ADULT SUNDAY SCHOOL LESSON DANIEL S SUNDAY SCHOOL LESSON DANIEL’S PRAYER ... have not made our prayer before the LORD our God, that we might turn from

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<ul><li><p>1 </p><p>March 10, 2013 </p><p>ADULT SUNDAY SCHOOL LESSON </p><p>DANIELS PRAYER MINISTRY INVOCATION </p><p>Almighty God: Our existence is predicated on Your Love for us and for that </p><p>we are humbled as well as blessed. There is No One greater than You. In Jesus </p><p>Name, Amen. </p><p>WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW AND UNDERSTAND </p><p>The purpose of prophecy is to speak the Word of God to the people who </p><p>need it. The people to whom Daniel was writing needed to hear that their </p><p>captivity would not last forever. God would come to their rescue in His time and </p><p>return them back to their homeland. </p><p>THE APPLIED FULL GOSPEL DISTINCTIVE </p><p>We believe in the indwelling of the Holy Ghost for all believers and that the </p><p>Holy Ghost verifies and validates the Believer as part of the Body of Christ. </p><p>TEXT: </p><p>Background Scripture Daniel 9:3-19 </p><p>Key Verse Daniel 9:9 </p><p>Lesson Scripture Daniel 9:4-14 (NKJV) 4 And I prayed to the LORD my God, and made confession, and said, O Lord, great </p><p>and awesome God, who keeps His covenant and mercy with those who love Him, and </p><p>with those who keep His commandments, 5 we have sinned and committed iniquity, we </p><p>have done wickedly and rebelled, even by departing from Your precepts and Your </p><p>judgments. 6 Neither have we heeded Your servants the prophets, who spoke in Your </p><p>name to our kings and our princes, to our fathers and all the people of the land. 7 O Lord, </p><p>righteousness belongs to You, but to us shame of face, as it is this dayto the men of </p><p>Judah, to the inhabitants of Jerusalem and all Israel, those near and those far off in all the </p><p>countries to which You have driven them, because of the unfaithfulness which they have </p><p>committed against You. 8 O Lord, to us belongs shame of face, to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, </p><p>because we have sinned against You. 9 To the Lord our God belong mercy and </p><p>forgiveness, though we have rebelled against Him. 10</p><p> We have not obeyed the voice of </p><p>the LORD our God, to walk in His laws, which He set before us by His servants the </p><p>prophets. 11</p><p> Yes, all Israel has transgressed Your law, and has departed so as not to obey </p><p>Your voice; therefore the curse and the oath written in the Law of Moses the servant of </p><p>God have been poured out on us, because we have sinned against Him. 12</p><p> And He has </p><p>confirmed His words, which He spoke against us and against our judges who judged us, </p><p>by bringing upon us a great disaster; for under the whole heaven such has never been </p><p>done as what has been done to Jerusalem. </p></li><li><p>2 </p><p>13 As it is written in the Law of Moses, all this disaster has come upon us; yet we </p><p>have not made our prayer before the LORD our God, that we might turn from our </p><p>iniquities and understand Your truth. 14</p><p> Therefore the LORD has kept the disaster in mind, </p><p>and brought it upon us; for the LORD our God is righteous in all the works which He </p><p>does, though we have not obeyed His voice. </p><p>COMMENTARY </p><p>ADORATION (9:4) </p><p>Daniels mind was filled with the Word of God, and this fact is reflected in his </p><p>prayer, which contains many allusions to earlier Old Testament passages. This </p><p>prayer is a model for believers today as they approach God. After a brief </p><p>introduction (v. 4a) it proceeds with adoration of the Lord (v. 4b), is followed by </p><p>confession of personal and national sin (vv. 514), and concludes with the </p><p>prophets petition (vv. 1519). Here is the proper order, for only after the Lord is </p><p>praised and sin confessed is the believer qualified to offer requests to the holy </p><p>God. </p><p>9:4a Prayed is emphatic in the Hebrew, suggesting the fervency of the </p><p>supplication. Daniel addressed his petition to the LORD. LORD is the </p><p>translation of the Hebrew Yahweh, the particular name of Israels God. </p><p>Although this name emphasizes the personal nature of the prayer, primarily it </p><p>seems to have been chosen because this was a petition offered on behalf of the </p><p>Jewish people. The name Yahweh was associated early with the gracious, </p><p>covenant-keeping God of Israel and Daniels use of the appellation would in </p><p>itself be a reminder to God of His relationship to His people. Yahweh was about </p><p>to be asked to keep the covenant promises He had made to Israel. </p><p>Daniel addressed Yahweh as my Godthe basis upon which he was able </p><p>to approach the Lord with his requests. He was a child of God. Specifying </p><p>Yahweh as my God also emphasizes that Daniel rejected the false idols of </p><p>Babylon; his God was Yahweh. </p><p>9:4b Daniel praised and adored his great God. He began by emphasizing </p><p>Yahwehs sovereignty, addressing him as Lord (dny) and then calling </p><p>Yahweh the great and awesome God. Awesome (nr) comes from a </p><p>Hebrew root that means to fear, and thus the word means one who inspires </p><p>fear. Gods greatness and power produce awe and wonder as frail human </p><p>beings survey His works. </p><p>Yahwehs faithfulness is set forth as Daniel referred to Him as the One who </p><p>keeps His covenant of love with all who love Him and obey His commands. </p><p>Since the point of Daniels prayer is that the Jews might return to their land and </p><p>continue as a nation, the Abrahamic covenant must be in view, for it was in </p><p>this covenant that God specifically promised Abraham a land and national </p></li><li><p>3 </p><p>existence for his descendants, Israel. The love (esed) is that loyal love of God </p><p>by which He faithfully keeps His promises to His people, in this case, those of </p><p>the covenant. Daniel was appealing to Gods heart of love, and by designating </p><p>Yahweh as the covenant-keeper, he also was tactfully reminding Yahweh of His </p><p>promises to Israel, promises he was about to ask God to keep. </p><p>The Lord does indeed make good on His covenant promises and showers His </p><p>covenant love on all who love him and obey his commands. Daniel and the </p><p>other faithful Israelites were part of this group who loved God and were faithful </p><p>to His teachings. On behalf of the faithful, Daniel now appealed to God for mercy </p><p>and restoration. Today, all those who have received Christ have entered into a </p><p>covenant relationship with God and have become his spiritual children. Love </p><p>and obedience to God demonstrate that one has entered into Gods family. God </p><p>loves all of his children and faithfully keeps his promises to them now, just as he </p><p>did to Israel long ago. </p><p>CONFESSION (9:514) </p><p>Daniel began to pour out his heart to God as he confessed his sin and the sin </p><p>of his people Israel. Though he identified himself with his people, Daniel </p><p>certainly had not been part of the rebellious majority, who had brought the </p><p>wrath of God upon the nation. </p><p> Six different aspects of Israels sin are set forth in vv. 56. Israel had </p><p>sinned, done wrong, been wicked, rebelled, turned away </p><p>from Yahwehs commands and laws and had not listened to </p><p>Yahwehs prophets. What an indictment! </p><p>9:5 The Hebrew verb (sinned) basically means to miss the mark. </p><p>Ethically speaking, sin is missing Gods mark or goal of holy living that is </p><p>required for human beings. Israel as a nation had fallen short of Gods design to </p><p>be a holy people. </p><p>It appears to emphasize the fact that sin is something twisted or perverted </p><p>or that one who sins has veered from the straight and narrow road and made </p><p>his paths crooked. Words that express righteousness in the Old Testament </p><p>generally have the primary meaning of straightness; thus to make ones paths </p><p>crooked is sin. This veering from Gods prescribed path is condemned because it </p><p>is deliberate. </p><p> We have turned away, rather than being considered a separate sin, seems </p><p>to describe the nature of Israels rebellion against God. Israel had rebelled against </p><p>Yahweh by turning aside from and refusing to obey His commands and laws. It </p><p>is not clear from vv. 56 whether by commands and laws Daniel was referring </p><p>to Mosaic legislation or to instruction that either included or was the same as that </p><p>which came from your servants the prophets in v. 6. Daniel also was thinking </p></li><li><p>4 </p><p>of the Law of Moses. Therefore although Daniel referred to the penalties in the </p><p>Mosaic law, he considered Israels sinful rebellion as against the totality of Gods </p><p>instruction in the Scriptures, which he viewed as speaking with one unified, </p><p>divine voice. </p><p>9:6 Yahweh had graciously sent his servants the prophets to exhort the </p><p>people of Israel and their leaders to repent of their sins, but they refused to listen. </p><p>Not all turned from the Lord, of course. The prophets were faithful, and others </p><p>like Daniel and his friends remained true to the covenant. Nevertheless the </p><p>nation as a wholeour kings, our princes and our fathers [ancestors], and all </p><p>the people of the landhad turned its back upon God. </p><p>9:78 Daniel contrasted the righteousness of the Lord with the unfaithfulness </p><p>of Israel. That Yahweh was punishing Israel for their unfaithfulness to Him was </p><p>evident to all who observed the nations present deplorable condition. Israels </p><p>shame was a result of their