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    Today Menu

    1. The World problem (session 1)

    2. The World Buddhism (session 2)

    3. Indonesian Buddhism (session 2)4. Buddhayana, What we can do? (session 3)

    5. Discussion (session 4)

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    SESSION 1

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    1. THE WORLD PROBLEM

    1.1 Financial Crisis/Krisis Keuangan

    Global

    1.2 Global Warming

    1.3 Terrorism

    BUDDHAYANA MENJAWAB TANTANGAN GLOBAL

    MEMBENTUK PRIBADI MILITAN INKLUSIF/MILITAN BUDDHAYANA

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    CRISIS?

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    WHY GLOBAL CRISIS?

    MORAL CRISIS DRIVE THE FINANCIAL CRISIS AND

    THE GLOBAL WARMING

    Graphic shows country-by-country response to the financial crisis andchanges in selected foreign stock market indexes.

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    Financial and Food crisis

    The other two drivers of the above were:1. Overpopulation

    2. Global warming, which was caused by

    unusually high solar flare activitywhich, in

    turn, gave rise to widespread droughts across

    the face of the planet. (Solar flares inhibit cloudformation).Oh my God! Lehmans Brothersalso collapsed

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    How Sub-prime happened?

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    Not my Brother anymore!!!

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    The End of Capitalism as you can see !!!

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    Oh God, r U there?

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    The death of liberalism

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    PERBEDAAN DOKTRIN

    SABBE SATTA BHAVANTU SUKHITATA (SEMOGA

    SEMUA MAHLUK BERBAHAGIA )

    VS

    PENUHILAH BUMI, KUASAILAH ISINYA. SEMUA

    BINATANG YANG ADA DIMUKA BUMI DAPAT

    DIKONSUMSI OLEH MANUSIA

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    Observed changes

    Global average

    sea level

    Northern hemispheresnow cover

    Global average

    temperature

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    Continued emissions would lead to further warming of 1.8C to 4C over the 21st century

    year

    Ranges for predicted surface warming

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    N2O from agriculture &

    others

    Global anthropogenic GHG emissions

    Global atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases have

    increased markedly as a result of human activities, with an increase

    of 70% in 1970-2004

    CO2 from fossil fuel &

    other sources

    CH4 from agriculture,

    waste & energy

    CO2 from deforestation, decay &

    peat

    F-gases

    60

    50

    40

    30

    20

    10

    0

    1970 1980 1990 2000 2004

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    Challenges for agriculture

    During the last four decades, agricultural land gained almost 500 Mha from forests and

    other land uses

    An additional 500 Mha is projected to be converted toagriculture in 1997-2020, mostly in Latin America and Sub-

    Saharan Africa

    The growth in global daily availability of calories per capita:

    has not resolved food insecurity and malnutrition in

    poor countries

    has increased pressure on the environment

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    GHG emissions from livestock production

    80% of emissions from agriculture

    18% of all greenhouse-gas emissions from human activities,

    including:

    9% of CO2

    37% of CH4 - 23 times

    the Global Warming Potential of CO2over 100 years, 62 over 20 years

    65% of N2O - 296 times the GWP of CO2over 100 yrs, 275 over 20 yrs

    Source: FAO, 2006

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    Proportion of GHG emissions from

    different parts of livestock production

    Source: The Lancet, 2007

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    Energy cost of meat production

    0.4 pounds

    of CO2-eq

    10 pounds of

    CO2-eq, 25

    times as much

    Source: New York Times, 2008

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    Impacts of livestock on land use

    The livestock sector is by far the single largest anthropogenic user of land

    Livestock production accounts for 70% of all agricultural land and

    30% of the worlds surface land area

    Source: FAO, 2006; Goodland R. et al,1999

    20% pasture land is degraded because of overgrazing, compaction and

    erosion

    70% of previous forested land in the Amazon is occupied by cattle pastures, and crops for

    animal feed cover a large part of the remainder

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    Livestock is responsible for 64% ofammonia emissions, which contribute to acid

    rain

    Livestock is among the largest sectoral source ofland & water pollution with nitrates and

    phosphorus from slurry and silage run-off and from the use of nitrogen fertilizer

    Other environmental impacts of livestock

    Amount of water needed to produce 1 kg of:

    Maize.. 900 L Rice. 3 000 L

    Chicken.. 3 900 L

    Pork. 4 900 L

    Beef. 15 500 L

    Source: FAO, 2006; A.K. Chapagain and A.Y. Hoekstra 2004

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    Impacts of livestock

    on food availability

    A farmer can feed up to 30 persons throughout the year on 1 hectare with vegetables, fruits,

    cereals and vegetable fats

    If the same area is used for the production of eggs, milk or

    meat, the number of persons fed varies from 5 to 10

    1/3 of the worlds cereal harvest and over 90% of soya is used for animal feed, despite inherentinefficiencies:

    It takes

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    Health effects of meat

    consumption

    Some type of cancer

    Heart disease

    Type 2 diabetes Obesity

    Consumption of red meat presents health risks, largely due to its saturated fat and

    high-protein content:

    Animals tend to concentrate pesticides and other chemicals in their meat and milk.

