what is a hero?. what is a hero? brainstorm hero attributes
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WHAT IS A HERO?
WHAT IS A HERO?
What is a hero?BRAINSTORM HERO ATTRIBUTES
GROUP ACTIVITYMy Hero website (www.myhero.com)Medal of Honor website (www.cmohs.org)Each group will read about several different contemporary heroes and choose one to present to the class.Presentation: (Time: 1 minute) give a summary of your hero and a statement on why you chose this hero.
Medal of Honor Society
Audie Leon Murphy
The Most Decorated American Hero
The seventh of twelve children born to a poor sharecropper in Texas, his family lived for a while in a converted rail road box car on the edge of town. He worked so hard to help support his large family that by age 15 he had only completed the fifth grade. In 1940 his father deserted the family and the following year his mother died.To provide for his brothers and sisters, he tried to enter the military to serve in World War II. The Marines turned him down, then the Navy also rejected him. At age 17 he was 5'5" tall and only 110 pounds..."too small to be a fighter."Finally accepted by the Army, he became a "one-man-army" in Europe earning the distinguished Service Cross in August, 1944 and six weeks later earning TWO Silver Stars in three days. Three months later he jumped on a burning tank to man a machinegun and cover the withdrawal of his men. As the Americans dropped artillery around him, someone asked over the radio, "How close (to you) is the enemy."He replied, "Just hold the phone and I'll let you talk to one!"
A HERO IS SOMEONE WHO HAS GIVEN HIS OR HER LIFE TO SOMETHING BIGGER THAN ONESELFJoseph Campbell
It was Joseph Campbell who, in the 1940's, first brought to the public's attention the Mythic and Archetypal principles embedded in the structure of stories.
The Hero With A Thousand FacesJoseph Campbell was an expert on mythology. He did a program on public television called The Power of Myth and he wrote a famous book called The Hero With a Thousand Faces. Campbell said all myths had the same journey more or less.
In his book "The Hero with a Thousand Faces", Campbell identified the underlying patterns in myths, stories, and the spiritual traditions. In so doing, Campbell created a standardized language which made it possible to uncover and communicate the underlying archetypal structure of these narrative traditions.
The Seven Archetypes:11. HERO2 MENTOR3. THRESHOLD GUARDIAN4. HERALD5 SHAPESHIFTER6. SHADOW7. TRICKSTER
Vogler's Map of the Journey
The Heros JourneyChristopher VoglerChristopher Vogler is a veteran story consultant for major Hollywood film companies (including Disney) and a respected teacher of filmmakers and writers around the globe.
Later, in the book "The Writer's Journey", Christopher Vogler took Campbell's work to the next step. Vogler expanded on the language of the Hero's Journey, developing it into a detailed framework for analyzing both plot and character development in fiction, and into a guideline for developing satisfying and successful stories.
12 STAGES OF THE JOURNEY1. ORDINARY WORLD2. CALL TO ADVENTURE3. REFUSAL OF THE CALL4. MEETING WITH THE MENTOR5. CROSSING THE THRESHOLD6. TESTS, ALLIES, ENEMIES7. APPROACH TO THE INMOST CAVE
12 STAGES OF THE JOURNEY cont.8. ORDEAL9. REWARD10. THE ROAD BACK11. RESURRECTION12. RETURN WITH ELIXER
To recap the Hero's journey2:
Heroes are introduced in the ORDINARY WORLD, where they receive the CALL TO ADVENTURE. They are RELUCTANT at first or REFUSE THE CALL, but are encouraged by a MENTOR to CROSS THE FIRST THRESHOLD and enter the Special World, where they encounter TESTS, ALLIES, AND ENEMIES. They APPROACH THE INMOST CAVE, crossing a second threshold where they endure the ORDEAL. They take possession of their REWARD and are pursued on THE ROAD BACK to the Ordinary World. They cross the third threshold, experience a RESURRECTION, and are transformed by the experience. They RETURN WITH THE ELIXIR, a boon or treasure to benefit the Ordinary World.
