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  • Archetypes

    What is a hero?

  • What is an Archetype?

    K W L (What do you KNOW?) (What do you WANT to know?) (What did you LEARN?)

  • Definition of archetype:

    the original pattern or model from which all things of the same kind are copied or on which they are based; a model or first form; prototype.

    Example: Frankenstein , Dracula are both archetypes that have influenced subsequent horror stories i.e. Freddy Krueger

    "archetype." Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 23 Aug. 2008. .

    http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/archetype

  • 2 Different Practical Archetypes

    1. Situation Archetype

    2. Character Archetype

  • Situation Archetypes

    The Quest

    The Journey

    The Task

    The Initiation

    The Fall

    Death and Rebirth

    The Battle between Good & Evil

  • The Quest

    the search for someone or

    something (a talisman) which,

    when found and brought back, will

    restore fertility to a wasted land,

    the desolation of which is mirrored

    by a leaders illness and disability.

    Note: fertility does not necessarily

    mean reproduction or fruitfulness. It

    can and often does mean prosperity,

    peace, harmony.

    Examples:

    The Lion King, Excalibur, Monty Python

    and the Quest for the Holy Grail.

    http://raresoundtracks.iespana.es/images/thelionking.jpg

    http://raresoundtracks.iespana.es/images/thelionking.jpg

  • The Journey

    The journey sends the hero in search for some truth or information necessary to restore fertility to the kingdom. a. The hero descends into a real or psychological hell b. He is forced to discover or face the blackest truths about himself (usually). c. He accepts responsibility for his faults and acknowledges his mistakes. d. He returns to the world of the living.

    Example: The Odyssey, The Canterbury Tales,

    The Aeneid, The Fellowship of the Rings, The Lord of the Flies

    http://www.the-reel-mccoy.com/movies/2001/images/FellowshipOfTheRing_poster.jpg

    http://www.the-reel-mccoy.com/movies/2001/images/FellowshipOfTheRing_poster.jpghttp://www.the-reel-mccoy.com/movies/2001/images/FellowshipOfTheRing_poster.jpghttp://www.the-reel-mccoy.com/movies/2001/images/FellowshipOfTheRing_poster.jpghttp://www.the-reel-mccoy.com/movies/2001/images/FellowshipOfTheRing_poster.jpghttp://www.the-reel-mccoy.com/movies/2001/images/FellowshipOfTheRing_poster.jpg

  • The Task

    To save the kingdom, to win the fair lady, to identify himself so that he may resume his rightful position, the hero must perform some nearly superhuman deed.

    This differs from the Quest in that in the Quest, the ultimate goal is to restore fertility; here the goal is to gain something (power, the girl, wealth, etc.)

    Examples:

    Hercules, The Sword and the Stone, The Lord of the Rings Trilogy, Beowulf.

    http://www.virginmedia.com/microsites/movies/slideshow/top-ten-movie-wizards/img_6.jpg

    http://www.virginmedia.com/microsites/movies/slideshow/top-ten-movie-wizards/img_6.jpghttp://www.virginmedia.com/microsites/movies/slideshow/top-ten-movie-wizards/img_6.jpghttp://www.virginmedia.com/microsites/movies/slideshow/top-ten-movie-wizards/img_6.jpghttp://www.virginmedia.com/microsites/movies/slideshow/top-ten-movie-wizards/img_6.jpghttp://www.virginmedia.com/microsites/movies/slideshow/top-ten-movie-wizards/img_6.jpghttp://www.virginmedia.com/microsites/movies/slideshow/top-ten-movie-wizards/img_6.jpghttp://www.virginmedia.com/microsites/movies/slideshow/top-ten-movie-wizards/img_6.jpg

  • The Initiation

    This usually takes the form of an

    initiation into adult life. The

    adolescent comes into his or

    her own maturity with new

    awareness and problems along

    with new hope for the

    community. This awakening is

    often the climax of the story. It

    does parallel the Ritual.

    Examples:

    Huckleberry Finn, The Lion King, King

    Arthur, the Hobbits. The Harry

    Potter series.

    http://www.southshields-sanddancers.co.uk/photos_posters/harry_potter_calendar_photo.jpg

    http://www.southshields-sanddancers.co.uk/photos_posters/harry_potter_calendar_photo.jpghttp://www.southshields-sanddancers.co.uk/photos_posters/harry_potter_calendar_photo.jpghttp://www.southshields-sanddancers.co.uk/photos_posters/harry_potter_calendar_photo.jpg

  • The Fall

    This archetype describes a descent

    from a higher state of being to a

    lower state of being. The

    experience involves a defilement

    and/or a loss of innocence and

    bliss. The fall is often

    accompanied by an expulsion

    from a kind of paradise as penalty

    for disobedience and moral

    transgression.