sins. This shame was the disgrace of the captivity </p><p>and the destruction of the land of Israel. </p><p>Israel was in a present state (this day) of disgrace that had continued since </p><p>the days of the Babylonian conquests. Jerusalem was still in ruins, and the whole </p><p>land was virtually desolate. Daniel was emphasizing the fact that Israels past </p><p>sins were continuing to bring dishonor upon the nation. </p><p>All of the Jews suffered this disgracethe men of Judah and people of </p><p>Jerusalem and [or even] all Israel. None escaped. Daniel did not need to </p><p>single out the people of Jerusalem since the men of Judah would include </p><p>residents of the capital, but the prophet was stressing the fact that even the </p><p>citizens of the holy city, the city of God, did not avoid this fate. Probably no </p><p>greater humiliation could come upon a nation than that of being conquered by a </p><p>foreign power and having its citizens expelled from the homeland. </p><p>9:9 This verse begins literally, To the Lord our God are the mercies and the </p><p>forgiveness. In Hebrew, these plurals are intensive, emphasizing Gods great </p><p>and manifold mercies and his abundant forgiveness. Even though Israel had </p><p>rebelled (mrad) against him, there was yet hope because the sovereign Lord is </p><p>merciful and forgiving. All persons have rebelled against God to varying </p><p>degrees and need his mercy and forgiveness to be made right with him. </p><p>9:1011 Verses 1011a express similar thoughts to those found in vv. 56. </p><p>Israel had been disobedient to Yahweh and refused to keep the laws delivered </p><p>to the nation through his prophets. They had turned their backs upon the Lord. </p><p>Because Israel had forsaken Gods law, they had experienced the curses and </p><p>sworn judgments threatened by the covenant law. If taken in this manner, the </p><p>translation would be the curse, even the sworn judgment. What was this </p><p>curse? It was the sworn judgment spoken of in the Law of Moses for </p><p>breaking the covenant. </p></li><li><p>5 </p><p>Just as God had sworn, the curse had been poured out upon the nation like </p><p>a flood. Hundreds of years earlier it had been written in the Law of Moses (v. </p><p>11) as a warning to Israel to remain faithful to the covenant. In Deut 28:15ff., the </p><p>contents of this curse are recorded. It included poor crops, infertility, disease, </p><p>lack of rain, defeat before enemies, and the most terrible penalty of all, expulsion </p><p>from the land of Canaan. Daniel concluded v. 11 by again stating that the curse </p><p>had come upon Israel because of its sin against God. </p><p>9:12 Yahweh had promised judgment upon all Israel (us and our rulers) </p><p>if they broke his covenant. Now the predicted great disaster, the present exile, </p><p>had come. As the Israelites considered their plight, they were reminded that God </p><p>does not lie. </p><p>Daniels statement regarding the uniqueness of Jerusalems destruction </p><p>strikes us as surprising. Certainly, other nations had gone into captivity, and </p><p>other cities and temples had been destroyed. Other nations had experienced </p><p>defeat and deportation, but their gods were idols of lifeless wood, stone, and </p><p>metal. Now the people of the true God were in exile, and his city and temple </p><p>were in ruins. Truly, nothing like this had ever happened in history. </p><p>9:13 Daniel reiterated that the disaster that had befallen them was predicted </p><p>in the law of Moses. The prophet grieved over the fact that even though this </p><p>great disaster had come upon Israel just as it is written, the nation as a whole </p><p>still had not repented. Giving attention means to listen and obey. Your truth </p><p>speaks of Yahwehs true teachings. Turning from sins and obeying the Lord is a </p><p>description of true repentance. </p><p>9:14 Did not hesitate to bring the disaster upon us literally reads watched </p><p>[qad, to watch or wake] concerning [or over] the disaster and brought it </p><p>upon us. The idea of God watching or waking concerning (or over) the </p><p>disaster is difficult, but the meaning seems to be that Yahweh had kept the </p><p>disaster ready (watched over it) in case Israel did not repent. Jeffery states that </p><p>God forgot not the evil that was threatened as a consequence of sin. When </p><p>Israel continued in sin, he brought the promised judgment to pass. </p><p>Judgment fell because Yahweh is righteous in everything he does. Here it </p><p>describes Yahwehs actions as just, for justice demanded that Israel be </p><p>penalized for its crimes against God. The exile was deserved. </p><p>RELATED DISCUSSION TOPICS </p><p>CLOSING PRAYER </p><p>O God: I am grateful to have found You and kept You in the forefront of my </p><p>being. Bless us continually with Your grace and mercy. Amen. </p></li></ul>