by: ms. susan m. pojer. regions of latin america central america the caribbean south america south...

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  • By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer

  • Regions of Latin AmericaCentral AmericaThe CaribbeanSouth America

  • Satellite Image of Latin America

  • Bodies of WaterAtlantic OceanPacific OceanGulf of MexicoCaribbean SeaAmazon R.Orinoco R.Uruguay R.Magdalena R.Sao Francisco R.Lake TiticacaLake MaracaiboRio de La PlataParana R.

  • Mountains and PeaksAndes Mts.Sierra Madres Mts.Guiana HighlandsBrazilian HighlandsPatagonian Plateau

  • Andes Mountains (Peru)

  • AndesOne of the longest, continual chain of mountains in the worldRuns North to South through 7 countries in South AmericaHome to several volcanoesHighest peak is Aconcagua

  • Llamas in the Andes

  • LlamasDomesticated camel-like animal used in Andean culturesUsed for meat, wool and moving various itemsLlamas are very social animals, living in herds. They can learn simple tasks

  • The Sierra Madres, Mexico

  • Sierra Madres MtsThese mountains are known as a cordillera- 2 parallel mountain ranges separated by land. The mountains are separated by the Mexican plateau.Plateau- high, flat mountain like terrainWest- Sierra Madre Occidental (high plateau formed by volcanic rock)East- Sierra Madre Oriental (drier climate, more interior)

  • Guianan Highlands, Venezuela

  • Guainan HighlandsHome to Angel Falls (longest/largest waterfall in the world)Home to tepuis- misshapen, eroded, mountainous flat tops

  • Brazilian Highlands

  • Brazilian HighlandsCovering half of Brazil, most of the population lives here

  • Patagonian Region (Chile)

  • PatagoniaLocated at the southern end of South America, it is shared between Argentina and ChileThe name Patagonian comes from the word Patagon (meaning giant). The word was first used by Ferdinand Magellan (Portuguese explorer) in 1520 to describe the very tall nativesClimate/weather ranges from steppe like to cold, with glaciers coming into the lakes

  • Valleys Plains and BasinsAmazon BasinPampasMato GrossoGran ChacoLlanos

  • Amazon Rain Forest

  • RainforestMost of the forest is located in Brazil, followed by PeruRepresents half of the worlds remaining rainforestOne of the most species-rich areas in the world

  • Mato Grosso

  • Mato GrassoState located in Brazil, meaning thick BushesIncludes beautiful waterfalls, cliffs and canyonsCultures are a mix of native, African and European (Portuguese) descents

  • Orinoco Lowlands, the Llanos

  • LlanosSpanish word for plainsPlain- flat, low land, covered with grasses/shrubs. Animals mostly graze on plains

  • Cattle Ranching on the Pampas

  • PampasFertile lowlands with a mild climate, average precipitation, good for agricultureGrassesLocated between Argentina and Uruguay

  • Gauchos of the Pampas, Argentina

  • Gauchos (Cowboys)Located in Patagonia (Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay and Chile)They herd cattle on the pampasEquivalent to the American cowboy or the Spanish vaquero

  • DesertsAtacama Desert

  • Atacama Desert

  • AtacamaA plateau located between Peru and Chile Driest desert in the worldChanges in the elevation temperature are due to the Humboldt Current which is a cold, low salt content ocean current

  • CitiesMexico CityHavannaPort-au-PrincePanama CitySantiagoLimaBuenos AiresBrasiliaRio De JanieroCaracasBogota

  • OthersFalkland IslandsCape HornPanama Canal

  • The Falkland Islands or Islas Malvinas

  • FalklandsAn archipelago located in PatagoniaA British territory that enjoys internal self governmentThe capital and only city is called StanlyLegal British citizensLong history of island disputes between the French, Portuguese and the British

  • Cape Horn

  • Cape HornNamed after a city in the NetherlandsLocated in ChileShips do not have to make dangerous voyages, they can now use the Panama Canal

  • The Panama Canal

  • Panama CanalLocated in the country of Panama, which is an isthmus- narrow strip of land connecting two larger land areas, usually with water on either sideThe canal connects the Atlantic to the Pacific via the Caribbean Sea.Construction of the canal began in 1881-1914. Many people died while building the canal due to the tropical climate and the mosquitoes. Some builders died of malaria.

  • Going Through the Panama Canal

  • Atlantic OceanPacific OceanGulf of MexicoCaribbean SeaAmazon R.Orinoco R.Uruguay R.Magdalena R.Sao Francisco R.Lake TiticacaLake MaracaiboRio de La PlataParana R.Andes Mts.Sierra Madres Mts.Guiana HighlandsBrazilian HighlandsPatagonian PlateauAmazon BasinPampasMato GrossoGran ChacoLlanosAtacama DesertMexico CityHavannaPort-au-PrincePanama CitySantiagoLimaBuenos AiresBrasiliaRio De JanieroCaracasBogotaFalkland IslandsCape HornPanama Canal

  • Earthquake Zones

  • Active Volcanoes

  • The Tropical Hemisphere

  • LatinAmericanClimaticZones

  • Very Varied Climate Zones

  • Precipitation

  • Temperatures

  • Elevation

  • Altitudinal Zonation: Vertical Climate

  • Amazon Rain Forest

  • On the Ground Floor of the Rain Forest

  • Three-Tiered Vegetation

  • Three-Tiered Canopy

  • Native Indians of the Amazon

  • Jungle Fauna

  • JungleFauna- the animals in a region or areaFlora- the plants in a region or areaBiota- the living things collectively in a region or area; the plants, animals and fungi

  • Minerals of the Amazon RegionDiamondsAmethystQuartzBauxite

  • Deforestation in the Amazon

  • Original Forest CoverFuture Forest CoverCurrent Forest Cover

  • Agriculture and Fishing

  • Banana Plantation

  • BananasFound in tropical climatesNeeds deep, fertile soil, in particular alluvial soil to grow

  • Harvesting Sugar Cane

  • Growing Coffee

  • Rubber Industry

  • RubberProduced by latex in plantsTrees are slightly cut, through the bark, to drain latex sapStretchy, flexible and waerproof

  • Oil Drilling in the Gulf of Mexico

  • Eco-Tourism

  • Drug Trafficking Routes

  • Population and Projections

  • Population

  • LatinAmericasPopulationDistribution

  • Sao Paolo, Brazil

  • Overcrowding in Sao Paolo, Brazil

  • Squatter Settlements in Major Latin American Cities

  • Squatter VillagesSlums/shanty towns or areasPoorSome of the residents may be immigrantsOver-crowdingUnsanitary conditions, air/water pollution