    Examples:

    Adam and Eve, Lancelot and Guinevere,

    Miltons Paradise Lost, many

    detective/cops stories.

    http://www.nashvillescholars.net/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/arthur

    http://www.nashvillescholars.net/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/arthur

  • Death & Rebirth

    This is the most common of all situational archetypes. It is the parallel between the cycle of nature and the cycle of life. Thus, morning and springtime represent birth, youth, or rebirth; evening and winter suggest old age or death.

    http://morris-photographics.com/photos/TheFourSeasons.jpg

    http://morris-photographics.com/photos/TheFourSeasons.jpghttp://morris-photographics.com/photos/TheFourSeasons.jpghttp://morris-photographics.com/photos/TheFourSeasons.jpg

  • The Battle Between Good & Evil

    Obviously, the battle between two

    primal forces. Mankind shows

    eternal optimism in the continual

    portrayal of good triumphing over

    evil despite great odds.

    Examples:

    The forces of Sauron and those of Middle

    Earth in The Lord of the Rings, Satan

    vs. God in Miltons Paradise Lost, any

    western movie or novel, most

    cartoons, The book of Revelation.

    http://rangersin08.files.wordpress.com/2008/01/sauron1.jpg http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/51BD7HCN0TL.jpg

    http://rangersin08.files.wordpress.com/2008/01/sauron1.jpghttp://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/51BD7HCN0TL.jpghttp://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/51BD7HCN0TL.jpghttp://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/51BD7HCN0TL.jpg

  • Character Archetype

    The Hero

    The Initiates

    Mentors

    Father-Son Conflict

    Loyal Retainers

    Devil Figure

    Creature of Nightmares

    Woman Figure

  • The Initiates

    These are young heroes

    or heroines who, prior to

    their quest, must endure

    some training and

    ceremony. They are

    usually innocent and

    often wear white.

    Example: Daniel from

    The Karate Kid.

    http://spencerpeet.files.wordpress.com/2007/10/karate-kid-se-sleeve.jpg

    http://spencerpeet.files.wordpress.com/2007/10/karate-kid-se-sleeve.jpghttp://spencerpeet.files.wordpress.com/2007/10/karate-kid-se-sleeve.jpghttp://spencerpeet.files.wordpress.com/2007/10/karate-kid-se-sleeve.jpghttp://spencerpeet.files.wordpress.com/2007/10/karate-kid-se-sleeve.jpghttp://spencerpeet.files.wordpress.com/2007/10/karate-kid-se-sleeve.jpghttp://spencerpeet.files.wordpress.com/2007/10/karate-kid-se-sleeve.jpghttp://spencerpeet.files.wordpress.com/2007/10/karate-kid-se-sleeve.jpg

  • The Mentor

    These individuals serve

    as teachers or counselors

    to the

    initiates. Sometimes they

    work as role models and

    often serve as father or

    mother figure.

    Examples: Obi-Wan

    Kenobe, Dumbledore

    1. http://www.odj310388.com/wallpapercomp/images/obiwan.jpg

    2. http://image.guardian.co.uk/sys-images/Film/Pix/gallery/2001/07/03/Albusdumbledorerichardharris.jpg

    (1)

    (2)

    http://www.odj310388.com/wallpapercomp/images/obiwan.jpghttp://www.odj310388.com/wallpapercomp/images/obiwan.jpghttp://image.guardian.co.uk/sys-images/Film/Pix/gallery/2001/07/03/Albusdumbledorerichardharris.jpghttp://image.guardian.co.uk/sys-images/Film/Pix/gallery/2001/07/03/Albusdumbledorerichardharris.jpghttp://image.guardian.co.uk/sys-images/Film/Pix/gallery/2001/07/03/Albusdumbledorerichardharris.jpg

  • Father Son Conflict

    Tension often results from

    separation during childhood

    or from an external source

    when the individuals meet

    as men and where the

    mentor often has a higher

    place in the affections of the

    hero than the natural parent

    Example: Romeo & Lord

    Montague

    1. http://p7.p.pixnet.net/albums/userpics/7/0/308370/1178083764.jpg 2. http://www.mymovies.it/filmclub/attori/3994.jpg

    (1)

    (2)

    http://p7.p.pixnet.net/albums/userpics/7/0/308370/1178083764.jpghttp://www.mymovies.it/filmclub/attori/3994.jpg

  • Archetype Activity

    Get in groups of four (4) by finding the other

    people who have a character from your story.

  • Ariel

    Flounder

    Sebastian Ursula

  • Joker Alfred Pennyworth

    Batman

  • Jaq & Gus Fairy Godmother

    Stepmother

  • Nemo

    Dori

    Bruce

    Crush

  • Dumbledore

    Draco

    Rupert

  • Magneto Rogue

    Professor X

  • Scar

    Rafiki

    Timon and Pumba

    Simba

  • Donkey Shrek

    Lord Farquaad Princess Fiona Lord Farquaad

  • Archetyp

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