Mobile Ad Hoc Networking (Cutting Edge Directions) || Index

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<ul><li><p>INDEX</p><p>Absorptioncoefficient, 808</p><p>Fisher and Simmons formula, 810loss, 809Thorps formula, 809</p><p>Access control, 539, 581, 676Acknowledgment, 521, 522ackPBSM, 525Acoustic modems, 781, 787, 789, 792,</p><p>795797, 835, 837Ad hoc large scale deployment, 546Advanced safety vehicles (ASVs),</p><p>593Analog to digital converter (ADC), 780,</p><p>782783, 789Anchor paging controller (APC), 589Anchors, 534Anonymous keys, 677ANSWER, 665Anti-dos, 674Application categories (ACs), 605Applications in DTN</p><p>content search, 341344email, 324326floating content, 352357web, 336339XMPP, 326328</p><p>Application mechanismsapplication semantics, 323proxies and gateways, 331334</p><p>security, 323, 328331transport protocols, 322user interfaces, 334335</p><p>Application scenariosunderground mining, 318320, 346349urban environments, 320322</p><p>AquaNode, 775, 786789, 795, 798Arbitration Inter Frame Space (AIFS), 605Artificial ant colonies, 754Artificial light, 710Attacker, 668Attenuation, 809, 810Authentication, 674, 676Autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV),</p><p>770771, 773Availability, 669AWS, 651</p><p>Background traffic (BK), 605Backoff timer (BT), 601bandwidth efficiency in UAN, 815, 819, 820,bandwidth in UAN, 808, 818, 822Basic Service Set (BSS), 605Beacon, 522Best effort traffic (BE), 605Bit error rate (BER) in UAN, 815, 822Black burst, 523, 531Bluetooth in UAN, 786787, 789, 796BMV, 670BPAB, 531</p><p>Mobile Ad Hoc Networking: Cutting Edge Directions, Second Edition. Edited by Stefano Basagni,Marco Conti, Silvia Giordano, and Ivan Stojmenovic. 2013 by The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Published 2013 by John Wiley &amp; Sons, Inc.</p><p>853</p></li><li><p>854 INDEX</p><p>Broadband Wireless Access (BWA), 3743Broadcasting, 520</p><p>CA (Certification Authority), 667CaaS (Cooperation as a Service), 656Cabernet, 580CafNet, 580Calibration, 220, 223Capacitor, 710CAR (Connectivity-Aware Routing), 534Car following, 547Carmeq GmbH, 592CarTel Project, 579CarTorrent protocol, 589CBRF (Connection-Based Restricted</p><p>Forwarding), 533CC - Cloud computing, 650CCA (cooperative collision avoidance), 527CCH interval (CCHI), 604Cell-based model, 548Channel access time, 602Channel coherence time, 813Channel equalization, 816Channel impulse response, 813Charging efficiency, 706Chromophoric dissolved organic matter</p><p>(CDOM), 787, 790792, 794Clusterhead (CH), 610Clustering, 500501</p><p>Fielder clustering, 501K-Clique, 501</p><p>Code-division multiple access (CDMA), 606CodeTorrent, 589Cognitive radio vehicular Ad Hoc networks</p><p>applications, 628629architecture, 629630characteristics, 622628definition, 621security, 637simulation tools, 638640</p><p>Coherence bandwidth, 815Coherent modulation, 815Collision avoidance systems (CCA), 601Community structure, 441Confidentiality, 669Congestion, 528Connected dominating set, 525Connectivity, 523, 547, 565, 422</p><p>almost connected networks, 423</p><p>connectivity islands, 424sparse networks, 424</p><p>Contact aggregation, 440Contact graph, 439</p><p>contact aggregation, 440unweighted graph, 441weighted graph, 440441</p><p>ContentPlace, 460dissemination strategies, 462knapsack problem, 460performance results, 463utility function, 461</p><p>Content sharing, 589Contention-based forwarding (CBF)</p><p>protocol, 591Contention window (CW), 607Control channel (CCH), 605Conversion efficiency, 713Covariance, 771773, 775777, 790796CSMA/CA, 607CTP, 580CVeT testbed, 589Crowd computing, 491494, 498, 508,</p><p>510512</p><p>Data center for VC, 658Data isolation for VC, 674Data leak for VC, 670DEAR (Distance-aware epidemic routing),</p><p>534Dedicated short-range communications</p><p>(DSRC), 578, 590591, 595, 602Decentralized control algorithm, controller,</p><p>771, 773, 775778, 789Decentralized depth controller, 787,</p><p>789792, 793797Decentralized gradient-descent, 773,</p><p>775786, 789792Decision feedback equalizer (DFE), 