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  • 7/24/2019 [04678] - English for Construction 2

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    Vocational

    English

    Course ook

    English

    for

    Construction

    L E A R N I N G

    P E R S O N

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    Engl ish fo r

    Construct ion i s p a r t o f t h e Pearson Longman

    Vocat ional

    Engl ish

    s e ri e s. I t i s d e s i g n e d f o r s t u d e n t s i n v o c a t i o n a l

    e d u c a t i o n a n d fo r e m p l o y e e s i n t r a i n i n g a t w o r k . W r i t t e n b y i n d u s t r y

    p r a c t i t i o n e r s ,

    i t c o m b i n e s a s t r o n g g r a m m a r s y ll a b u s w i t h t h e s p e c i a l i s t

    v o c a b u l a r y a n d sk i l ls

    t h a t

    l e a r n e r s n e e d t o s u c c e e d i n t h e i r c h o s e n fie ld .

    L e v e l

    2 Eng l ish for Cons truct ion i s d e s i g n e d f o r s t u d e n t s w h o

    h a v e

    c o m p l e t e d L e v e l 1 o r h a v e a n e l e m e n t a r y k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l E n g l i s h ,

    w h o n o w r e q u i r e a p r e - i n t e r m e d i a t e ( C E F l e v el A 2 - B 1 ) c o u r s e i n t h i s

    s p e c i f i c f ie ld . I t i n c l u d e s :

    t o p i c s t h a t r e f l e c t t h e l a te s t d e v e l o p m e n t s i n c o n s t r u c t i o n , m a k i n g t h e m

    i m m e d i a t e l y r e le v a n t t o s t u d e n t s ' n e e d s .

    c l e a r l y d e f i n e d l a n g u a g e a n d f u n c t i o n o b j e c ti v e s w h i c h a r e b a c k e d u p b y

    c o m p r e h e n s i v e o n - t h e - p a g e l a n g u a g e

    b o x e s .

    e s s e n t i a l o n l i n e s u p p o r t f o r t e a c h e r s , i n c l u d i n g t e a c h e r ' s n o t e s ,

    f u l l y

    e d i t a b l e t e s t s a n d

    m u l t i l i n g u a l

    g l o s s a r i e s .

    a s t u d e n t C D - R O M w i t h i n t e r a c t i v e g l o s sa r i es i n b o t h B r i t i s h a n d

    A m e r i c a n E n g l i s h a n d

    f u l l

    c o u r s e b o o k a u d i o i n M P 3 f o r m a t .

    O t h e r t i t l e s i n t h e s e r i e s i n c l u d e :

    E n g l i s h f o r B a n k i n g & F i n a n c e

    E n g l i s h f o r I n f o r m a t i o n T e c h n o l o g y

    E n g l i s h f o r N u r s i n g

    E n g l i s h

    f o r O i l & G a s

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    C o n t e n t s

    Func t i on

    Language Vocabu l a r y

    Ro les and respon s ib i l i t i e s p .

    4

    Talking about roles and

    responsibi l i t ies

    Present simple and present

    cont inuous

    Jobs

    Roles and responsibi l i t ies

    -*

    o

    S t ruc ture ofa n o r gan i s a t i on p .6

    Explaining how an organisat ion

    works

    Departments in an organisation

    Col locations with prepositions

    i

    T

    m

    Job s and expe r i ence p .

    8

    Descr ibing your job and

    exper ience Wr i t ing your CV

    Quest ions wi th

    be

    Quest ions wi th do/does/did

    Quest ion words

    Expressions for describing work

    exper ience

    c

    Focuson

    a

    p ro j ec t : In te rna t i ona l

    F i nance Ce nt re ( IFC) Seou l ,

    Korea p.10

    Discussing roles inan

    internat ional construc t ion

    project

    New developments

    Review p.11

    Techn i c a l d r aw i ng p. 12 Descr ibing technical drawings

    Dimensions ( imper ialand

    metric)

    2D and 3D shapes

    Vocabulary relating to technical

    drawing

    J

    D

    g

    Es t ima tes p. 14

    Estimating

    Zero cond itional Col loca tions relatingto

    est imat ing

    J

    D

    g

    I deas and imp r ovemen t s p.

    16

    Discuss ing ideas and

    improvements

    Introduc ing and respondingto

    ideas

    Office features

    F o c u son

    a

    p ro j ec t : L i gh t tubes

    in

    Potsda me r P la tz , Ber l i n p. 18

    Discussing l ight tube technology

    Light tubes

    Rev iew

    p. 19

    Ta l k i ng abou t equ i pmen tp 20 Talk ing about equipment Ask ing and answer ing quest ions

    about equipment

    Equipment anditsuses

    p

    m

    e

    n

    Fau l ts p .

    22

    Explaining faults

    Passive withbea nd

    get;

    ge t

    + adjective

    Faults

    t

    3

    E

    Repa i r s p.24 Deal ing with repairs need to +i n f ); need (+

    -ing)

    Repairs

    c

    3

    Focuson

    a

    p ro j ec t : The S hard ,

    London p .26

    Discuss ing equipment for

    a

    skyscraper project

    Tower construction

    Review p.27

    Orde r i ng mater i a l s p .28 Order ing mater ia ls

    The pass ive

    Ordering materials

    r

    a

    s

    P rope r t i e s

    of

    mater i a l s p .30 Descr ibing proper t iesof

    materials

    Comparat ives Proper t iesofmaterials

    t

    4

    M

    e

    Del i very prob lem s p .32 Explaining del ivery problem s Asking for clari f ication

    Del ivery problems

    c

    F o c u s

    ona

    p ro j ec t : Bahra i n

    In te rna t i ona l C i r cu i t Formula

    1

    (B IC)

    p.

    3 4

    Discuss ing problems

    and

    solutions involving materials

    Materials used in

    the

    construct ionofthe B ahrain

    International Circui t

    Rev iew p.

    35

    Conten ts

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    Func t i on Languag e Vocabu l a r y

    Set t i ng ou t

    p.

    36 Sequenc ing events Sequenc ing

    Processes

    e

    Recru i t ing proce sses p. 38 P lanning a process Present cont inuous to talk about

    the future

    Recrui tment

    l

    P

    o

    Purchas ing processes

    p.

    4 0

    Explaining changes

    used to

    Purchas ing

    &

    3

    Focus on a pro j ec t : Eme rgency

    hou s ing p. 42

    Discuss ing emergency hous ing

    construct ion

    Emergency hous ing

    construct ion

    Review p. 43

    Kick in g of f p. 44

    Highl ighting key issues Pronu nciation: senten ce stress Projects

    tfj

    9

    1

    Projec t me et in gs p.46 Manag ing tasks

    Present perfect

    + now,

    ust,

    already

    Project meetings

    In

    6

    P

    o

    Contracts p.48

    Discussing types of contract

    most

    Collocations relating to

    contracts

    -i

    Focus on a p r o j ec t : W roc l aw -

    Katowice Mo torwa y, Polan d p. 50

    Talking about the scope of a

    project

    Tol l motorways

    Review p. 51

    Doc um ent con tro l p. 52 Explaining docum ent control

    procedures

    have to

    Documentat ion

    e

    n

    a

    o

    n

    Am en dm en ts p. 54 Talk ing about amen dmen ts Punctuat ion Nouns and verbs relat ing to

    amend ing documents

    D

    u

    m

    Spe ci fy ing p. 56 Giv ing spec i f ic informat ion

    about documents

    Relative clauses

    Col locations relating to

    documents

    c

    3

    Focus on a pro j ec t : Go l f co urse

    cons t ruc t i on p . 58

    Discussing project

    documentat ion

    The des ign and bui ld process

    Review p. 59

    Heal th and safety gu ide l ine s p. 60 Comm unicat ing heal th and

    safety guidel ines

    Repor t ing ins truc t ions and

    adv ice

    Col locations relating to advice

    n

    d

    s

    e

    y

    Traffic co nt ro l p. 62 Giving instructions for traffic

    control

    Giving instructions using

    need

    Traffic control

    H

    h

    a

    Incid ents p. 64 Describin g incidents Past simple and past

    cont inuous

    Injuries

    U

    8

    Focus on a pro j ec t : Hur r i can e

    prepa rat ions, F lor ida , USA p. 66

    Discussing hurricane

    preparations

    Hurr icane preparat ions

    Review p.67

    Partner files p. 68

    Audio script

    p.

    7 0

    Conten ts

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    T e a m w o r k

    ta lk a b o u t r o l e s and r e spons ib i l i t i e s

    exp l a in how an o rgan i s a t i on wo rks

    des c r i be you r j ob an d exp er i en ce

    w r i t e y o u r C V

    d i s cu s s ro l e s i n an i n t e rna t iona l

    cons t ruc t ion p ro j ec t

    R o l e s

    a n d r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s

    Speaking 1

    L o o k a t

    t h i s i l l u s t r a t i o n .

    S a y w h a t t h e p e o p l e ' s j o b s a r e a n d w h a t t h e y d o .

    Vocabulary 2

    M a t c h t h e s e d e s c r i p t i o n s w i t h t h e

    p e o p l e

    i n t h e

    i l l u s t r a t i o n

    in 1.

    1

    I ' m a d r i v e r . I w o r k f o r a c o n c r e t e s u p p l i e r . W e d e l i v e r c o n c r e t e t o

    c o n s t r u c t i o n

    s i t e s a l l o v e r t h e c o u n t r y . Q

    2 I ' m a m a s t e r e l e c t r i c i a n . T h i s i s m y a p p r e n t i c e . Q

    3 I ' m a p a i n t e r .

    T o d a y

    I ' m p a i n t i n g a s t e e l s t a i r c a s e . Q

    4 I ' m a s e c u r i t y g u a r d . I c o n t r o l a c c e s s t o t h e s i te . I ' m r e s p o n s i b l e t o t h e

    s i t e m a n a g e r . Q

    5 I ' m t h e s i t e m a n a g e r . M y c o m p a n y is r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t h e w h o l e p r o j e c t . Q

    6 W e ' r e r e p o r t e r s . W e ' re v i s i t i n g t h e s i t e t o a s k

    s o m e

    q u e s t i o n s . Q

    3 N a m e a s m a n y i t e m s i n t h e i l l u s t r a t i o n i n 1 a s y o u c a n . C o m p a r e y o u r l i s t w i t h

    a p a r t n e r .

    ladder, ...

    1 Teamwork

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    S p e a k i n g

    4

    W o r k i n p a i r s . E i t h e r a ) E x p l a i n w h a t y o u r j o b is a n d w h a t y o u d o . O r b ) I m a g i n e

    y o u w o r k o n t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n s i t e i n 1 . E x p l a i n w h a t y o u r j o b i s a n d w h a t y o u d o .

    I'm

    a . . . I

    work

    for ... My

    company

    ... I'm

    respons ib le

    for ...

    L i s t e n i n g 5

    L a n g u a g e

    T w o r e p o r t e r s a r e v i s i t i n g

    M a r t i n

    K a r p f r o m K a r p C o n s t r u c t i o n . Li s te n

    t o t h e i r c o n v e r s a t i o n . W h a t d o t h e r e p o r t e r s w a n t ?

    L i s t e n a g a i n a n d c o m p l e t e t h e s e s e n t e n c e s .

    1

    K a r p C o n s t r u c t i o n

    i s t h e

    M a r t i n

    K a r p i s t h e

    S a b i n a T o m is t h e

    K a s p e r K a r p o w n s

    M r

    L a n g r e p r e s e n t s

    t h e

    A n n a B l a c k w o r k s f o r t h e .

    R o b e r t

    L a n e

    i s

    P re s en t s im p l e a n d p r e s e n t c o n t i n u o u s

    We use the pre se nt s im pl e to ta lk about rout ines and th ings

    that are permanent or happen all the t ime.

