ciudad de mexico8, castillo de chapultepec

of 39 /39
Este Este sâmbătă 29 decembrie 2012 sâmbătă 29 decembrie 2012 , , şi deşi e şi deşi e ste ora ste ora 23:00:57 23:00:57 , , nu nu -i prea târziu să te -i prea târziu să te îndrăgosteşti de îndrăgosteşti de

Author: michaelasanda-

Post on 22-Jul-2015




3 download

Embed Size (px)


  • Este *, i dei este ora *, nu-i prea trziu s te ndrgosteti de

  • Ahora mismo son las * h.Hoy es *

  • Chapultepec Park, more commonly called the "Bosque de Chapultepec" (Chapultepec Forest) in Mexico City, is the largest city park in the Western Hemisphere, measuring in total just over 686 hectares (1,695 acres). Centered on a rock formation called Chapultepec Hill, one of the park's main functions is to be an ecological space in the vast megalopolis. It is considered the first and most important of Mexico City's "lungs", with trees that replenished oxygen to the Valley of Mexico.

  • Calzada del Rey Street at Chapultepec Park

  • Castillo de Chapultepec (Chapultepec Castle) is located on top of Chapultepec Hill. The name Chapultepec stems from the Nhuatl word which means "at the grasshopper's hill". It is located in the middle of Chapultepec Park in Mexico City at a height of 2,325 meters (7,628 ft) above sea level. Maximilian I

  • The site of the hill was a sacred place for Aztecs, and the buildings atop it have served several purposes during its history; including that of Military Academy, Imperial residence, Presidential home, observatory, and presently, the Museo Nacional de Historia.

  • It is one of only two Royal Castles in the Americas, as well as the only one in North America that was used to house sovereigns: the Mexican Emperor Maximilian I, and his consort Empress Carlota, during the Second Mexican Empire.

  • The castle started to acquire its current look during the Second Mexican Empire, when Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico and his wife Empress Carlota chose it as their residence and the seat of their Court in 1864.

  • The Emperor hired several European and Mexican architects, among them Julius Hofmann, Carl Gangolf Kayser, Carlos Schaffer, Eleuterio Mndez and Ramn Cruz Arango, to design the several projects, which followed a neoclassical style and made the palace more habitable.

  • Botanist Wilhelm Knechtel was in charge of creating the aerial garden located on the roof of the building. Additionally, the Emperor brought from Europe countless pieces of furniture, objets d'art and other fine household items that are exhibited to this day.The castle fell into disuse after the fall of the Second Mexican Empire in 1867. Almost ten years later, in 1876, a decree established an Astronomical, Meteorological and Magnetic Observatory on the site, which was opened in 1878.

  • In 1864, Maximilian and Carlota arrived in Mexico, placed on the throne by Napoleon III as Emperor and Empress of Mexico. (Her father had been offered the Mexican throne and rejected it, years earlier.)

  • Maximilian and Carlota believed that they had the support of the Mexican people. But nationalism in Mexico was running high, Maximilian was too liberal for the conservative Mexicans who supported monarchy, and the neighboring U.S.A. refused to recognize their rule as legitimate

  • At this time, the castle was still located on the outskirts of Mexico City. Maximilian ordered the construction of a straight boulevard (modeled after the great boulevards of Europe, such as Vienna's Ringstrasse and the Champs-lyses in Paris), to connect the Imperial residence with the city centre, and named it Paseo de la Emperatriz ("Promenade of the Empress"). Following the reestablishment of the Republic in 1867 by President Benito Jurez and the end of the Reform War (Guerra de Reforma) the boulevard was renamed Paseo de la Reforma.Monumento a los nios heroes

  • Paseo de la Reforma

  • El ngel de la Independencia (The Angel of Independence), most commonly known by the shortened name El ngel and officially known asMonumento a la Independencia, is a victory column located on a roundabout over Paseo de la Reforma in downtown Mexico City. El ngel was built to commemorate the centennial of the beginning of Mexico's War of Independence, celebrated in 1810

