Bishopstoke Conservation Area Appraisal and Management ... aUGUST 2009 Adopted April 2011 Bishopstoke Conservation Area Appraisal and Management proposals Supplementary planning document

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<ul><li><p>draftaUGUST 2009</p><p>AdoptedApril 2011</p><p>Bishopstoke Conservation Area Appraisal and Management proposalsSupplementary planning document</p></li><li><p>preface</p><p>What is it about?</p><p>This document reviews the existing Bishopstoke conservation area and uses the information gathered to formulate management proposals to improve and enhance the area.</p><p>What is it for? </p><p> ToprovideguidancesupplementarytotheCouncilslocalplansavedpolicies and the future local development framework. Toassistresidentsanddeveloperswhenconsideringdevelopmentinthe conservation area. ToassisttheBoroughCouncil,asLocalPlanningAuthority,withplanning decisions and future development.</p><p>Adoption</p><p>Consultationforthisdocumenthastakenplacebetween26thNovember2009-7th January2010,duringwhichinterestedpartiesandstatutoryconsulteeshadtheopportunitytocomment.Therevisedsupplementaryplanningdocument(SPD)wasapprovedforadoptionbytheLocalAreaCommittee(LAC)andtheCouncilsCabinetandwasformallyadopted4th April2011.</p><p>Background information</p><p>TheevidencebaseforthisSPDwasdrawnfromnationalconservationguidanceandlocal information. </p><p>Statement of publication</p><p>TheOrdnanceSurveymappingincludedwithinthispublicationisprovidedbyEastleighboroughCouncilunderLicencefromtheOrdnanceSurveyinordertofulfilitspublicfunctiontomakeavailableCouncil-heldpublicdomaininformation.PersonsviewingthismappingshouldcontactOrdnanceSurveyCopyrightforadvicewheretheywishtolicenceOrdnanceSurveymapping/mapdatafortheirownuse.TheOSwebsitecanbefoundat:www.ordsvy.gov.uk.</p><p>AllmappingisbasedupontheOrdnanceSurveymappingwithpermissionofthecontrollerofHerMajestysStationaryOfficeCrownCopyright.UnauthorisedreproductioninfringesCrownCopyrightandmayleadtoprosectionorcivilsproceedings.LicenceNo.100019622(2010).</p></li><li><p>1 - introduction1.1 - purpose of Conservation Area Appraisal 41.2 - role of Final document 41.3 - Consultation 4</p><p>2 - Background2.1 - Statutory Context 52.2 - planning policy Context 52.3 - Status of the Conservation Area 6</p><p>3 - the local Context3.1 - History of Bishopstoke 73.2 - the itchen Navigation 83.3 - the existing Conservation Area 93.4 - listed Buildings 11</p><p>4 - part one : Appraisal4.1 - Character of the Conservation Area 154.1.1 Form 154.4.2 Spaces 154.1.3 Views 174.1.4 landscape Setting 194.1.5 Biodiversity Value 19</p><p>4.2 - the Boundaries of the Conservation Area 224.3 - Buildings and Structures 224.3.1 Archaeological Value 234.3.2 Unlisted Buildings 23</p><p>4.4 - intrusion and damage to Character 285 - proposals</p><p>5.1 - Boundary changes 295.2 - listing 295.3 - Article 4 (1) direction 29</p><p>6 - part two: Management proposals6.1 - Format of the Management proposals 306.2 - Habitats regulations Assessment 306.3 - issues and proposals 306.3.1 listing of Buildings, Structures and Gardens 306.3.2 the Use of Article 4 (1) directions 306.3.3 the enhancement of the Memorial Hall 316.3.4 Buildings that make a positive Contribution 316.3.5 trees 316.3.6 Walls and railings 326.3.7 Windows and roof tiles 326.3.8 landscape 326.3.9 parking 326.3.10 Monitoring and review 32</p><p>7 - references7.1 - publications 337.2 - Websites 33</p><p>Appendix A - planning policieslocal plan policies 34</p><p>Appendix B - proposed Article 4 directionArticle 4 (1) direction - confirmed April 2011 37</p><p>Appendix C General informationlocal Generic Guidance 44Useful information and Contact details 44General information 44Conservation information and Advice 44local Historic information 44Bats 44</p><p>Contents Page</p></li><li><p>1 - introduction</p><p>1.1 - purpose of Conservation Area Appraisal</p><p>Thisappraisalhasbeencarriedouttore-assesstheexistingBishopstokeconservationareaandtoevaluateandexamineitsspecialinterest.Thereviewwillprovideabasisfor management proposals that are aimed at preserving or enhancing the character and appearance of the designated area.