    / control

    access to the site.

    She

    works for

    the ceme nt supplier.

    We use the present cont inuous to ta lk about th ings that

    take place at the t ime of spea king an d are not perma nent .

    We 're visiting the site.

    He 's walking through the gate.

    We use adve rb s o f f r equen cy

    (e.g. always, usually, often,

    sometimes, never) w i th the present s imple to descr ibe how

    often some body does som ething or how of ten so meth ing

    happens.

    We

    usually

    have about 100 people on site.

    Sometimes we work in a consortium.

    7 M a r t i n ' s a s s i s t a n t i s g i v in g m o r e i n f o r m a t i o n a b o u t p e o p l e ' s r o l e s o n s i t e .

    C h o o s e t h e c o r r e c t v e r b f o r m s t o c o m p l e t e t h i s t e x t .

    ' . . . So , as

    M a r t i n

    s a i d ,

    w e ( 1 )

    have

    / are

    hav ing

    a r o u n d

    1 00

    p e o p l e

    o n

    s i t e

    e v e r y d a y . T o d a y , m o s t p e o p l e ( 2 )

    work

    / are

    work ing

    o n t h e b a si c s t r u c t u r e

    o f t h e b u i l d i n g .T h e p e o p l e i n

    g r e e n

    j a c k e t s o v e r t h e r e a r e c o n c r e t e f i n i s h e r s

    f r o m D K I C e m e n t , t h e c e m e n t s u p p l i e r . O n t h i s p r o j e c t , t h e y ( 3 )

    superv ise

    / are

    supervis ing t h e u n s k i l l e d l a b o u r e r s , w h o a r e a l l l o c a l p e o p l e . O f c o u r s e , t h e r e

    a r e a l w a y s a l o t o f

    h e a v y

    e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t o r s .

    T h e y

    ( 4 )

    handle

    / are

    handl ing

    t h e c r a n e s , t h e c e m e n t m i x e r s , t h e c e m e n t p u m p s , a n d s o o n . T h e d r i v e r s

    ( 5 )

    bring

    / are

    br ing ing

    i n f r e s h l o a d s o f c e m e n t s e v e r a l t i m e s a d a y . O v e r t h e r e ,

    a c o u p l e

    o f

    p a i n t e r s

    ( 6 )

    paint

    / are

    paint ing

    t h e

    s t a i r c a s e ,

    a n d t h e

    e l e c t r i c i a n s

    ( 7 )

    repair

    / are

    repairing

    o n e o f t h e g e n e r a t o r s . '

    S p e a k i n g

    8 W o r k i n s m a l l g r o u p s t o d i s c u s s

    t h e s e

    q u e s t i o n s .

    1

    W h a t ' s t h e d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n a g e n e r a l c o n t r a c t o r a n d a s u b c o n t r a c t o r ?

    2 W h a t ' s a c o n s o r t i u m ?

    3 W h a t s u p p l i e r s a r e t y p i c a l o n a c o n s t r u c t i o n s i te ?

    4 I n a u d i o s c r i p t 2 o n p a g e 7 0 ,

    M a r t i n

    K a r p s a y s , 'W e

    c o - o r d i n a t e

    a l l t h e

    s u b c o n t r a c t o r s a n d m a k e s u r e t h i n g s s t a y o n s c h e d u l e a n d s t a y w i t h i n

    b u d g e t . ' W h a t d o t h e e x p r e s s i o n s i n b o l d m e a n ?

    Teamwor k 1

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    S t r u c t u r e o f a n o r g a n i s a t i o n

    Vocabulary 1

    L o o k a t

    t h i s

    o r g a n i s a t i o n c h a r t o f a c o n s t r u c t i o n c o m p a n y . T h e n c o m p l e t e t h e

    s e n t e n c e s

    w i t h

    t h e w o r d s i n t h e b o x .

    O W N E R

    O P E R A T I O N S

    r

    H e a l t h

    a n d S a f e t y ^ P r o j e c t m a n a g e r s ^ ^ C o n s u l t a n t s ^

    ^ S i t e m a n a g e r s / S u p e r v i s o r s J

    L a b o u r e r s

    J

    B U S I N E S S D E V E L O P M E N 1

    y~

    D e s i g n ^ ^ E s t i m a t i n g

    J

    M a r k e t i n g

    E N G I N E E R I N G

    ^

    S t r u c t u r a l

    E n g i n e e r i n g J ^ M e c h a n i c a l E n g i n e e r i n g ^ ^ E l e c t r i c a l E n g i n e e r i n g )

    M A T E R I A L S

    A N D P L A N T

    A C C O U N T I N G

    A D M I N I S T R A T I O

    H u m a n R e s o u r c e s ( H R ) ^ ^ P a y r o l l ^

    L E G A L

    d e p a r t m e n t s d i v i d e d e x t e r n a l h a s l o o k p a r t r e p o r t s e c t i o n t o p

    1

    O u r c o m p a n y h a s a s i m p l e s t r u c t u r e . A t t h e i s K a s p e r K a r p ,

    t h e o w n e r .

    2 T h e r e a r e s e v e n T h e d e p a r t m e n t h e a d s r e p o r t t o t h e o w n e r .

    3 O p e r a t i o n s c o n s i s t s o f a H e a l t h a n d S a f e t y a n d a l l t h e

    p r o j e c t m a n a g e r s .

    4

    T h e s i t e m a n a g e r s a n d s u p e r v i s o r s d i r e c t l y t o a p r o j e c t m a n a g e r .

    5 B u s i n e s s D e v e l o p m e n t i s i n t o t h r e e s e c t i o n s : D e s i g n ,

    E s t i m a t i n g a n d M a r k e t i n g .

    6 E n g i n e e r i n g a l s o t h r e e s e c t i o n s : S t r u c t u r a l , M e c h a n i c a l

    a n d E l e c t r i c a l .

    7 T h e r e a r e d i f f e r e n t d e p a r t m e n t s w h i c h a f t e r m a t e r i a l s a n d

    p l a n t , a c c o u n t i n g , a d m i n i s t r a t i o n a n d l e g a l .

    8 S o m e t i m e s w e

    h a v e

    c o n s u l t a n t s t o h e l p

    w i t h

    s p e c i a l j o b s .

    T h e y a r e n o t o f t h e c o m p a n y .

    1

    Teamwork

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    Listening

    2

    L i s t e n t o t h e

    h e a d s

    o f t h e s e v e n d e p a r t m e n t s t a l k i n g a b o u t t h e i r r o l es .

    W r i t e t h e n a m e s o f t h e i r d e p a r t m e n t s . U s e t h e o r g a n i s a t i o n c h a r t i n 1 t o h e l p y o u .

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    7

    3 L i s t e n a g a i n . W r i t e t h e e x p r e s s i o n s u s e d t o t a l k a b o u t r o le s a n d r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s .

    make sure,

    .,

    work

    out ,

    send ou t

    work with

    Vocabulary 4 M a t c h

    t h e

    s e t s

    o f

    c o l l o c a t i o n s .

    1 m a k e

    a ) o f

    2 l o o k

    b )

    s u r e

    3 c o n s i s t c ) t o

    4 r e p o r t d ) a f t e r

    5 l i a i s e e ) i n t o

    6 b e r e s p o n s i b l e 0

    w i t n

    7 d e a l g ) f o r

    8 d i v i d e

    h )

    w i t h

    5 C o m p l e t e t h e s e n t e n c e s . U s e t h e o r g a n i sa t i o n c h a r t i n 1 t o h e l p y o u .

    S o m e t i m e s m o r e

    t h a n

    o n e a n s w e r i s p o s s i b l e .

    1

    T h e

    A d m i n i s t r a t i o n d e p a r t m e n t c o n s i s ts

    T h e h e a d o f a c c o u n t i n g r e p o r t s

    E n g i n e e r i n g

    i s

    d i v i d e d

    T h e p r o j e c t m a n a g e r s l ia i s e

    B u s i n e s s D e v e l o p m e n t

    i s

    r e s p o n s i b l e .

    T h e s i t e m a n a g e r s m a k e

    T h e r e

    a r e t h r e e s e c t i o n s i n

    a n d .

    Speaking 6 W o r k i n p a i r s . D r a w

    a n

    o r g a n i s a t i o n c h a r t

    f o r a

    c o n s t r u c t i o n c o m p a n y ( re a l

    o r

    i m a g i n a r y ) . E x p l a in y o u r c h a r t

    t o

    a n o t h e r p a i r .

    At

    the top is . . .

    This department cons is ts

    of...

    These

    people report

    to ...

    Teamwork

    1

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    J o b s

    a n d e x p e r i e n c e

    L i s t e n t o t h r e e c o n v e r s a t i o n s . M a t c h t h e j o b i n e a c h c o n v e r s a t i o n

    w i t h

    a

    w o r d f r o m

    t h e b o x .

    c iv i l

    e n g i n e e r c o n c r e t e f i n i s h e r l a n d s u r v e y o r

    1

    2 3

    us in g a to ta l s ta t i on

    R e a d t h e

    q u e s t i o n s .

    F o r

    e a c h c o n v e r s a t i o n , a n s w e r

    ye s ( Y ) , n o ( N ) , o r

    doesn't

    sa y ( X ) . T h e n l i s t e n a g a i n a n d c h e c k y o u r a n s w e r s .

    Conversat ion

    1

    Conv ersation 2 Conversa tion 3

    1 Is he a ma nual worker?

    2 Does he work mostly indoors?

    3 Wa s he goo d at ma ths at scho ol?

    4 Does he work wi th CAD programs?

    5 Does he use high-tech equipm ent on site?

    6 Did he start as an apprentice?

    7 Is he self-em ployed ?

    S p e a k i n g

    3 W o r k i n p a i r s .

    R e a d t h e

    q u e s t i o n s i n

    t h e

    t a b l e a g a i n .

    T a k e t u r n s t o a s k

    a n d

    a n s w e r t h e m s o

    t h a t

    t h e y a r e t r u e f o r y o u .

    A:

    Are you a

    manual worker?

    B : No , I 'm no t . I 'm a project man ager.

    A:

    Do you

    work most ly indoors?

    B : Yes , I do . I work i n a n office. I' m respons ib le for a hospi ta l ca r park project.

    L a n g u a g e

    Q u e s t i o n s

    Q ue st ion s w i th be begin wi th the correct form of the verb

    be, or use a rising tone.

    Are you self-employed?

    Yo u

    're

    self-employed?

    Ishe on site today?

    He

    's

    on site today?

    Qu es t i ons w i th do/does/did Do

    you work indoors?

    Does

    he work indoors?

    Did you go to university?

    Ques t i o n wo r d s

    (what, where, who, how)

    What

    do you do?

    Where

    are they from?

    Who

    is the client?

    How

    does it work?

    S p e a k i n g

    4 W o r k

    i n

    p a i r s . T h i n k

    o f a j o b

    b u t d o n ' t t e l l y o u r p a r tn e r .

    T a k e t u r n s t o a s k

    a n d

    a n s w e r q u e s t i o n s t o f i n d o u t t h e j o b s .

    t he j ob

    indoors

    o r

    outdoors?

    Do yo u work a lone o r with other people?

    What qual i f icat ions

    do you

    need?

    What t ra in ing d id y o u d o ?

    8

    1 Teamwork

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    Reading 5 R e a d t h i s

    C V a n d a n s w e r t h e q u e s t i o n s a b o u t A r n o l d K e l l er .

