Tips for IELTS Preparation

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<ul><li><p>8/8/2019 Tips for IELTS Preparation</p><p> 1/29</p><p>GENERAL TIPS FOR IELTS PREPARATION</p><p>The following Study Hints will help you in the weeks leading up to the IELTS:</p><p> Become familiar with the test as early as possible. The skills being tested in the</p><p>IELTS take a period of time to build up. Cramming is not an effective study</p><p>technique for IELTS.</p><p> Use your study time efficiently. Study when you are fresh and, after you have</p><p>planned a timetable, make sure that you keep to it. Set goals and ensure that you</p><p>have adequate breaks. In the IELTS test, each of the four Band Modules </p><p>Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking carries the same weight. Study each</p><p>skill carefully and spend more time on the skills in which you feel you are weak.</p><p> Be aware of the exact procedure for the test. Be very clear on the order of each</p><p>section, its length and the specific question types. There are many resources</p><p>available to help you practice these skills.</p><p> Having a study partner or a study group is an excellent idea. Other students may</p><p>raise issues that you may not have considered.</p><p> Seek help from teachers, friends and native English speakers.</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Tips for IELTS Preparation</p><p> 2/29</p><p>COUNTDOWN TO THE TEST</p><p>Days before the test:</p><p> This is not a time for intensive study. It is a time to review skills and your test</p><p>technique. It is important to exercise, eat, rest and sleep well during the week in</p><p>which you will take the test.</p><p> Leave nothing to chance. If you do not know how to get to the test centre, try</p><p>going there at a similar time one or two weeks before the real test.</p><p>The night before the test:</p><p> You must have a good dinner and go to bed at your normal time not too early</p><p>and not too late, as you do not want to disrupt your sleep pattern if possible.</p><p> Have everything ready that you need to take with you to the test so you can</p><p>simply pick it up in the morning, for example, the test registration form, passport,</p><p>test number, pens, pencils, erasers, etc. A pen that runs dry or a pencil that</p><p>breaks can take several minutes to replace. Check before the exam exactly what</p><p>articles you need. Set your alarm clock the night before or arrange a wake-up call.</p><p>On the morning of the test:</p><p> Eat a good breakfast. You will have several hours of concentration ahead of you</p><p>and you will need food and drink in the morning. You may even want to bring</p><p>more food or a snack with you, especially if your speaking test is at a later time</p><p>that day. You cannot, however, take food or drink into the exam room. If possible,</p><p>wear a watch in case you cannot see the clock in the exam room. It is essential</p><p>that you keep track of time.</p><p> Give yourself plenty of time to get to the test centre. You will be required to</p><p>complete a registration form and to show your passport before you enter the</p><p>examination room so you must arrive at the time specified by your test centre. If</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Tips for IELTS Preparation</p><p> 3/29</p><p>you are early, you could go for a walk. If you are late, you will not be allowed to</p><p>enter. Avoid the added tension of having to rush.</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Tips for IELTS Preparation</p><p> 4/29</p><p>During the test:</p><p> Most students at the test will feel nervous. This is quite normal. In fact, it can</p><p>actually be quite helpful in terms of motivation. It may make you alert and help</p><p>you to focus. The aim is for you to try to perform at your optimum level.</p><p> In contrast, high levels of anxiety can affect a student's performance. However,</p><p>much of this anxiety can be overcome by good preparation, familiarity with test</p><p>details and a positive attitude.</p><p> The examination room should be suitable for testing, that is, the lighting,</p><p>ventilation and temperature should be appropriate. If you are uncomfortable</p><p>because of any of these factors or if there is some other problem, such as not</p><p>being able to hear the recording of the Listening Module, make sure you ask the</p><p>person in charge to do something about it. For example, you may ask to change</p><p>seats.</p><p>Examination technique:</p><p> By using good examination technique you could help to improve your overall</p><p>score for the IELTS test.</p><p> Remember that every section is marked independently. Do not jeopardize your</p><p>performance in one section just because you believe that you have done badly in</p><p>another. Do not underestimate or try to predict your outcome. You may, in fact,</p><p>have done better than you imagined.</p><p> Focus on what you know rather than on what you don't know while you are doing</p><p>the test.</p><p> Ensure that you adhere to the times suggested as they usually correspond to the</p><p>number of marks given for a particular question.</p><p> In the Listening and Reading Modules, it is a good idea to write down an answer,</p><p>even if you are not sure of it, before moving on to the next question. Many</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Tips for IELTS Preparation</p><p> 5/29</p><p>students intend to return to the answers they have omitted at the end of the test</p><p>but do not have enough time to do so. Furthermore, by writing your best answer</p><p>at the actual time of reading the question, you save the time you need to spend</p><p>again on re-reading the question and re-acquainting yourself with the subject</p><p>matter. If you are not confident about your answer, mark it in some way and</p><p>return to it at the end.