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    JOURNAL OF CAMUS STUDIES

    2015

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    JOURNAL OF CAMUS STUDIES

    2015

    General EditorPeter Francev

    Camus Society2015

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    Journal of Camus Studies 2015

    General Editor: Peter FrancevBook Reviews Editor: Eric B. Berg

    Book Design: Helen Lea

    Cover Design: Simon LeaThe purpose of theJournal of Camus Studies is to further understanding of

    the work and thought of Albert Camus.

    TheJournal of Camus Studiesis a publication of the Albert Camus Society.The material contained in this journal represents the opinions of the authorsand not necessarily those of the Albert Camus Society or anyone affiliated

    with the society.

    Copyright 2015 by Camus Society

    Copyright for all articles is retained with the author[s]. Single copies ofarticles may be made for research and/or private study without permission.

    Permission for multiple copies should be sought from the author[s].Authors can be contacted through the society.

    First Printing: 2015

    www.camus-society.comwww.camus-us.com

    ISBN: 978-1-326-46313-7

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    v

    CONTENTS

    INTRODUCTION......................................................................................vii

    DARK AUTHENTICITY: BEING TRUE TO YOURSELF AS EVIL,CRUEL, OR JUST A DOUCHEBAG ARSEHOLE...................................1

    BY KIMBERLY BALTZER-JARAY

    ORGANIZATION OF THE WORKS OF ALBERT CAMUS BY FIRSTIMAGES .......................................................................................................19

    BY ERIC BERG

    SUBTLE RELIGIOUS SYMBOLISM IN CAMUSS NOVELS THESTRANGER AND THE PLAGUE ...........................................................27

    BY PETER FRANCEV

    THE NOBLE ART OF MISQUOTING CAMUS FROM ITSORIGINS TO THE INTERNET ERA.......................................................37

    BY GIOVANNI GAETANI

    HOLDING FAST THE GOOD: CAMUS AND THE RETURN OFTHE ABSOLUTE........................................................................................51

    BY LAWRENCE R.HARVEY

    CALIGULAAND THE LETTERS TO A GERMAN FRIENDDELIBERATIONS REGARDING THE ACTIONS OF CAMUSSCHARACTERS IN REGARD TO THE ETHICS OF ABSURDITYAND THE CONCEPT OF METAPHYSICAL REBELLION................65

    BY MACIEJ KAUA

    CAMUS AND SPIRITUAL EXERCISES: TRAVEL, MEDITATIONAND PHILOSOPHY AS A WAY OF LIFE.............................................87

    BYJOEL OWEN

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    vi

    PHENOMENOLOGICAL ETHICS IS EITHER A MISNOMER ORWRONG: ON SHERMANS CAMUS ...................................................107

    BY ZACHARYJAMES PURDUE

    I WOULDNT DO IT FOR NOTHIN: THE QUESTION OF SUICIDEAND THE CAMUSIAN CRITICAL TRADITION IN CORMACMCCARTHYS SUTTREE, WITH CONTINUAL REFERENCE TOKIERKEGAARD.......................................................................................121

    BY TROY WELLINGTON SMITH

    AUTISM AND ABSURDISM: PHILOSOPHICAL RAMIFICATIONSOF COGNITIVE CRITICISM IN CAMUS' L'ETRANGER .................133

    BY ISABELLE WENTWORTH

    REVIEW: WHEN PARIS WENT DARK: THE CITY OF LIGHT UNDERGERMAN OCCUPATION, 1940-1944, BY RONALD C. ROSBOTTOM....................................................................................................................161

    BY ERIC B.BERG

    REVIEW:ALBERT CAMUS AND THE POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OFTHE ABSURD: AMBIVALENCE, RESISTANCE, AND CREATIVITY,BY MATTHEW H. BOWKER.................................................................165

    BY PETER FRANCEV

    REVIEW: THE FRENCH WRITERS WAR, 19401953, BY GISLLESAPIRO......................................................................................................169

    BY MACIEJ KAUA

    REVIEW:ALBERT CAMUSSTHE STRANGER: CRITICAL ESSAYS,EDITED BY PETER FRANCEV .............................................................179

    BYJAMES WOELFEL

    MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION GUIDELINES......................................187

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    vii

    INTRODUCTION

    On 13-14 November 2014, the Albert Camus societies UK and USAheld their annual joint conference in Bloomsbury, London, England.The two-day affair brought together Camus scholars from NorthAmerica and Europe. Such diverse panels as Camus and Religion

    and Camus and Ethics proved to provide for stimulating discussionfor two days. The culmination of such excellent scholarship is thejournal before you.

