improve your ielts writing skills

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IMPROVEYOURIELTS SamMcCarter Norman Whitby ~MACMILLAN Introductio n page 4 Unit 1 page 6 Unit2 page14 Unit3 page 22 Unit4 page30 Unit5 page 38 Unit 6 page 46 Unit7 page54 UnitS page62 Unit9 page 70 Unit 10 page 78 Contents TOp ic Change and consequences The importance of the past Machines, cycles, and processes Education Youth Culture Arts and sciences Nature Health Individual and society Sample answers page6 Key page 96 Task 1 Describingtrends Related verbs and nouns Underst anding data Comparing information Adverbs in comparisons Comparing andcontrasti ng The passive Sequencing General and spedfic statements Comparing information Describing proportions Describing changes Describing locations Concluding statement. Concession( 1 ) Adverbs Using actveJ: bs toeva lu at e data Avoiding irrelevance taking predictions Factual accuracy Varying vocabulary Checkingpelling Wordorder Linking using wi th Task1 revision Ta..,kZ Understanding questions Expressing solutions Lin king ph rases Us ing trigger words Using itltheylthislthese Planning essays Develping ideas Using which to organize information Expressi ng result and purpose Avoiding ovrgenerajizati on Developing reasons Developing an d j ustifying opinions Writing introduct ions Expressing advantagsand disadvantage Advantageanddisadvantage vaabulary Concession(2) DiSCUSSingother people's opinion Hypolh eizing Article Wri tin g conclusions Organizing words Verb-subject agreement Paragraph struClure Relevant andirrelevanr information Task2revision 3 4 In trod-uction What isImproveyour IEL TSWriting Skills? Improve YOllr fELTSWriting Skills isa complete preparation course for the Academic Wr iting papero( the International Engli shLanguage Te" ting System. Through targeted practice,itdevelops skillsand languagetohelp you achieve ahigher JELTS score inthe Academic Writing paper. How canI use this book? You canuse Improve YOllr lELTS Writil1g Skills as abook fo rtudying on your own or in aclass. If you arc studying on your own, f mprove YOllr f ELTSWri tillg Skills isdesignedto guide au step"by"step through the activities. This book isalso completelyelf-contained: a clear and accessible keyisprovided sothat you caneasilycheck you r answras you work through the book.in addition,there is a sample answer to accmpanyeach Task1 and Task2 question. If you are studying aspart of aclass,your teacher willdirect you on how touse each activity. Some activities can be treated adiscussions,in which casethey canbe a usefulopportunity to _hare ideas and techniques withother learners. How isImprove your IEL TSWriting Skills orga n ized? J[consists of tenunits based aroun dtopics wbich occurcommonly inthe real test . Each unit consists of three sections: TaskI: exercises and examplestode velop skillsand language for Tak1 questi ons. Ta sk 2: exerdses and examples to develop skills and language for Task2 questions. Practice test: a complete AcademicWriting paper based on theunit topiCto practi se the skills learned. Each Task1 and Task2 section issubdivided furthe r into skills seti ons. These focus nspedfic areas of relevance to each task. In addit ion, there areechniqlles boxes throughout the book These rei morek.ey points on how to approach Academi c Writing tasks. How willImprove your JELTSWriting SkiJJs improve my score? Bydeveloping skills The skills secti ons form adetailed syllabus of essential IELTS wriling skills . For example,keyelements of Task1 preparat ion,su chas Describingtrends and COlI/paril1g information,are fullycovered. Similarly, Task2 skills, such as Expressing sO/II/iom and Dnelopil19 ideasare dealt with in detail. By developing language Each unit also contains aresoure of useful phrases and vocabular y toIIe in each wri ting task.Over theourse of Irnprol'eyollr fELTSWriting Skills,youwill encounter a wide rangof ideas(0 ensure thaI you are not lostfor words when you gettothe real test.These include concepts such asorganjzjng word, trigger words,and linking phrases, which allcontribute to an appropriate academic writing style. BV developing test technique The Tedlllique boxes contain shari tips whichcan easily be memorizedand used asreminders in the real test. These include quick and easy advice about planning, undertanding questions,andhow t ouse eUectivelythe language you have learned. Introdllctioll How is the IELTS Academic Writing paper organized? The academic wri tingomponent of the IELTSlasts one hour. 111the test,there are two taskof di fferentle ngth. both of which'ou must all' wer. What does eachtask consist of? In TaskI.youwill havtowrite at least150 words to describe some dataor a diagram. Data willnormally be presented in the form of agraph, a bar or pie chan. a tabl e. or aombination of these. A diagramwillnormall y (elate[Qaprocess,the worki ngs[ an object.or changes inmapover time. You are alwaysexpetedto summarize the informationby describing the main features. makin Jcomparison ".... here