victims protection :victims identification process and challenges
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DESCRIPTIONVictims Protection :Victims Identification Process and Challenges. Saowanee Khomepatr Director, Bureau of Anti-Trafficking in Women and Children Ministry of Social Development and Human Security, THAILAND March 12 – 13, 2010 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 1. Thailand’s Policy & Implementation. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN THAILAND
1Victims Protection :Victims Identification Process and ChallengesSaowanee KhomepatrDirector, Bureau of Anti-Trafficking in Women and ChildrenMinistry of Social Development and Human Security, THAILANDMarch 12 13, 2010Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia16 2555 .1Thailands Policy & ImplementationPolicy & CoordinatorProsecutionProtection(rescue, recovery, repatriation, reintegration)PreventivePartnershipThe Royal Thai government has declared its intention to fight trafficking in persons, making the prevention and resolution of trafficking in persons part of its national agenda at the National Conference on Human Trafficking held on August 6, 2004 at government house.The Thailands policy and Implementation has a focus on 5 principle (5P) as follows :5 P Policy and coordination: focus on the importance of policies and planning for coordination among concerned agenciesProsecution : legal proceedings include legal measures, law enforcement etc.Protection : rescue, recovery ,repatriation and reintegration measure is targeted toward welfare protection Preventive : aim at raising awareness and understanding regarding detrimental effects caused by human trafficking and capacity building of personnel concerned. Partnership : by encourage the participation of various organization or network include government agencies, domestic and foreign NGOs as well as ASEAN Governments. 6 2547 5 (5P) 5 P 2BATWC Thailand3
Why do we need Multidisciplinary Team Approach?16 2555 .3Why do we need Multidisciplinary Team Approach?From this point of view, you can see that human trafficking is a very complicated problem. There are many forms of abuses and exploitations, either commercial sexual exploitation, forced begging, forced or exploited labour that varied from domestic labour, sweatshop, to agricultural sector, or even other forms that we have not uncover them yet, as limited by our own laws, like false adoption or selling human organs. Therefore, trafficked persons are different in problems, age, social and legal service assistance and level of needs. As a result, we need other professionals to come together, think together and action together in order to maximize efficiency and effectiveness on victim protection, prosecute traffickers as well as avoid duplication in services and minimize harm that may cause from re-interviewing or investigation. ? , ,, , Victims identifacation & MDT approachSafety & best interests of the victims as the center of interventionVictims participation and cooperation is the key entry point for better protection and greater prosecutionConcerted efforts on MDT helps pushing down demand side and preventing victims from re-trafficking4
16 2555 .4Why MDT is so important in Thailand? I could say that Thailand has adopted a rights-based approach in implementation of anti-trafficking measures. Our policies emphasize that the safety and the best interests of the victim must come first and must be at the center of any actions for intervention. How can we be sure of that? Information and facts from the victims are the entry points. Victims are the only ones who could tell what works for them and what doesnt. So I believe if we can gain victims participation and cooperation, it will help us provide better protection for them and it will result in prosecution process that may help eradicate criminal networks more effectively. Or, I can say from my experience that the rights-based approach helps push down the demand side of trafficking and, at the same time, it prevents the victims from re-trafficking. The best strategy in our protection and suppression is to gain cooperation from the victims. I would like to say that we have to implement it in a cooperative atmosphere from all sectors in a spirit of the multi-disciplinary team. ? Intake/ReportNon - VictimRefer to IDCVictimBio psycho-social assessmentSocial servicesLegal assistanceEducation/vocational trainingRecoveryReport to policemenInvestigation/ Court hearingRepatriationLegal remedyReintegrationVictims Identification &Protection ProcessVictim Identification & Protection ProcessThailand has the MOUs as agreed by all partners provided clear steps and roles of each agency, either GOs or NGOs, as illustrate in protection procedure that I would like to give you an example of how do we work in a multidisciplinary team manner. In the process of victims identification. the Royal Thai Police and the Ministry of Social Development and Human Security and other key actors both GO and NGO had a basic guideline for considered criteria of suspected case to be as victims of trafficking and working together in multi-disciplinary teamWe use MDT approach from intake, victim identification, rescue, legal assistance, recovery, repatriation to reintegration steps.MOUs 5Intake/ reporting incidents of TIPRescueVictim identificationLegal assistanceProtection assistanceRecovery, return & reintegration