    1 H o w o l d i s h e ?

    2 W h i c h s c h o o l d i d h e g o t o?

    3 W h e r e d i d h e d o h is a p p r e n t i c e s h i p ?

    4 W h a t i s h i s h i g h e s t q u a l i f i c a t i o n ?

    5 D o e s h e k n o w a n y t h i n g a b o u t p r o j e c t m a n a g e m e n t ?

    europass

    Europass

    Curriculum Vitae

    Personal information

    F i r s t

    n a m e ( s ) / S u m a m e ( s )

    A d d r e s s ( e s )

    T e l e p h o n e ( s )

    A r n o l d K e l l e r

    M o z a r t s t r a s s e 2 3 , B l e n d o r f

    H o m e : 0 1 7 5 6 7 8 6 3 4 M o b i l e : 0 7 7 4 3 4 6 7 5 3 3 2

    F a x ( e s )

    E-mail

    a r n o l d @ k e l l e r . d e

    N a t i on a l i t y Ge r m an

    Da t e o f

    birth

    21 .03 .84

    G e n d e r M a l e

    Work experience

    Dat e s

    2003

    2 0 0 4 - 2 0 0 7

    Oc c u p a t i on o r p os i t i on h e l d

    Main

    ac t i v i t i es and respons ib i l i t i es

    N a m e

    an d ad d r e s s o f e m p l oye r

    T y p e o f bus iness or sec tor

    A p p r e n t i c e

    O n - t h e - j o b - t r a i n i n g

    D M C o n s t r u c t i o n

    C o n s t r u c t i o n

    S t u d e n t t r a i n e e

    P r o j e c t a s s i s t a n t - M o t o r w a y l a y - b y 2 0 04 , B r i d g e

    r e n o v a t i o n 2 00 5, M o t o r w a y t u n n e l 2006

    D M C o n s t r u c t i o n

    C o n s t r u c t i o n

    Education and training

    Dat e s

    Ju n e 2 003

    Ju n e 2 007

    T i t l e o f qua l i f i cat ion awarded

    Pr inc ipa l

    sub jec ts/occupat iona l sk i l l s

    c ov e r e d

    N a m e

    an d t yp e o f o r g an i s a t i on

    prov id ing

    e d u c a t i on an d t ra ining

    S c h o o l L e a v i n g C e r t i f i c a t e

    M a t h s ,

    P h y s i c s , E n g l i s h

    B l e n d o r f G r a m m a r S c h o o l ,

    B l e n d o r f , G e r m a n y

    B a c h e l o r ' s d e g r e e i n C o n s t r u c t i o n E n g i n e e r i n g

    H e a l t h a n d S a f e ty , S i t e m a n a g e m e n t , P r o j e c t

    m a n a g e m e n t , C o s t e s t i m a t i n g

    V o c a t i o n a l

    C o l l e g e ,

    B l e n d o r f ,

    G e r m a n y

    Personal skills

    and

    competences

    M o t h e r

    t o n g u e ( s )

    G e r m a n

    O t h e r

    l a n g u a g e ( s ) E n g l i s h ,

    F r e n c h

    Writ ing 6

    W r i t e y o u r o w n C V. U s e t h e E u r o p a s s C V s t r u c t u r e t o h e l p y o u p l a n a n d

    o r g a n i s e y o u r d e t a i l s . T h e n s w a p C V s w i t h a p a r t n e r . C h e c k

    t h a t

    y o u r p a r t n e r ' s

    C V i s c l e a r a n d e a s y t o u n d e r s t a n d .

    Teamwork

    1

    9

    mailto:[email protected]:[email protected]
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    F o c u s

    o n a

    p r o j e c t :

    I n t e r n a t i o n a l

    F i n a n c e C e n t r e

    ( I F C ) S e o u l , K o r e a

    R e a d i n g 1 Read

    these

    e x t r a c t s a b o u t a n e w development i n Seoul, Korea. W h a t i s t h e p r o j e c t ?

    S

    i e m e n s - S h m w h a h a s b e e n

    a w a r d e d

    a

    c on t r a c t

    t o

    s u p p l y

    a

    fa e safety system f o r the

    n e w I F C S e ou l p r o j e c t w h i c h w a s

    d e v e l o p e d

    b y A I G real estate .

    D e s i g n e d

    b y t h e

    a w a r d - w i n n i n g

    a r c h i t e c t u r a l

    f i r m A r q u i t e c t o n i c a ,

    I F C

    S e o u l i s t h e

    l ead ing bus ines s des t ina t i on

    in

    S e o u l w i th a p p r o x im a t e l y 5 0 0 , 0 0 0

    s q u a r e m e t r e s o f d e v e l o p m e n t .

    T

    he I F C S e ou l is a j o i n t

    v e n t u r e b e t w e e n t h e Seou l

    M e t r o p o l i t a n

    G o v e r n m e n t a n d

    A I G G l o b a l

    R e a l

    Es ta te .

    E

    s tab l i shed i n 1968,

    P O S C O is S o u t h

    Kor ea ' s

    l a rges t s te e l

    p r od u c e r .

    A

    conso rtium led by GS Con struction and

    POSCO won the contract to excavate

    the site.The contract for the next phase o f

    construction was signed with a new consortium,

    including Daelim, POSCO, HyundaiDevelopment and

    headed byGS Construction in January of his year

    T

    o th e south

    w i l l

    b e the 29-s torey T w o I F C o ff i ce towe r , wh i c h

    w i l l

    of fer s o me 79,000 square metres o f f loor

    space;

    to the west

    w i l l

    b e

    th e

    32 -s torey O n e I F C

    w i t h

    88,000 square metres , wh i le the nor thern

    corne r

    w i l l

    be reserved f o r a450-gu es troom, 38-s torey f i v e -star hote l .

    T h e s t ruc ture o n th e

    no r th -eas te rn

    side o f

    th e

    p ro j e c t , Three IFC ,

    w i l l

    be 55 s toreys in he igh t

    and , w i th

    a

    t o ta l

    office space o f 160,000 square

    metres ,

    w i l l

    b e the largest

    s t ruc ture

    in the co mplex .

    O t i s E l e v a to r Com p an y w a s a w a r d e d a

    c on t r a c t

    f r om A I G K o r e a n

    R e a l

    Es ta te

    D e v e l op m e n t Y H to p r o v i d e 1 2 5 e l e vators ,

    e s c a l a t o r s a n d m o v in g w a l k w a y s f o r

    International F i n a n c e C e n t r e ( I F C ) S e o u lin

    K or e a .

    M a t c h t h e o r g a n i s a t i o n s i n v o l v e d i n t h e p r o j e c t

    w i t h

    t h e i r r o l e s .

    Sometimes

    more t h a n o n e answer i s possible.

    1

    G S C o n s t r u c t i o n

    a )

    a r c h i t e c t s

    2 S i e m e n s - S h i n w h a

    b )

    e x c a v a t i o n

    3

    POSCO

    c )

    fire safety e q u i p m e n t s u p p l i e r

    4

    Seoul M e t r o p o l i t a n

    d )

    elevator

    m a n u f a c t u r e r

    Government a n d A I G

    e )

    owners/developers

    G l o b a l

    Real

    E s t a t e

    0

    c o n s o r t i u m member

    5 A r q u i t e c t o n i c a

    g )

    steel p r o d u c e r

    6 D a e l i m

    7

    O t i s Elevator Company

    S p e a k i n g 3 W o r k i n s m a l l g r o u p s . T h i n k o f a large c o n s t r u c t i o n p r o j e c t i n y o u r area.

    D i s c u s s w h i c h

    companies

    were

    in v o l v e d a n d t h e

    role s)

    t h e y p l a y e d .

    1 Teamwork

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    R e v i e w

    m e a n i n g s a - e .

    a ) a n a d v i s e r

    b ) a g r o u p o f p e o p l e o r c o m p a n i e s w h o w o r k

    t o g e t h e r o n a p r o j e c t

    c ) a p e r s o n w h o h o l d s t h e l e g a l r i g h t s t o s o m e t h i n g

    d ) a c u s t o m e r

    e ) a p e r s o n o r c o m p a n y w h o

    a g r e e s

    t o p r o v i d e

    m a t e r i a l s o r s e r v i c e s f o r a s p e c i f i c p r i c e

    2

    C o m p l e t e t h i s d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e o r g a n i s a t i o n o f a c o m p a n y w i t h

    a p p r o p r i a t e w o r d s .

    T h e B e r l i n b r a n c h h as t h r e e d e p a r t m e n t s . T h e p r o j e c t m a n a g e m e n t

    d e p a r t m e n t c o n s i s t s ( 1 ) s e v e n s e c t i o n s . E a c h s e c t i o n l o o k s

    ( 2 ) a d i f f e r e n t p r o j e c t . T h e l e g a l a n d f i n a n c e d e p a r t m e n t d e a ls

    ( 3 ) a l l a c c o u n t i n g i s su e s , a s w e l l a s c o n t r a c t s a n d c l a i m s . T h e

    l o g i s t i c s d e p a r t m e n t i s r e s p o n s i b l e ( 4 ) m a k i n g s u r e t h a t t h e p r o j e c t

    m a n a g e m e n t d e p a r t m e n t ha s t h e r es o u rc e s t o d o t h e j o b . T h i s i n c l u d e s a l l

    p e r s o n n e l a n d p l a n t . T h e h e a d o f t h e B e r l i n b r a n c h r e p o r t s d i r e c t l y

    ( 5 ) t h e o w n e r , w h o i s b a s e d i n F r a n k f u r t .

    Language

    3

    E a c h o f t h e s e q u e s t i o n s h a s o n e e r r o r . C o r r e c t t h e e r r o r s .

    1 D o e s y o u w o r k o u t d o o r s ?

    2 Is y o u s e l f - e m p l o y e d ?

    3 D i d y o u d o n e a n a p p r e n t i c e s h i p ?

    4 W a s y o u g o o d a t m a t h s a t s c h o o l ?

    5 W h a t d i d y o u d o i n g y e s t e r d a y ?

    6 W h e n d i d y o u s t a r t e d e x c a v a t i n g ?

    7

    W h e r e

    is s u p p l y i n g t h e e l e v a t o r s ?

    Wri t ing 4 W r i t e a s h o r t c o v e r i n g l e t t e r t o a p o t e n t i a l e m p l o y e r t o a c c o m p a n y y o u r

    C V . I n c l u d e :

    1 a n i n t r o d u c t i o n : i n t r o d u c e y o u r s e l f a n d s a y w h e r e y o u s a w t h e j o b a d v e r t .

    2 a s u m m a r y o f y o u r q u a l i f i c a t i o n s .

    3 a s u m m a r y o f y o u r e x p e r i e n c e i n t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n i n d u s t r y .

    U s e t h e f o l l o w i n g p h r a s e s t o h e l p y o u :

    / am wri t ing in rep ly to your advert isemen t in [name of new spaper/webs i te ] for

    [job

    t it le] .

    I

    am current ly work ing on . ..

    My main qual i f icat ions are . ..

    I s tarted w ork ing in the cons t ruct ion indus t ry in . . .

    I

    bel ieve I have the r i ght exper ience and qual i fi cations for

    this

    job, specifica lly my ...

    I look forward to hear ing from you in the near future.

    Vocabulary I M a t c h 1 -5 w i t h t h e i r

    1 a c o n t r a c t o r

    2 a n o w n e r

    3 a c l i e n t

    4 a c o n s o r t i u m

    5 a c o n s u l t a n t

    Teamwork

    1

    11

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    2

    D e s i g n

    d e s c r i b e

    t e c h n i c a l

    d r a w i n g s

    e s t imate

    d i s c u s s i d e a s

    a n d

    i m p r o v e m e n t s

    d i s cu ss l i gh t tube techn o logy

    T e c h n i c a l

    d r a w i n g

    Rea d i n g L o o k a t t h r e e r e p r e s e n t a t i o n s o f a h o u se . Na me t h e t y p e s o f d r a w i n g . T h en r e a d

    t h e t e x t a n d c h e c k y o u r a n sw e r s .

    bedroom

    T

    here are many wa ys of put t ing a 3D objec t in to 2D . Orth ogra phic pro ject ion s ca n

    be found on a l l con stru ct ion pro jects. Th es e draw ings sh ow di f ferent view s of the

    ob jec t , and can inc lude e leva t ions (a v iew f rom one s ide ) and cros s-sect i ons ( the v iew

    wh en you cu t th rough an ob jec t ) . Ano th e r t ype o f d rawing sh ows e xp lode d v iews, wh ich

    are very usefu l for understanding the assembly of an object , in other words how i t a l l f i ts

    together . A th i rd type of drawing is the p lan view, which a l lows us to see an object f rom

    above .

