Introduction to Ornamental Horticulture and the Landscape Industry

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Introduction to Ornamental Horticulture and the Landscape Industry


<ul><li><p>Study Guide</p><p>Introduction toOrnamentalHorticulture and theLandscape IndustryBy</p><p>Matthew Brooks</p></li><li><p>About the Author</p><p>Matthew Brooks received his bachelor of landscape architecturedegree from the University of Illinois and his masters in landscapearchitecture from the University of Minnesota. He spent severalyears working in the Chicago area in landscape design, sales, andproject management of commercial, institutional, and residentialscale projects. He is a member of the faculty at Dakota CountyTechnical College, where he teaches courses in landscape design,computer-aided design (CAD), and woody plant identification. He is president of Brooks Design Group, Inc., a landscape design andconstruction services consulting company. His work has appearedin Better Homes and Gardens, Northern Gardener, and, most recently,at the University of Minnesota Landscape Arboretum. He is amember of the American Society of Landscape Architects and theMinnesota Nursery and Landscape Association, where he sits onthe Environmental Concerns Committee. </p><p>Copyright 2012 by Penn Foster, Inc.</p><p>All rights reserved. No part of the material protected by this copyright may bereproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical,including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the copyright owner.</p><p>Requests for permission to make copies of any part of the work should be mailed to Copyright Permissions, Penn Foster, 925 Oak Street, Scranton,Pennsylvania 18515.</p><p>Printed in the United States of America</p><p>06/07/2013</p><p>All terms mentioned in this text that are known to be trademarks or service marks have been appropriately capitalized. Use of a term in this text should not beregarded as affecting the validity of any trademark or service mark.</p></li><li><p>INSTRUCTIONS TO STUDENTS 1</p><p>LESSON ASSIGNMENTS 5</p><p>LESSON 1: THE CRAFTS OF ORNAMENTAL HORTICULTURE 7</p><p>LESSON 2: THE PROFESSIONS OF ORNAMENTAL HORTICULTURE 21</p><p>LESSON 3: THE SHIFT TO SUSTAINABLE LANDSCAPES 41</p><p>RESEARCH PROJECT 55</p><p>SELF-CHECK ANSWERS 61</p><p>iii</p><p>Co</p><p>nt</p><p>en</p><p>ts</p><p>Co</p><p>nt</p><p>en</p><p>ts</p></li><li><p>INTRODUCTION </p><p>The landscape industry is just one of many specialty tradesthat make up the larger and more diverse field of ornamentalhorticulture. In addition to the landscape industry, whichencompasses the design, installation, and maintenance oflandscapes and gardens, the field of ornamental horticultureincludes the growers who supply the landscape and floraltrades, the researchers who breed new varieties of plants,and the wholesale and retail operators who connect productsof the trade to its customers. The ornamental horticultureindustry values plants for their role in creating a more beau-tiful world, unlike the agriculture industry, which sees plantsas a source of food, fiber, building materials, and biomass forthe production of alternative fuels.</p><p>The primary focus of the landscape technology program is on planning, installing, and maintaining gardens and land-scapes. However, a fundamental understanding of the othertrades that fall within the larger sphere of ornamental horti-culture is vital to your career exploration and long-termsuccess in the landscape business. The boundaries betweenthe specialties of ornamental horticulture are often blurred.To be familiar with each of these specialty areas will be anadvantage as you develop professional relationships in theindustry. </p><p>This course is divided into three lessons and 15 assignments.Each assignment generally corresponds to a chapter in one ofyour textbooks. At the end of each assignment, youll take aself-check, the answers of which are located at the back ofthis study guide. At the end of each of the three lessons, youmust complete a multiple-choice examination. Youre alsorequired to complete a final project. </p><p>OBJECTIVES</p><p>When you complete this course, youll be able to</p><p> Discuss historical aspects of ornamental horticultureand garden design and the influences that have shapedthe gardens of the United States </p><p>1</p><p>Ins</p><p>tru</p><p>ctio</p><p>ns</p><p>Ins</p><p>tru</p><p>ctio</p><p>ns</p></li><li><p> Identify the individual crafts that make up the broaderfield of ornamental horticulture </p><p> Describe the opportunities for employment in the professions of ornamental horticulture</p><p> Identify the qualifications for employment in each area of ornamental horticulture</p><p> Discuss the psychological and physical abilities requiredfor a successful career in ornamental horticulture </p><p> Describe the relationships among the professions ofornamental horticulture</p><p> Explain reasons for the growing interest and demand in sustainable landscapes</p><p> Identify the key concepts and benefits of sustainablelandscapes</p><p> Discuss business opportunities in sustainable landscapes</p><p>COURSE MATERIALS</p><p>This course includes the following materials:</p><p>1. This study guide, which contains an introduction to yourcourse, plus</p><p> A lesson assignments page with a schedule of studyassignments</p><p> Introductions to lessons and assignments, whichemphasize