American Losses Battle of Bunker Hill Battle of Long Island Battle of Quebec Battle of Brandywine.

Download American Losses Battle of Bunker Hill Battle of Long Island Battle of Quebec Battle of Brandywine.

Post on 13-Jan-2016

219 views

Category:

Documents

2 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • American LossesBattle of Bunker HillBattle of Long IslandBattle of QuebecBattle of Brandywine

    N.S.C.A.R. Summer Tour 2012

  • Burgoynes Strategy1777 The British attempt to cut New England off from the rest of the coloniesBritish send General John Burgoyne to Albany, NY from Montreal where he is to meet up with two other armies

    N.S.C.A.R. Summer Tour 2012

  • Burgoynes Strategy

    N.S.C.A.R. Summer Tour 2012

  • Cut off New EnglandN.S.C.A.R. Summer Tour 2012

    N.S.C.A.R. Summer Tour 2012

  • The SparkN.S.C.A.R. Summer Tour 2012BATTLE OF BENNINGTON

    ~ 1,000 of Burgoynes forces captured

    Burgoynes Native American allies leave the army

    The supply chain to Burgoynes army is broken

    N.S.C.A.R. Summer Tour 2012

  • Campaign OverviewSeptember 19, 1777: The first battle of Saratoga (aka Battle of Freemans Farm)The Americans achieved their goals:Delaying the advance of Burgoynes forces Fewer casualties incurred, then inflicted upon their enemyTechnically a British victory

    N.S.C.A.R. Summer Tour 2012

  • Campaign Overview

    General Howe (British) alters the planHowes forces move to capture Philadelphia

    N.S.C.A.R. Summer Tour 2012

  • Campaign OverviewOctober 7, 1777 Second Battle of Saratoga (aka Battle of Bemis Heights)Initial British attack proves unsuccessfulGeneral Fraser rallies his RedcoatsAmerican General Benedict Arnold pushes back the British surgeGeneral Burgoynes army forced to retreat the field of battle

    N.S.C.A.R. Summer Tour 2012

  • Campaign Overview

    N.S.C.A.R. Summer Tour 2012

  • Campaign OverviewOctober 17, 1777 General Burgoyne surrenders to General Horatio Gates

    one of the Greatest battles that Ever was fought in America Major Henry Dearborn

    N.S.C.A.R. Summer Tour 2012

  • National ProjectThe National Project is to raise funds for the Sword Surrender Site at Saratoga National ParkThe donation will be given to the Friends of Saratoga Battlefield and all proceeds will go directly towards financing the monument and surrounding areas of the Surrender Site

    N.S.C.A.R. Summer Tour 2012

  • Trumbull PaintingN.S.C.A.R. Summer Tour 2012

    N.S.C.A.R. Summer Tour 2012

  • Significance for C.A.R.Great educational opportunity to explain the significance of one of the most underappreciated battles in our historyPreservation of one of the most important historic battle sites of the American RevolutionC.A.R. will be recognized with a plaque at the Sword Surrender Site for our donation to this project

    N.S.C.A.R. Summer Tour 2012

  • Saratogas SignificanceWithout this battle it is possible the French and Spanish do not go to war with England and we lose our RevolutionSaratoga was not only The Turning Point of the American Revolution, but The Turning Point for our Nation

    N.S.C.A.R. Summer Tour 2012

  • Saratogas SignificanceWithout this battle it is possible the French and Spanish do not go to war with England and we lose our RevolutionSaratoga was not only The Turning Point of the American Revolution, but The Turning Point for our Nation

    Saratoga - The Turning Point

    N.S.C.A.R. Summer Tour 2012

    (Slide 1)The Battle of Saratoga was one of the most important events in our ancestors fight for independence and kept the dream of a new nation alive. This battle would change the course of the Revolutionary War and provided the spark to the colonial military to fight on to ultimate victory. The vision of a new nation was kept alive by this battlefield triumph and more importantly this victory represented the first time the mighty British army had surrendered to the American forces.

    *Imagine being a patriot in the colonies in 1777. Since the outset of the war at the skirmishes of Lexington and Concord, the only news has been of the many British victories. While small successes have been reported from the fields of engagement, victory has eluded the continental army. The continental forces have inflicted major losses upon their foe at the Battles of Bunker Hill and Quebec, only to withdraw in the hopes to fight another day. Our untrained army has been no match for the professional military of Great Britain and the Americans have yet to drive their enemy from the field or experience British capitulation. We are getting beat in every engagement. General Washington has just retreated after the Battle of Brandywine and his army, and our revolution, is hanging by a thread.

    *British General John Burgoyne has just set out from Canada in an effort to join with two other British forces. His goal is to meet at Albany in an effort to cut New England off from the rest of the colonies, and force it into submission. *The British, since the outset of the war, have viewed New England as the head of the serpent, the source of rebel sentiment and fervor for independence. It seems inevitable that the Revolution is doomed to fail and its leaders will pay for it with their lives. *But then there is a spark. General John Stark leads the Americans to a decisive victory at Bennington, causing morale to soar in the colonies which restores confidence in our military ranks.News of Starks victory is troubling to General Burgoyne. Not only is his army reduced by approximately 1,000 men after the Battle of Bennington, but he also loses support of almost all of the Native American forces in the region and those that have travelled with his army from Canada.*Unperturbed Burgoyne pushes his army forward and comes across a large American army North of Albany. When they clash on September 19, 1777 at Freemans Farm, the Battle of Saratoga begins. Burgoyne and his men, nearly 6,000 strong, win this day, but not without suffering heavy casualties and losses. The casualties were so severe that Burgoyne decides not to follow up his first days victory with another attack, but rather decides to sit and wait. This strategic pause proves to be disastrous for Burgoyne, as the news he receives is unwelcome and detrimental to his plan. Burgoyne realizes his long awaited reinforcements will be significantly delayed, if they come at all. Burgoyne learns that General Howe alters the strategy to sever New England and will instead make an attempt to capture Philadelphia.

    *On October 7, 1777 Burgoyne starts what will be his last campaign. He believes it dishonorable to retreat so he decides to attack the Americans. This attack proves folly, as the Americans easily route his forces and capture over half of the British artillery. Brigadier General Simon Fraser regroups his men and begins a successful offensive that pushes the continental forces back. Hearing the news that the British are making a surge, General Benedict Arnold leaves his camp to lead a counter attack. Jumping into the fray he leads the Americans forces, overwhelming the British right flank. Although his horse is shot out from underneath him and he is wounded in the leg, his regiments take two redoubts and force a British retreat under the cover of darkness.

    *Ten days later the American army, led by General Horatio Gates, surrounds the remnants of General Burgoynes Army and forces his surrender. Major Henry Dearborn would later reflect that Saratoga was one of the Greatest battles that Ever was fought in America.

    *

Recommended

View more >