introduction to ornamental horticulture and the landscape industry

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Introduction to Ornamental Horticulture and the Landscape Industry

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  • Study Guide

    Introduction toOrnamentalHorticulture and theLandscape IndustryBy

    Matthew Brooks

  • About the Author

    Matthew Brooks received his bachelor of landscape architecturedegree from the University of Illinois and his masters in landscapearchitecture from the University of Minnesota. He spent severalyears working in the Chicago area in landscape design, sales, andproject management of commercial, institutional, and residentialscale projects. He is a member of the faculty at Dakota CountyTechnical College, where he teaches courses in landscape design,computer-aided design (CAD), and woody plant identification. He is president of Brooks Design Group, Inc., a landscape design andconstruction services consulting company. His work has appearedin Better Homes and Gardens, Northern Gardener, and, most recently,at the University of Minnesota Landscape Arboretum. He is amember of the American Society of Landscape Architects and theMinnesota Nursery and Landscape Association, where he sits onthe Environmental Concerns Committee.

    Copyright 2012 by Penn Foster, Inc.

    All rights reserved. No part of the material protected by this copyright may bereproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical,including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the copyright owner.

    Requests for permission to make copies of any part of the work should be mailed to Copyright Permissions, Penn Foster, 925 Oak Street, Scranton,Pennsylvania 18515.

    Printed in the United States of America

    06/07/2013

    All terms mentioned in this text that are known to be trademarks or service marks have been appropriately capitalized. Use of a term in this text should not beregarded as affecting the validity of any trademark or service mark.

  • INSTRUCTIONS TO STUDENTS 1

    LESSON ASSIGNMENTS 5

    LESSON 1: THE CRAFTS OF ORNAMENTAL HORTICULTURE 7

    LESSON 2: THE PROFESSIONS OF ORNAMENTAL HORTICULTURE 21

    LESSON 3: THE SHIFT TO SUSTAINABLE LANDSCAPES 41

    RESEARCH PROJECT 55

    SELF-CHECK ANSWERS 61

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  • INTRODUCTION

    The landscape industry is just one of many specialty tradesthat make up the larger and more diverse field of ornamentalhorticulture. In addition to the landscape industry, whichencompasses the design, installation, and maintenance oflandscapes and gardens, the field of ornamental horticultureincludes the growers who supply the landscape and floraltrades, the researchers who breed new varieties of plants,and the wholesale and retail operators who connect productsof the trade to its customers. The ornamental horticultureindustry values plants for their role in creating a more beau-tiful world, unlike the agriculture industry, which sees plantsas a source of food, fiber, building materials, and biomass forthe production of alternative fuels.

    The primary focus of the landscape technology program is on planning, installing, and maintaining gardens and land-scapes. However, a fundamental understanding of the othertrades that fall within the larger sphere of ornamental horti-culture is vital to your career exploration and long-termsuccess in the landscape business. The boundaries betweenthe specialties of ornamental horticulture are often blurred.To be familiar with each of these specialty areas will be anadvantage as you develop professional relationships in theindustry.

    This course is divided into three lessons and 15 assignments.Each assignment generally corresponds to a chapter in one ofyour textbooks. At the end of each assignment, youll take aself-check, the answers of which are located at the back ofthis study guide. At the end of each of the three lessons, youmust complete a multiple-choice examination. Youre alsorequired to complete a final project.

    OBJECTIVES

    When you complete this course, youll be able to

    Discuss historical aspects of ornamental horticultureand garden design and the influences that have shapedthe gardens of the United States

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  • Identify the individual crafts that make up the broaderfield of ornamental horticulture

    Describe the opportunities for employment in the professions of ornamental horticulture

    Identify the qualifications for employment in each area of ornamental horticulture

    Discuss the psychological and physical abilities requiredfor a successful career in ornamental horticulture

    Describe the relationships among the professions ofornamental horticulture

    Explain reasons for the growing interest and demand in sustainable landscapes

    Identify the key concepts and benefits of sustainablelandscapes

    Discuss business opportunities in sustainable landscapes

    COURSE MATERIALS

    This course includes the following materials:

    1. This study guide, which contains an introduction to yourcourse, plus

    A lesson assignments page with a schedule of studyassignments

    Introductions to lessons and assignments, whichemphasize the main points in the textbook

    Self-checks and answers to help you assess yourunderstanding of the material

    A research project that youll complete and submitat the end of the course

    2. Your course textbooks, Ornamental Horticulture: Science,Operations, & Management and How to Start a Home-Based Landscaping Business, which contain theassigned reading materials

    Instructions to Students2

  • YOUR TEXTBOOKS

    Your textbooks, Ornamental Horticulture: Science, Operations,& Management and How to Start a Home-Based LandscapingBusiness, contain the study materials on which your self-checksand examinations are based. You should become familiar withyour textbooks prior to beginning your studies by skimmingthrough the contents pages of each book. The contents pageswill give you a preview of the chapters in each textbook, aswell as a list of topics specific to each chapter. Please notethat there are several chapters in your textbooks that wontbe included in the assigned readings for this study guide.However, youll need to keep these textbooks, since theunreferenced chapters will be included in the assignedreadings for later study guides.

    Each chapter in your textbook Ornamental Horticulture:Science, Operations, & Management begins with a list ofobjectives and key terms. Be sure to read the objectivesbefore you begin your studies to prepare for what youll be learning. While reading, pay particular attention to thekey terms that are highlighted in bold type throughout the chapter.

    At the back of the book, youll find Appendices A and B, whichcontain useful information that includes a list of professionaltrade organizations and selected readings for further studiesin ornamental horticulture. Theres also a glossary of all thekey terms listed in your book, which may be useful whenreviewing for exams.

    At the end of How to Start a Home-Based LandscapingBusiness, youll find Appendix 1, which contains a completelisting of resources, including professional associations, trademagazines, periodicals, and suggestions for further reading.Appendix 2 lists additional Web-based resources useful forfurther study in your landscaping career.

    Instructions to Students 3

  • Instructions to Students4

    A STUDY PLAN

    The following is the recommended procedure for successfullycompleting this course while receiving the maximum benefitfrom your studies.

    1. Read the introduction to each assignment and note yourassigned readings in both the study guide and textbook.

    2. Read the chapter objectives at the beginning of assignedtextbook readings; then read the materials for a generalunderstanding of subject matter.

    3. Go back and reread assigned materials, highlighting orunderlining key concepts and passages to help youremember essential information.

    4. When you feel you understand the material, take theself-check at the end of the lesson. Compare your answerswith those given at the end of this study guide. If yougave an incorrect answer to any of the self-check ques-tions, go back and review the assigned materials untilyou have a thorough understanding.

    5. After completing all the self-check questions for that particular lesson, you may take the examination.

    6. Repeat this procedure for each lesson in the study guide.

    7. Following the last examination, youll complete the finalproject described at the end of this study guide.

    Please feel free to e-mail your instructor for assistance at anypoint during your studies. Youre now ready to begin. Goodluck!

    Remember to regularly check My Courses on your student homepage.Your instructor may post additional resources that you can access toenhance your learning experience.

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    Lesson 1: The Crafts of Ornamental HorticultureFor: Read in the Read in

    study guide: the textbook:

    Assignment 1 Pages 89 Ingels, Foreword, pages xviixxiii andChapter 9, pages 199201

    Assignment 2 Pages 1112 Ingels, Chapter 7, pages 142173

    Assignment 3 Pages 1213 Ingels, Chapter 8, pages 176196

    Assignment 4 Pages 1416 Ingels, Chapter 9, pages 201269

    Assignment 5 Pages 1618 Ingels, Chapter 10, pages 271295

    Assignment 6 Pages 1920 Ingels, Chapter 11, pages 297320

    Examination 102809 Material in Lesson 1

    Lesson 2: The Professions of Ornamental HorticultureFor: Read in the Read in

    study guide: the textbook:

    Assignment 7 Pages 2223 Ingels, Chapter 15, pages 408410

    Assignment 8 Pages 2425 Ingels, Chapter 15, pages 41

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