the main points in the textbook</p><p> Self-checks and answers to help you assess yourunderstanding of the material</p><p> A research project that youll complete and submitat the end of the course</p><p>2. Your course textbooks, Ornamental Horticulture: Science,Operations, &amp; Management and How to Start a Home-Based Landscaping Business, which contain theassigned reading materials</p><p>Instructions to Students2</p></li><li><p>YOUR TEXTBOOKS</p><p>Your textbooks, Ornamental Horticulture: Science, Operations,&amp; Management and How to Start a Home-Based LandscapingBusiness, contain the study materials on which your self-checksand examinations are based. You should become familiar withyour textbooks prior to beginning your studies by skimmingthrough the contents pages of each book. The contents pageswill give you a preview of the chapters in each textbook, aswell as a list of topics specific to each chapter. Please notethat there are several chapters in your textbooks that wontbe included in the assigned readings for this study guide.However, youll need to keep these textbooks, since theunreferenced chapters will be included in the assignedreadings for later study guides. </p><p>Each chapter in your textbook Ornamental Horticulture:Science, Operations, &amp; Management begins with a list ofobjectives and key terms. Be sure to read the objectivesbefore you begin your studies to prepare for what youll be learning. While reading, pay particular attention to thekey terms that are highlighted in bold type throughout the chapter. </p><p>At the back of the book, youll find Appendices A and B, whichcontain useful information that includes a list of professionaltrade organizations and selected readings for further studiesin ornamental horticulture. Theres also a glossary of all thekey terms listed in your book, which may be useful whenreviewing for exams.</p><p>At the end of How to Start a Home-Based LandscapingBusiness, youll find Appendix 1, which contains a completelisting of resources, including professional associations, trademagazines, periodicals, and suggestions for further reading.Appendix 2 lists additional Web-based resources useful forfurther study in your landscaping career. </p><p>Instructions to Students 3</p></li><li><p>Instructions to Students4</p><p>A STUDY PLAN</p><p>The following is the recommended procedure for successfullycompleting this course while receiving the maximum benefitfrom your studies.</p><p>1. Read the introduction to each assignment and note yourassigned readings in both the study guide and textbook.</p><p>2. Read the chapter objectives at the beginning of assignedtextbook readings; then read the materials for a generalunderstanding of subject matter.</p><p>3. Go back and reread assigned materials, highlighting orunderlining key concepts and passages to help youremember essential information.</p><p>4. When you feel you understand the material, take theself-check at the end of the lesson. Compare your answerswith those given at the end of this study guide. If yougave an incorrect answer to any of the self-check ques-tions, go back and review the assigned materials untilyou have a thorough understanding.</p><p>5. After completing all the self-check questions for that particular lesson, you may take the examination. </p><p>6. Repeat this procedure for each lesson in the study guide.</p><p>7. Following the last examination, youll complete the finalproject described at the end of this study guide. </p><p>Please feel free to e-mail your instructor for assistance at anypoint during your studies. Youre now ready to begin. Goodluck!</p><p>Remember to regularly check My Courses on your student homepage.Your instructor may post additional resources that you can access toenhance your learning experience.</p></li><li><p>5</p><p>As</p><p>sig</p><p>nm</p><p>en</p><p>tsA</p><p>ss</p><p>ign</p><p>me</p><p>nts</p><p>Lesson 1: The Crafts of Ornamental HorticultureFor: Read in the Read in </p><p>study guide: the textbook:</p><p>Assignment 1 Pages 89 Ingels, Foreword, pages xviixxiii andChapter 9, pages 199201</p><p>Assignment 2 Pages 1112 Ingels, Chapter 7, pages 142173</p><p>Assignment 3 Pages 1213 Ingels, Chapter 8, pages 176196</p><p>Assignment 4 Pages 1416 Ingels, Chapter 9, pages 201269</p><p>Assignment 5 Pages 1618 Ingels, Chapter 10, pages 271295</p><p>Assignment 6 Pages 1920 Ingels, Chapter 11, pages 297320</p><p>Examination 102809 Material in Lesson 1</p><p>Lesson 2: The Professions of Ornamental HorticultureFor: Read in the Read in </p><p>study guide: the textbook:</p><p>Assignment 7 Pages 2223 Ingels, Chapter 15, pages 408410</p><p>Assignment 8 Pages 2425 Ingels, Chapter 15, pages 410417</p><p>Assignment 9 Pages 2728 Ingels, Chapter 16, pages 419426</p><p>Assignment 10 Pages 2934 Ingels, Chapter 17, pages 428435</p><p>Assignment 11 Pages 3536 Dell, Introduction, pages viiix and Chapter 1,pages 117</p><p>Assignment 12 Pages 3738 Ingels, Chapter 18, pages 436444</p><p>Examination 102810 Material in Lesson 2</p></li><li><p>Lesson 3: The Shift to Sustainable LandscapesFor: Read in the Read in </p><p>study guide: the textbook:</p><p>Assignment 13 Pages 4248 No textbook reading</p><p>Assignment 14 Pages 5051 Dell, pages 153161 </p><p>Assignment 15 Pages 5253 No textbook reading</p><p>Examination 102811 Material in Lesson 3Research Project 10281200</p><p>Lesson Assignments6</p><p>Note: To access and complete any of the examinations for this studyguide, click on the appropriate Take Exam icon on your My Coursespage. You should not have to enter the examination numbers. Thesenumbers are for reference only if you have reason to contact StudentServices.