaluated - Self assessment and review of goals either during or at the endof the time agreed g. Recorded - Records kept of training to monitor goals, enablesaccountability h. Agreed - Shared with other parties e.g. coach, other team members i. Positive - Motivational/exciting and not negative in any way 3 x 1 marks * must have example 27. a. Improve motivation b. Improve self confidence / s elf esteem c. Help control arousal levels d. Focus on specific aspects of performance e.g.weaker areas e. Specific technical/tactical/physical aspects can befocussed upon f. Feeling of success/achievement can be experienced g. Can regulate effort on specific aspects ofperformance h. Comparisons with previous goals be made. i. Monitor performance. 4 x 1 or max of 2 x 2 for amplification 28. Define motivation and describe types ofmotivation and give examples in sport List 4 main motives as to why people participatein sport Explain achievement motivation List traits of a Nach and NAF person Explain terms approach behaviour and avoidancebehaviour Explain factors that determine Nach and Nafbehaviour Explains benefits of goal setting linked tomotivation Set a SMART target </p>

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