</p><p>1.2 - role of Final document</p><p>FollowingconsultationthisappraisalandmanagementstrategyhasbeenformallyadoptedbytheBoroughCouncilasaSupplementaryPlanningDocument.ItprovidesadditionalguidancesupplementarytotheCouncilslocalplansavedpolicies.Induecoursethesesavedpolicieswillbesupersededbythelocaldevelopmentframework(LDF).ThisSPDwillcontinuetoprovideguidancefortheLDF.</p><p>Itisatooltobeusedbyresidentsanddeveloperswhenconsideringdevelopmentwithintheconservationarea.TheBoroughCouncil,asthelocalplanningauthority,usesittoinformplanning decisions and future development.</p><p>1.3 - Consultation</p><p>ThisadoptedSPDhasbeenpreparedinconsultationwithallinterestedparties.Bishopstokehasastrongcommunity,anditsresidentshavehadtheopportunitytoparticipate in the review process and the production of the final document. a local exhibitionwasheldandthedocumentwasmadeavailableontheBoroughCouncilswebsite,www.eastleigh.gov.uk.</p><p>ConsultationwasundertakenwiththeParishCouncilandtheBishopstokeSociety.Inaddition,allresidentsdirectlyaffectedbytheproposalsinthisdocumentwerenotifiedinwriting.</p><p>ThecommentsontheconsultationdraftdocumentwereconsideredbytheBishopstokeLocalAreaCommittee,beforeadecisionwasmadebyCabinetonthefinalformofthedocumentonthe4thApril2011.</p><p>introduction</p><p> Bishopstoke Conservation Area Appraisal &amp; Management proposals4</p></li><li><p>2 - Background</p><p>2.1 - Statutory Context</p><p>Conservationareasareareasofspecialarchitecturalorhistoricinterest,thecharacterorappearanceofwhichitisdesirabletopreserveorenhance,asdefinedbysection69ofthePlanning&amp;ListedBuildingandConservationAreaAct1990(TheAct).</p><p>Thestatutorydutyofthelocalplanningauthority(LPA)issetoutinsection71oftheAct.ItrequiresLPAstoreviewthedesignationofconservationareas,formulateandpublishproposalsforthepreservationandenhancementofconservationareas,andsubmitthemforconsiderationtoapublicmeetingintheareatowhichtheyrelate.</p><p>Section72oftheActrequiresLPAstopayspecialattentiontothecharacterandappearance of the conservation area and to the need to preserve or enhance itwhen exercising their planning powers.</p><p>2.2 - planning policy Context</p><p>Informationandadviceregardingheritageassets,suchasconservationareas,isprovided in Planning Policy Statement 5: Planning for the Historic Environment(PPS5)andtheassociatedpracticeguide,PPS5 Planning for the HistoricEnvironment: Historic Environment Planning Practice Guide. This practice guideiswrittenbyEnglishHeritagewhichservesasGovernmentsstatutoryadvisoronthe historic environment.</p><p>Theirpublication,Conservation Principles: Policies and Guidance,offersguidanceaboutarangeofissuesinthehistoricenvironmentandisreferredtoinPPS5.Itrefers to conservation as the process of managing change to a significant placeinitssettinginwaysthatwillbestsustainitsheritagevalues,whilerecognisingopportunitiestorevealorreinforcethosevaluesforpresentandfuturegenerations,(p.7,para.41).Theseheritagevaluescanbeusedtoidentifywhatisimportantforanareathatisbelievedtohavehighvalue:</p><p> Evidentialvalue:thepotentialofaplacetoyieldevidenceaboutpasthumanactivity.</p><p> Historicalvalue:thewaysinwhichpastpeople,eventsandaspectsoflifecanbeconnectedthroughaplacetothepresentittendstobeillustrativeorassociative.</p><p> Aestheticvalue:thewaysinwhichpeopledrawsensoryandintellectualstimulationfroma place.</p><p> Communalvalue:themeaningsofaplaceforthepeoplewhorelatetoit,orforwhomitfiguresintheircollectiveexperienceormemory,(p7,para.5,p27-322).