deforestation. deforestation – cutting down the rainforests. the islands of the caribbean were...

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DeforestationDeforestationDeforestation cutting down the rainforests.The islands of the Caribbean were once almost completely covered by rainforests.Today, nearly of those rainforests are gone.

Causes of Forest LossAgriculturethe forest has been cleared to create plantations for sugar cane, cacao, coffee, and other crops and livestock.These crops can be important to the economy of the region.

Causes of Forest LossLoggingThe forest trees have been taken for their valuable wood.

Causes of Forest LossConstructionAs the economy develops and the population grows, we need more houses for people to live in. We build schools, hospitals, and roads. We cut down the forest to make space for these constructions.

Causes of Forest LossIndustrial ActivityAs society develops we make increasing use of technology. We build factories and chemical plants. These require space and also cause pollution that damages the remaining forest trees.

Consequences of Deforestationhabitat loss and extinction of speciesas rainforests disappear, so does the habitat thousands of species. These species could become extinct, forever lost to the world.

Consequences of Deforestationloss of trees impacts climate changefewer trees means that less carbon dioxide is absorbed from the atmosphereif trees are burned, then more carbon dioxide is released into the atmospherecarbon dioxide is a major greenhouse gas contributing to climate changeConsequences of Deforestationloss of trees impacts rainfallfewer trees means that less water is being recycled to the atmosphere by transpiration, which may reduce rainfall and cause crops to failConsequences of Deforestationloss of trees impacts soil erosionforest trees provide ground cover and their roots hold soil togetherwithout these trees, soil becomes loose, crumbles, and is easily washed away, a process known as soil erosionsoil erosion is worse when forests are cut down from hillsides

WHY?Consequences of Deforestationloss of trees impacts on floodingforests on hillsides help to prevent rainwater from pouring off steep slopesthis can lead to flooding in valleys below these hillsides

What you have learnedCopy and complete these sentences using these key words (soil erosion, extinction, deforestation, habitat loss, flooding):

The destruction of the rainforest is called .It is an example of for plantsand animals. Many rainforest species are threatenedwith as forests are destroyed. Forestsalso affect rainfall, soil and rivers. Their destructionmay create problems such as reduction in rainfall, and .In-class AssignmentGive an example of the consequences of deforestation discussed in class; how might these consequences impact future generations if deforestation continues in the Caribbean? Throughout the world?