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  • 1. A FAMILIAR THEME ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT New Yorks Erie Canal 350 miles 88 locks Paid for itself in 7 years. linked New York City (eventually) with New Orleans.New Yorks Tech Valley Companies pursuing high technology-related endeavors can have a "living laboratory" in which to apply their learning.1825 2000s

2. A FAMILIAR THEME: States Rights In 1798 to counter a growing threat against government, the Federalists pushed four measure known as theAlien and Sedition Actsthrough Congress. TheVirginia and Kentucky ResolutionsClaimed the right to declare null and void federal laws going beyond the powers granted by the Constitution to the Federal government In 1828: Congress passesTariff of Abominations $45.00 tax on imports. Southern Congressmen claim the Tariff favors the manufacturing North John C.Calhoun issues theSouth Carolina ExpositiondeclaringTariff of 1832 nulland void 3. Influence of the 3 rdParty Candidate The Peoples Party (Populists) 1892 The Progressive Bull Moose Party 1912 A Third Party Platform often provides an outlet for protesting politics by focusing on extreme solutions to controversial problems 4. LOOSE INTERPRETION OF THE CONSTITUION As President Washingtons Sect. Of Treasury Hamilton uses the necessary and proper clause (elastic) when establishing the first national bank Alexander Hamilton As President Jefferson loosely interprets his treaty making powers to purchase Louisiana from France for 15 million Alexander Hamilton ThomasJefferson 1791 1803 5. WARTIME CONSITUTIONAL ISSUES Alien and Sedition Acts 1798 Alien Acts, 1917 Palmer Raids, 1919 Smith Act 1940 and Japanese Internment McCarthyism 1950s The Patriot Actand the response to the Terrorists Attacks, 2001 6. American citizenship requirements raised from 5 14 years; jail time or fines for anyone expressing opinions damaging to the government; President could deport violators TARGETED : Foreigners (immigrants, French and British radicals), and members of the Democratic RepublicansRESULTS: Federal government prosecuted and jailed Republican editors, publishers, and politicians Alien and Sedition Acts 1798 Espionage and SeditionActs 1917 A person could be fined up to $10,000/20 years in prison if they interfered with the draft, obstructed the sale of bonds, or saying anything profane, disloyal, or abusive about the war effort RESULTS: 6,000 arrests for loosely defined anti-war activities (1,500 convictions)House of Reps refused to seat a Socialists Congressman critical of the warSupreme Court hearsSchenck v. U.Scase in 1917 The Alien Registration Act of 1940 (Smith Act) The act, which made it an offense to advocate or belong to a group that advocated the violent overthrow of the government. was the basis of later prosecutions of members of the Communist and Socialist Workers parties. WAR TIME CONSTITUIONAL ISSUES 7. Horrible condition endured by African slaves during the middle passage 1660s Horrible condition endured by Chinese immigrant railroad workersin the 1860s HUMAN RIGHTS ISSUES: A FAMILIAR THEME? 8. Transcontinental RR 1860s The Panama Canal 1900 Manifest Destiny- Western migration and settlement fueled the desire for quicker transportation. A transcontinental RR was completed in 1869 connected both coasts Imperialismon the world satge The Spanish American War necessitated the need to make the US a two sea navy Transportation Innovation A Familiar Theme? 9. WOMEN in AMERICAN HISTORY Abigail Adams1776 Esther Hill1876 Womens duties inColonial America:Cooking, gardening, washing, cleaning, weaving cloth, and sewing. Supported one another by helping with childbirth and sharing equipment and tools. Womens duties onthe Great Plains: Plowing, planting, harvesting crops; milked cows, skimmed cream, churned butter, and made cheese; sheered sheep, carded wool, and sewed or knit clothes made soap, candles; milled grain, baked bread, cooked meals, canned fruits, and vegetables 10. Transcontinental RR 1860s The Panama Canal 1900 Manifest Destiny- Western migration and settlement fueled the desire for quicker transportation. A transcontinental RR was completed in 1869 connected both coasts Imperialismon the world stage The Spanish American War necessitated the need to make the US a two sea navy Transportation Innovation A Familiar Theme? Interstate System 1956 11. Gravilo Princip Serbia (1914) Emilio Aquinaldo Philippines (1899-1901) The Boxers China, 1900 A member of the Serbian Nationalist group the Black Hand,assassinatedArchduke Franz Ferdinand, igniting World War I Fought with U.S. in war against Spain (1898) lead Filipinoinsurrectionagainst U.S. occupation 1899-1901 Chinese secret society thatrevoltedto drive out foreign devils Responses to Imperialism A Familiar Theme? 