what is a hero? - nutley public ?· what is a hero? what is an archetype? k w l (what do you...
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What is a hero?
What is an Archetype?
K W L (What do you KNOW?) (What do you WANT to know?) (What did you LEARN?)
Definition of archetype:
the original pattern or model from which all things of the same kind are copied or on which they are based; a model or first form; prototype.
Example: Frankenstein , Dracula are both archetypes that have influenced subsequent horror stories i.e. Freddy Krueger
"archetype." Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 23 Aug. 2008. .
2 Different Practical Archetypes
1. Situation Archetype
2. Character Archetype
Death and Rebirth
The Battle between Good & Evil
the search for someone or
something (a talisman) which,
when found and brought back, will
restore fertility to a wasted land,
the desolation of which is mirrored
by a leaders illness and disability.
Note: fertility does not necessarily
mean reproduction or fruitfulness. It
can and often does mean prosperity,
The Lion King, Excalibur, Monty Python
and the Quest for the Holy Grail.
The journey sends the hero in search for some truth or information necessary to restore fertility to the kingdom. a. The hero descends into a real or psychological hell b. He is forced to discover or face the blackest truths about himself (usually). c. He accepts responsibility for his faults and acknowledges his mistakes. d. He returns to the world of the living.
Example: The Odyssey, The Canterbury Tales,
The Aeneid, The Fellowship of the Rings, The Lord of the Flies
To save the kingdom, to win the fair lady, to identify himself so that he may resume his rightful position, the hero must perform some nearly superhuman deed.
This differs from the Quest in that in the Quest, the ultimate goal is to restore fertility; here the goal is to gain something (power, the girl, wealth, etc.)
Hercules, The Sword and the Stone, The Lord of the Rings Trilogy, Beowulf.
This usually takes the form of an
initiation into adult life. The
adolescent comes into his or
her own maturity with new
awareness and problems along
with new hope for the
community. This awakening is
often the climax of the story. It
does parallel the Ritual.
Huckleberry Finn, The Lion King, King
Arthur, the Hobbits. The Harry
This archetype describes a descent
from a higher state of being to a
lower state of being. The
experience involves a defilement
and/or a loss of innocence and
bliss. The fall is often
accompanied by an expulsion
from a kind of paradise as penalty
for disobedience and moral
Adam and Eve, Lancelot and Guinevere,
Miltons Paradise Lost, many
Death & Rebirth
This is the most common of all situational archetypes. It is the parallel between the cycle of nature and the cycle of life. Thus, morning and springtime represent birth, youth, or rebirth; evening and winter suggest old age or death.
The Battle Between Good & Evil
Obviously, the battle between two
primal forces. Mankind shows
eternal optimism in the continual
portrayal of good triumphing over
evil despite great odds.
The forces of Sauron and those of Middle
Earth in The Lord of the Rings, Satan
vs. God in Miltons Paradise Lost, any
western movie or novel, most
cartoons, The book of Revelation.
Creature of Nightmares
These are young heroes
or heroines who, prior to
their quest, must endure
some training and
ceremony. They are
usually innocent and
often wear white.
Example: Daniel from
The Karate Kid.
These individuals serve
as teachers or counselors
initiates. Sometimes they
work as role models and
often serve as father or
Father Son Conflict
Tension often results from
separation during childhood
or from an external source
when the individuals meet
as men and where the
mentor often has a higher
place in the affections of the
hero than the natural parent
Example: Romeo & Lord
1. http://p7.p.pixnet.net/albums/userpics/7/0/308370/1178083764.jpg 2. http://www.mymovies.it/filmclub/attori/3994.jpg
Get in groups of four (4) by finding the other
people who have a character from your story.
Joker Alfred Pennyworth
Jaq & Gus Fairy Godmother
Timon and Pumba
Lord Farquaad Princess Fiona Lord Farquaad