816Delay tolerant networks (DTNs), 134, 317,</p><p>578, 582applications, 135bundle layer, 135hierarchical identity-based cryptography</p><p>(HIBC), 136137security issues, 136</p><p>Denial of service in VANETs, 670Depth adjustment, 771772, 774, 786787,</p><p>789, 793, 796800</p></li><li><p>INDEX 855</p><p>Depth first search, 538DieselNet, 581Differentially coherent, 815Digital signatures, 675Direct-sequence code division multiple</p><p>access (DS-CDMA), 819, 826Direct-sequence spread-spectrum (DSSS),</p><p>818Discharging efficiency, 706, 708Discharging rate, 719Dissemination of data in VANETs, 520Dissociative node (DN), 615Distributed computation, 491, 493494,</p><p>496, 498, 501, 510512Diversity gain, 821, 827D-minCost, 536DMV, 672Doppler spread, 807, 813, 814, 816, 820DOT (Department of transportation),</p><p>649DPP, 529DSRC, 521, 646Duty-cycle, 704, 722, 723, 726, 727DV-CAST, 533Dynamic voltage and frequency scaling</p><p>(DVFS), 718, 720</p><p>EB3 (Elastic book store), 651EC2 (Elastic compute cloud), 651EDR (Event data recorder), 648Effective communication range, 568Electric field, 709Electromagnetic, 709, 710Electrostatic, 709, 710EMDOR, 528Energy availability, 703, 715, 717, 721Energy buffer, 705, 726Energy consumption, 707, 720, 728Energy harvested, 707, 708, 714, 715, 721Energy harvester, 705, 714Energy harvesting-based wireless sensor</p><p>networks (EHWSNs), 703, 704,715, 717</p><p>Energy harvesting techniquesacoustic noise, 712, 713biochemical, 712electromagnetic, 710, 713electrostatic, 710, 713mechanical, 709</p><p>photovoltaic, 710, 713piezoelectric, 709, 713pyroelectric, 711, 713resonant, 711RF, 711, 713thermal, 710thermoelectric, 710, 713wind, 712, 713wireless, 711</p><p>Energy neutral operation (ENO), 722Energy neutrality, 720Energy overflow, 720Energy prediction models, 714715</p><p>ETH predictor, 715exponentially weighted moving-average</p><p>(EWMA), 714pro-energy, 715weather conditioned moving average</p><p>(WCMA), 714Energy source, 718Energy storage, 705, 706, 708, 718, 719,</p><p>721, 724Energy types, 709Enhanced Distributed Channel Access</p><p>(EDCA), 605Entropy, 773Environmental source, 704Epidemic routing, 534Event-driven messages, 600Experimental platforms, 194, 834</p><p>APE, 194DOME, 195MAC layer emulators, 198mobile emulab, 195physical layer emulators, 197QuRiNet, 195</p><p>Faradays law, 710Fairness, 282, 602</p><p>max-min, 282proportional, 282</p><p>FCC (Federal CommunicationsCommission), 646</p><p>Feedback-based path selection, 280, 307gateway-driven solutions, 307GLWB, 307load balancing, 280, 307online algorithms, 307residual capacity, 308</p></li><li><p>856 INDEX</p><p>Field-programmable gate array (FPGA),781782, 797</p><p>FleetNet project, 591Flooding, 534Focused coverage, 745FRAM, 784785Frequency-division multiple access</p><p>(FDMA), 606, 822Frequency-shift keying (FSK), 814Friis free space model, 561</p><p>Gaussian, 773, 777778, 790, 792793Genetic algorithm, 757Geocasting, 520, 525, 527, 593Geometric spreading</p><p>cylindrical, 808spherical, 808</p><p>Geometric spreading loss, 808GeOpps, 538Global optimization for impatient users,</p><p>469delay-utility function, 470optimal solution, 472performance results, 473query counting replication (QCR)</p><p>scheme, 472social welfare, 471</p><p>Global positioning system (GPS), 602GrooveNet, 557Guard interval (GI), 606GyTAR, 538</p><p>HERO protocol, 586Highway capacity manual</p><p>(HCM), 565HOV, 661</p><p>IaaS (infrastructure as a service), 651IEEE 1609 WAVE Standards, 603</p><p>IEEE 1609.1, 603IEEE 1609.2, 603IEEE 1609.3, 603IEEE 1609.4, 603, 626</p><p>IEEE-802.11e, 605IEEE 802.11s, 4448</p><p>medium access control (MAC),4648</p><p>routing, 4546IEEE 802.11n, 4849</p><p>IEEE 802.11p, 5053, 564, 605, 621, 629GeoNetworking, 5153medium access control (MAC), 51physical layer, 5051</p><p>IEEE 802.11z, 49IEEE 802.15.5, 5357</p><p>address allocation, 56mobility, 57network formation, 55routing, 5657</p><p>IEEE 802.16d (mesh), 3740centralized mode, 3739distributed mode, 3940</p><p>IEEE 802.16j, 4043non-transparent relaying, 4243transparent relaying, 