</p><p>1, 2 Conservation Principles: Policies and Guidance, EnglishHeritage,April2008</p><p>Background</p><p>Adopted April 2011 5</p></li><li><p>ItsetsoutsixprincipleswhichEnglishHeritageconsiderprovideacomprehensiveframeworkforthesustainablemanagementofthehistoricenvironment(p7,para.3;p19-243):</p><p> Principle1:Thehistoricenvironmentisasharedresource Principle2:Everyoneshouldbeabletoparticipateinsustainingthehistoric environment Principle3:Understandingthesignificanceofplacesisvital Principle4:Significantplacesshouldbemanagedtosustaintheirvalues Principle5:Decisionsaboutchangemustbereasonable,transparentand consistent Principle6:Documentingandlearningfromdecisionsisessential.</p><p>Theseprincipleshavebeenusedtoguidethemanagementproposalsdevelopedin this appraisal.</p><p>English Heritage has also produced specific guidelines for conservation areaappraisalsandtheirmanagement: Guidance on conservation area appraisaland Guidance on the management of conservation areas. This document takesaccount of the advice set out in the guidance.</p><p>TheappraisalhasbeenadoptedasanSPD.AnSPDcannotcreatenewpolicy.ItdoeshoweverprovideadditionalguidancesupplementarytothesavedpoliciesinSection11ofthe Eastleigh Borough Local Plan Review 2001-2011,(adoptedMay2006andsavedbytheSecretaryofStateonMay2009).</p><p>Thesepolicies,whichimposeagreaterlevelofcontrolondevelopmentinaconservationarea,are: 166.LB, 167.LB, 168.LB, 169.LB, 170.LB, 171.LB, 172.LB, 173.LB, 174.LB, 175.LB and 176.LB. See appendix a for full details of policies.</p><p>Induecourse,thesavedlocalplanreviewpolicieswillbereplacedbythelocaldevelopmentframework. </p><p>2.3 - Status of the Conservation Area</p><p>TheBishopstokeconservationareawasdesignatedin1977.Sincethen,althoughanamendmenttotheboundarywasmadein1991de-designatingasmallsectionoflandinScotterRoad,theboundaryhasotherwiseremainedunchanged.Followingdesignationin1977,anydevelopmentwithintheconservationareashouldhavebeencarriedoutwithregard to its conservation status. </p><p>3 Conservation Principles: Policies and Guidance, EnglishHeritage,April2008</p><p>Background</p><p> Bishopstoke Conservation Area Appraisal &amp; Management proposals6</p></li><li><p>3 - the local Context</p><p>3.1 - History of Bishopstoke</p><p>BishopstokeisavillagelocatedapproximatelyonemileeastofEastleightowncentre,ontheeasternbankoftheRiverItchen.ItadjoinsFairOaktotheeast.Thepopulationoftheparishisestimatedtobe10,994(HCC,2009).</p><p>Thehistoriccoreofthevillage,whichconstitutesmuchoftheconservationarea,ispartofaprimarilyresidentialdevelopmentseparatedfromEastleighbytheItchenValley.TheRiverItchenandItchenNavigationbothrunthroughit.</p><p>Theareahasafairlyorganicplanform,basedonthedevelopmentoflargeresidencesaroundtheRiverItchenandtheItchenNavigation,extendingupthevalleysides.Overtime,theseresidenceshavebeendividedintosmallerplots,toprovidemorehousing.</p><p>TheearliestexistingdocumentreferringtoBishopstokeisaSaxoncharterof948,whenKingEdredgrantedlandtoathanecalledAelfric.TheboundariesofthatlandcoincidewiththeboundariesofpartofthecurrentParishofBishopstoke,althoughthemodernparishismuchsmaller.ThenameStokeorStochesisinterpretedasmeaningaplacesituatedonornearariver,containingamillorachurch.TheDomesdayBookof1084mentionsbothamill and a church. </p><p>ThelandwasheldbytheSeeofWinchesterwhichpossessedastringofvillagesalongtheeastbankoftheRiverItchen,includingBishopstoke.</p><p>In1807theReverendThomasGarnierbecameRectorofBishopstoke.HewasakeenbotanistandamemberoftheLinneanSocietyandheindulgedhisinterestwhenhecametoBishopstoke.Hisgardencontainedmanynewspecimensofplantsbroughtbackbytheplanthuntersofthetime,particularlyhisbrother-in-law,WilliamEdwardPerry,anotedexplorer.HefrequentlytravelledtoKewtoexaminethelatestacquisitionsandconversewiththeDirectoroftheRoyalBotanicalGardens,SirWilliamHooker.H.R.H.Albert,PrinceConsort,visitedhisgardensin1851.HisinfluenceencouragedotherstoplantrareandunusualspeciesinBishopstoke.SomeofhisoriginalgardenstillremainstodayinthecurtilageoftheprivatepropertyFriarmayne.