CHAPTER 1 STONE AGE SOCIETIES AND THE EARLIEST CIVILIZATIONS OF THE NEAR EAST.

Download CHAPTER 1 STONE AGE SOCIETIES AND THE EARLIEST CIVILIZATIONS OF THE NEAR EAST.

Post on 25-Dec-2015

215 views

Category:

Documents

1 download

TRANSCRIPT

  • Slide 1
  • CHAPTER 1 STONE AGE SOCIETIES AND THE EARLIEST CIVILIZATIONS OF THE NEAR EAST
  • Slide 2
  • The Development of Humankind Most of human existence is prehistory. Apes to humans: hominids, Homo habilis, Homo erectus, Homo sapiens.
  • Slide 3
  • Preliterate Cultures Practical intelligence makes up for physical limitations Paleolithic Culture: making and using tools The Neolithic Revolution and Advent of Agriculture.
  • Slide 4
  • Preliterate Society and Religion Social Organization: elementary and extended families. Customs, laws, and democracy organize early societies. All of these advances occurred in different places on earth at different times.
  • Slide 5
  • Mesopotamia: The First Civilization Historians argue about how to define a civilization. A stable community, agriculture, architecture and writing 6,000 B.C.E. The southern part of Mesopotamia, in Sumer. Man vs. The Environment.
  • Slide 6
  • The Emergence of Civilization in Sumer c. 3200-2800 B.C.E. Development of language, pottery wheel, wheeled vehicle.
  • Slide 7
  • The Old Sumerian Period 2800-2300 B.C.E. Constant warfare erupts between cities. Theocracy Political upheaval arises as the result of despotic abuse of power. Slavery
  • Slide 8
  • The Akkadian Period C. 2300-2150 B.C.E. Sargon I, ruler of Akkadian empire that stretched from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea.
  • Slide 9
  • The Neo-Sumerian Period c. 2150-2000 B.C.E. Characterized by the restoration of order by the Third Dynasty of Ur. Religion as arm of the state.
  • Slide 10
  • The Old Babylonian Period c. 2000-1600 B.C.E. Hammurabi and his code. Mathematics and Society Literature and Religion The End of an Era
  • Slide 11
  • Egypt: Gift of the Nile One of Africas earliest civilizations. Attachment to the Nile River. Predynastic Egypt
  • Slide 12
  • The Old Kingdom c. 2700-2200 B.C.E. All power becomes central: the pharaoh. Pyramids
  • Slide 13
  • The Middle Kingdom 2050-1800 B.C.E. The Eleventh and Twelfth Dynasties restore order. Hyksos of western Asia rule much of Egypt.
  • Slide 14
  • The New Kingdom or Empire c. 1570-1090 B.C.E. The aggressive state and Thutmose II
  • Slide 15
  • Third Intermediate Period c. 1090-332 B.C.E. Amon priesthood ruled Upper Egypt Libyans from the west ruled central Egypt. Dynasty of merchant princes in the the Delta.
  • Slide 16
  • Nubia and the Kingdom of Kush 1600 B.C.E. Kingdom of Kush developed, relying mostly on the Nile and agriculture. Also united Egypt with African societies to the south and east. Eventually absorbed by the Ethiopian kingdom c. 400 C.E.
  • Slide 17
  • Egyptian Society and Economy Social organization Economy Religion Mathematics and Science Monumentalism in Architecture Sculpture and Painting Writing and Literary Texts
  • Slide 18
  • The Hittites c. 2000-1200 B.C.E. Probably entered Asia Minor from the northeast. Aggressive and tenuous monarchies. The Hittite Empire Hittite Civilization
  • Slide 19
  • The Era of Small States C. 1200-700 B.C.E. The Phoenicians The Hebrew Kingdoms Questionable accuracy of biblical accounts Hebrew religion The Aramaeans
  • Slide 20
  • Later Empires of Western Asia C. 700-500 B.C.E. The Assyrian Empire Assyrian Culture Downfall of the Assyrian Empire The Lydians and the Medes The Chaldean Empire
  • Slide 21
  • The Persian Empire Persian Government Persian Religion and Art
  • Slide 22
  • Conclusion What do we know? What were the major factors that allowed for the development of civilizations? Why did certain civilizations develop where they did? Make a prediction: how are these civilizations going to affect those that follow them?

Recommended

View more >