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DESCRIPTIONIB Theory of Knowledge: Emotion as a Way of Knowing
- 1.EMOTION AS A WAY OF KNOWING
2. EMOTIONS SHAPE THE LANDSCAPE OF OUR MENTAL AND SOCIAL LIVES Martha Nussbaum, author of Upheavals of Thought: the intelligence of emotionsOur emotions accompany us throughout our lives When thinking of experiences and memories it may be difficult to consider sense perceptions and ideas without the inter-threaded emotions 3. WHAT ARE EMOTIONS? CAN BE ACTIVATED BY EXTERNAL CAUSES (CHASED BY A HUNGRY LION CAUSES FEAR) CAN BE ACTIVATED BY INTERNAL CAUSES (WAKE UP FEELING SAD BUT NOT SURE WHY) EMOTIONS ARE REACTIONS OR RESPONSES RELATED TO SENSE PERCEPTIONS, INTERNAL STATES, THOUGHTS OR BELIEFS ABOUT THINGS OR PEOPLE EMOTIONS PROMPT US TO REFLECT MORE THAN OTHER WOK. 4. HOW DO WE KNOW OUR EMOTIONS? On your own write on a piece of paper the answer to the following three questions:1. How are you feeling right now, at this moment? 2. How do you know? 3. Why do you think you are feeling way? Find a partner (emotion pairs activity) Write on a piece of paper the answer to the following questions: 1. What do you think your partner is feeling? 2. How do you know? Compare answers. To what extent do you think knowing your own feelings depends on knowing the feelings of others, and the feeling of others depends on knowing your own? 5. SO HOW DO YOU KNOW YOUR OWN EMOTIONS? BECAUSE YOU FEEL THEM JUST AS ONLY YOU KNOW YOUR OWN SENSE PERCEPTION OF THE WORLD, SO TOO ONLY YOU KNOW YOUR OWN EMOTIONS DIRECTLY FROM INSIDE YOUR DIRECT EXPERIENCE AND PERSONAL FAMILIARITY WITH YOURSELF LEADS YOU TO THIS CONCLUSIONCan you be wrong when you identify your own feelings? Are there times when someone else can identify what you are feeling better than you? 6. EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE Interpersonal Intelligence is: Understanding other people and their motivations and therefore able to work well in co-operation and collaboration Intrapersonal Intelligence is: Understanding yourself and what makes you motivatedWatch this clip (4 mins) The importance of emotional Intelligence Daniel Coleman. What are interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligences? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wJhfKYzKc0s&feature=related 7. KNOWING EMOTION THROUGH PERCEPTION WE PERCEIVE SOMEONE ELSES EMOTIONS THROUGH: SIGHT BODY LANGUAGE, ACTIONS, SLIGHT FACIAL EXPRESSIONS, SHUFFLING OF FEET HEARING TONE OF VOICE, PAUSE OF SILENCE, SIGH TOUCH SUDDEN SQUEEZING OF SOMEONES HAND, CLAMMY, HAIRS ON THE BACK OF YOUR NECK SMELL IT IS SUGGESTED THAT DOGS CAN SMELL FEAR? TASTE WHAT IS MEANT BY IT LEAVES A BITTER TASTE IN YOUR MOUTH? 8. PROBLEMS OF KNOWING AN EMOTION BASED ON SENSE PERCEPTION MISINTERPRETATION IF WE DO NOT KNOW THE PERSON WELL ENOUGH IF A PERSON IS FROM A DIFFERENT CULTURE PEOPLE CAN CHOOSE TO HIDE THEIR EMOTIONSGame 1: guess the emotion. A volunteer acts out the emotion and the rest of the class have to guess. Are some emotions easier to read than others? Game 2: Chinese whispers with body language. What can go wrong? 9. KNOWING EMOTION THROUGH LANGUAGE OUR ABILITY TO NAME EMOTIONS AND SPEAK OF THEM ALLOW US TO SHARE OUR EMOTIONS LANGUAGE AND PERCEPTION TOGETHER CONTRIBUTE TO OUR UNDERSTANDING WE LEARN THE WORD BY LINKING THE OBSERVABLE BEHAVIOUR TO DESCRIBE SOMETHING THAT IS INVISIBLE 10. PROBLEMS OF KNOWING AN EMOTION THROUGH LANGUAGE How can we be sure that the emotion we experience is the same as what someone else experiences? Emotions can shift or blend with each other e.g. love and hatred can become jealousy, someone can feel happy and sad at a wedding Words can be ambiguous Difference in opinions on naming and classifying emotional responses. Ekman said there are 4: fear, anger, sadness and enjoyment; Weiner and Tomkins said there are 2: sadness and happiness; whereas Tomkins says 9: anger, interest, contemt, disgust, distress, fear, joy, shame and surprise Differences across cultures and languages e.g. Schadenfreude (German delighting in others misfortune) itoshii (Japanese longing for an absent loved one Metaphors for emotion e.g. black for mourning in Europe, 11. 1. Choose three emotions/feeling s from the list. Write a description of them. Your partner has to guess which ones you have described. What problems do you encounter? 2. Are all these words emotions?relief wonder wonderful grief energetic dread empathy disgust apathy sympathy sweaty stupid cold ashamed hungry happy helpless hopeful merciful luckycontent pity vulnerable guilty hatred sleepy anger bored certainty tired irritated dizzy longing relaxed embarrassed surprised amused horrified excited annoyed proud nervousjoy love sadness anxious afraid lust envy rapture angst gratitude jealous confident compassion awe 12. Emotion and the Arts What do you read the womans body language to be?How does the structural composition of the painting heighten the emotional impact?How does the title of the painting affect the interpretation?Edgar Degas, lAbsinthe, 1875-1876 13. HOW DOES MUSIC CHANGE YOUR MOOD AND EMOTIONAL STATE? MUSIC CHANGES THE WAY YOU FEEL IN MOVIES? SAD, HAPPY, EXCITED. THE RAILWAY CHILDREN MUSIC CREATED TO MAKE YOU CRY HTTP://WWW.YOUTUBE.COM/WATCH?V=PEPVFZRXWPY WHEN YOU ARE DOWN AND TRYING TO CHEER YOURSELF UP WHAT KIND OF MUSIC DO YOU LISTEN TO? HOW DOES MUSIC REMIND YOU WHAT EMOTION YOUR FELT DURING A PARTICULAR EVENT THAT HAPPENED IN YOUR LIFE? WOULD ANYONE LIKE TO SHARE THEM?