fundamentals on petroeum engineering - geology field trip report
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DESCRIPTIONGeology field trip report by Ass. Prof. Dr. Chow Weng Sum, Adnan Hanapai , April 4, 2009Very comprehensive field trip report, with many photos and graphical presentations. Excellent for first cycle students in the field of geology and petroleum engineering
Geology Fieldtrip ReportAdnan Hanapai Fundamental of Petroleum Engineering [PAB 1012]By Assoc. Prof. Dr. Chow Weng SumApril 4, 2009
1.0 IntroductionThe area of the fieldtrip is considered range of area from Sri Iskandar and Kinta Valley till Cameron Highland.
The point of the trip was to see some real life examples of some of the things that we have studied over the course of this semester. Actually, being able to see examples such as fault plane, bedding, metamorphism, and some types of rocks really helped me understand a little more. This trip, lead by Assoc. Prof. Dr. Chow Weng Sum, made several stops along the 78.03 kilometers way from Sri Iskandar to Ringlet, Cameron Highland; of which include Sri Iskandar, Batu Gajah, Simpang Pulai Quarry, abandoned quarry on the way to Ringlet, and Ringlet landslide area.
2.0 ObjectivesAnd the objectives of this Geology Field Trip: Students will name and identify the three rock types; igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic. Students will classify the rocks found out from the field trip spot. Students will be introduced to some basic geology process like fault, fracture and so on. Students will explore the methodology of calculating bedding in dangerous zone. Students will observe effect of weathering on some type of rocks.3.0 Observations 1st spot
On location 42257.82 North and 1005634.73 East, in the region of Sri Iskandar, there is some joint and fracture rock features reported from this area. The region covered with right and left hill along the traffic.More information is as follows: Bedding measurement : 335/60 West
Rock features exist :
Next spot is on 42824.80 North heading 1010414.78 East, near Batu Gajah town heading to Kellies Castle on Batu Gajah-Gopeng Interchange.Metamorphic rocks are formed when heat and pressure, and chemical reactiondeep within the Earth alter the mineral content and/or structure of pre-existingrock without melting it-Intro to Basic Geology, by Assoc Prof Dr Chow Weng Sum
The information at this spot is as follows: Rock type :
Bedding measurement :
**check for how volatile metamorphic rocks are, in CD attached in Appendix A (video).
Sedimentary rocks are found when loose sediments (sand, slit or clay) arelaid down and thin, these sediments may be thousandsof feet thick-Intro to Basic Geology by Assoc. Prof Dr. Chow Weng Sum
At 43206.40 North heading 1010853.32 East, Simpang Pulai Granite & Marble Quarry near Man Sing Kung and Megah Jaya Industries Sdn Bhd, very interesting observations found out there.
Besides, Dr Chow who is our professor-in-charge for this field trip gave a lot of information here. On how things can be so dangerous if not well taken care of and so on. Also included in his sayings, about the magnificent process of how marble are formed beneath the Earth in this quarry.From my observations, information is as follows: Rock type : 1. Biochemical sedimentary rock, Limestone can be used to make roads or cut into big blocks said Dr Chow on thatday.2. Granite rock3. Marble
That limestone hill can be metamorphosis by this granite to yield marblefor the quarry-Said by Dr Chow, April 4, 2009, at the 3rd spot of the fieldtrip.
Rock features exist :1. Karst steep and vertical cliff.2. Overhang may cause by fall of undercuft (dangerous type and severe damage caused if fall down)3. Undercuft cause by nearby blastered area and experience several shocks.4. Not-well-terraced if leave it and not well-taken-care-of, it may slide down.Gravel cover with corundum may yield a 9 MOH`s scale just thesame as Sapphire`s hardness-told by Dr Chow Weng Sum at the 3rd spot 4th spot
Next station is the abandoned granite quarry on the Simpang Pulai-Ringlet Interchange. Location at 43222.84 North and 1011847.72 East. Here, weathering may be varying. But mostly, at just change the color of the rock exposed to sunlight and rain. Rock type: Igneous rock and biotite (granite). Rock features exist:
Bedding measurement :
MethodologyCalculating angle fromafar. For safety.
Extra Info gathered : In the granite sample gathered by Dr Chow, mega crysts found embedded inside it.
This last spot located at 43448.62 North heading 1011928.04 East. This view above is elevated from 4005 feet bird-eye view.
Landslide is reported to behere 2 years ago-Said by the UTP`s bus driver at 5th spot
From our observation, terracing had been done, yet it is not well done (not proper). It can be seen at the top of the hill, erosion process is carried out by the Mother Nature.
Soil is to loosen down and sustainable for another landslide as the spot is humid and quite high in level of rain per day. Cutting of the top of the hill may causedanger if no serious quick-action is taken care-of time to time- by Dr Chow at the 5th Spot
Rock type : Graphite Rock features : Graphanite Schitz (layer by layer of different type of Graphanite)
4.0 ConclusionThe most important thing can be picked up during the field trip was that there are some of the basic geology process such as fault and fracture which may yield some features like overhang, undercuft, volatile rock and so on. But what can I say here is that humans nowadays, mostly, don`t care of the geological process happened around us. They just explore the Mother Nature, take It`s treasure and it is done, without considering how they affect It so much and bring hazardous state to others.For the close up, most of this learning objectives for this field trip are successfully earn me best. Thanks to Assoc. Prof Dr Chow Weng Sum for he shared his high-experience with us, and to all who participated in this field trip.
The process in effect today is shaping the landscape of the future.Metamorphism, faults, bedding,dip and strike, they all just move too slowly for us to see. So it is us to take a good care for them-Adnan Hanapai, author.
Adnan Hanapai11852Petroleum EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi Petronas