castries lions diabetes awareness month newsletter
Post on 06-Apr-2016
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World Diabetes Day (WDD) is celebrated every year on November 14. The World Diabetes Day campaign is led by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and its member associations. It engages millions of people worldwide in diabetes advocacy and awareness. World Diabetes Day was created in 1991 by the International Diabetes Federation and the World Health Organization in response to growing concerns about the escalating health threat that diabetes now poses. World Diabetes Day became an official United Nations Day in 2007 with the passage of United Nation Resolution 61/225. The campaign draws attention to issues of paramount importance to the diabetes world and keeps diabetes firmly in the public spotlight. World Diabetes Day is a campaign that features a new theme chosen by the International Diabetes Federation each year to address issues facing the global diabetes community. While the themed campaigns last the whole year, the day itself is celebrated on November 14, to mark the birthday of Frederick Banting who, along with Charles Best, first conceived the idea which led to the discovery of insulin in 1921.
Healthy Living and Diabetes is the World Diabetes Day theme for 2014-2016.
A L O O K I N S I D E
World Diabetes Day 1
What is Diabetes? 2
Diabetes Eye Disease 3
Steps to Manage Your 4
Club Information Note: Information Extracted
P R E S I D E N T S N O T E
In Altitude S P E C I A L E D I T I O N N O V E M B E R 2 0 1 4
H E A L T H Y L I V I N G A N D D I A B E T E S
Beatrice Mac Donald
Lions as we observe another
month focusing on diabetes let
us all join in spreading the news
about healthy living and diabetes.
Recognizing the growing preva-
lence of diabetes in children let us
focus on ensuring that our children
understand the need to eat
healthy. As parents let us provide
them with water instead of juice
when packing he lunch boxes.
As lions we are all connected by
the belief that we can make a
change. Let that change begin
with us as we try to practice
Healthy living starts first with
healthy eating, healthy habits of
exercise and rest and above all
ensure that we do the necessary
Let us as lions , if only for the
month of November make a
sacrifice and give up one
unhealthy habit,; this would be
the first step..
Lions Let us join in the fight
P A G E 2
Diabetes is a chronic disease in which blood glucose (sugar) levels are above normal. People with diabetes have problems converting food to energy. After a meal, food is broken down into a sugar called glucose, which is carried by the blood to cells throughout the body. Insulin, a made in the, allows glucose to enter the cells of the body where it is used for energy. People develop diabetes because the pancreas produces little or no insulin or because the cells in the muscles, liver, and fat do not use insulin properly. As a result, the glucose builds up in the blood, is transported into the urine, and passes out of the body. Thus, the body loses its main source of fuel even though the blood contains large amounts of glucose.
What is DIABETES?
Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms: Feeling tired all the time Increased thirst and urination Weight loss Blurred vision Frequent infections Slow-healing wounds Risk Factors: Being overweight Having a family member who has type 2 diabetes Being African American, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, Alaska Native, Asian American, or Pacific Islander including Native Hawaiian
Type 1 Diabetes Type 1 diabetes used to be called juvenile-onset
diabetes. It is usually caused by an auto-immune
reaction where the bodys defense system attacks
the cells that produce insulin. The reason this
occurs is not fully understood. People with type 1
diabetes produce very little or no insulin. The dis-
ease may affect people of any age, but usually de-
velops in children or young adults. People with this
form of diabetes need injections of insulin every
day in order to control the levels of glucose in their
blood. If people with type 1 diabetes do not have
access to insulin, they will die.
Type 2 Diabetes Type 2 diabetes used to be called non-insulin dependent diabetes or adult-onset diabetes, and accounts for at least 90% of all cases of diabetes. It is characterized by insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency, either or both of which may be present at the time diabetes is diagnosed. The diagnosis of type 2 diabetes can occur at any age. Type 2 diabetes may remain undetected for many years and the diagnosis is often made when a com-plication appears or a routine blood or urine glu-cose test is done. It is often, but not always, associ-ated with overweight or obesity, which itself can cause insulin resistance and lead to high blood glu-cose levels. People with type 2 diabetes can often initially manage their condition through exercise and diet. However, over time most people will require oral drugs and or insulin. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are serious. There
is no such thing as mild diabetes. Gestational diabetes (GDM) is a form of diabetes
consisting of high blood glucose levels during
pregnancy. It develops in one in 25 pregnancies
worldwide and is associated with complications to
both mother and baby.
Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms: Increased thirst and Urination Weight loss Blurred vision Feeling tired all the time Risk Factors:
.Diabetes can cause a number of health
complications, including diabetic eye
disease. To reduce the risk of vision
loss, all people with diabetes should
have a comprehensive dilated eye exam
at least once a year.
DIABETIES AND EYE DISEASE
P A G E 3 S P E C I A L E D I T I O N N O V E M B E R 2 0 1 4
High blood sugar (glucose) increases the risk of eye problems
from diabetes. In fact, diabetes is the leading cause of blindness
in adults age 20 to 74. High blood sugar in diabetes causes the
lens of the eye to swell, which changes your ability to see.
Cataracts and Diabetes A cataract is a clouding or fogging of the normally clear lens of the
eye. The lens is what allows us to see and focus on an image just
like a camera.
Glaucoma and Diabetes When fluid inside the eye does not drain properly, it can lead to excess pressure inside the eye. This results in another eye problem with diabetes called glaucoma. The increase in pressure can damage nerves and the blood vessels in the eye, causing changes in vision. Diabetic Retinopathy Retinopathy is a disease of the retina . The retina is the nerve layer that lines the back of your eye.
P A G E 4 - H E A L T H Y L I V I N G A N D D I A B E T E S 2 0 1 4
Step 1: Learn about diabetes.
Take classes to learn more about living with diabetes. To find a class, check with your health care team, hospital, or area health clinic. You can also search online.
Join a support group in-person or online to get peer support with managing your diabetes.
Read about diabetes online. Go to www.YourDiabetesInfo.org.
Step 2: Know your diabetes ABCs. Talk to your health care team about how to man-age your A1C, Blood pressure, and Cholesterol. This can help lower your chances of having a heart attack, stroke, or other diabetes problems. A for the A1C test (A-one-C). The A1C is a blood test that measures your average blood sugar level over the past three months. It is different from the blood sugar
checks you do each day.
B for Blood pressure. Blood pressure is the force of your blood against the wall of your blood vessels. If your blood pressure gets too high, it makes your heart work too hard. It can cause a heart attack, stroke, and damage your kidneys and eyes. If your blood pressure gets too high, it makes your heart work too hard. It can cause a heart attack, stroke, and damage your kidneys and eyes. C for Cholesterol There are two kinds of cholesterol in your blood: LDL and HDL. LDL or bad cholesterol can build up and clog your blood vessels. It can cause a heart attack or stroke.
I N A L T I T U D E
4 Steps to Manage Your Diabetes for Life Know the warning signs
Lack of interest and Concentration
Vomiting and stomach pain (often mistaken as the flu)
A tingling sensation or numbness in the hands or feet
Step 3: Learn how to live with diabetes It is common to feel overwhelmed, sad, or angry when you are living with diabetes. You may know the steps you should take to stay healthy, but have trouble sticking with your plan over time. This section has tips on how to cope with your diabetes, eat well, and be active. Cope with your diabetes. Stress can raise your blood sugar. Learn ways to lower your stress. Try deep breathing, gardening, taking a walk, meditating, working on your hobby, or listening to your favorite music.