Victims Identification &Protection Process16 2555 .6Intake We receive primary information of suspected cases from various actors. They can report to policemen, agencies under my Ministry, Thai embassy or consulate, or concerned NGOs. Besides, we provide a hotline number 1300 to ensure that they can reach for help. At this stage, we will refer information to the relevant agency, like policemen, immigration officer or labour office for rescue steps.Rescue In this step, we will call for a case conference with multidisciplinary team to consult and set a plan to rescue a victim. This will be different depending on the case situation. Victim identification As it is very difficult to identify those who are victims of trafficking out of illegal migrants, then the Royal Thai Police, the Ministry of Social Development and Human Security and other key actors both GO and NGO have consulted each other and came up with a set of basic guideline and criteria of suspected case to be considered as victims of trafficking, in conformity to our national laws and regulations. We developed a case interview form to be signed by both policeman and social worker to agree on identification of the victims. Legal assistance, Protection assistance and Recovery, return & reintegration ; After the victims identification process. The victims can be entitled to access to services and legal assistance by the government shelters under the Department of Social Development and Welfare. Assistance and services at the shelters are including recovery, return and reintegration.
Medical careCounselingEducationVocational trainingFamily tracing & AssessmentRepatriationReintegration & follow upLegal assistanceAssistance and services at the shelters Comprehensive Care in Main Shelters
Assistance and services at the sheltersRecovery in the recovery process, we will provide medical check-up and psychological examination. Bio-psycho-social assessment will be conduct again to recheck a long term need of care and treatment. We will conduct case conference again in the shelter with more on health aspects along with prosecution process that might take time. The important thing is that we will accompany the case to any prosecution steps to make them feel secured and comfortable.While being under welfare protection of DSDW, a victim will be provided with four basic necessities, physical and mental rehabilitation, vocational training, recreation activities and proper social work services as deemed appropriate.Return & Reintegration Return and Reintegration Process is as follow1. Prepare the victims before Return and Reintegration.2. Coordinate with the Immigration Bureau in order to prepare the victimsprofiles and fingerprints and submit a request to return the victims back to their domiciles.3. Seek funding support to cover the costs of Return and Reintegration for flights and other miscellaneous item.4. Inform the schedule of Return and Reintegration to the Embassy.5. Prepare vehicles, staff and social worker accompanying the victims and coordinate with the Embassy and the Immigration Bureau to see the victim off together at Suvarnabhumi Airport.6. Coordinate with Embassy and concerned agencies to make arrangements for the return of the victims to their domiciles and their reintegration.
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1. 2. 3.4.5., 6.
Government Shelters 8
Baan SrisuratBaan PhumvetBaan NarisawadBaan KredtrakarnSongkhla Shelter for MenRanong Shelterfor MenPathumthaniShelter for MenChiangraiShelter for MenBaan Songkwai9 main shelters Main shelters provide food, medical care, psycho-social recovery, legal aid, life skills & vocational training, repatriation and reintegrationThere are also 77 temporaly shelters located nationwide
8The following 9 main responsible agencies under the department of social development and welfare have been disignated to provide care for victims of human trafficking.- 4 Shelters for women 1. Kred Trakarn Welfare Protection and Occupational Development Center for Women, Nonthaburi Province 2. Nari Sawat Protection and Occupational Development Center for Women, Nakhon Ratchasima Province 3. Song Khwae Protection and Occupational Development Center for Women, Phitsanulok Province 4. Southern Protection and Occupational Development Center for Women (Si Surat Home), Surat Thani Province- 4 Shelters for men 1. Welfare Protection and Occupational Development Center for Men, Chiang Rai Province 2. Welfare Protection and Occupational Development Center for Men, Pathum Thani Province 3. Welfare Protection and Occupational Development Center for Men, Ranong Province 4. Welfare Protection and Occupational Development Center for Men, Songkhla Province- 1 Home for boys Pak Kred