1: Excerpts from MYTH AND THE MOVIES ISBN 0-941188-66-3 Reprinted with permission by Michael Wiese Productions www.mwp.com (800-833-5738 or 818-379-8799) Copyright 1999 Stuart Voytilla 2: Excerpts from THE WRITER'S JOURNEY ISBN 0941188701 Reprinted with permission by Michael Wiese Productions www.mwp.com (800-833-5738 or 818-379-8799) Copyright 1998 Christopher Vogler
The MY HERO Project was founded in 1995 by Karen Pritzker, Jeanne Meyers and Rita Stern as a response to the lack of positive role models in the media for children. This not-for-profit website was built on the belief that people of all ages from around the world would participate by sharing stories, art, and short films that illuminate heroes from all walks of life. What began as a simple idea has now become a global learning community that bridges the digital divide, promotes peace and tolerance, and allows people around the globe to have their voices heard in a safe, commercial-free, child-friendly environment. This has been accomplished through building our multimedia journal and digital library, providing support for thousands of teachers who use project-based learning in their classrooms, and making media arts education available to those in underrepresented communities so all can take part in this award-winning project. *On December 9, 1861 Iowa Senator James W. Grimes introduced S. No. 82 in the United States Senate, a bill designed to "promote the efficiency of the Navy" by authorizing the production and distribution of "medals of honor". On December 21st the bill was passed, authorizing 200 such medals be produced "which shall be bestowed upon such petty officers, seamen, landsmen and marines as shall distinguish themselves by their gallantry in action and other seamanlike qualities during the present war (Civil War)." President Lincoln signed the bill and the (Navy) Medal of Honor was born. *The Seven Archetypes:1Hero: "The Hero is the protagonist or central character, whose primary purpose is to separate from the ordinary world and sacrifice himself for the service of the Journey at hand - to answer the challenge, complete the quest and restore the Ordinary World's balance. We experience the Journey through the eyes of the Hero." Mentor: "The Mentor provides motivation, insights and training to help the Hero." Threshold Guardian: "Threshold Guardians protect the Special World and its secrets from the Hero, and provide essential tests to prove a Hero's commitment and worth." Herald: "Herald characters issue challenges and announce the coming of significant change. They can make their appearance anytime during a Journey, but often appear at the beginning of the Journey to announce a Call to Adventure. A character may wear the Herald's mask to make an announcement or judgment, report a news flash, or simply deliver a message." Shapeshifter: "The Shapeshifter's mask misleads the Hero by hiding a character's intentions and loyalties." Shadow: "The Shadow can represent our darkest desires, our untapped resources, or even rejected qualities. It can also symbolize our greatest fears and phobias. Shadows may not be all bad, and may reveal admirable, even redeeming qualities. The Hero's enemies and villains often wear the Shadow mask. This physical force is determined to destroy the Hero and his cause." Trickster: "Tricksters relish the disruption of the status quo, turning the Ordinary World into chaos with their quick turns of phrase and physical antics. Although they may not change during the course of their Journeys, their world and its inhabitants are transformed by their antics. The Trickster uses laughter [and ridicule] to make characters see the absurdity of the situation, and perhaps force a change."
*Christopher Vogler is a veteran story consultant for major Hollywood film companies and a respected teacher of filmmakers and writers around the globe. His book The Writers Journey, applying the ancient patterns of myth to modern story-telling, has helped to shape the way people in movies, TV, and publishing think about stories and is required reading at many film schools and literature programs. He has influenced the screenplays of movies from THE LION KING to FIGHT CLUB to THE THIN RED LINE and most recently wrote the first installment of RAVENSKULL, a Japanese-style manga or graphic novel. He was the executive producer of the feature film P.S. YOUR CAT IS DEAD and writer of the animated feature JESTER TILL.
*The Twelve Stages of the Journey1Ordinary World: "The Hero's home, the safe haven upon which the Special World and the Journey's outcome must be compared." The Journey begins in the Ordinary World, travels to the Special World, and returns to the Ordinary World. Call to Adventure: The Call to Adventure sets the story rolling by disrupting the comfort of the Hero's Ordinary World, presenting a challenge or quest that must be undertaken. Refusal of the Call: "A Hero often refuses [or is reluctant] to take on the Journey because of fears and insecurities that have surfaced from the Call to Adventure. The Hero may not be willing to make changes, preferring the safe haven of the Ordinary World. This becomes an essential stage that communicates the risks involved in the Journey that lies ahead. Without risks and danger or the likelihood of failure, the audience will not be compelled to be a part of the Hero's Journey." Meeting with the Mentor: "The Hero meets a Mentor to gain confidence, insight, advice, training, or magical gifts to overcome the initial fears and face the Threshold of the adventure. The Mentor may be a physical person,