How to make an effective presentation

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<ul><li><p>Designing Effective PowerPoint Presentations</p><p>Lecturer: Dr. EMAD OSMAN</p><p>Feb. 2011</p></li><li><p>Designing Effective PowerPoint PresentationSimpleConsistentClearBigProgressiveSummary</p></li><li><p>Make It Big</p></li><li><p>Make it Big (Text)This is Arial 12This is Arial 18This is Arial 24This is Arial 32This is Arial 36This is Arial 44</p></li><li><p>Make it Big (Text)This is Arial 12This is Arial 18This is Arial 24This is Arial 32This is Arial 36This is Arial 44Too Small</p></li><li><p>Make It Big (How to Estimate)Look at it from 2 metres away</p></li><li><p>Keep It Simple</p></li><li><p>Keep It Simple (Text)Too many coloursToo Many Fonts and StylesThe 6 x 7 ruleNo more than 6 lines per slideNo more than 7 words per line</p></li><li><p>Keep It Simple (Text)Instructional Technology: A complex integrated process involving people, procedures, ideas, devices, and organization, for analyzing problems and devising, implementing, evaluating, and managing solutions to those problems in situations in which learning is purposive and controlled (HMRS 5th ed.)Too detailed !</p></li><li><p>Keep It Simple (Text)</p><p>A processinvolving people, procedures &amp; toolsfor solutionsto problems in learning(HMRS 5th ed.)Instructional Technology:Much Simpler</p></li><li><p>Falling Leaves ObservedToo detailed !</p><p>DelhiMumbaiGoaJanuary11,532,23414,123,6543,034,564February1,078,45612,345,56716,128,234March17,234,7786,567,12316,034,786April16,098,89710,870,9547,940,096May8,036,89710,345,39414,856,456June16,184,345678,0954,123,656July8,890,34515,347,93418,885,786August8,674,23418,107,11017,230,095September4,032,04518,923,2399,950,498October2,608,0969,945,8905,596,096November5,864,034478,0236,678,125December12,234,1239,532,1113,045,654</p></li><li><p>Falling Leaves in MillionsMuch Simpler</p><p>In 106DelhiMumbaiGoaJanuary11143February11216March17616April16107May81014June1604July81518August81817September4189October295November506December1293</p></li><li><p>Falling LeavesToo detailed !</p></li><li><p>Falling LeavesMuch Simpler</p></li><li><p>Keep It Simple (Picture)Art work may distract your audience Artistry does not substitute for content</p></li><li><p>Keep It Simple (Sound)Sound effects may distract too Use sound only when necessary</p></li><li><p>Keep It Simple (Transition)This transition is annoying, not enhancing "Appear" and "Disappear" are better</p></li><li><p>Keep It Simple (Animation)2 mToo distracting !</p></li><li><p>Keep It Simple (Animation)Simple &amp; to the point</p></li><li><p>Make It Clear</p></li><li><p>Make It Clear (Capitalisation)ALL CAPITAL LETTERS ARE DIFFICULT TO READ</p><p>Upper and lower case letters are easier</p></li><li><p>SanserifZ</p><p>SerifZMake It Clear (Fonts)busyclear</p></li><li><p>Serif fonts are difficult to read on screenSanserif fonts are clearerItalics are difficult to read on screenNormal or bold fonts are clearerUnderlines may signify hyperlinksInstead, use colours to emphasiseMake It Clear (Fonts)</p></li><li><p>Make It Clear (Numbers)Use numbers for lists with sequenceFor example: How to put an elephant into a fridge? 1. Open the door of the fridge2. Put the elephant in3. Close the door</p></li><li><p>Make It Clear (Numbers)How to put a giraffe into a fridge? 1. Open the door of the fridge2. Take out the elephant3. Put the giraffe in4. Close the door</p></li><li><p>Make It Clear (Bullets)Use bullets to show a list withoutPrioritySequenceHierarchy, ..