# torsion introduction, round bar torsion, non- uniform torsion relationship between young’s...

Post on 17-Dec-2015

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• Slide 1
• TORSION Introduction, Round bar torsion, Non- uniform torsion Relationship between Youngs Modulus, E, Poisson ratio, and modulus of rigidity Power Transmission on round bar
• Slide 2
• TORSION-INTRODUCTION Occur when any shaft is subjected to a torque This is true whether the shaft is rotating (e.g. drives shaft on engines, motors & turbines) or stationary (bolt/screw) This torque makes the shaft twist and or end rotates relative to other inducing shear stress on any cross section Failure might occur due to shear alone / Shear + stretching/bending
• Slide 3
• ROUND BAR TORSION EQUATION The diagram show a shaft fixed at one end and twisted at the other end due to action of a torque T
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• POLAR 2 ND MOMENT OF AREA Solid shaft Hollow shaft
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• NON-UNIFORM TORSION Uniform/Pure torsion torsion of prismatic bar subjected to torques acting only at the ends Non-uniform torsion the bar need not be prismatic and the applied torque may act anywhere along the axis of bar Non-uniform torsion can be analysed by Applying formula of pure torsion to finite segments of the bar then adding the results Applying formula to differential elements of the bar and then integrating
• Slide 12
• NON-UNIFORM TORSION CASE 1: Bar consisting of prismatic segments with constant torque throughout each segment CASE 2: Bar with continuously varying cross sections and constant torque
• Slide 13
• NON-UNIFORM TORSION CASE 3: Bar with continuously varying cross sections and continuously varying torque
• Slide 14
• NON-UNIFORM TORSION Limitations Analyses described valid for bar made of linearly elastic materials Circular cross sections (Solid /hollow) Stresses determined from the torsion formula valid in region of the bar away from stress concentrations (diameter changes abruptly/concentrated torque applied For the case above, Angle of twist still valid Changes in diameter is are small and gradually (angle of taper max 10o)
• Slide 15
• RELATION BETWEEN E, AND G
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• MECHANICAL POWER TRANSMISSION BY SHAFT Equation (2C) is the angular of equation (2A) All 3 equations should be remembered
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