</p><p> Do not leave any answers blank. You are not penalized for incorrect answers, so</p><p>guess wisely.</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Tips for IELTS Preparation</p><p> 6/29</p><p>SKILLS FOR THE LISTENING MODULE:</p><p>In the Listening Module, the recording is played once only. You must, therefore, use a</p><p>number of strategies to help you listen closely. There are a few main skills you will need</p><p>to do well in the Listening Module:</p><p>Understanding the instructions:</p><p> Instructions are both written on the question paper and spoken on the tape. Read</p><p>and listen very carefully to every word in the instructions. Ensure that you follow</p><p>them exactly and answer in the correct way.</p><p>Previewing and predicting:</p><p> An announcer will briefly outline:</p><p> The topic</p><p> Who is talking</p><p> The situation.</p><p> Try to listen carefully as this will help you to preview the questions.</p><p> Before the recording begins for each section, you will be given up to 30 seconds</p><p>to read and become familiar with the questions. Use this time efficiently so that</p><p>you can prepare yourself to listen for the information you need.</p><p> Here are some hints for previewing and predicting:</p><p> Study the question carefully and try to predict what type of answer is required.</p><p>For example, will it be a date, a name or maybe a number?</p><p> Check the differences between similar-looking pictures or diagrams.</p><p> Look for minor details such as different numbers or omissions.</p><p> In addition to the 30 seconds before each section, you will also be given 30</p><p>seconds after each section to look over your answers.</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Tips for IELTS Preparation</p><p> 7/29</p><p> If you are satisfied with your answers in the section you have just finished, move</p><p>on to the next section and use the full 60 seconds for previewing.</p><p>Listening for specific information:</p><p> Use of previewing and predicting skills will help you listen for the specific</p><p>information you need to answer the questions in the Listening Module.</p><p> Listening for key words and common connective words often helps to signal the</p><p>specific information that you need in order to answer the question.</p><p> Make sure that, while you are actually writing your answers, you continue to listen</p><p>to the information given in the recordings as there will not be a second</p><p>opportunity to hear it.</p><p>Checking and rewriting:</p><p> You are given about 30 seconds after each section to check your answers. Check</p><p>that all your answers correspond with the given instructions.</p><p> Make sure that you have answered every question. Marks are not deducted for</p><p>incorrect answers so, if you are unsure of a particular answer, you should guess</p><p>by writing down what you think is the most likely answer.</p><p> Check that you have included only what is necessary in the answer.</p><p> At the end of the Listening Module, you are given about 10 minutes to transfer</p><p>your answers from the question paper onto the answer sheet. Scan your answers</p><p>to ensure that you have transferred them correctly so that the number on the</p><p>question paper corresponds with the number on the answer sheet. Be especially</p><p>careful when transferring answers from tables as sometimes the items are not</p><p>linearly ordered.</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Tips for IELTS Preparation</p><p> 8/29</p><p>SKILLS FOR THE READING MODULE</p><p>One of the main difficulties experienced by students doing the Reading Module is not</p><p>having enough time to complete the test. It is, therefore, essential to read both</p><p>efficiently and effectively.</p><p>There are a few main skills that you will need in order to do well in the IELTS Reading</p><p>Module. It is useful to use the following procedure for each text that is given.</p><p>Previewing (about 2 minutes for each passage):</p><p>Study the passage by noting:</p><p> Titles</p><p> Headings</p><p> Illustrations</p><p> Diagrams</p><p> Any print in bold type or italics.</p><p> Study key parts of the passage by skimming. Read the first paragraph which often</p><p>focuses on the main idea. The first sentence of each paragraph usually expresses</p><p>the key points of the paragraph. Generally, the concluding paragraph provides a</p><p>summary of the given passage. You may wish to highlight these with a pen.</p><p>Interpreting the instructions and questions (about 2 minutes):</p><p> Read each word in the instructions carefully and ensure that you understand</p><p>exactly what is required and in what form. For example, the instructions may say,</p><p>Choose no more than three words from the passage for each answer'. In this</p><p>situation, it would not be acceptable to write four or more words. Often students</p><p>find the right answer but present it in the wrong form and, unfortunately, do not</p><p>score any marks for that answer. Understanding what is required, therefore, is just</p><p>as important as finding the right answer in the passage.</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Tips for IELTS Preparation</p><p> 9/29</p><p> When you are looking at the questions, you need to recognise:</p><p> What type of question you have to answer (gap-filling, multi-choice, matching</p><p>information, etc?)</p><p> Whether or not the question requires a specific or general answer</p><p> What form the answer should take (is it a number, date, reason, etc?)