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<p>FIELD TRIP REPORT HYDERABAD</p> <p>Submitted for the continuous Assessment of B.A. TOURISM AND TRAVEL MANAGEMENT</p> <p>MALARKODI.K REG NO. 09/105040</p> <p>DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY, TOURISM AND TRAVEL MANAGEMENT ETHIRAJ COLLEGE FOR WOMEN (AUTONOMOUS) CHENNAI 600008</p> <p>FEBRUARY 2011</p> <p>1</p> <p>Department of History,Tourism and Travel Management Ethiraj College For Women Chennai - 8</p> <p>CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the field trip report organised by the DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY, TOURISM AND TRAVEL MANAGEMENT forII year B.A. TOURISM AND TRAVEL MANAGEMENT students to HYDERABAD is submitted by MALARKODI.K during february 2011 as a partial fullfillment of continuous assessment for the core paper TRAVEL AGENCIES AND TOUR OPERATORS -II and that the field trip report represents the independent work on the part of the candidate . DATE : STATION: CHENNAI Subject Teacher Ms.Sarah Jacob, M.A.,M.Phil., Assistant Professor, Ethiraj College,Ch-8</p> <p>Head of the Department Dr. Tmt.S.Subbalakshmi, M.A.,M.Phil.,Ph.D,PGDTM , Head of the Dept. of History, Tourism and Travel Management, Ethiraj College,Ch-8.2</p> <p>Class Teacher Dr.R.K. Maya, M.A.,Ph.D,PGDHRI, Assistant Professor, Ethiraj College,Ch-8.</p> <p>MALARKODI.K 09/105040 II BA Tourism and Travel Management Ethiraj College for Women (Autonomous) Chennai-600008</p> <p>STATEMENT BY THE CANDIDATE</p> <p>I hereby state that the Field Trip report on Hyderabad for the partial fulfillment of continuous assessment for the Core Paper TRAVEL AGENCIES AND TOUR OPERATORS II is my original work and that it has not been copied from any book or any available source material.</p> <p>PLACE: CHENNAI DATE:</p> <p>MALARKODI.K Head of the Department Dr. Tmt.S.Subbalakshmi, M.A.,M.Phil.,Ph.D,PGDTM Head of the Dept. of History, Tourism and Travel Management, Ethiraj College,Chennai - 8.3</p> <p>ACKNOWLEDGEMENT</p> <p>This project report is the result of the project work carried out in the Department of History, Tourism and Travel Management, Ethiraj College for Women, Chennai - 600 008, for B.A. degree in 2nd TTM. I sincerely acknowledge my gratitude to the Management of Ethiraj College for Women and Dr.Tmt.THAVAMANI,, M.phil, Phd., Principal, Ethiraj College for Women for having permitted me to go to field in this great institution.</p> <p>I express my sincere gratitude to Dr. Tmt. S. Subbalakshmi MA, M.Phil, Phd, Reader, Head of the Department of History, Tourism and Travel Management for her encouragement and support.</p> <p>I express my sincere thanks to my project supervisor, Tmr.J.Marthal Nalini(Reader),Selvi.S.Banumathi Madam(Reader), Ms.Sarah Jacob Madam (Reader), Ethiraj College for Women. My special thanks to all faculty members in the Department of History, Tourism and Travel Management for their constant encouragement.</p> <p>My truthful thanks to my parents for sending me to such a wonderful field trip and giving permission to attend the field trip report .</p> <p>Thanking you,</p> <p>Station: Chennai Date:</p> <p>MALARKODI K.</p> <p>4</p> <p>Thirus Tours and Travels 1-A, Brindavan Street, West Mambalam, Chennai-600033 Ph: 24806033; Fax: 23728424. Cell: 9841289636, E-mail: Hyderabad Tour Day01 19/11/10 DEPART CHENNAI Evening departs Chennai Central railway station to Hyderabad by Charminar Express (Train No. 2759) at 18.10hrs. All students should assemble in their respective berths by 17.00hrs. (Coach no. S10) Over night journey by TRAIN. HYDERABAD Morning 08.00hrs arrive Hyderabad. On arrival, check into hotel. After lunch visit Golconda Fort. - Night halt Hotel Pearl Regency. HYDERABAD Morning after breakfast visit to Birla Mandir, Salarjung Museum. After Lunch visit NTR Memorial, NTR Gardens and Lumbini Park. Night halt Hotel Pearl Regancy. HYDERABAD CHENNAI Morning after breakfast visit Charminar, Mecca Masjid. Lunch at place of stay. Evening transfer to railway station to board train to Chennai. Depart by Charminar Express (Train No. 2760) at 18.30hrs. (Coach No.S13). Overnight journey by TRAIN. ARRIVE CHENNAI Morning arrive Chennai Central at 08.15hrs and depart home with Sweet Memories of the tour. Rs.3000/- per student. (All students and staff should bring their college ID card)</p> <p>Day02 20/11/10</p> <p>Day03 21/11/10</p> <p>Day04 22/11/10</p> <p>Day05 23/11/10</p> <p>Tariff:5</p> <p>Note: Reservation in train is done by computerized method by railways. Hence the organizer is not responsible for allotment of berths in train TARIFF INCLUDES: 1) All transfers, 2) Concession train fare ticket for onward and return full fare, 3) A/C Accommodation on multiple sharing basis with, 4) All meals, 5) Transport as per itinerary, 6)Toll, permit and parking charges, 7) Escort. TARIFF EXCLUDES: 1) Photo &amp; video graph charges, 2) Entrance fees, 3) Personal expenses like Telephone, Telegraphy, Laundry and other items of purely personal.</p> <p>6</p> <p>CONTENTSS. No. Chapter Page No.