    A typ ic a l ex am ple of th is is a f loor p l an . The se a re ve ry use fu l when we wa n t to

    look at the f i t t ings in deta i l , in other words where objects l ike cookers and baths go.

    S p e a k i n g

    2

    W o r k i n sm a l l g r o u p s . D i s cu s s wh a t o t h e r t y p e s o f d r aw i n g a re u se d i n t h e

    c o n s t r u c t i o n i n d u s t r y .

    V o c a b u l a r y 3 I d e n t i f y t h e s e 2D sh ape s i n t h e d r a w i n g s in 1 W r i t e t h e n ame s o f t h e sh a pe s o n

    t h e d r a w i n g s .

    c i r c l e

    l - s h a p e o v a l r e c t a n g l e s q u a r e t r i a n g l e

    2 Design

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    4 W o r k i n p a i r s . B r a i n s t o r m o b j e c t s a n d e q u i p m e n t o n a c o n s t r u c t i o n s i te w h i c h

    a r e t h e s e

    3 D

    s h a p e s .

    c on e c ub e c y l i n d e r r e c t a ngu l a r p r i sm s phe r e

    L i s t e n i n g 5 l^JUJM

    L i s t e n t o a n a r c h i t e c t d e s c r i b i n g t h e h o u s e i n 1 . W r i t e t h e d i m e n s i o n s

    y o u h e a r .

    h o u s e - 2 8

    foot long

    ( 1 ), 20

    foot w i de

    (+ 1 )

    1

    t o t a l a r e a -

    2 m a i n r o o m , w i t h t h e k i t c h e n -

    3 b e d r o o m -

    4 b a t h r o o m -

    5 h e i g h t o f r o o m s -

    6 d o o r s ,

    n o t

    i n c l u d i n g f r am e s

    -

    L a n g u a g e

    T a lk in g a b o u t d im e n s i o n s

    W e

    write:

    We say:

    Imperial

    12

    1

    x

    7 6 '

    twelve foot (or feet) by sixteen foot (or feet)

    56 0sq ft (or sq ft) five hundred and sixty square foot (or feet)

    2'8 two foot (or feet) eight inches

    sqyd (or sq yd) square yard (one square yard = three feet by three feet)

    Metric

    1.34mm one point three four millimetres

    0.03 cm zero (or nought) point oh three centimetres

    25 m

    2

    twenty-five square metres

    2,000 m two thousand metres

    We

    useplus or minus to talk about tolerances:

    28 '

    twenty-eight foot (or feet) plus or minus o ne inch

    Weu seto to talk aboutscales:

    15 :1 fifteen to one

    6 S a y t h e s e d i m e n s i o n s a l o u d .

    1 3 .065 m m 5 2 ,500 s q f t

    2 3 ' 4 " 6 4 , 6 3 2 m

    2

    3

    34 m x 28 m 7

    0 .045

    c m

    4

    26 ' H "

    V o c a b u l a r y

    7 M a t c h 1 -5 w i t h t h e i r m e a n in g s a - e .

    1 s e c t i o n a ) t h e v i e w o f a b u i l d i n g s e e n f r o m o n e s i d e

    2 e l e v a t i o n

    b ) t h e

    v i e w w h e n

    y o u c u t

    t h r o u g h

    t h e

    b u i l d i n g

    3

    s c a l e c ) t h e

    v i e w f r o m

    a b o v e

    4 o r t h o g r a p h i c

    d ) t h e s i z e o f a

    d r a w i n g c o m p a r e d

    t o

    p r o j e c t i o n t h e

    o r i g i n a l

    5 p l a n v i e w e ) a 2 D r e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f a 3 D o b j e c t

    S p e a k i n g

    8 D r a w t h e f r o n t a n d s i d e e l e v a t i o n s a n d a p l a n v i e w o f a t y p i c a l h o u s e i n y o u r

    c o u n t r y . I n c l u d e

    t h e

    d i m e n s i o n s . D e s c r i b e y o u r d r a w i n g

    t o a

    p a r t n e r .

    9 D r a w a f lo o r p l a n . I n c l u d e d e t a i l s s u c h a s i m p o r t a n t f ittin gs . E x p l a i n y o u r

    d r a w i n g t o a p a r t n e r .

    Des i gn 2

    13

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    E s t i m a t e s

    R e a d i n g

    1

    W h a t i s t h e s u r f a c e a r e a o f t h i s b o o k ? E s t i m a t e i t a n d t h e n m e a s u r e t o c h e c k .

    H o w m u c h d o e s i tw e i g h ?

    2

    R e a d

    t h e t e x t a b o u t e s t i m a t i n g .D o y o u a g r e e

    w i t h

    i t ?

    E

    st imat ing is at the heart o f the construct ion industry.

    Est ima t ing i s abou t ca l cu la t i ng t ime , mate r ia l s , eq u ipm en t

    costs an d so on . If we ove rest ima te , so me one e l se ge ts the

    job. If we u nde rest im ate, we lose mo ney. So i t s very imp ortan t

    that we get i t r ight.

    L i s t e n i n g 3 L i s t e n

    t o a

    c o n t r a c t o r t a l k i n g a b o u t e s t i m a t i n g .

    W h o is h e

    s p e a k i n g

    t o ?

    4 L i s t e n a g a i n . C o m p l e t e t h e c o n t r a c t o r ' s s u m m a r y o f t h e e s t i m a t i n g

    p r o c e s s .

    look

    a t v a r i o u s d o c u m e n t s

    1

    o u r

    i n i t i a l

    e s t i m a t e

    2 m o r e a c c u r a t e

    3 t h e p r o f i t

    4 a n e s t i m a t e

    V o c a b u l a r y

    5

    H e r e a r e s o m e o f t h e c o l l o c a t i o n s f r o m t h e l i s t e n in g . M a t c h t h e m a n d t h e n

    u n d e r l i n e t h e m i n a u d i o s c r i p t 6 o n p a g e 7 1 .

    u t i l i t y

    r e l e v a n t

    i n i t i a l

    s u b c o n t r a c t o r

    l e ga l

    b u i l d i n g

    t e m p o r a r y

    a ) f e e s

    b ) e s t i m a t e

    c ) i n f o r m a t i o n

    d ) q u o t e s

    e ) r e q u i r e m e n t s

    f )

    c o n s t r u c t i o n

    g )

    p e r m i t s

    6 F i n d w o r d s

    i n

    a u d i o s c r i p t

    6

    t h a t

    a r e

    s i m i l a r

    i n

    m e a n i n g

    t o :

    e q u i p m e n t

    i n i t i a l

    p r e c i s e

    i n d i r e c t

    c o s t s

    p a p e r s

    c u s t o m e r

    o f f e r

    L a n g u a g e

    Z e r o c o n d i t i o n a l

    We use the zero condit ional(if + present tense + present

    tense) to say wha t we think is certain to happen . We think i t

    is a fact.

    If we

    underestimate,

    we

    ose

    money,

    (or

    We

    lose

    money if we underestimate.)

    If it

    snows,

    we

    can't

    work,

    (o r

    We

    can't

    work if

    it

    snows.)

    14

    2 Des i gn

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    7 M a t c h 1 -5 t o a - e t o m a k e s e n t e n c e s .

    1 I f t h e m a t e r i a l s a r e l a t e , w e c a n ' t

    2 I f w e e x p e c t b a d w e a t h e r , w e a l l o w

    3 If w e w a n t a t e n - f o o t

    w a l l ,

    w e

    4 I f w e d o n ' t m a k e a p r o f i t , w e a r e o u t

    5 I f y o u

    h a v e

    a l a r g e p r o j e c t , e s t i m a t i n g

    8 C o m p l e t e t h e s e s e n t e n c e s u s i n g y o u r o w n i d e a s .

    1

    I f y o u w a n t t o p r e v e n t a c c i d e n t s , ...

    2 If

    i r o n g e t s

    w e t , . ..

    3 If I

    h a v e

    a p r o b l e m , . ..

    Reading 9 R e a d t h e e m a i l a n d a n s w e r t h e s e q u e s t i o n s .

    a ) n e e d m o r e b r i c k s .

    b ) o f b u s i n e s s .

    c ) s t a r t w o r k .

    d ) f o r

    s t o p p a g e s .

    e ) b e c o m e s q u i t e c o m p l e x .

    1 W h o i s t h e e m a i l f r o m ?

    2 W h o is t h e e m a i l to ?

    3

    W h a t is t h e e n q u i r y a b o u t ?

    m

    To : [email protected]

    F r o m :

    [email protected]

    Dear Mr

    Mar t in i ,

    I

    would like to build a swimming pool in my

    g a r d en .

    Please can you contact me to

    discuss ho w much it will cost? My telephone number is be low.

    Many thanks and best

    r ega r ds ,

    Fareed Ali

    1 0

    L i s t t h e t h i n g s t h e c o n t r a c t o r

    n e e d s

    t o

    find

    o u t

    b e f o r e

    p r o d u c i n g a n e s t i m a t e .

    Listening

    11

    L i s t e n t o t h e c o n v e r s a t i o n a b o u t b u i l d i n g t h e s w i m m i n g p o o l . A c id t o

    y o u r l i s t in 10.

    1 2 L i s t e n a g a i n . A n s w e r t h e s e q u e s t i o n s .

    1 H o w l o n g w i l l t h e p o o l b e ?

    2 H o w d e e p w i l l i t b e a t t h e d e e p e s t e n d ?

    3 W i l l t h e p o o l

    h a v e s t e p s ?

    4 W h a t t y p e o f g r o u n d is o n t h e s i t e ?

    5 H o w l o n g

    w i l l

    t h e p r o j e c t t a k e ?

    Speaking

    1 3

    I m a g i n e a f r i e n d a s k s y o u t o h e l p h i m e s t i m a t e t h e

    c o s t s

    f o r

    b u i l d i n g

    a

    g a r a g e

    o n

    t h e s i d e o f h i s h o u s e . L i s t t h e t h i n g s h e n e e d s t o c o n s i d e r i n h i s e s t i m a t e .

    T h e n c o m p a r e

    i d e a s w i t h

    a p a r t n e r .

    dimens ions - First of a l l, we need to know the exact d imens ions of the garage,

    ut i l it ies - We need to check electrical requirements.

    Des i gn

    2

    15

    mailto:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]
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    I d e a s a n d

    i m p r o v e m e n t s

    L i s t e n i n g

    The FSC

    1

    (Forest Stewardship Counci l ) enco urage s

    the use of sustainable wood products .

    Volati le Organic Compounds (VOCs) are chemicals that can

    be unhealthy and contr ibute to Sick Bui lding Syndrome.

    1

    2

    i K i l s l i f l L i s t e n t o t w o s i t e m a n a g e r s , M a g d a a n d H a b i b , t a l k i n g a b o u t p l a n s f o r

    a n e w o f f i c e b l o c k . W h a t i s t h e d i s c u s s i o n a b o u t ?

    C o m p l e t e t h e

    first

    c o l u m n i n t h e t a b l e . T h e n

    t i c k

    w h o is d o i n g e a c h t a s k . L i s t e n

    a g a i n a n d c h e c k y o u r a n s w e r s .

