Chapter 1 Introduction to Online Journalism Introduction to Online Journalism

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<ul><li><p>Chapter 1Introduction to Online Journalism</p></li><li><p>How would you define journalism?</p><p>What is your reaction to this statement?The purpose of journalism is to comfort the afflicted and afflict the comfortable.Do you agree?If not, what do you believe the purpose of journalism should be?</p><p>Whats Your Viewpoint?</p></li><li><p>Online Journalism The Internet:The greatest advance for communication since the printing pressAn important information sourceas important as other mediaRules are in a state of flux</p></li><li><p>The Practice of Online JournalismRequires people with specialized skillsConsists of a blend of core journalism skills with technical knowledge and the ability to create online media content No typical online journalist</p></li><li><p>Elements of JournalismFairnessAttributionAccuracyRelevanceNewness</p></li><li><p>Advantages of Online JournalismAudience controlNonlinearityStorage and retrievalUnlimited spaceImmediacyMultimedia capabilityInteractivity and user-generated content</p></li><li><p>Nonlinearity and Modular ContentStories do not have to be accessed in a predetermined linear order.Individual users can experience stories differently.Story data can be arranged in multiple ways for different users and devices.</p></li><li><p>Range of audience involvement:Simple commenting on stories User-generated content (UGC)Citizen journalism</p><p>News organizations can provide a sense that they are listening to their audience.Audience Participation</p></li><li><p>The Long Tail</p></li><li><p>The Long Tail ofOnline JournalismTraditional sources have limited time and/or spaceOnline content is not limited by time or spaceOnline sites should provide archives of previous content, links to related content, and deepen content by using multimedia</p></li><li><p>Types of Online Journalism SitesSites associated with already existing media organizationsSites associated with local TV and radio stationsSites that exist only on the Internetsalon.com, slate.comNews aggregatorsHyperlocal sites</p></li><li><p>Key Terms forOnline JournalismShovelwareConvergenceBackpack Journalist</p></li><li><p>ShovelwareLegacy media organizations provide most content in online journalism sites.Material is taken from newspaper or wire services and shoveled onto Web site with little or no modification.</p></li><li><p>ConvergenceInvolves two or more media (e.g., local newspaper and TV station) partnering to produce an alternate form of journalism, usually a multimedia Web siteAllows different media to share content and personnel</p></li><li><p>Backpack JournalistSomeone who covers a news story for more than one type of media and knows how to produce content for all</p></li></ul>