</p> <p>1. 2. 3. 4. 5.</p> <p>Introduction Hyderabad Trip Conclusion Appendices Bibliography</p> <p>9-14 15-30 31-35</p> <p>7</p> <p>INTRODUCTION</p> <p>8</p> <p>INTRODUCTION Tourism is travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment for more than twenty-four (24) hours and not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited.</p> <p>Tourism has become a popular global leisure activity. In 2008, there were over 922 million international tourist arrivals, with a growth of 1.9% as compared to 2007. International tourism receipts grew to US$944 billion (euro 642 billion) in 2008, corresponding to an increase in real terms of 1.8%.[2]</p> <p>Since the beginning of time humans have traveled. Food, water, safety or acquisition of resources (trade) was the early travel motivations. But the idea of travel for pleasure or exploration soon emerged. Travel has always depended upon technology to provide the means or mode of travel. The earliest travelers walked or rode domesticated animals. The invention of the wheel and the sail provided new modes of transportation. Each improvement in technology increased individuals' opportunities to travel. As roads were improved and governments stabilized, interest in travel increased for education, sightseeing, and religious purposes. One of the earliest travel guides was written by Pausanias, a Greek, which was a 10 volume guide to Greece, for Roman tourists in 170 A.D. Tourism is a collection of activities, services and industries that delivers a travel experience, including transportation, accommodations, eating and drinking establishments, retail shops, entertainment businesses, activity facilities and other hospitality services provided for individuals or groups traveling away from home. The World Tourism Organization (WTO) claims that tourism is currently the worlds largest industry with annual revenues of over $3 trillion dollars. Tourism provides over six million jobs in the United States, making it the country's largest employer.9</p> <p>Definition One of the earliest definitions of tourism was provided by the Austrian economist in 1910, who defined it as, "bob total of operators, mainly of an economic nature, which directly relate to the entry, stay and movement of foreigners inside and outside a certain country, city or a region." Hunziker and Krapf, in 1941, defined tourism as "the sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the travel and stay of non-residents, insofar as they do not lead to permanent residence and are not connected with any earning activity." In 1976 Tourism Society of England defined it as "Tourism is the temporary, short-term movement of people to destination outside the places where they normally live and work and their activities during the stay at each destination. It includes movements for all purposes." In 1981 International Association of Scientific Experts in Tourism defined Tourism in terms of particular activities selected by choice and undertaken outside the home environment The United Nations classified three forms of tourism in 1994 in its Recommendations on Tourism Statistics: Domestic tourism, which involves residents of the given country traveling only within this country; Inbound tourism, involving non-residents traveling in the given country; and Outbound tourism, involving residents traveling in another country. The UN also derived different categories of tourism by combining the 3 basic forms of tourism: Internal tourism, which comprises domestic tourism and inbound tourism; National tourism, which comprises domestic tourism and outbound tourism; and International tourism, which consists of inbound tourism and outbound tourism. Intrabound tourism is a term coined by the Korea Tourism Organization and widely accepted in Korea. Intrabound tourism differs from domestic tourism in that the former encompasses policy-making and implementation of national tourism policies. Recently, the tourism industry has shifted from the promotion of inbound tourism to the promotion of intrabound tourism because many countries are experiencing tough competition for inbound tourists. Some national policymakers have shifted10</p> <p>their priority to the promotion of intrabound tourism to contribute to the local economy. Examples of such campaigns include "See America" in the United States, "Get Going Canada" in Canada, and "Guseok Guseok" (corner to corner) in South Korea. Before people are able to experience tourism they usually need disposable income (i.e. money to spend on non-essentials); time off from work or other responsibilities; leisure time tourism infrastructure, such as transport and accommodation; and legal clearance to travel. Individually, sufficient health is also a condition, and of course the inclination to travel. Furthermore, in some countries there are legal restrictions on travelling, especially abroad. Certain states with strong governmental control over the lives of citizens (notably established Communist states) may