</p></li><li><p>Make It Clear (Colours)Use contrasting colours Light on dark vs dark on lightUse complementary colours</p></li><li><p>Make It Clear (Contrast)Use contrasting coloursLight on dark vs dark on lightUse complementary colours</p></li><li><p>Make It Clear (Contrast)Use contrasting colours Light on dark vs dark on lightUse complementary coloursThis is light on dark</p></li><li><p>Make It Clear (Contrast)Use contrasting colours Light on dark vs dark on lightUse complementary coloursThis is dark on light</p></li><li><p>Make It Clear (Complement)Use contrasting colours Light on dark vs dark on light Use complementary colours These colours do not complement</p></li><li><p>Make It Clear (Complement)Use contrasting colours Light on dark vs dark on light Use complementary colours These colours complement</p></li><li><p>Make It Clear (Size)Size implies importance</p></li><li><p>Make It Clear (Size)Size implies importance</p></li><li><p>Make It Clear (Focal Points)Focal points direct attention</p></li><li><p>Make It Clear (Focal Points)Focal points direct attention</p></li><li><p>Be Progressive</p></li><li><p>Complexity of InteractionsMode of InstructionIndividualPairGroupDirectInstructionGuidedInquiryDiscoveryLearningIndividualInstructiveToolsIndividualConstructiveToolsSocialConstructiveToolsSocialCommunicativeToolsInformational ToolsTypes of Instructional ToolsToo many in one go!</p></li><li><p>Complexity of InteractionsMode of InstructionIndividualPairGroupDirectInstructionGuidedInquiryDiscoveryLearningIndividualInstructiveToolsIndividualConstructiveToolsSocialConstructiveToolsSocialCommunicativeToolsInformational ToolsTypes of Instructional ToolsProgressive &amp; thus focused</p></li><li><p>Understanding TechnologyFloppy diskUser interfaceCPUI/O ErrorBackup systemSoftwareMouseDebuggerFunction keyMain StorageToo many &amp; not focused</p></li><li><p>Understanding TechnologyFloppy diskUser interfaceCPUI/O ErrorBackup systemSoftwareMouseDebuggerFunction keyMain StorageProgressive &amp; thus focused</p></li><li><p>Be Consistent</p></li><li><p>Be ConsistentDifferences draw attention</p><p>Differences may imply importance</p><p>Use surprises to attract not distract</p></li><li><p>Be ConsistentDifferences draw attentionDifferences may imply importanceUse surprises to attract not distract</p></li><li><p>Be ConsistentDifferences draw attentionDifferences may imply importanceUse surprises to attract not distract</p></li><li><p>Be ConsistentDifferences draw attentionDifferences may imply importanceUse surprises to attract not distract</p></li><li><p>Be ConsistentDifferences draw attentionDifferences may imply importanceUse surprises to attract not distract</p></li><li><p>Be ConsistentDifferences draw attentionDifferences may imply importanceUse surprises to attract not distract</p></li><li><p>Be ConsistentDifferences draw attentionDifferences may imply importanceUse surprises to attract not distract</p></li><li><p>In SummaryBigSimpleClearProgressiveConsistent</p></li><li><p>Some Final Words</p></li><li><p>When CreatingText to support the communicationPictures to simplify complex conceptsAnimations for complex relationshipsVisuals to support, not to distractSounds only when absolutely necessaryThink about the people in the back of the room when creating slides</p></li><li><p>When PresentingSpeak loudly and clearly with fluctuationDirect your words to all aspects of the roomMaintain eye contact with your audienceAsk questions of your audience(if applicable)Dont read the slides word-for-word, use them for reference</p></li><li><p>Closing Remarks Practice your presentation before a neutral audienceAsk for feedbackBe particular about the time allotted for presentationLeave time for questions</p></li><li><p>Dr. EMAD OSMANemad91@hotmail.com 2011Q &amp; A</p></li></ul>