the great war

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  • General Information
    • Started on July 28, 1914
    • Ended on November 11, 1918
    • Almost 8,000,000 dead.
    • *** Russia the most = 1.7 million
    • Almost 22,000,000 wounded..
    • Map of Europe greatly changed .
  • Reasons for start of war
    • Extreme nationalism pride in country
    • Imperialism
    • Militarism building up military
    • Alliance system - < KEY REASON >
      • European powers formed rival alliances to protect themselves
      • PROBLEM ? One event could drag all countries involved into a conflict.
  • The Black Hand..
    • The main objective of the Black Hand was the creation, by means of violence, of a Greater Serbia.
    • Its stated aim was: "To realize the national ideal, the unification of all Serbs. This organization prefers terrorist action to cultural activities; it will therefore remain secret."
  • The spark that lit the fuse.
    • The one event that started the Great War happened in the Balkans.
    • The Archduke Franz Ferdinand (Austria) was assassinated while visiting Serbia.
    • The Black Hand was responsible.
  • The Assassin and the Archduke Gavrilo Princip
  • Assassination
  • Kaiser Wilhelm II
    • You will be home before the leaves have fallen from the trees!!
  • Battle of Verdun
    • the longest and one of the bloodiest engagements of World War I. February 1916 December 1916
    • Two million men were engaged.
    • The intention of the Germans had been a battle of attrition in which they hoped to bleed the French army white.
    • In the end, they sustained almost as many casualties as the French; an estimated 328,000 to the French 348,000.
  • Map 31.1: Major U.S. Operations in France, 1918
  • Figure 31.1: Approximate Comparative Losses in World War I
  • What was the job of George Creel during the war?
    • His job was to sell America the war.
    • Creel tried to whip up support for Wilsons ideas
    • Help US raise money to fight
  • Election of 1916 Wilson Hughes He kept us out of war!!!!
  • A very close election..
  • Russian Revolution of 1917
  • Jeannette Rankin
    • 1 st women elected to Congress in United States history.
    • Republican from Wyoming.
    • Only person in Congress to vote against going to war in WW I (and II).
  • Communism Workers of the World UNITE!!
  • Harlem Hell fighters
    • An African American unit attached to the French Army that fought bravely in many battles.
    • Awarded medals from the French
  • Allied Commanders
  • Sgt. York
  • The Big 4