restrict foreign travel only to trustworthy citizens. The United States prohibits its citizens from traveling to some countries, for example Cuba. Types of transfer and tours When purchasing a seat in a bus tour. You will join a different party for every service. One day your tour group may have fifteen persons; next day your tour group may have four persons or even just the two of you. But always with the services of a local host, you will never be on your own during the operation of a transfer or a tour. Most SIB tours in Latin America will have six to twenty five persons. Except in Rio or Buenos Aires, you will not have a 40-passenger bus like in Europe, unless you are part of a large group traveling together. The disadvantage of a SIB tour is that buses pick up from several hotels and the guides give the tour in several languages. The advantage is the price. The hotel pick-up time may take up to 90 minutes. This type of tour is not recommended for VIP or impatient travelers; they get annoyed by the time wasted stopping at several hotels and by the multi language tour guide. Fiesta Tours Int'l has created a new category of Seat-in-Bus tour, we call it Seat-in-Bus Premium (semi-private); tours are guided only in one language, vans pickup travelers from no more than three hotels and most of the times the groups are eight people or less, we use deluxe vans in Lima and in Cuzco, and best available vehicle in the rest of the country. The average extra cost per person is $20 for a half day tour, and $30 for a full day tour.11</p> <p>TYPES OF TOUR PACKAGE</p> <p>FIT or Foreign Independent Traveler For travelers who do not want to be part of a group, but they want to travel in an organized tour. This is the most popular way to travel to Latin America. A tour for FIT's can be operated as a Seat-in-Bus tour (SIB) or as a Private Tour. Foreign Independent Traveler "does not mean" you will be on your own; you will always have a local host for every service you have arranged. Group Tour When the same group follows the same itinerary from beginning to end. Variations or modifications of the itinerary are impossible. Optional Pre and Post Tours are very popular for group tours. A group tour can be locally hosted or fully escorted.</p> <p>Fully Escorted In addition to your local tour guide, a tour manager travels with you throughout the complete itinerary, and he is available 24-hours a day. The Tour Manager main responsibilities are to oversee the complete operation of the itinerary, organize dinning outing and activities during the free time in the itinerary. Sort of hold your hand during the whole trip. Fully Escorted Group Departures were very popular several years ago when Latin America was less popular than it is today. The price of a fully escorted tour is higher because all the participants must share the cost of the airline ticket, meals, hotels and remuneration of the tour manager. Airlines usually provide one free ticket for groups larger than 25 persons and hotels will grant one complimentary room for groups using 15 or more rooms.12</p> <p>Inclusive Tours</p> <p>Inclusive tours, including the GIT, generally are put together by a tour organizer who packages together travel, accommodation and other services, such as insurance, meals, and sightseeing. The cost of purchasing the package is cheaper for the tourist than the escost to purchase each component separately Adventure tourism As a kind of tourism in India, adventure tourism has recently grown in India. This involves exploration of remote areas and exotic locales and engaging in various activities. For adventure tourism in India, tourists prefer to go for trekking to places like Ladakh, Sikkim, and Himalaya. Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir are popular for the skiing facilities they offer. Whitewater rafting is also catching on in India and tourists flock to places such as Uttranchal, Assam, and Arunachal Pradesh for this adrenalin-packed activity. Transport: Transport refers to means of traveling from one place to another. Air, railways, road and sea are the basic categories that transport is divided into. Road transport: Coaches and tourist cars provide scope for self employment. Drivers with good conversation skills and knowledge of different languages are ideal for this job. Tour operators: These individuals organize tours and manage travel and stay of their clients. They conduct tours to known tourist attractions and some of them help the tourists indulge in adventure sports like river rafting and rock climbing. To do this</p> <p>13</p> <p>job, you have to have a pleasant personality, detailed knowledge concerning travel and language skills suitable job.</p> <p>Time share companies: These companies own/manage holiday resorts with time shares owned by different members of these companies. It leads to another set of companies which provide services relating to sale/transfer/exchange of these time shares with an international network of resorts. You have the option o...</p>