</p><p>HerebuilttheRectoryin1808andbuiltaschoolin1842forthepoorchildrenoftheparish,whichuntil1871includedthevillageofFairOak.Healsorebuilttheoldchurchin1825,oppositeGlebeMeadow,whichservedtheparishuntiltheerectionofthepresentchurch,</p><p>Map1-LocationMap</p><p>the local Context</p><p>Adopted April 2011 7</p></li><li><p>StMarys,in1890-91.Thenaveoftheoldchurchwasdemolishedbutthetowerremainedaprominentlandmarkuntilitwasthoughtunsafeanddemolishedin1965.</p><p>ThomasGarnierwasrelatedtotheKeppelfamilyandescortedHenryKeppeltothenavalcollegeinPortsmouthtobeginanavalcareerin1822.ThismayhavebeentheconnectionthatlaterbroughtSirHenryKeppeltoliveinahouseinBishopstokecalledTheCottage,neartheRectory(laterrenamedItchenHouse).</p><p>BishopstokewasanagriculturalareauntilthecomingoftherailwaythroughtheopeningoftheLondontoSouthamptonlinein1840.AtthispointthestationwascalledBishopstokeJunction,andwealthierfamiliesfoundBishopstokeprovidedthemwithpleasantruralsurroundingstobuildahouseinthecountry.HouseswerebuiltforrailwayworkersastherailwayworksmoveddownfromNineElmstoEastleigh,thecarriageworksin1890andthelocomotiveworksin1909.Overtime,BishopstokeJunctionbecameEastleighStation.</p><p>Inthemeantime,thevillageexpandedeastwardstowardsFairOak,withareastothenorthandsouthofFairOakRoadbeingdevelopedwithhousingonformerfarmland,(BishopstokeW.I.,1999;Westwood,2000).</p><p>3.2 - the itchen Navigation</p><p>TheformationoftheItchenNavigationwasauthorisedbyanActofParliamentof1665,asariverwhichwastobeimprovedtoprovideameansofmovingheavygoods,suchascoalupstreamasfarasWinchester.AlthoughtheworksoftheNavigationendedatWoodmill,itspowersextendeddownstreamtoNortham,wherecoalwastranshippedfromcollierbrigsforcarriagetoWinchester.</p><p>TrafficontheItchenNavigationwasnotverygreat,andmuchoftheNavigationsvaluelayin winter irrigation and summer drainage of the adjoining water meadows.</p><p>TheActofParliamentof1665specifiedthattherivershouldbeMadeNavigableandPassableforBoats,Bargesandothervessels.Inordertoachievethis,improvementsweretobeundertakentoexistingpartsoftheriverandirrigationcanalsandnewcutsweretobemade.Althoughworkwassupposedtohavebeencompletedby1stNovember1671,itwasntuntil1710thatworkwasalmostcomplete.Thisenablednavigationupthevalley,asfarasWinchester,forshallowdraughtbarges14feetwideandabout70feetlong.Ahorsetowingpathranthefulllengthofthenavigationandtherewere15locksmainlyconstructedwith turf sides.</p><p>CommercialtrafficceasedontheNavigationin1869,anditcontinuedtodeterioratefortherestofthenineteenthcentury,untiltheHampshireCatchmentBoardbegansystematicmaintenancerestrictedtodrainageworkin1942,(Course1983).</p><p>TheNavigation,togetherwiththeriver,nowhasimportantbiodiversityvalueandhasEuropean,nationalandlocallevelsofprotection(see4.1.5BiodiversityValueonpage19andMap6-LandscapeCharacteronpage20).</p><p>the local Context</p><p> Bishopstoke Conservation Area Appraisal &amp; Management proposals8</p></li><li><p>3.3 - the existing Conservation Area</p><p>Designatedin1977,theconservationareaisonthewestsideofBishopstoke,adjoiningtheItchenNavigationatBishopstokePlayingFields(seeMap2-BishopstokeConservationArea-February2010onpage10).ItiscrossednearitssouthernboundarybytheB3037BishopstokeRoadandbisectedtowardsthenorthernendbytheC355ChurchRoad.TheprinciplefeaturesaretheRiverItchenwhichflowsthroughthecentreoftheconservationareatogetherwiththeItchenNavigationalongitswesternedge.</p><p>TheconservationareastartsatthebusyBishopstokeRoad,whichoffersnoparticularlynotablebuildings,asidefromthePrinceofWalespublichouse.HoweverlandsouthoftheroaddoescontributetothelandscapesettingwitharangeofmaturetreesalongtheriverandsurroundingtheRiverInnpublichouse.Therearelimitedviewsacrosstheflatlandscape south of the conservation area. </p><p>TheNavigationchannel,nowpartofthemulti-channeledRiverItchen,runsalongthewesternboundaryoftheconservationareaandscreensthehistoriccoreofBishopstokefromEastleighandtheB3037,becauseofthematuretreesalongitsbanks.Whilethetowpathbesideitlackscharacter,theNavigationitselfwiththetreescreeningprovidesasylvansettingforthebuildingstotheeast.</p><p>ThemainpartoftheconservationareaisaccessiblefromBishopstokeRoad,andforatimefollowst...</p></li></ul>