4142</p><p>IEEE 802.21, 6567IEEE 802.22, 621IETF IPv6 over Low-power WPAN</p><p>(6LoWPAN) Working Group,6061</p><p>IETF Routing Over Low-power and Lossynetworks (ROLL) Working Group,61</p><p>ILD (inductive loop detectors), 649Induction, 710Inductive coupling</p><p>resonant, 711strong, 712weak, 712</p><p>Informational messages, 601Integer division theorem, 611Integrated simulator, 546, 557Integrity, 669Intelligent transportation system (ITS),</p><p>579, 599Intercarrier interference (ICI), 820Inter-contact times (ICTs), 584,Interference model, 244</p><p>physical model, 245protocol model, 244</p><p>Intermittent connectivity, 524Intersymbol interference (ISI), 813, 814,</p><p>815, 820IT (information technology), 651ITS (Intelligent transportation systems),</p><p>545, 646</p><p>Journey (path over time), 571</p></li><li><p>INDEX 857</p><p>Key assignment, 678Key revocation, 679Key verification, 679</p><p>Lag time, 824Layered architecture, 833Leakage, 706, 707, 710, 721Limited mobility, 769771, 775, 786,</p><p>789790Location security, 683Log-normal path loss, 562, 566</p><p>Mac layer, 212back-off procedure, 214bugs and errors, 213implementation accuracy, 213manufacturer idiosyncrasies, 213standard interpretation, 213transmission rate, 214</p><p>Magnetic field, 710Mathematical programming of Mesh</p><p>resource managementcolumn generation, 250, 256, 267cooperation graph, 263formulation, 246247, 249250,</p><p>255256, 258259, 262263, 269path generation, 256superlink, 264265supernode, 264</p><p>MapReduce, 492, 498, 510511Minimum-cost path selection techniques,</p><p>280optimization-based path selection</p><p>techniques, 279taxonomy, 279</p><p>MaxProp protocol, 582MCTRP, 615Mechanical energy harvesting, 709, 710Medium access control (MAC) for WSNs</p><p>energy adaptive (EA-MAC), 723, 725multi-tier probabilistic polling (MTTP),</p><p>724, 725on-demand (ODMAC), 722, 725probabilistic polling (PP-MAC), 723, 725</p><p>Medium access control (MAC) forVANETs, 600638</p><p>Medium access control (MAC) forUW-ASNs</p><p>ALOHA-based, 822, 823</p><p>CDMA-based, 822, 826CSMA-based, 822, 824FDMA-based, 822, 823TDMA-based, 822, 823</p><p>Mesh networksarchitectures, 155156, 166167bash, 164166end-user mobility definitions and</p><p>challenges, 156158IEEE 802.21, 168169iMesh, 162macromobility support, 168181micromobility support, 158181properties, 162163SMesh, 172178SyncScan, 158159WiOptiMo, 178181</p><p>Message aggregation, 683Message content, 524MHVB (Multihop vehicular broadcast),</p><p>528Microcontroller, 705Microscopic traffic applet, 554Military applications</p><p>communication, 79coordination, 81distributed sensing, 81UAVs, 81, 90</p><p>Mission (WSN appropriate task)assignment, 721critical, 722leader, 721</p><p>MobEyes protocol, 589MOBIL, 549Mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs)</p><p>architecture, 6challenges, 2526cross-layer architectures, 1014cross-layer issues, 910enabling technologies, 6energy-efficiency, 9IETF MANET working group, 6middleware, 8MobileMAN, 1213routing and forwarding protocols, 78security and cooperation, 10socioeconomic aspects, 16testbeds, 15</p><p>Mobility, 510, 512, 445</p></li><li><p>858 INDEX</p><p>Mobility management in Cellular/4GNetworks, 588</p><p>Mobility model analysis in VANETs,578, 586</p><p>Mobility model in VANETs, 546547Mobility simulator, 546, 551Modular sensor network, 779Modulation</p><p>coherent, 815multicarrier, 820noncoherent, 814spatial, 814</p><p>Mote, 774MOVE, 556Multi-application platform, 784Multicarrier modulation, 820Multi-hop ad hoc networking</p><p>mesh networks, 1718, 154157opportunistic networks, 1921sensor networks, 2324vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs),</p><p>2223Multipath, 807, 813, 814Multipath delay spread, 815, 816Multiple access interference (MAI), 827Multiple access techniques, 822Multiple frequency-shift keying (MFSK),</p><p>815Multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO),</p><p>821, 827Multiplexing gain, 821, 827Mutual information, 773Multi-lane traffic, 549</p><p>NaaS (Network as a Service), 654Nakagami fading, 563, 