    Magda Habib

    1 calculat ions to st rengthen the

    2 speak to client about

    the floor

    3 speak to Ahm ed about

    4 speak to jo iners about FSC

    5 organise natural

    6 speak to HVAC people abo ut

    L a n g u a g e

    3 H e r e

    a r e

    s o m e w a y s M a g d a a n d H a b i b i n t r o d u c e a n d r e s p o n d

    t o

    i d e a s .

    U n d e r l i n e t h e m

    i n

    a u d i o s c r i p t

    8 o n p a g e 7 2 .

    I d e n t i fy w h i c h p h r a s e s i n t r o d u c e

    i d e a s

    ( I ) a n d w h i c h p h r a s e s r e s p o n d ( R ) t o t h e m .

    How about i f l .. .?

    I

    know.

    W h y

    don ' t

    we . ..?

    Yes, good idea.

    We'11 need

    to ...

    Maybe

    w e

    need

    to ...

    Yes,

    that's

    agood po in t .

    Sure.

    Yes,

    that makes sense.

    B u t

    isn't...?

    He's OK

    with that .

    There 's

    n o

    need

    (to ...)

    S p e a k i n g

    4 W o r k in p a i r s . F i n d w o r d s i n a u d i o s c r i p t 8 t h a t c o l l o c a t e w i t h t h e s e w o r d s .

    1 n a t u r a l

    2 d i v i d i n g

    3 w o r k s t a t i o n

    4 e n v i r o n m e n t a l l y

    5 e n e r g y

    5 U s e s o m e o f t h e c o l l o c a t i o n s i n 4 t o d i s c u s s i m p r o v e m e n t s t o t h e r o o m y o u a r e

    i n . T a k e t u r n s

    t o

    i n t r o d u c e

    a n

    i d e a

    a n d

    r e s p o n d

    t o i t .

    A:

    W h y

    don ' t

    w e

    make

    th e

    w i ndows b i gge r

    to

    increase

    th e

    natural l ight ing?

    B :

    Yes ,

    good

    idea.

    B u t

    isn' t that expens ive?

    16

    2 Des i gn

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    Speaking 6 L o o k a t t h i s p l a n o f a c o n s t r u c t i o n s i t e a n d r e a d t h e l i s t o f p r o b l e m s w i t h i t .

    D i s c u s s i m p r o v e m e n t s w i t h a p a r t n e r , t h e n t e l l t h e c la s s y o u r i d e a s .

    P r o b l e m s

    F e n c in g i n c om p l e t e - c h i l d r e n p l ay i n g On

    t h e s i t e

    S i g n a g e

    f o r v i s i t o r s a n d s u p p l i e r s

    n O n - e x i s t e n t

    N o t e n ou g h p a r k j n g

    7 M a n y c o n s t r u c t i o n s i t es h a v e s i m i l a r p r o b l e m s d u e t o l a c k o f s p a c e a n d

    c o m p r o m i s e s a r e m a d e . T h i n k o f e x a m p l e s f r o m c o n s t r u c t i o n s i t e s y o u k n o w .

    W o r k i n s m a l l g r o u p s a n d

    t e l l

    y o u r g r o u p a b o u t t h e m .

    Des i gn

    2

    17

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    F o c u s o n a p r o j e c t : L i g h t t u b e s i n P o t s d a m e r

    P l a t z , B e r l i n

    Reading

    1 L o o k a t t h e p h o t o . W h a t a r e t h e t u b e s ? W h a t d o t h e y d o ?

    2 R e a d

    t h e t e x t a b o u t t h e li g h t t u b e s i n P o t s d a m e r P l a t z . W h a t i s a h e l i o s t a t ?

    V i s i t o r s t o P o t sd amer P l a t z i n Be r l i n a re o f t en

    in t eres t ed t o see three g lass t ubes , up t o t en met res

    h i g h ,

    n ea r t h e en t ran ce t o t h e u n d e rg rou n d ra i l w ay

    s t a t i o n . T h e t u b es , mad e o f

    g lass

    and s t ee l , t rans f er

    s u n l i g h t d o w n i n t o th e s t a t i o n .

    There are three l i gh t tubes , 14 met res , 17 met res and

    2 1

    me t r e s i n l en g t h i n

    t o t a l ,

    each

    w i t h

    an ex t erna l

    d i a m e t e r o f

    1

    me t r e . A t t h e t op i s a h e l io s t a t w h i c h

    f o l l ow s t h e su n an d

    uses

    mi rr or s t o re f l ec t the sun 's

    l i g h t i n t o t h e tu b e , w h i c h is l i n e d

    w i t h

    a h i g h l y

    re f l ec t ive ma ter i a l . I ns id e each tu be i s a st eel p i pe ,

    also

    c o v e r ed

    w i t h

    a r e f le c t iv e ma t e r i a l . T h e l i g h t

    t r a v e l s d ow n t h e t u b e

    u n t i l

    i t

    reaches

    a

    g lass cover

    w h i c h

    a l l ow s t h e l i gh t t o spr ead i n t o t h e s t a t i on . A t

    n i g h t a r t i f i c i a l l i gh t t rave l s up the tubes and he lps t o

    l i g h t

    up Pot sdam er P l a t z .

    A r e t h e s e s t a t e m e n t s t r u e ( T ) o r f a ls e (F )? C o r r e c t t h e f a ls e s t a t e m e n t s .

    1

    E a c h t u b e i s o v e r t e n m e t r e s a b o v e g r o u n d . ( T / F )

    2 T h e t u b e s a r e m a d e o f

    g l a s s

    an d s t e e l . ( T / F )

    3 A h e l i o s t a t c o n t a i n s m i r r o r s . ( T / F )

    4 E a c h l ig h t t u b e c o n t a i n s a p l a s t i c p i p e . ( T / F )

    5 L i g h t c a n o n l y t r a v e l d o w n t h e t u b e s . ( T / F )

    L o o k a t t h i s s k e t c h o f a l ig h t t u b e . W h a t d o t h e le t t e r s s t a n d f o r ?

    Speaking

    5 W o r k i n s m a l l g r o u p s . D o y o u t h i n k l i g h t t u b e s w i l l b e c o m m o n i n t h e f u t u r e ?

    W h y

    ( n o t ) ?

    18

    2

    Design

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    1

    R e v i e w

    Language 1

    W r i t e th e s e d i m e n s i o n s i n w o r d s .

    1

    45 .805 c m 5 15 ' M "

    2 2 7 ' 3 " 6 0 . 04 5 c m

    3 7 ,643 s q y d 7 1 ,267 m

    2

    4 17 c m x 13 c m

    2

    P u t t h e s e w o r d s i n t h e c o r r e c t o r d e r t o m a k e

    z e r o

    c o n d i t i o n a l s e n t e n c e s .

    1

    I f / n e e d , / y o u /

    t e l l

    / h e l p / m e

    2 I f / i t / w e t / s i t e , / t h i n g s / o n / r a i n s / g e t

    3 I f / v i s i t s / t h e / c l i e n t / l e t / k n o w / m e

    4 I f / i s / y o u / a / c u b e / c u t , / t h e / a / c r o s s - s e c t i o n / s q u a r e

    5 I f / s t r i k e / t h e r e / i s / a , / s t o p s / w o r k

    3 C o m p l e t e t h i s c o n v e r s a t i o n b e t w e e n t w o b u i l d e r s . U s e o n e w o r d i n e a c h s p a c e .

    A

    B

    A

    B

    A

    B

    A :

    B :

    T h e c l i e n t

    t h i n k s t h a t

    t h e r o o m i s t o o d a r k .

    N o (1 ) . (2 )

    d o n ' t w e i n s t a l l m o r e l i g h t s ?

    . we

    W e l l , h e w a n t s

    n a t u r a l

    l i g h t i n g .

    s e e. H o w ( 3 ) i f I m a k e t h e w i n d o w s

    b i g g e r ?

    B u t

    t h e w a l l s a r e n ' t s t r o n g e n o u g h ...

    T h a t ' s a

    g o o d

    ( 4 ) . I k n o w . .. w h y ( 5 )

    u s e l i g h t t u b e s ?

    L i g h t t u b e s ?

    Y e s . T h e y c o m e i n

    k i t s .

    W e ' l l ( 6 ) t o c u t a h o l e i n t h e r o o f

    first. t h i n k t h e d i a m e t e r i s a b o u t 4 0 c m . T h e t u b e goes f r o m t h e r o o f ,

    t h r o u g h t h e a t t i c a n d c o m e s o u t i n t h e c e i l i n g . A t t h e t o p t h e r e ' s a s e m i -

    s p h e r i c a l

    g l a s s d o m e

    w h i c h c o l l e c t s t h e s u n l i g h t . T h i s l i g h t i s r e f l e c t e d

    d o w n t h e t u b e . A n d a t t h e b o t t o m th e r e ' s a c e i l i n g - m o u n t e d u n i t w h i c h

    t r a n s f e r s t h e s u n l i g h t i n t o th e r o o m .

    T h a t m a k e s ( 7 ) . B u t a r e n ' t t h e y e x p e n s i v e ?

    N o t r e a l l y . A r o u n d $ 3 0 0 , 1 ( 8 ) . T h e y s h o u l d t a k e a r o u n d

    h a l f a d a y t o

    i n s t a l l .

    I ' m

    s u r e h e ' l l b e O K w i t h (9 ) .

    A :

    B:

    A :

    B: O K . I ' l l c a l l t h e o f f ic e a n d a s k t h e m t o p r o d u c e a p r o p e r ( 1 0 ) .

    Vocabulary 4

    N a m e

    t h e s h a p e s

    t h a t

    a r e 9 0 - d e g r e e c r o s s - s e c t i o n s o f :

    a c y l i n d e r a c irc le; a rectangle

    a

    c u b e

    a r e c t a n g u l a r p r i s m

    a s p h e r e

    a c o n e

    W r i t e t h e o p p o s i t e s .

    s i m p l e

    complex

    1 p e r m a n e n t

    final

    s u b t r a c t

    d i f f e r e n t

    h a r d w a r e

    l o s s

    D o t h e f o l l o w i n g , t h e n c o m p a r e w i t h y o u r c l a s s m a t e s .

    1 D r a w a f l o o r p l a n o f y o u r c l a s s r o o m a n d l a b e l t h e fit tin gs .

    2 D r a w t h e f r o n t a n d s i d e e l e v a t i o n s o f a n o b j e c t i n t h e r o o m a n d i n c l u d e

    d i m e n s i o n s .

    Design 2

    19

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    3

    E q u i p m e n t

    ta lk

    a b o u t

    e q u i p m e n t

    exp la in f au l ts

    d e a l w i t h r e p a i r s

    d i s c u s s e q u i p m e n t for a sky sc rap er pro jt

    T a l k i n g

    a b o u t e q u i p m e n t

    V o c a b u l a r y

    L o o k

    a t

    t h i s c o n s t r u c t i o n s i te e q u i p m e n t . W h i c h e q u i p m e n t

    c a n y o u

    i d e n t i f y ?

    2

    L o o k a t t h e i l l u s t r a t i o n a g a i n .

    N a m e

    e q u i p m e n t t h a t :

    1 u s e s h y d r a u l i c s .

    2

    h a s

    t r a c k s .

    3

    u s e s

    s t a b i l i s e r s .

    4 l i f t s l o a d s .

    5 d i g s t r e n c h e s .

    6 d r i v e s p i l e s i n t o t h e g r o u n d .

    7 b r e a k s t h i n g s .

    L a n g u a g e

    A s k i n g a n d a n s w e r i n g q u e s t i o n s a b o u t e q u i p m e n t

    What

    does

    a bulldozer

    do?

    Whatdo bulldozers do?

    It

    moves

    earth.

    Theymove earth.

    Whats a jackhammer for?

