k-1 parent workshop: how to help with reading
Post on 10-Jul-2015
Embed Size (px)
DESCRIPTIONHow to help parents support children in literacy at home.
How to Help Your Child with ReadingChocowinity Primary School 2014-2015
Lauren Buck & Lisa SilvaReading Recovery Teachers & Early Literacy Specialists
There is no skill on Earth that children want to acquire more than reading. ~Dr. Marion Blank*
*The Power of ReadingQUESTION:
What percentage of ALL learning do you think relies on the ability to read?
Ways Parents Can SupportEvery Child With ReadingServe as a role model and let your child see you reading AND writing.
Create a positive learning environment with established routines.
Read TO your child daily.
Read WITH your child daily.
Take the time to talk about books.
Nowlets think about some questions you may ask yourself while working with your child at home and discuss SPECIFIC ways to help in reading and writing!*
Is My Child a Beginning Reader?Most often, students in K and part of 1st grade are considered beginning readers.
What to Look For in the Text:Strong picture supportSome patterned textLess words on a page/in a bookRepetition of several basic sight wordsFew new vocabulary words or conceptsMore natural language vs book language
Look at the books on your table and think about the grade level expectations for your child. *
Supporting Your Child Before ReadingComplete a Picture/Story Walk. Especially with any new book. VIDEO*
It seems as though my child just memorizes the books he brings home. Last night, he told me he can read it with his eyes closed. Is this okay? 1. Encourage your child to check the picture each time he/she turns the page, before reading the words. 2. Tell your child to point UNDER the words if needed (at the 1st letter). 3. In order to read the words, your child must be looking at print!
*My child is bringing home books that are too easy. He can read books that his older sibling has. Why are we wasting time reading easy books?Books that are sent home should be easy so your child builds confidence as a reader. Reading easy books or known books multiple times also helps build fluency (rate of reading).To avoid frustration we recommend reading books on or below your childs level. If a book seems too hard, please read it to your child.
What do I say or do when my child gets stuck on a word? I want to help. Do I just give my child the word? 1. Provide wait time if he/she gets to an unknown word.2. Point to the picture and let your child think.3. Prompt your child to reread. 4. After rereading, ask your child to make the first sound of the tricky word. 5. Provide two choices of possible words that make sense.6. Let minor meaningful mistakes go during the reading. 7. Tell your child unknown vocabulary/concepts.
Does saying Sound it Out work?This is a go-to strategy most of the time, however, there are other prompts that can be used to make it easier for your child.
Can you sound out?Said, to, my (sight words)Lizard, Bear, Hedgehog (concepts)James, Harry, Sally (names)
Lets see how this parent supports her child while he reads. VIDEO
Think about prompting for what makes sense, sounds right, and looks right.
Children can begin to read without knowing all the letters and sounds.Read books aloud to your child.Discuss Letter NAME and Letter SOUND. Alphabet Games (letter/picture)Alphabet Websites (www.starfall.com)Make an Alphabet Book and Practice! Writing! This might even be through pictures at first. Help your child stretch unknown words and listen for sounds.
*My child still doesnt know all letters and sounds. What can I do at home to help?
My child seems to know a word one day, but then forgets it the next day. Should I put all the words on cards and drill them? It takes many times for a child to learn a new word (6-10+).It is best to expose children to known sight words and new words through reading books.Caution: Too much flash card practice may lead your child to believe that reading is all about calling words. Limit the number of words you flash with the cards (5-10 at a time).Have your child write them to build reciprocity!
How do I practice Sight Words with my child at home?My Pile/Your Pile (word cards)Flash the Word and Hide It (word cards)Uncover the Word (Left-Right Slide)Mix & Fix (magnetic letters)Whats Missing (whiteboard)Write the Word (sandpaper, sand, table, chalkboard, shave cream, air)Spell the Word (verbal)Punch the Word (add movement)*
I remember a bunch of phonics rules such as: when 2 vowels go walking, the first one does the talking. Why isnt this being taught more? Learning how words work through phonics is important. Phonics is integrated throughout the day during classroom instruction. Phonics rules are applicable about 50% of the time and there are MANY exceptions. 4. Phonics rules make sense to people who can already read. This can be confusing to young or struggling readers. *
Shouldnt my child learn the phonics rules and sight words first, then worry about comprehension later? *Comprehension is taught hand-in-hand with word solving since making meaning is what reading is all about! Allow your child to talk about, draw or write about his/her favorite part of the story. Talk with your child about story elements (characters, setting, problem and solution). Use Response Journals (written comprehension questions)Use the Five Finger Retell. VIDEO
Praise, Praise, Praise not just for correct responses, but foryour childs thinking and effort!
Please enjoy dinner.
Thank you so much for coming!
Welcome and introductions.Our goal for tonight is to give you some quick tips that can help you support your child while reading and writing at home.*Yes, 85% of all learning relies on being able to read effectively!!! Now, I would ask you if you want to know how to help, but I already know the answer because you are here! So lets get to it. *So what are some things that you read EVERY day that you could point out to your child so they take notice? (Directions, signs, newspaper, books, magazines, letters, etc)Established routines enable your child to know what is expected, what is coming without surprises. You should have a quiet place for reading.You may instinctively say that you should read to your child daily for enjoyment and you are RIGHT! We want our little ones to develop a love for reading. In addition there are things that your child learns by watching and listening to you read that you may have not thought about before (Book language, vocabulary development, fluency, concepts of print)Finally, the last two are equally important and that is what we will talk about this evening!*You may also hear the terms emergent or early reader. Have parents look through books ranging from level 1-18 (level A/1, D/5-end of K beg of 1st, E/8, G/12, J/18). Determine what books were for beginning readers. Discuss the amount of learning that takes place between K-1st grade and how much a beginning reader has to process. *We are glad your child is excited about reading and wants to read harder books, just remember that it is OK to read harder books such as AR, library books, or other small books aloud to your child.*REFER TO POSTERLibrary/classrooma/theTiled (concept)*Have parents try to sound out words. We can see patterns in words because our brain is already wired this way. We are readers. Using sound it out can be confusing, especially for struggling readers. At this point in learning how to read, students are not really able to determine the difference in letter-by-letter sound analysis, chunking, and using patterns in words. They must be taught how to do this. Using meaning as the primary source is the easiest way to do this. Some students can cope with this prompt to help them. We have some other things you can do to help!*Alternatives to Sound it Out Prompting CardBe careful not to interrupt the reading too often.Instead of saying sound it out or giving a told, think about other things you can do or say to help your child be successful at solving the word.Not all letters and sounds must be known in order to begin reading. This builds over time.Alphabet Games: Match the C card with the cat picture. www.starfall.comAlphabet booksinclude the letters that your child knows (letter name or sound)**Demonstrate procedures that help with sight words.*Everything must be an equal balance (accuracy, word-solving/decoding, comprehension/retelling).**