    Source: The Lancet, 2007; World Cancer Research Fund, 2007

    The World Cancer Research Fund says: Eat mostly foods of plant

    origin.

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    In 2006, farmers produced 276 million tons of meat

    Five times as much as in the 1950s

    World meat production (1950-2006)

    Source: World Watch Institute, 2008

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    Meat consumption per capita in kg per annum

    Source: FAO, 2004

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    Expected trends in the livestock industry

    Estimated doubling of global production of meat:

    229 million tons in 2001 465 Mt in 2050

    Source: FAO, 2006, Compassion in World Farming, 2008

    Estimated near doubling of global dairy output:

    580 Mt in 2001 1043 Mt in 2050

    Estimated growth in the number of farm animals used per year:

    60 billion in 2008 120 billion in 2050

    Growth in meat consumption leads to growth in factory farming Over 50% pigs and around 75% poultry

    are produced in industrial factory farms

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    The need for change in

    consumption patterns

    A reduction in the size of the livestock industry through reduced consumption is the most

    effective way of cutting GHGs from animal production

    A person who lives 70 years as a vegan will prevent over 100

    tons of CO2-eq

    Change in consumption patterns will be required

    to achieve a low-carbon & sustainable society

    An estimated 27% of the food available for consumption is

    wasted in the US

    Sources: University of Chicago, 2005; The New York Times, 2008

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    Social

    Fresh water

    Energy consumption

    Disease Food productivity of

    farmland

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    It takes, on average, 28 calories of fossil fuel energy to produce 1 calorie of meatprotein for human consumption, [whereas] it takes only 3.3 calories of fossil-fuel energyto produce 1 calorie of protein from grain for human consumption.David Pimentel, Cornell University

    The transition of world agriculture from food grain to feed grain represents a new form of

    human evil, with consequences possibly far greater and longer lasting than any past

    wrongdoing inflicted by men against their fellow human beings. Today, more

    than 70 percent of the grain produced in the United States is fed to livestock, much of it to

    cattle.Jeremy Rifkin, Los Angeles Times, 27 May 2002

    While 56 million acres of U.S. land are producing hay for livestock, only 4 million acresare producing vegetables for human consumption.

    U.S. Department of Commerce, Census of Agriculture

    A report from the International Water Management Institute, noting that 840 million of the worlds

    people remain undernourished, recommends finding ways to produce more food using less water.

    The report notes that it takes 550 liters of water to produce enough flour for one loaf of bread in

    developing countries...but up to 7,000 liters of water to produce 100 grams of beef.

    UN Commission on Sustainable Development, 2004

    Social: While millions starve

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    Anthropocentric Arguments

    Does meat-eating maximize humanhappiness?

    No!

    There are serious costs:

    Environmental Social/Economic Nutritional

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    Environment

    the human appetite for animal flesh is a driving force

    behind virtually every major category of environmental

    damage now threatening the human future--

    Worldwatch 2004

    Deforestation

    Grassland destruction

    Waste Global warming

    Loss of biodiversity

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    Environment

    [T]he vast majority of grain harvested in theU.S. is fed to farm animals. This wasteful andinefficient practice has forced agribusiness toexploit vast stretches of land. Forests,wetlands, and other natural ecosystems and

    wildlife habitats have been decimated andturned into crop and grazing land. Scarcefossil fuels, groundwater, and topsoilresources which took millenium to developare now disappearing. Meanwhile, thequantity of waste produced by farm animalsin the U.S. is more than 130 times greater

    than that produced by humans. Agriculturalrunoff has killed millions of fish, and is themain reason why 60% of America's rivers andstreams are "impaired".

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    Environment

    According to the US EPA, livestock waste has polluted more than 27,000 miles of riversand contaminated ground-water in dozens of states. National Resources DefenseCouncil

    In Central America, 40 percent of all the rainforests have been cleared or burned downin the last 40 years, mostly for cattle pasture to feed the export market often for U.S.beef burgers.... Meat is too expensive for the poor in these beef-exporting countries,yet in some cases cattle have ousted highly productive traditional agriculture.John Revington in World Rainforest Report

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    Ramalan temperatur

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    In both financial and global warming

    Buddhism must contribute and take part to stopthe moral crisis

    Buddha teaching that aim to care and love for allliving beings (not only human beings)

    That Karmic law proven to be more realisticagainst the GOD law.