</p></li><li><p>7</p><p>Le</p><p>ss</p><p>on</p><p> 1L</p><p>es</p><p>so</p><p>n 1</p><p>The Crafts of OrnamentalHorticulture</p><p>INTRODUCTION</p><p>The purpose of Lesson 1 is to present a brief history of ornamental horticulture and to introduce you to the manyspecialized crafts in todays larger field of ornamental horti-culture. Anybody seeking a career in this industry should beaware of the many areas of specialization within the broadfield of ornamental horticulture. For presentation purposes,your textbook treats the crafts of ornamental horticultureindividually; however, its not uncommon for a landscapeprofessional to incorporate some aspect of each craft into the business during the span of his or her career. </p><p>In your first assignment, youll acquire a historical perspectiveof human interaction with plants and the desire to manipulatethe natural world to better suit human needs and desires.Your second assignment will focus on the craft of using flowersto create floral designs and seasonal decorations. Assignment 3covers the use of plants inside the protected environment ofbuildings. Assignment 4 introduces designing outdoor environ-ments using plants and other landscape materials, whileAssignment 5 covers installing the plants used in gardensand designed landscapes. Finally, Assignment 6 introducesyou to the craft of maintaining landscape plantings. Thethree remaining chapters in this section of your book will becovered in future study guides. </p><p>OBJECTIVES</p><p>When you complete this lesson, youll be able to</p><p> Describe the differences in garden styles among culturesfrom around the world</p><p> Identify pivotal points in the advancement of ornamentalhorticulture in the United States</p></li><li><p>Introduction to Ornamental Horticulture and the Landscape Industry8</p><p> Describe the materials and design principles used in thecraft of floral design</p><p> Explain the challenges of using plants in interior environments</p><p> Discuss historical influences on the craft of landscapedesign as practiced today </p><p> Explain the process and objectives of contemporary landscape design</p><p> Identify the procedures and tools used in the craft ofinstalling of landscape plants</p><p> Describe the issues and procedures encountered in thecraft of maintaining landscape plants</p><p>ASSIGNMENT 1: A BRIEF HISTORY OF ORNAMENTAL HORTICULTURERead the following material. Then read the Foreword, pages xviixxiii, and pages 199201 of Chapter 9 in your text-book, Ornamental Horticulture. </p><p>Why study history? Whats the point of reading about peopleand events that took place a long time ago when you alreadyhave so much to learn about your new career in the landscapeindustry? The simple answer to this question is that it helpsyou to understand how and why things got to where they aretoday. Prior to the in-depth study of any subject, a look at itshistory allows you to appreciate the present, while explainingthe factors that shaped it over time. This is especially true inthe United States, because the history of the country is soshort compared to that of the rest of the world. What weknow about gardens and landscapes, weve borrowed fromthe Italian villa gardens built during the Roman Empire, theZen gardens of the Far East, the Moorish gardens of Spain,</p></li><li><p>Lesson 1 9</p><p>and other influences that can be seen in the variety of gardenstyles throughout North America today. Just like other aspectsof the society, its gardens and landscapes are a melting potof ideas and styles from around the world that weve adaptedto our culture, our lifestyles, and the diverse geographic andclimatic regions of the country. </p><p>The readings for this assignment provide a glimpse into theevolution of peoples relationships with plants and the ways inwhich theyve manipulated the landscape throughout history.While this brief introduction barely scratches the surface ofthis fascinating history, many books have been written onthe subject, if youd like to continue to study on your own. Amore convenient and less time-consuming option is throughInternet resources such as Wikipedia.</p></li><li><p>Introduction to Ornamental Horticulture and the Landscape Industry10</p><p>Self-Check 1</p><p>At the end of each section of Introduction to Ornamental Horticulture and the LandscapeIndustry, youll be asked to pause and check your understanding of what youve just readby completing a Self-Check exercise. Answering these questions will help you reviewwhat youve studied so far. Please complete Self-Check 1 now.</p><p>Questions 110: Match the term on the left with the correct description on the right.Indicate your answer in the space provided. </p><p>______ 1. Egyptians </p><p>______ 2. Andre LeNotre</p><p>______ 3. Gardens of the Orient</p><p>______ 4. Fredrick Law Olmsted</p><p>______ 5. English Naturalism</p><p>______ 6. Moorish gardens</p><p>______ 7. Monticello</p><p>______ 8. Rachel Carson</p><p>______ 9. Lawnmower</p><p>______ 10. Ancient Rome</p><p>Check your answers with those on page 61.</p><p>a. Thomas Jeff...</p></li></ul>


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