12. Shays Rebellion Whiskey Rebellion 1786-1787 Massachusetts farmers were upset their property was being seized for failure to pay taxes. Daniel Shays lead angry mob during take over of local arsenal Volunteer militia force stops rebellion 1794 Western Pennsylvania farmers opposed Hamiltons excise tax on whiskey.Farmers refused to pay tax and attacked revenue officers President Washington sends 12,000 troops to stop rebellion 13. Whiskey Rebellion 1794 Western Pennsylvania farmers opposed Hamiltons excise tax on whiskey.Farmers refused to pay tax and attacked revenue officers President Washington sends 12,000 troops to stop rebellion Shays Rebellion 14. The pen is mightier than the sword Uncle Toms Cabin, 1852 Harriet Beecher Stowe Uncle Tom's Cabin helped to fuel the abolitionist cause in the prior to the Civil WarIn the first year after it was published, 300,000 copies of the book were sold The Jungle, 1906,Upton Sinclair It describes the scandalous living and working conditions, the lack of generally the utter hopelessness prevalent among the have-nots, which is contrasted with the deeply-rootedcorruption on the part of the haves, The Jungle is a major critique of capitalism and an important example of the muckraking tradition The Feminine Mystique, 1963Betty Friedan The book depicted the roles of women in and in particular the full-time homemaker and significantly spurred the womens movement 15. Jose Marti Cuba (1895) Emilio Aquinaldo Philippines (1899-1901) The Boxers China, 1900 Exiled Cuban Poet and journalist organizedresistanceagainst Spain using guerrilla tactics; Opposed U.S. occupation of Cuba Fought with U.S. in war against Spain (1898) lead Filipinoinsurrectionagainst U.S. occupation 1899-1901 Chinese secret society thatrevoltedto drive out foreign devils Responses to Imperialism A Familiar Theme? 16. REACTIONS TO IMPERIALISM and COLONIZATION 17. 18. 19. A FAMILIAR THEME? Henry Johnson and the NYs 369th Infantry; Harlem Hellfighters The 54 thMassachusettsinspiration for the film GLORY The Civil War 1860-1865 World War I 1914-1919 World War II 1941-45 332nd Fighter Pilot Squadron;the "Tuskegee Airmen" 20. SEGREGATION TO INTEGRATION The Civil War 1860-1865 World War I 1914-1919 World War II 1941-45 President Harry Truman desegregated the US military in 1947. As a resulted we have had integrated fighting forces in every war since Korea 21. COLD WAR THEMES - BERLIN BERLIN AIRLIFT, 1945 JFK, 1961 REAGAN,1987 22. MOBILIZING FOR WAR A FAMILIAR THEME? 1917-1919 1941-1945 23. Alien and Sedition Acts 1798 Espionage and SeditionActs 1917 RESULTS: Federal government prosecuted and jailed Republican editors, publishers, and politicians Ben Franklins grandson thrown in jail. RESULTS: 6,000 arrests for loosely defined anti-war activities (1,500 convictions)House of Reps refused to seat a Socialists Congressman critical of the warJefferson submits Virginia and Kentucky resolutions Supreme Court hearsSchenck v. U.Scase in 1917 REVIEW VIDEO 24. A FAMILIAR THEME? The Civil War 1860-1865 World War I 1914-1919 World War II 1941-45 Lincoln and theCivil War(1861-1865) suspending writ of habeas corpusCharles Schenck arrested for handing our pamphlets protesting the draftFree speech issue -Clear and present danger (Schenck vs. US) Japanese Internment during WW II (1941-1945) 25. The Dust Bowl Causes Effects Trial of Tears, 1838 Japanese Internment, 1942 Forced removal or relocation on a minority for political, social, or economic reasons 26. The Dust Bowl Causes Effects Homesteaders 1860sUprooted Farmers 1930s Post Civil War land rush drew thousands of families west search for free land and new opportunities Unemployed farmers leave failed farms and the dust bowl in search of work 27. A FAMILIAR THEME? Treatment of Asians Chinese Exclusion Act 1882 closed the door to ChineseImmigrants Chinese Exclusion, 1882 Japanese Internment, 1942 Executive Order #9066 establishes relocation centers for 28. The RED SCAREFAMILIAR THEME? Italian anarchists put to death in 1920 for robbing a payroll clerk in BostonMcCarthyism1950s Sacco and Venzetti, 1920s 29. PARANoIA. FAMILIAR THEME? Italian anarchists put to death in 1920 for robbingSacco and Venzetti, 1920s The Rosenburgs, 1950s Executed for selling Atomic secrets to the Russians 30. Alien and Sedition Acts 1798 Espionage and SeditionActs 1917 American citizenship requirements raised from 5 14 years; jail time or fines for anyone expressing opinions damaging to the government; President could deport violators A person could be fined up to $10,000/20 years in prison if they interfered with the draft, obstructed the sale of bonds, or saying anything profane, disloyal, or abusive about the war effort TARGETED : Foreigners (immigrants, French and British radicals), and members of the Democratic - Republicans TARGETED : Foreigners (immigrants, German decendents, Russian radicals), and members of the Socialist Party 31. A FAMILIAR THEME - CONTAINMENT June 25, 1950 communist North Korea invaded South Korea. United Nations troops drive back communist forces to the 38 thparallel. An armistice was signed July 27,