chapter 8 printmaking
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DESCRIPTIONChapter 8 - Printmaking lesson plan Alabama A&M - Fall 2014
- 1. Printmaking
2. Printing MakingMATRIX the surface from where the image isprinted from.EDITION printings from a group of images fromthe same matrixARTISTS PROOF - various stages ofprogression that are marked in the printingprocess. 3. Printmaking: DifferenttypesThe process and materials of the differenttechniques influence the appearance of the finalprint.Relief printingIntaglio (engraving)Planographic (Lithography)Stencil (Screen Printing) 4. Purposes of PrintmakingThey may wish to make multiple works that areless expensive than painting or sculpture, so thattheir work will be available for purchase by awider group of viewers.They may wish to influence social causes.Because prints are multiple works, they are easyto distribute far more widely than a unique workof art.They may be fascinated by the process ofprintmaking, which is an absorbing craft in itself. 5. Origins of PrintmakingPrintmaking first arose in both Europe and China. By the ninth century,the Chinese were printing pictures; by the eleventh century, they hadinvented (but seldom used) movable type. 6. Relief printing: This is printing from a raised surface. I simpleexample of relief printing is a rubber stamp pressed into a stamp padand pressed onto a piece of paper.Printing Plates can be made from flat sheets ofmaterial such as wood, linoleum, cardboard,styrofoam, etc.Artist will first draw a picture on the surface andselect different tools to cut away the areas thatwill not print.Tools needed: Brayer (roller): this is used tospread ink on the plate. A sheet of paper isplaced on top of the plate and the image istransferred by rubbing with the hand or by beingrun through a printing press. Remember: Thefinal print is a mirror image of the original plate. 7. Relief. 8. Relief Printmaking Tools:BrayerBarenGougeBench Hook 9. Katsushika Hokusai. The Wave. c. 1830.10 1/4" x 15 1/8". 10. Wood Engraving In this method, artists use dense wood. Thehardness of the wood requires the use of metal engraving tools,but also makes large editions available.Emil Nolde. Prophet. 1912.12 1/2" x 8 13/16". 11. Linoleum cut (also known as LINOCUT) is a modern developmentin relief printing. The artist starts with the rubbery, synthetic surface linoleum, and just like a woodcut, gouges out areasElizabeth Catlett. Sharecropper. 1970.15 1/3" x 10 1/6". 12. Intaglio (engraving): This describes prints that aremade by cutting the picture into the surface of theprinting plate.Burin: This is a sharp V-shaped tool that theprintmaker gouges the lines of the image into thesurface of a smooth polished sheet of metal or insome cases a piece of Plexiglas. 13. Intaglio. 14. Screenprinting. 15. Planographic(Lithography):So relief prints are created from a raised surface,and intaglio prints are created from a cut surface.Planography however, is the printing of a flatsurface.Lithography: An image is drawn on the surfacewith a greasy material - grease crayon - and thenwater and printing ink are applied. The greasyparts absorb the ink and the wet parts do not. 16. Lithography. 17. The Diamond Sutra, section. 868.Length 18'. 18. Albrecht Drer. The Knight, Death and the Devil. 1513.9 5/8" x 7 1/2". 19. Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn. Christ Preaching. c. 1652.61 1/4" x 8 1/8". 20. Kitagawa Utamaro. A Competitive Showing of Beauties: Hinzauru ofthe Heizetsuro. c. 1796.15 1/3" x 10 1/6". 21. Mary Cassatt. The Letter. 1891.13 5/8" x 8 15/16". 22. Honor Daumier. Rue Transnonain, April 15, 1834. 1834.11 1/4" x 17 3/8". 23. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. Jane Avril. c. 1893. 24. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. Jane Avril Dansant. c. 1893.38" x 27". 25. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. Jane Avril. c. 1893.50 5/8" x 37". 26. Ester Hernndez. Sun Mad. 1982.22" x 17". 27. Elizabeth Murray. Exile. 1993.30" x 23" x 2 1/2". 28. Ellen Gallagher. "Mr. Terrific." 20042005.13" x 10". 29. Ivana Keser. Migrants Newspaper, cover detail. 2002.16 1/2" x 11 3/4". 30. Alicia Candiani. La Humanidad. 2004.27" x 40". 31. Stencil (Screen-printing)This is a technique where ink is pressed througha prepared screen.A stencil is a sheet of paper, fabric, plastic, metalor other material with designs cuts, or punchedfrom it.Screen printing is also know as silkscreen orserigraphy. 32. Terms to know:Print: an image produced by placing paper in contact with an inkedsurface and applying pressure.Pull: to print an image.Registration marks: marks made on the press or printing surface toinsure that the paper is in exactly the same position every time it isprinted.Proof print: a trial print pulled to test technical aspects of an image.Edition: a set of identical prints, numbered and signed by the artist.Artists Proof: one of a small group of prints set aside from anedition for the artists use.Body: the density of the ink. 33. HistoryPrintmaking was originally used as a form of communication.Engraving goes back to cave art, executed on stones, bones and cave walls.The duplication of engraved images goes back 3,000 years to the Sumerianswho engraved images on cylinder seals. They used the ability to createmultiple prints to indicate ownership of goods.Chinese scholars created rubbings from carved text, an early form of printing.In the eighth century, Japanese artists used printmaking to make multipleeditions of Buddhist manuscripts.The fourteenth century, Europeans used woodcut prints to distribute Christianimages to common people.Artist who have used printmaking as a art form: Albrecht Drurer, Rembrant,Katsushika Hokusai, Degas, Cassatt, Goya, Munch, Matisse, Picasso, Ernst,Dali, Kandinsky, Klee, Hopper and more.