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  • http://ir4.rutgers.edu/Ornamental/ornamentalSummaryReports.cfm

    IR-4 Ornamental Horticulture Program Bacterial Disease Efficacy

    Agrobacterium tumefaciens Erwinia amylovora

    Erwinia chrysanthemi Erwinia sp.

    Pseudomonas cichorii Pseudomonas marginalis

    Pseudomonas spp. Pseudomonas syringae

    Xanthomonas axonopodis Xanthomonas campestris

    Xanthomonas spp.

    Authors: Ely Vea and Cristi Palmer Date: February 1, 2018

    Acknowledgements: Susan Bierbrunner

    Lori Harrison Karen Sims

    http://ir4.rutgers.edu/Ornamental/ornamentalSummaryReports.cfm

  • 2

    Table of Contents

    Table of Contents ............................................................................................................................ 2

    Table of Tables ............................................................................................................................... 3

    Abstract ........................................................................................................................................... 6

    Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 7

    Materials and Methods .................................................................................................................... 7

    Results ........................................................................................................................................... 12

    Comparative Efficacy on Agrobacterium tumefaciens. ............................................................ 12

    Comparative Efficacy on Erwinia species. ............................................................................... 12

    Comparative Efficacy on Pseudomonas species ....................................................................... 30

    Comparative Efficacy on Xanthomonas species ....................................................................... 42

    Efficacy Summary by Product/Active Ingredient ..................................................................... 57

    A14658C ............................................................................................................................... 57

    Acibenzolar. .......................................................................................................................... 57

    Actinovate. ............................................................................................................................ 57

    Ag Streptomycin/Firewall. .................................................................................................... 57

    Aliette. ................................................................................................................................... 57

    BlightBan A506 .................................................................................................................... 57

    BloomTime ........................................................................................................................... 57

    Blossom Protect .................................................................................................................... 57

    BW165N ............................................................................................................................... 57

    Cease/Serenade Optimum. .................................................................................................... 58

    CG100. .................................................................................................................................. 58

    Citrex..................................................................................................................................... 58

    Copper Compounds. ............................................................................................................. 58

    Dithane/Penncozeb/Protect. .................................................................................................. 58

    Double Nickel/Triathlon. ...................................................................................................... 59

    Florel ..................................................................................................................................... 59

    GC Pro. ................................................................................................................................. 59

    HM-0736. .............................................................................................................................. 59

    Kasumin. ............................................................................................................................... 59

    KleenGrow. ........................................................................................................................... 59

    MBI 110. ............................................................................................................................... 59

    NAI-4201. ............................................................................................................................. 59

    Oxiphos. ................................................................................................................................ 60

    Prophytex. Prophytex EC and WP ........................................................................................ 60

    Regalia. ................................................................................................................................. 60

    TDA01. ................................................................................................................................. 60

    TDA02 .................................................................................................................................. 60

    Taegro. .................................................................................................................................. 60

    Tanos. .................................................................................................................................... 60

    ZeroTol ................................................................................................................................. 60

    Appendix 1: Contributing Researchers ....................................................................................... 101

  • 3

    Table of Tables

    Table 1. List of Products and Rates Tested from 2008 to 2017. ................................................. 7

    Table 2. Efficacy for Agrobacterium tumefaciens on Goldenrod (Solidago sp.), Chase, CA,

    2011............................................................................................................................. 12

    Table 3. General summary of efficacy for Erwinia spp. on various crops - Part 1. ................. 13

    Table 4. General summary of efficacy for Erwinia spp. on various crops - Part 2. ................. 15

    Table 5. * Efficacy for Erwinia chrysanthemi on Oncidium orchid, Chase, CA, 2009. ........... 17

    Table 6. Efficacy for Erwinia chrysanthemi on Orchid (Oncidium sp) Wilsons Wicked Qua

    and Orchid (Phalaenopsis sp.), Chase, CA, 2009....................................................... 18

    Table 7. Efficacy for Soft Rot (Erwinia chrysanthemi) on Oncidium Orchid, Palmateer, FL,

    2010............................................................................................................................. 19

    Table 8. Efficacy for Leaf Spot (Erwinia sp.) on Orchid (Phalaenopsis sp.), Norman, 2009. . 20

    Table 9. Efficacy for Soft Rot (Erwinia sp.) on Orchid (Phalaenopsis sp.), Norman, 2010. ... 20

    Table 10. Efficacy for Fireblight (Erwinia amylovora) on Keifer Pear (Pyrus communis x Pyrus

    pyrifolia)Keifer, Steddom TX, 2010. ....................................................................... 21

    Table 11. Efficacy for Fireblight (Erwinia sp.) on Ornamental Pear (Pyrus calleryana) Keifer,

    Steddom TX, 2012. ..................................................................................................... 22

    Table 12. Efficacy for Fireblight (Erwinia amylovora) on Cleveland Pear (Pyrus calleryana),

    Steddom TX, 2012. ..................................................................................................... 23

    Table 13. *Efficacy for Fireblight (Erwinia amylovora) on Apple (Malus x domestica) 'Idared',

    Cox, NY, 2013. ........................................................................................................... 24

    Table 14. *Efficacy for Fireblight (Erwinia amylovora) on Apple (Malus x domestica) 'Idared',

    Cox, NY, 2014. ........................................................................................................... 24

    Table 15. *Efficacy for Fireblight (Erwinia amylovora) on Apple (Malus x domestica) 'Idared',

    Cox, NY, 2015. ........................................................................................................... 25

    Table 16. *Efficacy for Fireblight (Erwinia amylovora) on Apple (Malus x domestica) 'Gala',

    Cox, NY, 2016. ........................................................................................................... 25

    Table 17. *Efficacy for Fireblight (Erwinia amylovora) on Apple (Malus x domestica) 'Idared',

    Yoder, VA, 2013. ........................................................................................................ 26

    Table 18. *Efficacy for Fireblight (Erwinia amylovora)

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