    Whatare jackhammers for?

    It'sfor breaking up concrete, rocks, etc.

    They'refor breaking up concrete, rocks, etc.

    Whatcan an HP231do?

    Whatcan HP231sdo?

    Itcan pump 30 litres per minute.

    Theycan pump 30 litres per minute.

    What's itused for?

    What's it

    used to do?

    It'sused for moving earth.

    It's

    used to lift

    heavy loads.

    Whatdo yo uuse thisfor?

    Whatdo yo uuse thisto do?

    Youuse itor moving earth.

    Youuse thisto move earth.

    3

    E q u i p m e n t

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    L i s t e n i n g

    3

    L X ' I ' M C o m p l e t e t h e d e s c r i p t i o n s o f c o n s t r u c t i o n s i te e q u i p m e n t . P u t o n e

    w o r d i n e a c h g a p . T h e n l i s t e n a n d c h e c k y o u r a n s w e r s .

    1

    T h i s m a c h i n e i s d r i v i n g p i l e s i n t o t h e s o i l .

    2 T h i s m a c h i n e h a s a b u c k e t w h i c h i s u s e d s c o o p s o i lo u t

    o f t h e g r o u n d .

    T h i s m a c h i n e l i f t h e a v y l o a d s h i g h i n t h e a i r .

    Y o u t h i s m a c h i n e t o m o v e la r g e a m o u n t s o f e a r t h .

    e l e c t r i c i t y f r o m p e t r o l ,

    u s e d

    f o r

    t r a n s p o r t i n g c o n c r e t e

    t o

    h i g h

    t o t r a n s p o r t

    p e o p l e t o

    h i g h p a r t s

    o f a

    T h i s m a c h i n e

    T h i s m a c h i n e

    p a r t s o f a

    c o n s t r u c t i o n s i te .

    7 T h i s m a c h i n e

    i s

    c o n s t r u c t i o n

    s i t e .

    4

    M a t c h t h e s e t y p e s

    o f

    e q u i p m e n t

    t o

    t h e i r d e s c r i p t i o n s

    i n 3 .

    a ) a

    c r a n e

    b ) a

    l i f t / a n e l e v a t o r

    c ) a

    p i l e d r i v e r

    d ) a g e n e r a t o r

    e ) a c o n c r e t e p u m p / a c e m e n t p u m p

    f ) a b a c k h o e

    g ) a b u l l d o z e r

    S p e a k i n g 5 W o r k i n s m a l l g r o u p s . B r a i n s t o r m d i f f e re n t w a y s t o u s e t h e s e i t e m s .

    R e a d i n g 6

    R e a d t h e s e e x t r a c t s f r o m m a n u f a c t u r e r s '

    s a l e s

    b r o c h u r e s .

    N a m e t h e

    t y p e s

    o f

    e q u i p m e n t t h e y d e s c r i b e .

    We manu factu re

    a com plete range

    of units, including

    truck and trai ler

    mounted. Great

    rel iabi l i ty and superb

    performance.

    Our largest units

    can pump up to

    160 cubic metres

    per hour.

    Range of up to 25 m

    Rechargeable battery

    State of the art

    joysticks give precise

    handling

    Our products are

    used to con trol lifting

    equipment all over

    the world.

    Ou r un i ts com e in a

    variety of sizes and

    are fu l ly equ ipped

    and ready to use.

    Standard features

    include steps, off ice

    furn i ture, heat ing/

    a ir c ondi t ion ing,

    and interior and

    exterior l ight ing.

    Made o f h igh qual i ty

    steel,

    they a re used

    to t ransport heavy

    construct ion waste,

    inc lud ing rubble

    an d

    other debris . A l l

    models have large

    lift ing eyes a n d a

    sloped

    e nd t o make

    load d ischarge easy.

    S p e a k i n g 7 W o r k i n p a i r s . D i s c u s s e q u i p m e n t y o u a r e f a m i l i a r w i t h o r a r e

    t r a i n i n g

    t o u s e .

    A:

    I u s e ajackhamm er in m y j ob .

    B : W h a t

    d o y o u u s e it

    for?

    A:

    You use i t fo r

    breaking

    u p

    concrete.

    E q u i p m e n t 3

    21

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    F a u l t s

    R e a d i n g R e a d t h e m a i n t e n a n c e c h e c k l i s t . I d e n t i f y t h e p i e c e o f e q u i p m e n t i t r e f e r s t o .

    D a i l y

    i n s p e c t i o n c h e c k l i s t

    Inspector: Date: T ime :

    Vehicle/Plant identif ication number:

    / = OK

    O =

    keep u nder observation

    R =

    replace/repair N /A

    =

    not applicable

    I T E M C H E C K F O R

    C O M M E N T S

    S a f e t y

    f i r e

    e x t i n g u i s h e r d a m a g e

    S a f e t y

    f i r s t a i d k i t

    c o n t e n t s

    S a f e t y

    t r i a n g l e d a m a g e

    S a f e t y

    R O P S *

    d a m a g e

    C a b

    g l a s s / m i r r o r s d a m a g e , c l e a n l i n e s s

    C a b

    h o r n / l i g h t s

    f u n c t i o n

    C a b

    w i p e r s

    w e a r , f u n c t i o na b

    s e a t / s e a t b e l t d a m a g e , f u n c t i o n

    C a b

    h e a t e r

    f u n c t i o n

    E n g i n e

    e n g i n e o i l

    l e v e l ,

    l e a k s

    E n g i n e

    h o s e s d a m a g e , l e a k s

    E n g i n e

    b e l t s w e a r , l o o s e n e s s

    E n g i n e

    b a t t e r y d a m a g e , c l e a n l i n e s s

    O t h e r

    g e n e r a l

    l o o s e / m i s s i n g b o l t s

    o r f i x t u r e s , d a m a g e ,

    c l e a n l i n e s s

    O t h e r

    f l u i d

    r e s e r v o i r s l e v e l s , l e a k s

    t h e r

    h y d r a u l i c s

    w e a r , d a m a g e , l e a k s

    O t h e r

    b u c k e t

    w e a r , e d g e , c l e a n l i n e s s

    * Roll Over Protection System

    L i s t e n i n g

    2

    E i ^ X H L i s t e n t o t w o e n g i n e e r s g o i n g t h r o u g h t h e c h e c k l i s t i n 1 . M a k e n o t e s

    a n d

    t h e n c o m p l e t e t h e Comments c o l u m n .U s e O o r R f r o m t h e k e y a s n e c e s s a r y .

    3 L i s t e n a g a i n . W r i t e s i m p l e s e n t e n c e s t o e x p l a i n t h e m e a n i n g o f th e s e s e n t e n c e s

    a n d p h r a s e s .

    1 A c o u p l e o f t h i n g s .

    2 I t i g h t e n e d i t .

    3

    A n y t h i n g

    e l s e ?

    4 I ' l l s p e a k t o t h e s e c u r i t y p e o p l e .

    5 G o t a t o r c h h a n d y ?

    6

    M o h a m m e d ' s o f f s i c k .

    7 T e l l

    F a r i d

    i t ' s u r g e n t .

    22

    3 Equ ipmen t

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    L a n g u a g e

    The p a ss i v e w i t hbe a n dget

    We often use thebe passive(be + past part iciple) to show

    the state of some thing.

    The m irroris cracked.

    The hoseis damaged.

    We often use theget passive(get + past part iciple) to

    explain how things happened.

    Itgot fixed yesterday.

    Theygot broken when we moved the box.

    get + ad jec t i ve

    Note that we also u se

    get

    fo l lowed by an adject ive to talk

    about how th ings happe ned.

    It

    got loose.

    How did it

    get wet?

    4 C o m p l e t e t h e s e n t e n c e s

    w i t h

    t h e c o r r e c t f o r m o f t h e v e r b i n b r a c k e t s .

    1 T h e w i p e r g o t ( b r e a k ) .

    2 T h e h o s e s a r e ( w e a r ) .

    3 T h e h o r n i s ( f i x ) .

    4 T h e r e s e r v o i r g o t ( d a m a g e ) .

    5 T h e r e a r b r a k e l i g h t i s ( c r a c k ) .

    5

    A r e t h e s e s t a t e m e n t s t r u e ( T ) o r f a l s e ( F ) ? C o r r e c t t h e f a l s e s t a t e m e n t s .

    1

    A

    m i r r o r

    c a n g e t

    b r o k e n .

    ( T

    /

    F )

    2 A m a n u a l c a n g e t w e t . ( T / F )

    3 A h o s e c a n g e t u p d a t e d . ( T / F )

    4 A b a c k h o e c a n ' t g e t p a i n t e d . ( T / F )

    5 A t r e n c h c a n ' t g e t b u i l t . ( T / F )

    6 M a t c h 1 -5 t o a - e t o m a k e

    s e n t e n c e s .

    1

    T h e c u p ? I t g o t b r o k e n

    2 T h e m a n u a l ? I t g o t u p d a t e d

    3 T h e n e w t o t a l s t a t io n ? I t g o t

    d a m a g e d

    4 T h e t a n k ? I t g o t filled u p a t

    5 T h e h y d r a u l i c f lu i d ? I t g o t c h e c k e d

    a )

    y e s t e r d a y .

    S a m

    s a i d

    h e p u t i n

    h a l f

    a

    l i t r e .

    b ) i n t r a n s i t .T h e r e w a s t o o m u c h v i b r a t i o n .

    c ) w h e n I w a s m a k i n g t e a . I d r o p p e d i t .

    d ) l a s t y e a r . T h a t ' s a n o l d v e r s i o n .

    e ) t h e p e t r o l s t a t i o n b e f o r e w e l e f t .

    7 C o m p l e t e t h e s e c o n v e r s a t i o n s u s i n g ge t , gets o r go t .

    1 H o w d i d t h e w i n d s c r e e n B y s o m e s t o n e s .

    c r a c k e d ? H e w a s d r i v i n g t o o f a s t .

    2 W h e r e ' s m y s a n d w i c h ? I t e a t e n .

    3 W h y d i d n ' t y o u p h o n e ? M y p h o n e w e t .

    d r o p p e d i t i n a p u d d l e .

    4 W h y w a s J o h n l a te ? H e l o s t .

    5 W h y a r e y o u p a c k i n g u p ? I t d a r k a t five.

    6 H o w d i d i t d a m a g e d ? I ' m n o t s u r e , p r o b a b l y i n t r a n s i t .

    S p e a k i n g 8 W o r k i n p a i r s t o t a l k a b o u t a

    d a m a g e d

    p i e c e o f e q u i p m e n t . S t u d e n t A : U s e t h e

    i n f o r m a t i o n b e l o w .

    S t u d e n t B : T u r n t o p a g e 6 8 .

    S t u d e n t A : U s e a l l t h e w o r d s i n t h e b o x . D e c i d e w h a t h a p p e n e d t o t h e

    w h e e l b a r r o w .

    b e n t b r o k e n b u m p e r d e n t h i t

    t r u c k

    w h e e l w h e e l b a r r o w

    E q u i p m e n t

    3

    23

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    R e p a i r s

    Speaking

    1 W h a t ' s t h e d i f fe r e n c e b e t w e e n

    mainta in

    a n d

    repair?

    G i v e e x a m p l e s .

    Listening 2

    ^ L 3 H L i s t e n t o a s u p e r v i s o r g iv i n g

    i n s t r u c t i o n s

    a b o u t

    s o m e

    r ep a i r s t o an o f f i c e

    t r a i l e r .

    M a k e n o t e s a b o u t t h e r e p a i r s

    t h a t

    n e e d d o i n g .