relevan t. In Task2.you will haveto writ eatleast 250 words on atopic.Y1.1wil l be presented wilh an opinion,an argument .r a problem,and youwillbe expected to respond in sone way. For example.in'our repons. youmay beaskedLO: xprs an opinion . give views about two differemopinions and give your own opinion. discuss advantages and di sadvantage . give a solutionto aproblem by sugges ti ng meas ures. discussca uses of aproblem and suggest sol utions. You are ahvays expeted to givereasons and include any relevant examplesfrom your own knowledge and experience. How will I be assessed? In both tasksou will be Clssessed on your ability to expres yourself clearly an d accuratelyin English. In Task1. you r anwer isassessed according toyour ability towrite abou t dtainan organized wa y andcompare infoID1ation where it is relevant to do so.You. hould write aboutthemai nfeatures of thedataanaldrel evant drailwhere n eessary. In Task 2, your answer iassessed acording to your abili ty to wriin alogical manner as you give a solution 10 a problem, present andjuslify an opinion, compare and contrast evictnce and opinions, orevaluate and challenge ideas or arguments. How much time should I spend oneach task? You are adisedto spend 20 minutes on Taskl. Youare advised to spend 40 minuts on Task. Eventhough Task2 carriemore marks,youshould always do Task1 firs t.This is becauseitis shorter, andpsychologicCl lly itfee ls better ifyou ha vecomple ted on etask. 5 II II UN IT 1 6 Change and conseqLlences Unit aims Taskt Descnl:lIng trends Related verbs and nouns Understanding data T a s ~ 2 Understandmg questIOns ExpreSSing soluttons Linkingphrases USingtrigger wards Task 1Describing trends 1The gTaphs relate tosales of media technolog . . Which graph a- hdoau think shows sales for each item in the photos 1-4? 2Match each grapb(a-h) with the most apprp riate description below (1- 10). ] Sales of auelio cassettes fellsteaelily . ................ 2iPosalesrose gradually . .................. 3Plasma TVsales fluctuated wildly,but the trend was upward . .................. 4Sales of video cassettes nuctuated wildly, and the tTendwas downward ..... ....... _.. ... _ 5Total digital camera sales dropped slightly. .... ... - .......... 6Saes of audio cassettes felland then levelled off. .................. 7The sales of MP3-players rose gradually and then climbed sharply. ..... .... .... _.... BPurchases of video cassett e recorders dlined dramatically . ......... ,' ....... 9Sales of games consoles decreased and then levelled off ................... 10CDsales dropped suddenJy............ ....... 3Underline the verbs in2used to describe trend Example ISales of audio cassettes kU steadily. 4The verbs in 2 are modified by adverbsuch as steadily. Find the adverbs and decide whethr they mean slow or fastchanges. Complete the lists below. Slow..~ ~ ! ~ ~ . ,Fas! II V iii -II . ~iii m D ~m .---------------iii ~Technique Include a variety of structures In your writing. Use both verb + adverb a 1d adjective + noun structures In '{our Task1 answer. Expressnouns as The. of or as TWO nouns UNIT1Charlge alld COlieqllell"s Related verbs and nouns 5 containing verbphrQs es such as j eJlsteadily calloften be re\-\' J.iLLen using the correctform of there islare anda related noun. Readthe examples. Then rewri te sentences a-j below. 6 Examples Thconsumption of chocolate fell steadily.(verb +adverb) There was a steady fall inthe consumption of chocolate . (therewas a + adjective + noun ) There has been a dramatic riseinthe producri oDof films .(therehas beena + adjeCtive + noun) Thproduction of filmhas riselldramaticalry.(verb + adverb) aSpice expons fr om Afri cafl uctuated wil dly over the period. There were ........................................ ................................. .. ..................................... . bThe development of new products fellgradually. Therwas ...... ............. ..... .......................................................................................... . cThere has been anoticeabledecrease in investmen l. Research ......................... ............... ........... ........ ... .. .................................................. .. dThe purchases of ti.cketdropped significantly last month. There............................................................................................................ .. eOn theInternet,the illu rober of sites rosesignificantly. There wa.................................................................................................................. .. Therewas a su. dden decrease inth e sale of mangos. The sale .... ...... ........................................................................................................... . gAt the theme park.there "vere very slight fluctuations in the number of visitors. The number ................................................................ ............................................... . hThere was a gradual decline in sugar impons. Sugar ....................