  • Carlota bedroomIn a scandal, Maximilian and Carlota attempted to adopt as heirs the nephews of the daughter of Mexico's first emperor, but the American mother of the boys claimed that she had been forced to give up her sons. The idea that Maximilian and Carlota had, essentially, kidnapped the boys further eroded their credibility. Soon the Mexican people rejected foreign rule. When Maximilian refused to leave after the French troops pulled out, the Mexican forces arrested the imposed Emperor

  • Carlota convinced her husband not to abdicate. She went to Europe to attempt to gain support for her husband, but during that time, she slipped into what was likely a serious depression, described at the time by her secretary as "a grave attack of mental aberration. Maximilian, hearing of his wife's mental illness, still did not abdicate. Finally he was executed on June 10, 1867. His body was buried in Europe. Carlota lived in seclusion for the last nearly sixty years of her life in Belgium and Italy, never recovering her mental health, and apparently never knowing of her husband's death.

  • Maximilian and his Mexican generals Miguel Miramn and Toms Meja, were led up to the hill top square, Cerro de las Campanas, Queretaro. Seven uniformed men armed with rifles lined up; To each the Emperor handed an ounce of gold and he asked them to take good aim for his heart and make a clean death. He asked that the men not deface him, so his mother, the Archduchess, could see him once more in his coffin.. The last words of Maximilian were in Spanish:"I die in a just cause. I forgive all, and pray that all may forgive me. May my blood flow for the good of this land. Long live Mexico! Long Live Independence!,"

  • Fertilidad y abundancia, los vitrales del Castillo de Chapultepec

  • Pomona

  • Flora

  • Flora

  • Flora

  • Pomona

  • PomonaHebe

  • Hebe

  • DianaCeres

  • Ceres

  • Diana

  • Flora

  • Text and pictures: InternetCopyright: All the images belong to their authorsPresentation: Sanda

    Sound: Placido Domingo-El Triste (The Sad One) by Mexican composer Roberto Cantoral Luis Cobos - Mexico Lindo Y Querido (Popurri)

    ****The Column of Pedro IV (Portuguese: Coluna de D. Pedro IV) is a monument located in Rossio Square in Lisbon, Portugal. The monument was erected in 1874 and gave name the name Pedro IV Square to Rossio Square, though it was never accepted.History and DetailsThe column is of Pedro IV, King of Portugal, who was also the first Emperor of Brazil, as Pedro I. His bronze statue stands atop of a tall Corinthian order column. At the base of the column, there are the four female allegorical figures of Justice, Wisdom, Strength, and Moderation, qualities attributed to Pedro IV.There is an urban legend that the statue atop the Column of King Pedro IV had actually been originally designed for the Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico. As the Mexican emperor was shot in 1867, shortly before the completion of the statue, it is said that the statue was then bought for the beautification of Rossio Square. Several historians, such as Jos Augusto, have proved this urban legend to be incorrect, pointing out the details of the statue that clearly symbolize the Portuguese King, such as the Portuguese Coat of Arms on the buttons, the collar of the Order of the Tower and Sword.

    **El Triste (The Sad One) is a song written by Mexican composer Roberto Cantoral. It was performed for the first time on March 25, 1970, at the "Latin Song Festival II" (predecessor of the OTI Festival) by the Mexican singer Jos Jos. (El Triste) El Triste was included on his third studio album.General informationThe song talks about a person who feels a deep sadness because of the loss of a loved one, which could refer either to the loss of a spouse, a relative or friend, the song does not specify in what sense. The composition turned out to be very attractive both in lyrics and in its music, it catches the attention of the listener from start to finish, due to the rhetoric of the lyrics and its unique melody. "El Triste" is sung by Jos Jos on a considerably high tessitura, highlighting the power of his voice and his extensive management of respiration. He has said it is one of the most important interpretations that he has given due to the technical difficulty and the impact that the song caused.