1066-1485 1066-Norman Conquest—William the Conqueror defeats Harold at Hastings, becomes king of England Medieval Period—Middle ages

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  • 1066-1485 1066-Norman ConquestWilliam the Conqueror defeats Harold at Hastings, becomes king of England Medieval PeriodMiddle ages
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  • William introduced feudalisma political and economic system in which the hierarchy of power was based on the premise that the king owned all the land in the kingdom. for King; for church; to nobles or barons who supplied the king with warriors called knights
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  • Conquered Anglo-Saxons that were bound to the land they could not own Did not speak French, the language of the nobles Spoke a mixture of French and English known as Middle English that adapted into the language we speak today
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  • 1085For tax purposes, William ordered the compilation of a detailed survey of the land and population of England A modern day Census Translates to day of judgment
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  • A womans status was based on her husband or fathers position in society She held husbands rank Remained subservient to the husband Men maintained all the property and wealth Women ran the house, sewed, weaved, cooked
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  • RomanesqueMassive, richly decorated Took decades or centuries to build Built in gratitude to God Built as acts of penitence Built along pilgrimage routes Churches became the most corrupt institution of the Medieval Period
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  • 1096-1270 The Christian response to the expansion of Islam into the holy land of Jerusalem 8 major expeditions For the Knights these were part Holy War, part pilgrimage, and sometimes profitable
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  • The Childrens Crusades of 1212 Legend has it that a boy was visited by Jesus and told to convert the Muslims to Christianity He gained a following of 30,000 children who followed him towards the Holy Land The waters of the Marseilles would not part and the children were sold into slavery
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  • Common folk relied on oral tradition to tell stories BalladsBrief narrative poems sung to musical accompaniment Mystery and Miracle Playswhich dramatized episodes from the Bible and from saints lives Morality PlaysTaught moral lessons
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  • Edward I--The kings Great Council Meeting place or talking place for nobles, knights and clergy Became a representation for townships akin to the democratic process we use
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  • Sent four loyal knights to murder Thomas a Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury Reformed the judicial system Established a system of juries Initiated English common laws Becket quickly became a saint, his shrine a popular pilgrimage destination
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  • You have to be close to God Help the poor Be good and kind to people when you are alive Perform two miracles after you have passed away.
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  • His wife brought the ideas of chivalry, a code of honor among knights The code encouraged knights to protect ladies and go on holy quests (Crusades) His son was Richard I, called Richard the Lion-Hearted Richard fought in the crusades, his brother John plotted against him (Robin Hood)
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  • Growth of towns and population of commoners Increase in trade due to Crusades Guilds formed to stabilize prices and set rules for advancement of craftsmen pg 24
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  • Crowding and poor sanitation Rats and fleas imported from cargo ships Black Death (Bubonic Plague) killed a third of Englands population in 1300s Bring out your dead!
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  • Ring around the rosie- ring-like sores that formed on people's skin. Pockets full of posies- Flowers that were stuffed into pockets to ward off the stench Ashes, ashes, we all fall down- ashes alludes to the funeral pyres ashes and the falling down was everybody dying
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  • Tales of chivalric knights, many featured King Arthur and his round table Sir Gawain and the Green Knight Le Morte dArthur (The death of Arthur) by Sir Thomas Malory
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  • 1340?-1400 The Father of English Literature Chaucer is French for shoemaker 1357Became an attendant for the Princes wife 1359French POW in 100 yr war, ransomed by the court
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  • As the Kings messenger, he traveled to Italy (Dante) and France (The Romance of the Rose) The Parliament of Fowlscommemorated the wedding of Richard II 1386Became a Knight King Henry IV took over but Chaucer remained in the court
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  • 1400Died; (possibly from the Plague) Buried in Londons Westminster Abbey (Poets CornerJohn Dryden, Tennyson, Robert Browning) Did not complete all the Canterbury Tales
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  • 1387A collection of verse and prose tales told by pilgrims traveling to Canterbury to see the shrine of Saint Thomas a Becket Unfinished at the time of Chaucers death Chaucer portrayed himself in the tale as a short, plump pilgrim
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  • Vocabulary words accrue, agility, courtliness, defer, diligent, disdain, dispatch, eminent, frugal, malady, mode, personable, repine, sedately, wield
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  • Tonewriters attitude toward the works subject or characters (ironic, satiric, humorous) Characterizationthe means by which a writer develops a characters personality (description, speech, thoughts, actions)
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  • Generally began with a priests blessing Wore clothing that identified them as pilgrims Stayed in roadside hospices Walked or road horses, roads became very muddy when wet Could buy a small badge of cast pewter as a souvenir
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  • Social Diversity, a microcosm Chaucer describes the 29 pilgrims, providing insight into the larger society Narrative poemmore formal than most poems of the 14 th century Poetic verse formrhymed and iambic pentameter Opens with an apostrophe or address to spring
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  • Stop Here
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  • ZephyrusGreek god of west wind RamAstrologyindicates a reference to 14 th century science This narrative poem was directed towards the noble class, not the commoners SettingBegins in London (not Canterbury) Medieval England was experiencing a warming period
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  • SettingBegins across the Thames River, where, 200 years later, Shakespeares Globe Theater will be erected Tabard Inn (Drum)you beat a drum when you want people to join you Harry Bailey is the Innkeeper 100 miles to Canterbury 4-day journey by horse
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  • Purpose of trip is as much social as religious Spring Break Travel in a band for safety (Brigands and Highwaymen) Harry Bailey decrees that each pilgrim will provide 4 tales (29 X 4 =116) Winner will get a free dinner Generally, the best tales come from the worst people
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  • Each pilgrim is a stereotype of their profession (priests are priestly, knights are knightly) But some are mixed with irony The KnightChivalrous, noble, returned from the Crusades The Knights sona Squirea ladys man The Yeomanan attendant to the knight
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  • The Nun Prioress Madam Eglantyne Speaks French Eats delicately Weep if she saw a mouse in a trap Lap dogs that dine better than the population Fine features (a broad forehead)
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  • HostHarry Bailey, Innkeeper of Tabard Description: Jovial, generous, self-confidant, wide girth Proposes that each pilgrim share two tales on way to Canterbury, two on way back Winner get a supper, paid by all Offers to come along and be judge Drew lots to decide who begins the tales
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  • Forehead should have been modestly covered by a wimple, equivalent of showing legs Broach Love conquers all, should say religion conquers all She is a hypocrite but Chaucer only winks at her sins, Christianity is all inclusive
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  • Tonedetached and ironic ToneHarry Bailey understates the greed and hypocrisy, allows readers to draw their own conclusions Example, The Nun Prioress: Her sexy forehead, feeding her dogs meat and milk, her broach Amor vincit omnia (Love conquers all)
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  • Very honest about his dishonesty Theme: Radix malorum est cupiditas (love of money is the root of all evilBible translated from Hebrew to Latin) Avarice and cupidityGreed (avarice is one of the seven deadly sins)
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  • Seems contemptuous toward those to whom he preaches (ie. They can go blackberrying, for all I care!) And thus I preach against the very vice I make my living out ofavarice. (Irony) Verse 55For though I am a wholly vicious man, dont think I cant tell moral tales. I can! example of _____________
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  • Hypocrisy
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  • Three rowdy drunks hear a coffin bell Tell the tavern nave to report back Dead man was a friend of theirs (plague) Death as a thief is an example of _______ Verses 79-81, Be on guard is an example of this literary technique_______
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  • Personification Foreshadowing
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  • The rioters make a


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