    3 L i s t e n a g a i n . W h o i s d o i n g e a c h t a sk ? C o m p l e t e t h e t a b l e .

    NAME TASK

    John

    (

    4

    )

    (1)

    (2)

    (3)

    (

    s

    )

    Supervisor

    grease

    t he

    jack

    (6)

    Vocabulary

    4 W r i t e t h e p h r a s e :

    1

    t h e s u p e r v i s o r u s e s t o e x p l a i n

    t h a t

    h e i s g i v i n g

    i n s t r u c t i o n s .

    2 t h e s u p e r v i s o r u s e s t o d e s c r i b e a q u i c k t a s k .

    3 t h e s u p e r v i s o r u s e s t o s a y

    t h a t

    h e

    w i l l

    d o t h e w o r k .

    4 S a n d r a u s e s t o e x p l a i n

    t h a t

    t h e w e l d i n g

    w i l l

    t a k e n o m o r e

    t h a n

    s i x t y m i n u t e s .

    5

    U s e t h e p h r a s e s i n 4 t o c o m p l e t e

    t h i s

    c o n v e r s a t i o n .

    J o s e : E x c u s e m e , a r e y o u t h e s u p e r v i s o r ?

    S u p e r v i s o r : Y es , t h a t ' s r i g h t .

    J o s e : I ' m J o s e , t h e c a r p e n t e r ' s a p p r e n t i c e . M r R o d r i g o s a i d y o u h a d a

    j o b f o r m e . H e s a i d ( 1 )

    S u p e r v i s o r : A h , y e s , b u t n o t a n h o u r . ( 2 )

    J o s e : O K , g o o d .

    S u p e r v i s o r : Y o u s e e t h e e l e c t r i c i a n s o v e r t h e r e ? W e l l , t h e y ' v e j u s t i n s t a l l e d a

    n e w s y s t e m . T h e y w a n t t o t e s t i t . ( 3 ) :

    n e e d y o u t o s t a n d o n t h e o t h e r s i d e o f t h e b u i l d i n g . Y ou ' l l s e e a

    g r e y b o x o n t h e w a l l . W h e n y o u ' r e i n p o s i t i o n , I ' l l r a i s e m y h a n d .

    T h e y ' l l

    s w i t c h e v e r y t h i n g o n a n d y o u c h e c k t h a t t h e g r e e n l i g h t s

    c o m e o n , O K ?

    J o s e : Y es , O K . A n d w h a t a b o u t t h i s d o c u m e n t a t i o n f o r t h e e l e c t r ic i a n s ?

    S u p e r v i s o r : ( 4 ) J u s t g e t i n p o s i t i o n n o w .

    J ose : O K .

    3

    E q u i p m e n t

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    R e a d i n g 6

    R e a d

    t h e o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r a

    p i e c e

    o f e q u i p m e n t . I s i t a ) a p o r t a b l e

    g e n e r a t o r ,

    b ) a

    p i le d r i v e r

    o r c ) a b u l l d o z e r ?

    1 Ma ke sure the unit is on level gro un d.

    2 Op en the fuel coc k.

    3 Ope n the choke to FULL .

    4 Pull the start ing rope slowly unt i l you feel resistanc e.

    5 Pull the start ing rope hard and fast.

    6 W he n the unit is running , move choke lever to RU N.

    7

    R e a d

    t h e t r o u b l e s h o o t i n g ( f a u l t f inding) g u i d e f o r t h e e q u i p m e n t i n 6 . M a t c h t h e

    p r o b l e m

    t o a p o s s i b l e c a u s e a n d t o t h e c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n .

    PROBLEM POSSIBLE CAUSE CORRECTIVE ACT ION

    1

    engin e turns, but fails to start -

    I no co olant

    clean fuel l ines

    2 engine does not turn - no fue l ~_ replace pressure gauge

    3 low oil pressu re f lat battery \ check for leaks

    4

    eng ine misf ires blocked fuel l ines -f i l l up fuel tank

    5 engin e overh eats faulty pressu re gaug e charg e or replace battery

    L i s t e n i n g 8 E 3 ^ B

    C o m p l e t e

    t h e s e s e n t e n c e s

    w i t h

    t h e w o r d s i n t h e b o x . T h e n l i s t e n a n d

    c h e c k

    y o u r

    a n s w e r s .

    g a u g e l i g h t s

    m i s f i r i n g r e s e r v o i r s t a r t t u r n i n g

    1 I c a n ' t g e t t h e

    g e n n y

    t o T h e

    e n g i n e

    is

    o v e r ,

    s o

    t h e b a t t e r y m u s t

    b e a l l r i g h t .

    2 T h e r e ' s a p r o b l e m

    w i t h

    t h e J C B .T h e t e m p e r a t u r e i s s h o w i n g r e d .

    3

    L i s t e n

    t o t h e b u l l d o z e r . T h e e n g i n e i s A n y i d e a s

    w h a t

    i t c o u l d b e ?

    4

    H a v e

    y o u

    s e e n

    t h e

    m e c h a n i c ?

    T h e g a u g e i s

    s h o w i n g

    l o w

    p r e s s u r e ,

    b u t t h e o i l

    i s

    f u l l .

    5

    C a n y o u l o o k a t t h e c r a n e , p l e a s e ? I t 's

    c o m p l e t e l y d e a d .

    T h e r e a r e n o

    ,

    n o t h i n g .

    L a n g u a g e

    Need to/need + -ing

    e useneed in dif ferent ways, dep end ing on where we w ant

    to put the e mp has is.

    We needto sort out the trailer.

    The trailer needs sorting out.

    9 R e a d

    a u d i o s c r i p t 1 1 o n p a g e 7 3 . U n d e r l i n e t h e

    p h r a s e s w i t h need . N o t i c e

    h o w

    t h e w o r d

    i s

    u s e d .

    1 0 U s e t h e

    t r o u b l e s h o o t i n g

    g u i d e i n 7 t o g i v e

    s o l u t i o n s

    t o t h e

    p r o b l e m s

    i n 8.

    7 77?e fuel tank is

    empty.

    W e

    need

    to fill it

    up./The

    tank

    needs fi l l ing

    up .

    S p e a k i n g 11 C h o o s e o n e o f t h e

    r e p a i r s

    t h a t

    n e e d d o i n g

    t o t h e

    o f f i c e t r a i l e r

    o n p a g e 2 4 a n d

    e x p l a i n

    t o a p a r t n e r h o w t o d o i t .

    The broken

    h i n g e

    needs

    rep lac ing,

    s o ftrstyou need to .. .

    1 2

    R e a d

    a u d i o s c r i p t 1 1 o n p a g e 7 3

    b e t w e e n

    t h e s u p e r v i s o r a n d h i s t e a m .

    R o l e p l a y

    a s i m i l a r

    s i t u a t i o n w i t h

    y o u r

    c l a s s m a t e s .

    Equ ipment 3

    25

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    F o c u s o n a p r o j e c t : T h e S h a r d , L o n d o n

    Reading

    T h e S h a r d i s a s k y s c r a p e r i n t h e c e n t r e o f L o n d o n , j u s t n e a r t h e f a m o u s

    T o w e r

    B r i d g e . It i s o n e o f t h e t a l l e s t b u i l d i n g s i n E u r o p e . D e s i g n e d b y R e n z o P i a n o , t h e

    t o w e r h a s 88

    l e v e l s

    a n d i s c l a d e n t i r e l y i n g l a s s . It c o n t a i n s o f fi c e s , r e s t a u r a n t s ,

    b a r s ,

    c a f e s ,

    v i e w i n g g a l l e ri e s , a h o t e l a n d r e s i d e n t i a l a p a r t m e n t s . O n e o f t h e

    b i g g e s t c h a l l e n g e s t h e

    d e v e l o p e r s

    h a d t o d e a l w i t h w a s t o m i n i m i s e d i s r u p t i o n

    i n t h e l o c a l a r e a : T h e S h a r d is l o c a t e d n e x t t o L o n d o n B r i d g e s t a t i o n , o n e o f t h e

    b u s i e s t t r a n s p o r t h u b s i n L o n d o n , a n d G u y ' s H o s p i t a l , a l a r ge t e a c h i n g h o s p i t a l .

    N o i s e a n d d u s t h a d t o b e k e p t t o a

    m i n i m u m .

    O n t h i s p a g e y o u w i l l l o o k a t s o m e

    o f t h e e q u i p m e n t

    t h a t

    w a s u s e d i n t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f T h e S h a r d .

    T h e s e

    c a n t i l e v e r l o a d i n g p l a t f o r m s

    a re

    e a sy

    t o i n s t a l l a n d m o v e . C r a n e s

    l i f t t h e p l a t f o r m s i n t o p o s i t i o n .

    T h e y a r e

    flush

    w i t h th e f loo r

    a l l o w i n g t h e m o v e m e n t o f la r g e

    o b j e c t s i n a n d o u t o f t h e s t r u c t u r e .

    H i g h - r i s e b u i l d i n g s l i k e t h e S h a rd

    n e e d a l o t o f c o n c r e t e . T h i s p r o j e c t

    u s e d a p o w e r f u l , h i g h - p e r f o r m a n c e

    p u m p w h i c h c a n p u m p m o r e

    t h a n

    9 0 m

    1

    o f c o n c r e t e p e r h o u r .

    N o r m a l l y a l i f t

    s h a f t h a s t o b e

    c o m p l e t e

    b e f o r e

    a

    l i f t

    c a n b e i n s t a l l e d .

    W i t h

    j u m p

    l i f t

    t e c h n o l o g y t h i s

    i s n o t necessary .

    A s t h e b u i l d i n g

    r i s e s , t h e j u m p

    l i f t

    w h i c h c o n t a i n s i t s

    o w n m a c h i n e r o o m ,

    r i s e s w i t h i t .

    T h e S h a r d

    c o n s t r u c t i o n s i t e

    u s e d a n u m b e r

    o f c r a n e s . T h e

    l e a d c r a n e i n t h e

    c e n t r e o c c u p i e d t h e

    h i g h e s t s p o t . T h i s

    c r an e w as m o u n t e d

    i n s i d e t h e c o r e .

    A s t h e b u i l d i n g

    r o s e t h e c r a n e w a s

    j a c k e d u p .

    Vocabulary 1

    R e a d t h e t e x t a n d l o o k a t th e p h o t o s . F i n d w o r d s w h i c h a r e c l o s e i n m e a n i n g t o

    t h e s e w o r d s .

    1 s i m p l e 5 t a l l

    2 o n t h e s a m e l e v e l a s 6 m i d d l e

    3 e l e v a t o r 7 u p p e r m o s t

    4 f i n i s h e d

    Speaking 2

    T h i n k a b o u t t h e f o u r p i e c e s o f e q u i p m e n t m e n t i o n e d i n t h e t e x t s . W h a t a r e t h e y

    f o r ? M a k e n o t e s a n d d i s c u s s y o u r id e a s w i t h a p a r t n e r .

    3 H o w d o y o u

    t h i n k

    t h e t o p c r a n e w a s r e m o v e d a t t h e e n d o f t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n p h a s e ?

    4 F i n d p h o t o s o f T h e S h a r d c o n s t r u c t i o n s i t e o n t h e in t e r n e t . C a n y o u i d e n t i f y

    a n y o t h e r p i e c e s o f e q u i p m e n t ? R e p o r t b a c k t o t h e c la s s . E x p l a i n w h a t t h e

    e q u i p m e n t i s f o r .

    26

    3 E q u i p m e n t

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    R e v i e w

    Vocabulary 1 R e a d th e s e t w o c o n v e r s a t i o n s a b o u t m a i n t e n a n c e . C o m p l e t e t h e m w i t h t h e

    w o r d s i n t h e b o x .

    ank

    . w i t h

    b a t t e r y

    d a m a g e d

    d i r t g r e a s e h o s e t a n k

    C o n v e r s a t i o n

    1

    A : W h a t a r e w e g o i n g t o d o a b o u t t h e le a k ?