566NCTUns, 557Neighbour elimination, 522, 526Neighbour knowledge, 521Neponset river, 790, 794Network connectivity applications</p><p>interplanetary internet, 81municipal systems, 84rural communication, 83</p><p>one laptop per child project, 83SARI project, 83Kiosknet, 83network layer, 829</p><p>Network simulator, 546</p><p>NHTSA (National Highway Traffic SafetyAdministration), 648</p><p>Node deregistration, 688Node registration, 686Noise in UW-A, 807, 811Noncoherent modulation, 814NOW project, 592NS-2 in VANETs, 546, 557, 566NS-3 in VANETs, 557</p><p>Objective function, 773, 776, 778, 792,794795</p><p>Omnet++ in VANETs, 546, 557On-board unit (OBU), 684OPERA, 529OPNET in VANETs, 557Opportunistic computing, 2425Opportunistic networks, 491, 493, 500, 511</p><p>contact time analysis, 370374data dissemination, 453</p><p>ContentPlace, 459global optimization for impatient</p><p>users, 469PodNet, 455Pub/sub overlay, 465Push-and-Track, 475taxonomy, 455universal swarms for data</p><p>dissemination, 479delay-capacity tradeoff, 396397delay-energy tradeoff, 413414delay-load balance tradeoff, 398399experimental data, 363366, 392393,</p><p>396flight length analysis, 378380inter-contact time analysis, 361372IRTF Delay-Tolerant Networking</p><p>Research Group (DTNRG), 20Levy walk and Levy flight, 384, 407408mobile data offloading, 409412mobility models, 360414pause time analysis, 377378programming, 491492, 510512social structure, 402406socially aware task farming, 510511spatial context distribution, 386389</p><p>Opportunistic routing, 538, 578, 586, 419BubbleRap, 442, 467delegation forwarding, 442, 444</p></li><li><p>INDEX 859</p><p>encounter-based routing (EBR), 447epidemic routing immunization, 430epidemic routing, 429430flooding, 428430gossiping, 430hybrid routing, 444447limited-time flooding, 430minimum estimated expected delay</p><p>(MEED), 443minimum expected delay (MED), 443ORWAR, 444PRoPHET, 403405, 437, 443, 445,</p><p>446, 510randomized flooding, 430RAPID, 444redundancy-based routing, 422, 428</p><p>coding based schemes, 433controlled replication, 431</p><p>SimBet, 442, 446, 510SLEF, 430space-time path, 428spray and focus, 446spray and wait, 431store-carry-forward, 421, 428two-hop routing, 430utility-based routing, 436</p><p>contact-based utility, 436non-contact-based utility, 444</p><p>Optical modem, 787, 789, 796797Optimization-based path selection, 279, 280</p><p>elastic demands, 283LMMBA, 284MMBA, 284</p><p>fixed demands, 285flow bandwidth allocation vector, 281link bandwidth allocation vector, 281network utility maximization, 284saturated flows, 289</p><p>MaLB, 289SWARM, 290</p><p>Stochastic demands, 288throughput maximization, 279, 281traffic awareness, 291unknown demands, 286</p><p>Optimum velocity model, 548Orthogonal frequency-division</p><p>multiplexing (OFDM), 820Overhead in IEEE 802.11p, 605Overlay in VANETs, 539</p><p>P2P, 646PaaS (Platform as a Service), 651PARAMICS, 551Park-and-plug, 658Path loss, 807, 808Pay-as-you-go, 652Peercast, 614Periodic messages, 600Personal Area Networks (PAN), 5365Personal Content Dissemination</p><p>Applications, 96BlueTorrent, 97Haggle Project, 97WiFi Direct, 97</p><p>PKI (Public Key Infrastructure), 667Phase-shift keying (PSK), 815Photovoltaic, 710Physical layer, 813Physical layer modeling, 199</p><p>adjacent co-channel interference, 205bonnmotion, 220carrier sense, 204capture effect, 205cooperative transmission, 263directional antenna, 261interference, 204, 208mobility, 209reception model, 204radio propagation model, 203, 206</p><p>free space propagation, 206two-ray ground propagation, 206Rayleigh propagation, 206Ricean propagation, 207shadowing, 206, 207</p><p>transmission preamble, 203Physical layer modeling in MESH, 243</p><p>multiple channels, 243, 257258power control, 252rate adaptation, 252</p><p>Piezoelectric, 709, 710Planned evacuation, 663PodNet, 455</p><p>channels, 456dissemination strategies, 457performance results, 458</p><p>Power density, 713Power management , 705, 779,</p><p>783, 787PP-CSMA, 613</p></li><li><p>860 INDEX</p><p>Predictionerror, 714i...</p></li></ul>