    Over the last year, the Journal of Camus Studies has undergonesome minor changes: as such, Simon Lea (ACS UK President) and Iwould like to welcome Dr. Eric Berg as our Book Reviews Editor, aswell as Professor George Heffernan and Dr. Kimberly Baltzer-Jarayas Associate Editors. Heffernan and Baltzer-Jaray replace MatthewBowker and Brent Sleasman, who stepped down as Associate Editorsin recent months. Simon and I wish them the very best. Also, wewould like to welcome Dr. Luke Richardson and Troy WellingtonSmith as part of the editorial team. With their expertise, theJournal ofCamus Studies will continue to flourish and be a beacon of researchand scholarship in the field of Camus studies.

    Finally, the annual conference will once again take place in mid-November 2015 in Bloomsbury, London. Please check the Societyswebsite (www.camus-society.com) for details as they become

    available.

    Peter FrancevPresident of the Albert Camus Society US

    Simon LeaPresident of the Albert Camus Society UK

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    37

    THE NOBLE ART OF MISQUOTING

    CAMUS FROM ITS ORIGINS TO THEINTERNET ERA

    by Giovanni Gaetani

    The problem with quotes from the Internet is that ishard to verify their authenticity

    Abraham Lincoln

    Die Hlfte der Dummheit, die die Leute sagen, dassich gesagt htte, habe ich nie gesagt1

    Albert Einstein

    Dans ce monde, il y a les tmoins et les gcheurs. Dsqu'un homme tmoigne et meurt, on gche son

    tmoignage par les mots, la prdication, l'art, etc.2

    Albert Camus, Carnets

    1Of course Einstein never said something similar to this sentence. I ironically wroteit in German to translate the following quote that one can easily find on Internet: Inever actually said half the idiocies people said I did.2Albert Camus, uvres compltes, ditions Gallimard, Paris, 2006-2008, II, p. 1008,(I translate): In this world there are witnesses and bungler. After a man witnessedand died, one wastes his testimony with words, predication, art, etc.

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    THENOBLE ART OF MISQUOTING CAMUSFROM ITS ORIGINS TO THE INTERNET ERA

    38

    Misquoting Camus Before the Internet

    Camus has always been worried about misquotes, long before thecoming of Internet that is, long before people started to put his faceand his name next to various existentialist nonsenses and unlikelymystical quotes.

    In July 1942, referring himself to a negative review of L'trangerwritten by Andr Rousseaux and appeared on the right-wingnewspaper Le Figaro, Camus complained in his Notebooks: three yearsto make a book, five lines to ridicule it and the misquotes3.Similarly, the 13thDecember 1957 while in Stockholm for the NobelPrize ceremony, another inattentive journalist dramaticallymisquoted Camus again, putting in his mouth the famous sentence Ibelieve in justice, but I would defend my mother before justice4,while the actual sentence was different and more detailed5: In thismoment bombs are thrown in the tramways of Alger. My mothercould end up in one of that tramways. If this is justice, I prefer mymother6. Basing themselves on this misquote, French and Algerian

    3Writing then an unpublished letter to the same journalist, he wrote also: Youwould understand better what I am saying if I point out to you that the only quote ofyour article is wrong [...] and that it allows some arbitrary deductions in this way.Here is the original French text, Albert Camus, uvres compltes, cit., II, 952: Troisans pour faire un livre, cinq lignes pour le ridiculiser - et les citations fausses. Voussentirez mieux ce que j'avance si je vous prcise que la seule citation de votre articleest fausse [] et qu'elle fonde ainsi des dductions illgitimes.4For a brief but detailed history of those days in Sweden cf. Olivier Todd, AlbertCamus. Une vie, Gallimard, Paris, 1966, chapter Le prix payer, pp. 950-976.5Here the exact sentence that will appear on Le Monde of 19 December 1957, that is,six days after the meeting with the students at Stockholm: En ce moment, on lancedes bombes dans les tramways dAlger. Ma mre peut se trouver dans un de cestramways. Si cest cela, la justice, je prfre ma mre. And here instead the misquoteof Dominique Birmann (Albert Camus, uvres compltes, cit., IV, p. 289): Jaitoujours condamn la terreur. Je dois condamner aussi un terrorisme qui sexerceaveuglment dans les rues dAlger par exemple, et qui un jour peut frapper ma mreou ma famille. Je crois la justice, mais je dfendrai ma mre avant la justice. Cf.

    Jeanyves Gurin, Smarrimenti algerini di un giusto, in Francofonia, issue 65,Florence, fall 2013, pp. 33-48.6At this regard it is interesting to report here the testimony of Carl GustavBjurstrm, Swedish translator of Camus who was present at the Uppsala conference:La formulation " Entre la justice et ma mre