fall semester 2012 semester exam review
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DESCRIPTIONFALL SEMESTER 2012 Semester Exam Review. Why did the policy of treating the Great Plains as a huge Indian reservation change? White settlers began wanting the land on the Plains. Native Americans refused to remain on the Plains. Native American populations decreased and needed less land. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Why did the policy of treating the Great Plains as a huge Indian reservation change?White settlers began wanting the land on the Plains. Native Americans refused to remain on the Plains. Native American populations decreased and needed less land. The Plains failed to meet the needs of Native American peoples.
What was central to the life and culture of the Plains Indians in the 1800s?the horseland ownershipthe extended familythe buffalo
Most Native Americans responded to restrictions placed upon them by the U.S. government byabiding by signed treaties ignoring the restrictions.moving from their lands.seeking monetary compensation.
Why did little of the free land offered by the Homestead Act end up being claimed by settlers?The land was too difficult to farm.Few settlers wanted to move West at the time.Most of it was taken by people seeking profits.The government put too many restrictions on its use.
Bimetallism would allow for the exchange of paper currency forsilver only.gold only.neither gold nor silver.either gold or silver.
Which of the following was most responsible for bringing an end to the era of the wide-open western frontier?the railroadbarbed wiresheep ranchingbonanza farming
The main purpose of the company known as Crdit Mobilier was tobuild the transcontinental railroad.steal railroad money for its shareholders.obtain a monopoly of the railroad industry.obtain political positions for its shareholders.
All of the following factors contributed to the immense industrial boom of the early 1900s excepta wealth of natural resources.government support for businessa growing urban population.the emergence of the middle class.
Which of the following most allowed manufacturers to build their factories away from rivers?Electricitysteel beamsrailroadsthe telephone
The Sherman Antitrust Actoutlawed the formation of trusts that interfered with free trade.was supported by millionaire industrialists.was used by labor unions to fight for workers' rights.encouraged the establishment of large-scale businesses.
What made it possible to construct skyscrapers in the 1800s?cheap electric powerfire safety standardsthe invention of the elevatornew methods of making steel
Social Darwinism was used to justify all of the following exceptthe existence of poverty.the success of big business.the power of millionaire industrialists.government regulation of business.
Vertical integration, a business strategy used by steel mogul Andrew Carnegie, involvesbuying out raw material producers and distributors.merging with companies producing similar productsforming trusts.using new methods to increase production.
The use of standardized time and time zones was introduced in order to benefittelephone and telegraph operators.railroad companies and train travelers.manufacturers who dealt in interstate tradefactory owners whose workers had set schedules.
Why was Pullman, Illinois, an unusual town?It had one main industry.It specialized in a regional product.It owed its prosperity to the railroads.It was built by a company to house its workers.
Which of the following did Social Darwinism discourage?hard workIndustrializationgovernment regulationthe accumulation of wealth
In which of the following places did 146 female workers die in a fire?Haymarket Squarethe Pullman factorythe Triangle Shirtwaist FactoryCarnegie Steel's Homestead Plant
What did industrial consolidation and trusts reduce during the late 1800s?CorruptionMonopoliesCompetition interstate commerce
Which of the following resulted from the investigation of the Triangle Shirtwaist fire?the imprisonment of company officialsthe passage of the Sherman Antitrust Actthe adoption of equal wages for men and womenchanges in local labor laws for women and children
What was the goal of the Interstate Commerce Act? to build new railroadsto destroy the railroad industryto lower excessive railroad ratesto increase the power of railroads
The main goal of the Americanization movement was tolimit the number of immigrants entering the country.assimilate people of various cultures into the dominant culture.improve the living conditions in America's largest cities.encourage people to move from the country to the city.
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Settlement houses were founded in the late 1800s bynew immigrants.social reformers.political machines.industrial workers.
The illegal use of political influence for personal gain is callednativism.civil service.gentlemen's agreement.graft.
Which of the following issues prompted the assassination of President Garfield?TariffsKickbacksImmigrationcivil service reform
What is the main purpose of patronage?to increase government fund to increase government efficiencyto reward one's supporters to avoid concentrating power in one individual or group
Tammany Hall was the name of a famous settlement house.a New York Customs House.a New York City political machine.the federal courthouse in New York City.
Which of the following is an example of graft?using a cartoon to illustrate political fraud saying a project cost more than it did and keeping the difference for yourself choosing your friends for political officesusing the threat of force to get people to vote for a particular candidate
An example of patronage would bebribing a government official.assassinating a public official.saying one thing and doing another.appointing a friend to a political position.
Which of the following does not describe a typical supporter of a political machine?PoorUrbanfactory workeropposed to immigration
The Pendleton Civil Service Act required applicants for government jobs to pass examinations.native-born Americans to treat immigrants with courtesy.government workers to renounce all party loyalties.cities to provide services such as clean water to their residents.
The main goal of the Chinese Exclusion Act was todecrease Chinese immigration.create segregated classrooms.settle a disagreement between China and the United States.stop Chinese Americans from attending school in the United States.
The main immigration processing station in San Francisco was calledEllis Island.Tammany Hall.Angel Island.Hull House.
The factor that prevented the greatest number of children from attending public high schools wasracism.poverty.language differences.transportation problems.
Southern states sometimes used a grandfather clause to allow them tokeep uneducated whites from exercising their right to vote.distinguish between recent immigrants and longtime citizens.keep African Americans from voting while allowing whites to do so.deny voting rights to African Americans who passed the literacy test.
Cities in the late 19th century expanded with the development of all of the following exceptsubways.skyscrapers.airplanes.suspension bridges.
Skyscrapers were made possible by the invention of safer fire escapes. larger bricks and stronger cement. the elevator and a steel framework. the airplane and the bicycle.
Who expressed the belief that racism would end as blacks acquired practical work skills and proved their economic value to society? W. E. B. Du BoisIda B. WellsBooker T. WashingtonWilliam Torrey Harris
Which of the following did not keep African Americans in the South from votingpoll taxesgrandfather clausesthe separate-but-equal doctrineliteracy tests
How did George Eastman contribute to an explosion in the popularity of photography? by taking photographs of the Wright brothers' first flight at Kitty Hawkby inventing a camera that was larger and heavier than mostby inventing a camera that could develop pictures on the spotby inventing a camera that used roll film instead of heavy glass plates
In the Southwest, many Mexicans earned a living as railroad workers and agricultural laborers.small business owners. dockworkers and canal diggers.household servants and mail carriers.
Jim Crow laws were laws thatseparated the races.denied citizenship to Asian immigrants.taxed voters.promoted discrimination against women.
In the case of Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court ruled thatlynching was a federal crime.school segregation was unconstitutional.voting rights could not be tied to any form of tax.racial segregation in public facilities was legal.
The progressive movement regarded all of the following as worthy goals exceptprotecting social welfare.promoting business monopolies.creating economic reform.fostering efficiency in the workplace.
A bill that originates from the people rather than legislators is known asa recall.an initiative.a referendum.an amendment.
Who gained most from the ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment?party bossesordinary citizensstate legislatorsindustrial leaders
Which of the following best states the primary goal of prohibitionists?to eliminate the sale of alcohol to minorsto eliminate the use of alcohol in societyto reduce accidents in the workplaceto reduce the availability of alcohol to minors
In the mid-1800s, the majority of women who held jobs worked asservants.teachers.clerks.telephone operators.
Which of the following actions led to the defeat of Taft in 1912?his overuse of the bully pulpit his failure to continue the trustbusting of Roosevelthis refusal to sign t