    B:

    D o y o u m e a n t h e l e a k i n t h e ( 1 ) ?

    A: Yes .

    B : W e l l , i t ' s

    j u s t

    a s m a l l l e a k . I t h i n k w e c a n t o p u p t h e ( 2 ) .

    h y d r a u l i c

    o i l , a n d k e e p a n e y e o n i t .

    A : O K . A n d t h e c r a c k e d ( 3 ) ?

    B: L e t ' s t r y g l u e .

    A : G l u e ?

    B :

    Y es , i t 's o n l y t h e c a s i n g . I t s h o u l d b e O K .

    A : F i n e , b u t i t c o u l d b e ( 4 ) i n s i d e .

    B : T h a t ' s

    t r u e .

    L e t ' s r e p l a c e i t t h e n .

    C o n v e r s a t i o n 2

    A : I g r e a s e d a l l t h e Z e r k f i t t i n g s o n t h e b a c k h o e . T h e y n e e d e d i t . T h e r e w a s

    l o t s o f (1 )

    T h a n k s . 1 n o r m a l l y d o t h e m e v e r y m o r n i n g , b u t I w a s t o o b u s y t h i s m o r n i n g

    A n y i d e a w h y t h e y ' r e c a l l e d Z e r k f i t t i n g s ?

    A g u y c a l l e d Z e r k i n v e n t e d t h e m , I

    t h i n k .

    Y o u c a n a l s o c a l l t h e m

    ( 2 ) fittings. I t m a k e s m o r e s e n s e .

    A: Yes.

    Language

    2

    A n s w e r t h e s e q u e s t i o n s .

    1 W h a t i s h y d r a u l i c o i l u s e d f o r ?

    2 W h a t d o b a t t e r i e s d o ?

    3 W h a t a r e Z e r k f it ti ng s f o r ?

    3

    W r i t e t h e s e s e n t e n c e s i n a n o t h e r w a y s o

    t h a t

    t h e e m p h a s i s c h a n g e s .

    W e n e e d t o s o r t o u t t h e d e l i v e r y . The de l ivery needs sort ing out.

    1 W e n e e d t o i m p r o v e t h e q u a l i t y o f t h e c o n c r e t e .

    2 W e n e e d t o r e v i s e t h e s c h e d u l e .

    3 W e n e e d t o c o v e r t h e s a n d b e f o r e i t s t a r t s t o r a i n .

    4 W e n e e d t o i n s p e c t t h e w i r i n g .

    5 W e n e e d t o g o t h r o u g h t h e c o n t r a c t .

    6 W e n e e d t o

    f i l l

    i n t h e t r e n c h b y 5 p . m .

    4 C o r r e c t t h e e r r o r s

    w i t h

    ge t i n t h e s e s e n t e n c e s .

    L e t ' s p a c k u p . I t g e t d a r k a t a r o u n d s i x .

    Let's

    pack up. I t ge ts dark at around s ix .

    1 T h e p a p e r w o r k g e t s a l l w e t w h e n i t r a i n e d .

    2 T h e p i p e g e t s f i x e d y e s t e r d a y .

    3 T h e o i l

    t a n k

    g et d a m a g e d i n t h e a c c i d e n t .

    4 A n e x t i n g u i s h e r g e t s t o l e n

    e v e r y

    w e e k .

    5 H o w d i d i t g o t c r a c k e d ?

    6 W h e r e w e r e y o u w h e n h e g e t fir ed ?

    Writing 5 C h o o s e

    o n e o f t h e s e

    p i e c e s

    o f e q u i p m e n t . W r i t e d o w n f ive t h i n g s y o u s h o u l d

    c h e c k r e g u l a r l y a s p a r t o f a m a i n t e n a n c e p r o g r a m m e .

    b a c k h o e b u l l d o z e r c e m e n t p u m p c r a n e f o r k

    l i f t

    t r u c k

    g e n e r a t o r

    Equipment

    3

    27

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    M a t e r i a l s

    o rde r mate r i a l s

    d e s c r i b e p r o p e r t i e so mater i a l s

    e x p l a i n d e l i v e r y p r o b le m s

    d i s c u s s p r o b le m s a n d so lut ions

    i n v o l v i n g m a t e r i a l s

    R e a d i n g

    O r d e r i n g m a t e r i a l s

    1

    Read th e f o u r

    t e x t s .

    Decide the

    order

    they were w r i t t e n i n .

    o 0

    Torano Ltd

    Plumbing

    Supplies

    O

    O

    o

    DELIVERY NOTE

    CONSIGNO R S COPY

    o 0

    Torano Ltd

    Plumbing

    Supplies

    O

    O

    o

    Suppl ier :

    Torano Ltd, Plumbing

    Suppl ies ,

    PasAIKhor

    Industrial Area

    Date:

    7

    M a y

    Reference: HU 23/67

    o 0

    Torano Ltd

    Plumbing

    Supplies

    O

    O

    o

    Customer address : AUadaf Avenue456 Customer Ident i f icat ion Number : 26751

    o 0

    Torano Ltd

    Plumbing

    Supplies

    O

    O

    o

    Del ivery address: Jumeirah Street 23A

    o 0

    Torano Ltd

    Plumbing

    Supplies

    O

    O

    o

    Transpor t :

    Truck

    Shipping Agent : Shonker

    o 0

    Torano Ltd

    Plumbing

    Supplies

    O

    O

    o

    Order number : 3723

    Total weight:

    3 4 k g

    o 0

    Torano Ltd

    Plumbing

    Supplies

    O

    O

    o

    Descr ipt ion: P ipes HT-670

    Value: 239.07 AED

    o 0

    Torano Ltd

    Plumbing

    Supplies

    O

    O

    o

    Del iveredby: Quant i ty :

    4 m

    o 0

    Torano Ltd

    Plumbing

    Supplies

    O

    O

    o

    Name (BLOCK CAPS) : AUHAMAD

    o 0

    Torano Ltd

    Plumbing

    Supplies

    O

    O

    o

    Received:

    o 0

    Torano Ltd

    Plumbing

    Supplies

    O

    O

    o

    I

    cer t i fy the above i tems were received

    in

    good order

    and condi t ion.

    Date:

    7 7/5

    Time: 72:25

    o 0

    Torano Ltd

    Plumbing

    Supplies

    O

    O

    o

    Name (BLOCK CAPS) : GHAD

    Signature: QLJ.

    * c +

    Dear

    Ms

    Sark is ,

    T h a n k

    you for

    y ou r r eques t

    for a

    p r ice quote . Unfor tuna te ly

    the

    p i pes

    you

    r eques t ed are not ins t ock at themom en t . Howeve r we can o f fer you othe r

    s im i la r p ipesfor thes am e p r i ce . Ac o p y oft he spec i f i ca t ions is a t t a ched .

    P lease

    let us

    k now you r dec i s i on .

    A l f redo Torano

    Manage r

    T o r a n o

    Request for price quote

    ToranoLtd

    Plumbing Supplies

    I tem:

    pipes HT-675

    Quant i ty : 4 m

    Del ivery address: Jumeirah St r ee t23A

    Delivery date: 17May

    Customer Ident i f icat ion Number : 2675L

    Exit FAQs Contactus

    Materials

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    Vocabu l a r y

    2 M a t c h

    t h e

    t e r m s

    i n 1 - 7 w i t h

    t h e i r m e a n i n g s

    a - g . U s e t h e

    t e x t s

    i n

    1

    t o

    h e l p

    y o u .

    1 B L O C K C A P S

    a )

    a d o c u m e n t fr o m t h e s e l l e r t o t h e b u y e r , g i v i n g

    2 p r i c e q u o t e

    d e t a i l s

    o f a

    d e l i v e r y

    3

    i n s t o c k

    b )

    a s k

    f o r

    4 F A Q s

    c )

    i n f o r m a t i o n

    a b o u t h o w m u c h t h e g o o d s c o s t

    5

    s i g n a t u r e

    d )

    a

    p e r s o n ' s n a m e ,

    w r i t t e n i n

    h i s / h e r

    o w n h a n d w r i t i n

    6

    d e l i v e r y n o t e

    e )

    C A P I T A LL E T T E R S

    7 r e q u e s t

    0

    F r e q u e n t l y A s k e d Q u e s t i o n s

    g )

    T h e s e l l e r h a s t h e i t e m s i n h i s s t o r e .

    3

    F i n d w o r d s

    i n t h e

    t e x t s

    i n 1 t h a t a r e

    s i m i l a r

    i n

    m e a n i n g

    t o

    t h e s e w o r d s .

    1 g o o d s

    2 n u m b e r

    3 v a l u e

    4 s e l l e r

    5 l o r r y

    6 c l i e n t

    7 d e t a i l s

    L a n g u a g e

    The p a ss i v e

    In an active sentence, the subject is the doer who

    performs the action of the verb. In a pas siv e sentence,

    the object of the active verb becomes the subject.

    Ms Sarkisordered the goods, (active)

    The goods

    were ordered

    by Ms Sarkis.

    (passive)

    We use the pass ive wh en the doer is unknown or

    unimportant, or when the doer is obvious. We form the

    passive with an appropriate form ofbe + past participle.

    This equipmentis made in Germany.

    The packages

    were sent

    last week.

    C o m p l e t e t h e s e s e n t e n c e s w i t h i n f o r m a t i o n f r o m t h e t e x t s i n 1 .

    1

    T h e

    n a m e

    o f t h e

    s e l l e r

    i s

    2

    T h e g o o d s w e r e

    o r d e r e d

    b y

    3 T h e g o o d s c o s t .

    4

    T h e g o o d s w e r e

    d e l i v e r e d

    t o

    (address).

    5

    T h e g o o d s w e r e

    d e l i v e r e d

    b y

    (name).

    6 T h e g o o d s w e r e s i g n e d f o r b y

    7 T h e g o o d s w e r e

    d e l i v e r e d

    a t

    (time).

    R e a d

    t h i s

    t e x t a b o u t

    o n e o f t h e

    gr e a te s t c o n s t r u c t i o n p r o j e c t s

    i n

    h i s t o r y .

    C o m p l e t e

    i t

    w i t h

    t h e

    c o r r e c t p a s s i v e f o r m

    o f t h e

    v e r b s

    i n

    b r a c k e t s .

    T h e G r e a t P y r a m i d o f G i z a ( 1 ) (des ign) a s ( 4 ) (remove) b y l a t e r g e n e r a t i o n s . T h e

    a

    t o m b f o r a n E g y p t i a n P h a r a o h . M a n y p e o p l e t h i n k p y r a m i d c o n t a i n s a t le a s t t h r e e c h a m b e r s . T h e l o w e s t

    i t ( 2 )

    (construct)

    u s i n g s l a ve l a b o u r , b u t w e is u n d e r t h e p y r a m i d a n d (5 ) (cut ) i n t o

    h av e n o r e a le v i d e n c e o f t h i s . T h e p y r a m i d h a s c h a n g e d t h e r o c k . I t ( 6 ) n e v e r (f inish).

    o v e r t h e y e a r s . F o r e x a m p l e , i t ( 3 ) o r i g i n a l l y T h e o t h e r c h a m b e r s ( 7 ) build) i n t o t h e

    (cover) i n c a s i n g s t o n e s , b u t t h e s e p y r a m i d i t s e l f .

    j

    S p e a k i n g

    6 W o r k i n p a i r s . T h i n k

    o f a c o n s t r u c t i o n

    s i t e

    y o u

    k n o w .

    H o w a r e b u i l d i n g

    m a t e r i a l s

    o r d e r e d ? W h a t p a p e r w o r k

    i s

    r e q u i r e d ?

    G i v e

    e x a m p l e s .

    M a t e r i a l s

    4

    29

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    P r o p e r t i e s o f m a t e r i a l s

    Speaking

    1