    Now buddhism play the rule to overcome theworld sickness of hungry desire

    M. Ghandi the earth can feed every one, but notgreedy one.

    k h h d k

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    Langkah Esensi terhadap 2 krisis

    tersebut

    Hidup berkesadaran Ajaran buddha mengajarkan kesederhanaan, ketidak

    melekatan.

    Ajaran Buddha dari A-Z bercitarasa pembebasan

    Semua peristiwa alam tidak terlepas dari Hukumhukum (niyama) bijaniyama, kammaniyama dll.

    Jadilah pribadi yg berkesadaran (mindfulness, eling,sati) yang selalu menjadi suri tauladan di tengah2masyarakat untuk memberikan contoh praktek hidupberkesadaran yang menyelamatkan bumi danmengurangi keserakahan. Itulah sebabnya agamaBuddha begitu dikagumi oleh dunia barat saat ini.

    b

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    Anyone can go to Heaven Just be

    Good! Ajahn Bram, Dhammika

    Nasehat Buddha adalah : Berbuat Kebajikan, JauhiKejahatan, dan Sucikan Pikiran.

    Dalam kasus apapun, makan daging tiruan masih jauh lebihbaik dari makan daging binatang asli.

    Nasehat Buddha :Semua makhluk mencintai kehidupan,

    Semua makhluk mencintai kebahagiaan.

    Dengan diri sendiri sebagai perbandingan,

    kamu tidak seharusnya melukai atau membunuh,

    Atau menyebabkan luka atau terbunuhnya makhluk lain.

    Dalam kasus apapun, makan daging tiruan masih jauh lebihbaik dari makan daging binatang asli.

    1 3 T i

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    1.3 Terrorism

    Selalu ada kelompok dalam tiap

    agama yang merasa paling benar

    dan paling suci.

    Noordin M. Top brotherhood

    Hukum pendulum

    Inclusive militants/Militan inklusif

    Buddhayana is our solutionsPerang salib

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    DOGMATIS VS EHIPASIKO

    VEN. METTANANDO PhD (BIKU THAILAND, PENASEHATKHUSUS SEKJEN WCRP) LULUSAN OXFORD DAN HARVARD. MENGGUGAT DISKRIMINASI GENDER DALAM AGAMA BUDDHA

    LEWAT BUKUNYA : WAS THE LORD BUDDHA A SEXIST?

    SANGAT MENYAYANGKAN DISKRIMINASI YANG ADA DI NEGARA2

    THERAVADA TERHADAP WANITA DAN SANGHA BIKUNI. MENOLAK TEGAS, ISI TIPITAKA YANG MENYEBUTKAN SEJAK

    SANGHA BIKUNI DIBENTUK MAKA AGAMA BUDDHA HANYAAKAN BERTAHAN 500 TAHUN DAN TIDAK TERBUKTI.

    BANYAK HAL YANG BERTENTANGAN ANTARA WARNING

    TERSEBUT DENGAN NASKAH2 TIPITAKA LAINNYA. SEPANJANG TIDAK ADA REFORMASI DALAM AGAMA BUDDHA

    DAN TIPITAKA, AGAMA BUDDHA AKAN MENJADI RINTANGANDALAM MEWUJUDKAN DEMOKRASI DAN PENGEMBANGAN HAKAZASI SERTA KEADILAN SOSIAL DI NEGARA2 INI.

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    DOGMATIS VS EHIPASIKO

    VEN. DHAMMIKA (BHIKU AUSTRALIA, BUKU : THEBROKEN BUDDHA) MENGUAK TABIR PRAKTEK DI NEGARA2 BUDDHIS YANG

    BERTENTANGAN DENGAN AJARAN BUDDHA SENDIRI

    MENENTANG PENGGUNAAN JIMAT, KLENIK, ROKOK,TATTOO DI KALANGAN BIKU2 DI NEGARA THERAVADAKHUSUSNYA THAI

    MENENTANG DISKRIMINASI TERHADAP WANITA

    MENGUNGKAPKAN AGAMA BUDDHA YANG SEDANG SAKIT

    DI NEGARA NEGARA BUDDHIS TERSEBUT DANMUNDURNYA AGAMA BUDDHA DI NEGARA2 BUDDHIS

    MENGAGUMI AGAMA BUDDHA DI INDONESIA,MENSUPPORT GERAKAN2 NON SEKTARIAN