user experience & design user centered analysis

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UCA is a multistage process which allows designers to analyze and foresee how user is going to use the product. UCA employs proven and objective data-gathering and analysis techniques to develop a clear understanding of who the users are and how they will approach a website or application.


  • 1. User Centered Analysis
  • 2. What is UCAUCA is a multistage process which allows designers to analyze and foreseehow user is going to use the product. UCA employs proven and objective data-gathering and analysis techniques to develop a clear understanding of whothe users are and how they will approach a website or application.Process of discovering.Who the users areHow they think and workThe stakeholder goals and objectivesCollecting data onUser profilesWork environmentScenarios of how users will use the interfaceTask analysis
  • 3. Uncovering the users mental modelPeople come with mental modelsIt usually come from past experienceMental models dont always match realityMental models set expectations, which drive shape and behavior80% of usability derives from matching the conceptual modelPeople cant describe their own mental model
  • 4. UCA vs. UTUCAData gathering and analysis to design a productHow do users think and work in the entire domainWhat are the factors affecting users tasks?What do users want or expect from the design?What are the users aspirations, problems and motivations?UTEvaluation of existing design with set criteriaIs the design usable?Does design match the way users think and work?Is the design effective, efficient and satisfactory for the user?Can users complete their tasks?
  • 5. UCA vs. UTUCA techniquesInterviewSurveysContextual observationFocus groupsJAD SessionsUT techniquesWalk throughPerformance testSubjective RatingHeuristicsA-B testingClick Stream
  • 6. Creating Design strategyThe design strategy fosters cross-department communication by pullingtogether all the goals for everyone to see. It documentsconsistencies, allowing priorities, scope, and objective to be discussed.It specifies the description of the problem and the definition of good solutionby identifying critical aspects of the solution.A design strategy communicates a positive message to the team by includingtheir point of view and concerns, valuing and trusting previous work, andworking as efficiently as possible.It incorporates existing documentation if possible to increase efficiency andprevent reinventing of the wheel.
  • 7. Components of Design strategy Business Goals usually phrased as specific metrics regardingsales, costs, name recognition, etc.Target Users Primary users for whom the interface must be a successGeneral tasks Conceptually, the tasks users are expected to accomplishTechnological constraints what is possible given the technology of existingdatabase, architecture, standards, etc.Marketing/Branding Goals The values and personality the interface mustproject. Aspects that differentiate the interface, product or service fromcompetitorsCritical success factors Key outcomes that must be met to succeed.Outcomes usually phrased in terms of user experience or business metrics.
  • 8. Usability improvementsHow user-performance can be improved?Highly specific to the projectMeasurableGet managements inputCommunicate to whole project teamUse as usability testing objectives
  • 9. Profiles and personasUser groupsUser profilesTask profilesEnvironmental profilesPersonas
  • 10. User GroupsSites or applications typically have some target users; a user group. Focusingon many user groups creates design challenges. Selecting the important usergroups to focus on is business decision.
  • 11. User ProfilesProfiles clarify assumptions about users and their tasks, including the taskenvironment, and communicate those assumptions. Profiles highlight theaspects of the user groups that influence design, and provide a means todocument the rationale for early design decisions. They emphasize thevariation among user groups, and form a basis for prioritizing the user group.
  • 12. User ProfilesCharacteristic Customer service Customer System representative AdministratorAge/Gender 75% Female, 75% Male, Age 25- 80% Male, Age 25- Median Age 32 40 Median 30 35 Median 27Education Some higher Most have degrees Technical education educationLanguage English, Spanish, English English FrenchComputer/web Low to med Med HighexperienceDomain Expertise Low to high Med HighTask knowledge Initial : Low to Med Low to med high after 1 week highExpectation Ease of use, speed Ease of use Comprehensive of task functionality
  • 13. Task profilesOne way to select which tasks to analyze and redesign is to examine whichtasks are performed by which types of users.Tasks Roles Customer Outside Sales Customer Administrator service RepresentativeRequest New XUser name &PasswordFind customer X X XView customer X XEnter/ edit X Xcustomer dataView reports X X
  • 14. Environmental ProfilesCapture characteristics of the users location, workspace, lightingconditions, hardware and software.Characteristic Variable Design ImplicationsLocation Indoor/outdoor weather Equipment options exposure position entryWorkspace Cramped / spacious Display size position entryLighting Bright to dim Color contrast fontsHardware Monitor size/resolution Legibility presentation color system sound card options color palette video card compatibilitySoftware Browser technology HTML/script support constraints response time detail design compatibility
  • 15. PersonasA persona is a concrete characterization of a single user group. It synthesizesinformation from the user, task and environment profiles. It is a detailedexample of a potential end user that represents a specific target audiencetype and focuses on probabilities not possibilities. Create a persona for eachmajor target group do not develop personas for less important groups. Designup to three personas rarely more.Personas help designer think in terms of users by providing a concretecharacterization of them and how they might use the site.
  • 16. Field studiesDirect and indirect data gathering methodsOne-on-one interview techniquesUser observations
  • 17. Three dimensions of data-gathering methodsDirect obtaining data from actual userIndirect obtaining data from users without direct contactIndividual vs. groupIndividual one person at a timeGroup- more then one person at a timePerformance vs. discussionPerformance-the tasks are performed in the sessionDiscussion-the tasks are discussed, recalled, projected, opinions given etc.
  • 18. One on one interviewsOne on one interviews are a good choice if it is difficult to have peopleperform a task while being observed. It also helps to complete a picture oftheir perspective and ideas instead of just observing them.
  • 19. Complementary data-gathering methodsMethods that are less expensive or use less time are referred to ascomplementary methods because their advantages and disadvantages aredifferent then field studies.Direct data gathering methods for groupsIndirect data gathering methods
  • 20. Direct methodsGroup of usersFocus groupsJAD (joint application development sessions)User group meetings and usability roundtables
  • 21. Direct methodsFocus groups are made up of small groups of participants (8-10participants) that are led through a set of subjects by facilitator. The session ismade up of moderated discussion and brainstorming. Focus groups are bestused early in the development process.Benefits i


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