managing diversity - gender stereotypes: moving forward together!

Download Managing Diversity - Gender Stereotypes: Moving Forward Together!

Post on 21-May-2015

647 views

Category:

Business

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • 1. 25 ANS MS Management des RH et des OrganisationsMANAGING DIVERSITY Gender Stereotypes : Moving forward together ! Gender stereotypes study (IMS, 2012)Maureen BOIS (2004) Patrick SCHARNITZKY Affiliate Professor ESCP EuropeHuman Resource & Change Management Manager BEARING POINTEmmanuelle LEONKarine CONTE (1989)Professor ESCP Europe Scientific Director of the Advanced Master in HR & Organizational ManagementLaurent DEPOND (1986)Manufacturing School Manager, RENAULTVP Diversity & Inclusion, ORANGEStphanie GUEDEZ (2012) Diversity & Inclusion Manager, AIRBUS

2. 25 ANS MS Management des RH et des OrganisationsWHY STEREOTYPES ?Managing Diversity : 2 strategiesPROCESSMENTALITIES 3. 25 ANS MS Management des RH et des OrganisationsSTEREOTYPESIN HEAVEN The French are the cooks The Italians are the lovers The English are the police officers The Germans are the workers And everything is organised by the Swiss IN HELL The English are the cooks The Swiss are the lovers The Germans are the police officers The French are the workers And everything is organised by the Italians 4. 25 ANS MS Management des RH et des OrganisationsResearch program : 2011 : Stereotypes and disability 2012 : Gender stereotypes 2014 : Stereotypes and originsFinancial support from F.S.E. and 9 companies About 900 managerswww.valeursetdeveloppement.com 5. 25 ANS MS Management des RH et des Organisations3 STEREOTYPES HETEROAUTOMETA 6. 25 ANS MS Management des RH et des Organisations4 MAIN RESULTS MARS AND VENUS : A shared AND differentiated point of view about women and men CLOSED CIRCUIT : Stereotypes coming from a masculine environment but integrated by women SELF-DEFENSE : Self-limitation and masculinization, defense strategies which are ineffective JUSTIFICATION : A discrimination feeling leading to justify stereotypes 7. 25 ANS MS Management des RH et des Organisations4 MAIN RESULTS MARS AND VENUS : A shared AND differentiated point of view about women and men CLOSED CIRCUIT : Stereotypes coming from a masculine environment but integrated by women SELF-DEFENSE : Self-limitation and masculinization, defense strategies which are ineffective JUSTIFICATION : A discrimination feeling leading to justify stereotypes 8. 25 ANS MS Management des RH et des OrganisationsMASCULINE COMPETENCIES EXPERTISE KNOWLEDGEAs seen by men 27,5SOFT SKILLAs seen by women 10,111,9 33,6 60,6FEMININE COMPETENCIES56,3 9. 25 ANS MS Management des RH et des OrganisationsContent of free associations (mens and womens answers) MASCULINE COMPETENCIESFEMININE COMPETENCIESKNOWLEDGELogical intelligence, analytical skillsIntuitive intelligence, creativityEXPERTISEDoing orientation, strategy, leadership, authorityOrganisation, rigour, attention to detail, teamworkSOFT SKILLSNegotiation, stress management, communicationListening skills, empathy, tact, sensitivity 10. 25 ANS MS Management des RH et des Organisations4 MAIN RESULTS MARS AND VENUS : A shared AND differentiated point of view about women and men CLOSED CIRCUIT : Stereotypes coming from a masculine environment but integrated by women SELF-DEFENSE : Self-limitation and masculinization, defense strategies which are ineffective JUSTIFICATION : A discrimination feeling leading to justify stereotypes 11. 25 ANS MS Management des RH et des OrganisationsSTEREOTYPES +AUTOHETEROMETA5,0 4,6 4,1-3,7Women3,94,6Men 12. 25 ANS MS Management des RH et des OrganisationsAs managers, men appreciate women Women managers WomenAs managers, women appreciate women Women managersWomen top leadersWomenWomen top leadersManagers point of view (men)Managers point of view (women) who remain at their place ! who are similar to them ! 13. 25 ANS MS Management des RH et des Organisations4 MAIN RESULTS MARS AND VENUS : A shared AND differentiated point of view about women and men CLOSED CIRCUIT : Stereotypes coming from a masculine environment but integrated by women SELF-DEFENSE : Self-limitation and masculinization, defense strategies which are ineffective JUSTIFICATION : A discrimination feeling leading to justify stereotypes 14. 25 ANS MS Management des RH et des OrganisationsSelf-limitation THE GLASS CEILINGMenWomenINTERNAL CAUSES20 %34 %41 %51 %INTERNAL CAUSESMenWomenWomen limit themselves29 %54 %Women are less attracted by power40 %49 %Linked to women themselvesEXTERNAL CAUSES Independent of women 15. 25 ANS MS Management des RH et des OrganisationsMasculinization Women are sometimes harder than men in their management85 %Women become more career-oriented than men53 %Women can be very tough with their female colleagues44 %Some women could be a role model for other women. Instead they are killers, they say to themselves : I suffered to reach that level, so they have to suffer as well! In a feedback after an interview, we spoke about my eyes, the way I dress... I took it into account, it is scandalous but it has forced me to move forward, I had to change Women who have important responsibilities should be exemplary. But they are sometimes worse than men! We really do not want to be like them! 16. 25 ANS MS Management des RH et des Organisations4 MAIN RESULTS MARS AND VENUS : A shared AND differentiated point of view about women and men CLOSED CIRCUIT : Stereotypes coming from a masculine environment but integrated by women SELF-DEFENSE : Self-limitation and masculinization, defense strategies which are ineffective JUSTIFICATION : A discrimination feeling leading to justify stereotypes 17. 25 ANS MS Management des RH et des OrganisationsDiscrimination feeling MENWOMENWith otherwise equal skills, are men better paid than women?34 %67 %Do men and women have equal access to internal promotion?67 %39 %Is it more difficult for a woman to become a top manager?42 %71 %Link with stereotypes :The stronger the feeling of discrimination among managers toward women, the stronger and more negative their stereotypes 18. 25 ANS MS Management des RH et des OrganisationsMANAGING DIVERSITY Gender Stereotypes : Moving forward together !Maureen BOIS (2004) Patrick SCHARNITZKY Affiliate Professor ESCP EuropeHuman Resource & Change Management Manager BEARING POINTEmmanuelle LEONKarine CONTE (1989)Professor ESCP Europe Scientific Director of the Advanced Master in HR & Organizational ManagementLaurent DEPOND (1986)Manufacturing School Manager, RENAULTVP Diversity & Inclusion, ORANGEStphanie GUEDEZ (2012) Diversity & Inclusion Manager, AIRBUS