</p><p>Scanning the text for specific answers (about 1 minute per question)</p><p> Use your time wisely. Spend no longer than one minute on finding each answer.</p><p>Only look in the given text, table, diagram or graph for the answer required.</p><p>Locate key words in the question and find them or synonyms for them, in the text.</p><p>The sentences around these words are most likely to contain the answers you</p><p>need.</p><p> If you are still unsure of the answer after you have spent approximately one</p><p>minute on the question, make a sensible guess in the appropriate form. You may</p><p>wish to mark the answers you are unsure of in some way so that, if you do have</p><p>time at the end of the Reading Module, you can check these answers again.</p><p>Checking your answers (about 3 minutes):</p><p> After you have completed your answers for each section, you need to check them.</p><p>Check that you have followed the instructions exactly. If you have time, return to</p><p>the answers you marked because you were unsure and see if the answers you</p><p>have given are the best ones.</p><p> Do not leave any answers blank as you do not lose marks for incorrect</p><p>answers.</p><p>Helpful hints for the Practice Reading Module:</p><p> There may be some words in the passage with which you are unfamiliar. Use the</p><p>strategies explained in the section, Working out unfamiliar vocabulary' to help</p><p>you work out the meanings of these words.</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Tips for IELTS Preparation</p><p> 10/29</p><p> Be aware of the use of connective words. These will help you with the general</p><p>meaning of the text. If you are unsure of any answers, check the table of common</p><p>connective words.</p><p> Note if there is a glossary accompanying the passage.</p><p> Follow the instructions carefully. A correct response will be marked wrong if it was</p><p>written in the wrong form.</p><p>Working out unfamiliar vocabulary:</p><p> When reading a passage in the IELTS test, it is most likely that you will come</p><p>across words with which you are unfamiliar. Be prepared for this. You may not</p><p>need to understand the exact meaning of an unknown word, unless there is a</p><p>question directly related to it.</p><p> If you do need to know the meaning of an unfamiliar word, don't panic. There are</p><p>various strategies that you can use to work out the meaning of the unknown</p><p>words:</p><p> Check the context: Are there any clues in the surrounding words or phrases?</p><p>Look particularly at the words just before and just after the unfamiliar words.</p><p> Look for a definition: Sometimes the writers realise that the word is an</p><p>uncommon one so they define, restate, explain or give an example of it.</p><p>Words that signal meaning often include is', means', refers to', that is',</p><p>consists of'. For example, Snoring is a noise generated by vibrations of the</p><p>soft parts of the throat during sleep.' The word is' signals a definition.</p><p>Remember, too, to check if there is a glossary.</p><p> Identify the word's place and purpose: Is it a noun, adjective, verb or adverb</p><p>in the sentence? Are there any punctuation clues, for example, semicolons or</p><p>question marks?</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Tips for IELTS Preparation</p><p> 11/29</p><p> Look for connective words: They are often near the unknown words and will</p><p>usually help to identify the general direction of the argument which will help to</p><p>give some understanding of the unknown word.</p><p> Break the word down into syllables: Sometimes knowledge of common roots,</p><p>affixes and possible similarity of words in your own language can help you to</p><p>identify the meaning.</p><p> Treat the unknown word as an algebraic entity X': Observe the relationship of</p><p>the unknown word X', to other words and concepts with which you are more</p><p>familiar. Often this is enough to answer questions that include X'.</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Tips for IELTS Preparation</p><p> 12/29</p><p>SKILLS FOR THE WRITING MODULE</p><p>TASK ONE:</p><p>In Task 1 of the Writing Module, you are given about 20 minutes to write a minimum of</p><p>150 words.You are asked to look at a diagram, table, graph or short piece of text and</p><p>describe the information in your own words. There are three important steps you should</p><p>follow: preparation, writing and editing. These steps will help you to write a coherent</p><p>and well organised essay in the time given.</p><p>Preparation (about 2 minutes):</p><p> You need to spend 2-3 minutes working out exactly what you are going to do. You</p><p>should pay attention to the following points:</p><p> Study the question carefully. Most Task 1 writing involves writing a report which</p><p>describes some information given. You may wish to note the instructions with a</p><p>high-lighting pen.</p><p> Think carefully about the topic. Outline some pertinent points.</p><p> Ensure that your ideas are arranged logically.</p><p>Writing (about 15 minutes):</p><p> When writing a Task 1 report, include:</p><p> Introductory sentence</p><p> Body paragraphs (1-3)</p><p> Concluding sentence (optional)</p><p> Introductory sentence:</p><p> The introductory sentence explains what you are describing, for example:</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Tips for IELTS Preparation</p><p> 13/29</p><p> The table compares the population growth and interstate migration in each</p><p>Australian state for 12 months to the end of 1994.'</p><p> The graph shows th...</p></li></ul>